RIGEA Latin America

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  • An advertisement (Conde Nast Traveler) from 2007. When scale is not shown on a map – beware! On this map, Peru has clipped off Alaska so as not to show the Pacific Ocean at scale. The Japanese are wealthy enough to be world tourists (and they have historical connections with Peru). Their trip across the Pacific to Peru seems only as long as Europeans’ trip across the Atlantic.
  • Amazon, Anacondas and Macaws
  • A breadbasket, similar to American Midwest with Wheat and Livestock.
  • CVC disease limits production
  • RIGEA Latin America

    1. 1. Latin AmericaInter-related Physical and Human Geographies http://geographyeducation.org/regional/south-america/
    2. 2. General Outline• Mountains and Economics• Mountains and Agriculture• Human Development Index (HDI)•
    3. 3. Natural hazards-Plate Tectonics
    4. 4. Andes--Perfect Subduction Zone
    5. 5. Chilean Economy• Pacific Rim• Elongated, Andes• Southern Hemisphere
    6. 6. The Andes—Historical Divide
    7. 7. Atacama Desert• Orographic Lifting• Cold Ocean Currents
    8. 8. Agricultural Region-Las Pampas• Grains, Livestock• Breadbasket• Similar to Midwest in USA
    9. 9. Brazilian Agriculture• Coffee, Citrus, Tobacco (1st)
    10. 10. General Outline• Natural Disasters• Mountains and agriculture• Human Development Index (HDI)•
    11. 11. Altitudinal Zonation
    12. 12. ALTITUDINAL ZONATION TIERRA CALIENTE (Tropical) Bananas, Cocoa, Sugar, Rice 3000’ 750 m Sea SeaLevel Level
    13. 13. ALTITUDINAL ZONATION TIERRA TEMPLADA (Temperate) Coffee, Rice, Corn, Beans 6,500’ 1800 m 3000’ 600 m Sea SeaLevel Level
    14. 14. ALTITUDINAL ZONATION TIERRA FRIA (Mid-latitude like) Corn, Wheat, Potato 12,000’ 3,600 m 6,500’ 2,000 m 3000’ 600 m Sea SeaLevel Level
    15. 15. ALTITUDINAL ZONATION TIERRA HELADA (Alpine) 12,000’ Grazing, Mining 3,600 m 6,500’ 2,000 m 3000’ 600 m Sea SeaLevel Level
    16. 16. Culture and Altitudinal Zonation Indigenous Areas Spanish settlements African Influence
    17. 17. SOUTHAMERICA’S CULTURE SPHERES
    18. 18. The Caribbean… A carnival of abundance The Carribean…“Races of all continents have miscegenated there, cultures andcustoms most foreign to each other have syncretized, nature hasexploited into myriads of forms, and the constant feast of colorand sounds has goaded the formal carnival to paroxysm…” Gabriel García Márquez, Colombian novelist
    19. 19. South American Drug Trade
    20. 20. MAINLAND vs RIMLAND
    21. 21. General Outline• Natural Disasters• Mountains (Altitudinal Zonation)• Human Development Index (HDI)•
    22. 22. HDI-Levels of Human Development • Income • Life Expectancy • Literacy • Education
    23. 23. HDICountry HDI (2012)Mexico 57Guatemala 131Belize 93El Salvador 105Honduras 121Nicaragua 129Costa Rica 69Panama 58Columbia 88http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_Human_Development_Index
    24. 24. Regional Consequences• Migration – Source countries? – Destinations?• Foreign Investment – Where would you invest?• Political stability – Military power
    25. 25. Alajuela, Costa Rica
    26. 26. Costa Rica
    27. 27. Costa Rica Airport

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