Drug powerpoint2012


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  • Women have 25% less gastric alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) released in their stomach than men. The larger body weight corresponds with more water circulating in the blood stream and body. The more water in the body, the more it dilutes alcohol circulating in the body. Women tend to have more fat and fat holds onto alcohol longer than muscle. Women have higher estrogen levels and high estrogen levels decrease the rate of alcohol metabolism. Resulting in higher alcohol concentration in blood shortly after consumption.
  • Pure cocaine was first used in the 1880s as a local anesthetic in eye, nose, and throat surgeries because of its ability to provide anesthesia as well as to constrict blood vessels and limit bleeding Approximately 100 years after cocaine entered into use, a new variation of the substance emerged. This substance, crack, became enormously popular in the mid-1980s due in part to its almost immediate high and the fact that it is inexpensive to produce and buy. Crack is a highly addictive form of cocaine that is typically smoked. The term "crack" refers to the crackling sound heard when the substance is heated, presumably from the sodium bicarbonate that is used in the production of crack
  • Intranasal use, or “snorting,” takes effect within a few minutes, and lasts about 15 to 30 minutes. Injecting produces a “rush” that is felt within 30–45 seconds, and lasts 10 to 20 minutes. Smoking causes a high within seconds, but it lasts only five to 10 minutes.
  • Cocaine causes the blood vessels to thicken and constrict, reducing the flow of oxygen to the heart. At the same time, cocaine causes the heart muscle to work harder, which can lead to heart attack or stroke, even in healthy people. Cocaine raises blood pressure, which can cause weakened blood vessels in the brain to burst. A person can overdose on even a small amount of cocaine. Overdose can cause seizures and heart failure. It can cause breathing to become weak or stop altogether. There is no antidote to cocaine overdose. When cocaine is used with alcohol, the liver produces cocaethylene, a powerful compound that increases the risk of sudden death beyond the risk of using cocaine alone.
  • Snorting cocaine can cause sinus infections and loss of smell. It can damage tissues in the nose and cause holes in the bony separation between the nostrils inside the nose. Smoking cocaine can damage the lungs and cause “crack lung.” Symptoms include severe chest pains, breathing problems and fever. Crack lung can be fatal. Injection can cause infections from used needles or impurities in the drug. Sharing needles can also cause hepatitis or HIV infection. Cocaine use in pregnancy may increase risk of miscarriage and premature delivery. It also increases the chance that the baby will be born underweight. Because women who use cocaine during pregnancy often also use alcohol, nicotine and other drugs, we do not fully know the extent of the effects of cocaine use on the baby.
  • Oxycontin is similar to heroin Oxycontin is a pain reliever that was introduced in 1995. Its main component is oxycodone. This drug is specifically meant to treat moderate and severe pain. However, it can also be used to treat a number of other conditions such as anxiety, constipation and also cough symptoms. Within a few years after its introduction, many cases of Oxycontin abuse began to be OxyContin is available as a 10 milligram (mg), 20 mg, 40 mg, or 80 mg tablet. The tablets vary in color and size according to dosage. The tablets are imprinted with the letters OC on one side and the number of milligrams on the opposite side. OxyContin tablets have a controlled-release feature and are designed to be swallowed whole. In order to bypass the controlled-release feature, abusers either chew or crush the tablets. Crushed tablets can be snorted or dissolved in water and injected. Withdrawal symptoms associated with OxyContin dependency or addiction include restlessness, muscle and bone pain, insomnia, diarrhea, vomiting, cold flashes, and involuntary leg movements. Individuals who take a large dose of OxyContin are at risk of severe respiratory depression that can lead to death. Inexperienced and new users are at particular risk, because they may be unaware of what constitutes a large dose and have not developed a tolerance for the drug. Codeine is a well-known prescription drug that is commonly known as Tylenol 3 in North America. Codeine falls into the category of opiates and is turned into morphine by the body in order to be utilized properly. Codeine is derived from the opium poppy and is related to morphine and heroin.
  • Doctor Prescribed Mixed with something else, such as alcohol
  • Special K – K – Hole / That go into a coma and can’t move -Liquid and Powder -Smoked or Snorted GHB – Made out of ethanol, Drain Cleaner
  • Delta -9 tetrahydrocannabinol
  • THC connects to specific sites called cannibinoid receptors on nerve cells. Cannibinoid receptors are found in the parts of the brain that influences pleasure, memory, thought, concentration, sensory and time perception and coordination.
  • Tobacco smoke contains nicotine while marijuana contains THC Depending on which part of the plant is smoked, THC can be higher or lower.
  • Drug powerpoint2012

    1. 1. What is Chemical Health? Identify drug Categories and Description Identify the effects of drugs on the body, mind and life. Recognize signs and symptoms Understand drugs and the law Drugs and our Society Understand chemical addiction and recovery Demonstrate skills necessary to help a friend or family member with an addiction to drugs.
