Praxis Social Studies Exam: Geographic Content


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  • sodium bicarbonate Phosphate Soda pop, because ‘pop goes the cork’ when it is drawn. Canadians and the British say “pop” Some Brits even say “fizzy drink” In Western Scotland, they use “ginger” Aussies and New Zealanders say “soft drink” Some Australians call it “lolly water”
  • 3 types of Place: Absolute, Relative, and Relational
  • Canal Burano Venice Italy Mesa Verde National Park (Cliff Palace)
  • Praxis Social Studies Exam: Geographic Content

    1. 1. Preparing to Teach SocialPreparing to Teach SocialStudies: Geographic ContentStudies: Geographic Contentfor the Praxis Examfor the Praxis Exam
    2. 2. PRAXIS EXAM
    3. 3. Social Studies Praxis Exam: About This Test• Demonstrate the knowledge and skillsnecessary for a beginning secondary socialstudies teacher.• Understand and apply social studiesknowledge, concepts, methodologies, andskills across the fields. A number of thequestions are interdisciplinary.
    4. 4. 130 Multiple Choice Questions• 60 percent knowledge, recall, and/or recognition questions• 40 percent higher-order thinking questions.• Some based on interpreting materials– written passages, maps, charts, graphs, cartoons, diagrams, & photos.• 10 -15 percent of the questions contain content reflecting thediverse experiences of people in the U.S. as related togender, culture, and/or race, and/or content relating to LatinAmerica, Africa, Asia, or Oceania.
    5. 5. Geo-literacyDistance and Time
    6. 6. I. Understands map types and projections and isable to acquire, organize, and analyzeinformation from a spatial perspectiveMapping Map Projections
    7. 7. I. Understands map types and projections and isable to acquire, organize, and analyzeinformation from a spatial perspectivespatial mapping map projections
    8. 8. II. Is familiar with the use of mental maps toorganize spatial informationMental maps
    9. 9. III. Knows how to recognize and interpretspatial patterns (e.g., population density,literacy rates, infant mortality) presented atdifferent scales from local to global
    10. 10. Which is the best map?ABCD
    11. 11. GEOGRAPHICAL CLASSIFICATIONWorldRealmsRegionsNeighborhoods
    12. 12. IV. Knows how to locate and use sources ofgeographic data (e.g., Census Bureau,Population Reference Bureau)statisticsGISgeospatial census
    13. 13. V. Understands spatial concepts (e.g., location,place, region) and knows how to apply them tointerpret datalocation place regions
    14. 14. What name would you use to describethese beverages?
    15. 15. Multiple layers on the landscapeMultiple layers on the landscape
    16. 16. 2002 201020102010Place
    17. 17. Sept. 2010
    18. 18. Messages of cultural landscapes?
    19. 19. Cultural Landscape Meanings
    20. 20. VI. Understands how physical processes,climatepatterns, and natural hazards affect humansocietiesdisastersphysicalweather and climate
    21. 21. VII. Knows the characteristics and spatialdistribution of Earth’s ecosystemsecology
    22. 22. VIII. Understands the interrelationships ofhumans and their environmentsenvironment dependenvironment adaptenvironment modify
    23. 23. IX. Understands renewable and nonrenewablenatural resourcesresources
    24. 24. X. Understands spatial patterns of cultural (e.g.,ethnic, linguistic, religious) and economicactivitiesculture ethnicity language religion economic
    25. 25. GDP per capita
    26. 26. “Twin Cities”
    27. 27. XI. Understands patterns of migration (internaland international) and settlement (urban andrural)migration ruralProvidence County Newport County
    28. 28. 2012 Election Maps
    29. 29. XII. Understands the development and changingnature of agriculture (e.g., genetically modifiedcrops, agribusiness, biotechnologies)agricultureGMOs agribusiness.
    30. 30. Subsistence – predominantly low-income regionsIntensive subsistence – subtropical monsoon areasShifting cultivation – tropical forests & savannasNomadic herding – semiarid and arid landsCommercial – predominantly high-income regionsCrop farming – more humid climatesLivestock ranching - drylands
    31. 31. Von Thünen ModelFig. 10-13: Von Thünen’s model shows how distance from a city or market affects the choiceof agricultural activity in (a) a uniform landscape and (b) one with a river.
    32. 32. XIII. Knows contemporary patterns and impactsof development, industrialization, andglobalization.development industry globalization
    33. 33. Development
    34. 34. XIV. Understands demographic patterns (e.g.,composition, density, distribution) anddemographic changepopulation density
    35. 35. Population Distribution
    36. 36. Demographic Transition
    37. 37. XV. Knows basic concepts of political geography,including borders, state formation, andcontemporary areas of conflictPolitical borders states conflict
    38. 38. Conflictsdevolution
    39. 39. Borderssupranationalism