What is Chemical Health? Identify drug Categories and Description Identify the effects of drugs on the body, mind and life. Recognize signs and symptoms Understand drugs and the law Drugs and our Society Understand chemical addiction and recovery Demonstrate skills necessary to help a friend or family member with an addiction to drugs.
Drug?A chemical substance that you eat, drink, inject or inhale….. Effects the functions of the central nervous system in many ways.
Controlled Substance Act -1970 Controlledsubstances are divided into schedules (I, II, III, IV and V) Brings together a number of laws regulating the manufacture and distribution of narcotics, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, anabolic steroids, and chemicals used in the illicit production of controlled substances.
Drug Classification Schedule I - No accepted medical use in the US and have a high abuse potential. 1. Heroin 2. LSD 3. MDMA 4. Marijuana ***
Schedule II Strong potential for abuse or addiction but that also have legitimate medical use.1. Opium2. Morphine3. Methadone
Schedule III Less potential for abuse or addiction than Schedule I or II drugs and have a useful medical purpose. Included are short-acting barbiturates and amphetamines. Amphetamine Barbiturate Valium Xanax Anabolic Steroids Codeine
Schedule IV Medicallyuseful category of drugs that have less potential for abuse or addiction than those of Schedules I, II, and III. Diazepam and chloral hydrate.
Schedule V Medicallyuseful category of drugs that have less potential for abuse or addiction than those of Schedules I through IV.
DepressantsSlow down the central nervous system and the person may experience: Decreased heart rate Decreased blood pressure Decreased energy Breathing slows down
Depressants - Alcohol Fermentation: Process in which grains, barley,rye,fruits,vegetabl es, yeast or water are combined to produce alcohol. Most widely used and abused legal drugStandard drink delivers1/2 oz. of pure alcohol.
What Factors Influence Alcohol’sEffects? Amount consumed Speed consumed Body weight % of body fat Gender Food in the system Other drugs Age BAC
Stimulants Speed up the central nervous system and associated with increased:-Energy-Breathing-Heart Rate-Blood Pressure
Methamphetamine White,odorless, and bitter tasting crystal powder. Soluble in water or alcohol.
Meth History Synthesized in 1893, from amphetamine by a German chemist and used for medicinal purposes in the 1930’s. Used widely by the military during World War II to enhance alertness in pilots and ground troops. 1950’s & 1960’s is when it became prevalent in the US as a recreational drug. Drug Classification Schedule I
Street Names Chalk Crank Crystal Fire Glass Ice Meth Speed
Stimulant - Cocaine White/Pinkish color that resembles powder Derived from the leaves of the South American coca plant, which grows in Bolivia, Peru, and Columbia. Injected, smoked or snorted
Cocaine…. Pure cocaine was first isolated from the leaves of the cocoa bush in the 1860’s. In the 1880s, psychiatrist Sigmund Freud wrote scientific papers that praised cocaine as a treatment for many ailments, like depression and alcohol. Cocaine was legally available in medicines and soft drinks.
Ecstasy Research Long lasting damage Releaseslarge to serotonin and amounts of dopamine. norepinehrine, which Interferes with body’s increases heart rate ability to control it’s and blood pressure. temperature.
Ecstasy – Schedule 11913 – Alexander Shulgin was granted a patent to prescribe ecstasy to control bleeding and used as a diet pill.1959 – Aviators alert1984 – Epidemic – Signs of danger and addiction1985 -U.S Drug Enforcement Agency banned the drug.
Hallucinogens - PCP Bitter-tasting, white crystalline powder that easily dissolves in water or alcohol. Dyed in various colors and is often sold as tablets, capsules, liquid or powder.
PCP -AKA, Angel Dust Effects of PCP on the CNS are Even in low doses, unpredictable: physical effects may Euphoria last for months. Anxiety Disorientation Numbness Slurred speech Aggression Volatile Feelings of strength and power
Odorless, colorless substance with a bitter taste. Ingested in tablets, capsules, and occasionally in liquid form. AKA - Acid
Psilocybin - Magic Mushroom From South America, Mexico, and the U.S Fresh or dried Ingested orally, brewed as tea or added to other foods to mask bitter flavor.
Cannabis - Marijuana Most commonly abused illicit drug in the U.S. Dry, shredded green and brown mix of flowers,Main active stems and leaves derived from theingredient is hemp plantTHC Cannabis Sativa.
THC and Cannabinoids
Marijuana – Schedule I Carcinogens – Tar, Carbon Monoxide, Ammonia & Hydrogen Cyanide . THC can stimulate the growth of cancer cells Research has found 3 joints a day can cause as much damage as 20 cigarettes.
Steroids Synthetic derivative of the male hormone testosterone.
Steroids Cont. AggressionMale: Violent Shrink testicles Depression Breast enlargements Baldness AcneFemale: Hair growth High blood pressure Deep voice Heart Attack Breast reduction Stunt growth Increase muscle mass
Inhalants Substances with breathable fumes that are sniffed and inhaled to give a hallucinogenic or mind-altering high. Spray paint Nail polish remover Glue White out Aerosol cans
Effects of Inhalants Nausea Nose bleeds Slows heart rate Slows down breathing Headaches Death
List 8 Categories of Drugs Stimulants Depressants Hallucinogens Cannabis Narcotics Steroids Inhalants Prescription