    2. 2. Drug Categories  Stimulants  Depressants  Hallucinogens  Narcotics  Cannabis  Steroids  Inhalants  Prescription Drugs
    3. 3. Drug?A chemical substance that you eat, drink, inject or inhale….. Effects the functions of the central nervous system in many ways.
    4. 4. Controlled Substance Act -1970  Controlledsubstances are divided into schedules (I, II, III, IV and V)  Brings together a number of laws regulating the manufacture and distribution of  narcotics, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, anabolic steroids, and chemicals used in the illicit production of controlled substances.
    5. 5. Drug Classification Schedule I - No accepted medical use in the US and have a high abuse potential. 1. Heroin 2. LSD 3. MDMA 4. Marijuana ***
    6. 6. Schedule II Strong potential for abuse or addiction but that also have legitimate medical use.1. Opium2. Morphine3. Methadone
    7. 7. Schedule III Less potential for abuse or addiction than Schedule I or II drugs and have a useful medical purpose. Included are short-acting barbiturates and amphetamines. Amphetamine Barbiturate Valium Xanax Anabolic Steroids Codeine
    8. 8. Schedule IV Medicallyuseful category of drugs that have less potential for abuse or addiction than those of Schedules I, II, and III. Diazepam and chloral hydrate.
    9. 9. Schedule V Medicallyuseful category of drugs that have less potential for abuse or addiction than those of Schedules I through IV.
    10. 10. DepressantsSlow down the central nervous system and the person may experience: Decreased heart rate Decreased blood pressure Decreased energy Breathing slows down
    11. 11. Depressants - Alcohol Fermentation: Process in which grains, barley,rye,fruits,vegetabl es, yeast or water are combined to produce alcohol.  Most widely used and abused legal drugStandard drink delivers1/2 oz. of pure alcohol.
    12. 12. What Factors Influence Alcohol’sEffects?  Amount consumed  Speed consumed  Body weight  % of body fat  Gender  Food in the system  Other drugs  Age  BAC
    13. 13. Cirrhosis
    14. 14. Stimulants Speed up the central nervous system and associated with increased:-Energy-Breathing-Heart Rate-Blood Pressure
    15. 15. Methamphetamine White,odorless, and bitter tasting crystal powder. Soluble in water or alcohol.
    16. 16. Chemicals in Meth. Ammonia Sulfate - Battery Acid Acetone - Alcohol Bleach Drain Cleaner Iodine - Lithium Batteries Starter Fluid Sudafed - Pseudoephredine
    17. 17. Meth History Synthesized in 1893, from amphetamine by a German chemist and used for medicinal purposes in the 1930’s. Used widely by the military during World War II to enhance alertness in pilots and ground troops. 1950’s & 1960’s is when it became prevalent in the US as a recreational drug. Drug Classification Schedule I
    18. 18. Street Names Chalk Crank Crystal Fire Glass Ice Meth Speed
    19. 19. AdministeredInjectedSwallowedSmokedSnorted
    20. 20. Stimulant - Cocaine White/Pinkish color that resembles powder Derived from the leaves of the South American coca plant, which grows in Bolivia, Peru, and Columbia. Injected, smoked or snorted
    21. 21. Cocaine…. Pure cocaine was first isolated from the leaves of the cocoa bush in the 1860’s. In the 1880s, psychiatrist Sigmund Freud wrote scientific papers that praised cocaine as a treatment for many ailments, like depression and alcohol. Cocaine was legally available in medicines and soft drinks.
    22. 22. Cocaine – PowderCrack – Smoked Mid 1980’s
    23. 23. CocaineStreet NamesBlowBumpCCandyCharlieCokeCrackRockSnow
    24. 24. How long the feeling lasts depends onhow cocaine is used:Snorting – 15 to 30 minutesInjecting – 10 to 20 minutesSmoking – 5 to 10 minutes
    25. 25. Cocaine Side EffectsHeart AttackStrokeHigh Blood PressureSeizuresHeart FailureDeath
    26. 26. Cocaine Side Effects Cont. Chest Pains Sinus Infections HIV/Hepatitis Violent Behaviors Poor concentration and Judgment Anxiety and Depression
    27. 27. Stimulant - Nicotine Cigarettes Chew
    28. 28. Stimulants –Caffeine/Energy Drinks
    29. 29. Side Effects: Headache Blurred Vision Shortness of Breath Heart Pounding Addiction Tremors/Jitters Anxiety Gastrointestinal Upset Insomnia Weight Gain Dehydration
    30. 30. Caffeine can be disguised Guarana Green Tea Extract Coffee Extract
    31. 31. Prescription DrugsOpiates - Depressants- Pain Reliever Anxiety &Sleep Disorders  OxyContin Xanax  Vicodin Valium  Codeine  Stimulants –  Morphine ADHD Ritalin Adderal
    32. 32. Prescription Drug Abuse  Get High  Treat Physical Pain  Treat Emotional Pain  Help Focus  Increase Energy
    33. 33. Stimulant Abuse Opioids Depressants Paranoia  Drowsiness • Slurred speech High body  Nausea • Lack of temperatures coordination  Constipation Irregular heart • Disorientation  Slowed breathing • Seizures beat
    34. 34. Narcotics - Opiods  An addictive drug derived from the opium plant that has a sedative effect.
    35. 35. NarcoticsCodeine - used to  Morphine-usedtreat mild to moderate to reduce severepain. pain.May be habitforming.
    36. 36.  Highly illegal drug White or brownish powder Injected, snorted/sniffed, or smoked Rush within 7 sec.-8 minutes after injection
    37. 37. Long Term Effects of Heroin  Collapsed veins  Infection of the heart  Liver disease  Clog blood vessels  Lung failure  Kidney failure
    38. 38. Prescription DrugsWhy would some people feelPrescription drugs are safe?How can Prescription Drugs bedangerous and abused?
    39. 39. Club Drugs: Club Drugs:Hallucinogens SedativeEcstasy/MDM Rohypnol – Date Rape Drug ALSD - Acid GHB – Date Rape -Colorless -Odorless -Tasteless
    40. 40. Hallucinogens  Distort experience of reality, including all five senses, sense of time and sense of self.  Flashbacks  Bad trips
    41. 41. GHB:Gamma Hydroxybutryate  Combination of floor stripping solvents and drain cleaners.
    42. 42. Consequences Intoxication Loss of coordination Nausea Difficulty concentrating Dizzy Sleep Loss of consciousness Conscious but unable to move Incoherent speech DEATH!!
    43. 43. MDMA - Ecstasy  Synthetic drug with both stimulant and hallucinogenic qualities.  “Club Drug”  Effects last 4 to 6 hours
    44. 44. Ecstasy/MDMA Effects Cont.methylenedioxymethamphetamineChills Increased heartNausea rateBlurred Vision Blood PressureParanoia Body Temp.Kidney Failure HyperthermiaDepression Jaw and TeethDeath Clenching Muscle Tension Dehydration
    45. 45. Ecstasy Research Long lasting damage  Releaseslarge to serotonin and amounts of dopamine. norepinehrine, which Interferes with body’s increases heart rate ability to control it’s and blood pressure. temperature.
    46. 46. Ecstasy – Schedule 11913 – Alexander Shulgin was granted a patent to prescribe ecstasy to control bleeding and used as a diet pill.1959 – Aviators alert1984 – Epidemic – Signs of danger and addiction1985 -U.S Drug Enforcement Agency banned the drug.
    47. 47. Hallucinogens - PCP  Bitter-tasting, white crystalline powder that easily dissolves in water or alcohol.  Dyed in various colors and is often sold as tablets, capsules, liquid or powder.
    48. 48. PCP -AKA, Angel Dust Effects of PCP on the CNS are  Even in low doses, unpredictable: physical effects may Euphoria last for months. Anxiety Disorientation Numbness Slurred speech Aggression Volatile Feelings of strength and power
    49. 49.  Odorless, colorless substance with a bitter taste. Ingested in tablets, capsules, and occasionally in liquid form. AKA - Acid
    50. 50. Psilocybin - Magic Mushroom  From South America, Mexico, and the U.S  Fresh or dried  Ingested orally, brewed as tea or added to other foods to mask bitter flavor.
    51. 51. Cannabis - Marijuana  Most commonly abused illicit drug in the U.S.  Dry, shredded green and brown mix of flowers,Main active stems and leaves derived from theingredient is hemp plantTHC Cannabis Sativa.
    52. 52. THC and Cannabinoids
    53. 53. Marijuana – Schedule I Carcinogens – Tar, Carbon Monoxide, Ammonia & Hydrogen Cyanide . THC can stimulate the growth of cancer cells Research has found 3 joints a day can cause as much damage as 20 cigarettes.
    54. 54. Steroids Synthetic derivative of the male hormone testosterone.
    55. 55. Steroids Cont.  AggressionMale:  Violent Shrink testicles  Depression Breast enlargements  Baldness  AcneFemale: Hair growth  High blood pressure Deep voice  Heart Attack Breast reduction  Stunt growth  Increase muscle mass
    56. 56. Inhalants Substances with breathable fumes that are sniffed and inhaled to give a hallucinogenic or mind-altering high. Spray paint Nail polish remover Glue White out Aerosol cans
    57. 57. Effects of Inhalants  Nausea  Nose bleeds  Slows heart rate  Slows down breathing  Headaches  Death
    58. 58. List 8 Categories of Drugs  Stimulants  Depressants  Hallucinogens  Cannabis  Narcotics  Steroids Inhalants Prescription
    59. 59. Questions?