Sustainability - a Win-Win-Win for
NASA’s Mission, the American People, and the
                  Economy




      Olga D...
Overview

•   NASA’s Sustainability Policy
•   Existing Communities Of Practice (Cop)
•   Sustainability Requires A System...
NASA’s Sustainability Policy
NASA's sustainability policy is to execute NASA’s mission without
compromising our planet’s r...
NASA Communities of Practice (CoPs)
                                  Fleet                 Sustainable
        Procuremen...
NASA Center and Facility Personnel
   Comprise CoP Membership




CoPs are dispersed geographically throughout NASA.
Sustainability Requires a
                       Systems Approach
Sustainability
   Regulatory       Maintenance and      ...
Responsible NASA                        SSPP Goal
Agency Team or CoP            Organization for Team
                    ...
Principles Used for Developing
                        NASA’s SSPP
Whenever possible…
                 Utilize established...
Communication, Communication,
                  Communication


• Ongoing meetings
  of key CoP leads
  within the
  Headq...
2010 Efforts to Improve Internal
              Collaboration and Integration
  Senior     • Identify Center Sustainability...
NASA has major challenges when it
             comes to supporting mission
  aging infrastructure
1 increasing energy cost...
major challenge            1     aging infrastructure

       Share of NASA facilities assets under 40 years old
100%


80...
increasing energy cost
                 major challenge                     2
In Since FY 1995, NASA’s energy use is down ...
greenhouse gas
major challenge          3   management




       Electricity for
      Buildings is 82%
         of NASA’...
climate change
              major challenge                     4     impacts and adaptation
Leverage a unique perspectiv...
changing laws and
                                                                    major challenge                     ...
mandates without
                  major challenge         6   added resources

                                          ...
environmental
major challenge   7   cleanup Apollo Era
major challenge                               8           encroachment


                                               Re...
major challenge/                                material availability and
              opportunity                       ...
A path forward for integrating sustainability
               within NASA
      View external requirements through the lens...
View external requirements through the lens of
1     intent and create opportunities
EO 13514 required NASA to prepare and...
Infuse sustainable thinking into existing systems
2   (ops, design, acquisition, suppliers)
Design greener systems & processes for NASA
      3                 programs & projects & institution



                 ...
Develop new models, systems & processes that
 4      support and enhance NASA’s Missions
 Harvard Business Review – Septem...
Push the envelope of business as usual thru the
5     sustainability lens

• Use the opportunity side of risk to design us...
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Dominguez sustainability seminar

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Dominguez sustainability seminar

  1. 1. Sustainability - a Win-Win-Win for NASA’s Mission, the American People, and the Economy Olga Dominguez - Associate Administrator NASA Headquarters Office of Strategic Infrastructure
  2. 2. Overview • NASA’s Sustainability Policy • Existing Communities Of Practice (Cop) • Sustainability Requires A Systems Approach • Principles Used For Developing NASA’s Strategic Sustainability Program Plan (SSPP) • Communication, Communication, Communication • NASA Has Major Challenges When It Comes To Supporting Mission • NASA Has Been Doing Sustainability For Many Years As Risk Management • Vision For A Sustainable NASA • A Path Forward For Integrating Sustainability Within NASA
  3. 3. NASA’s Sustainability Policy NASA's sustainability policy is to execute NASA’s mission without compromising our planet’s resources so that future generations can meet their needs. Sustainability also involves taking action now to provide a future where the environment and living conditions are protected and enhanced and in that future NASA will have the resources it needs to perform its Mission. NASA is committed to the intent of Executive Order 13514. NASA is integrating sustainability principles and methods into existing systems, processes and decision-making, influencing both long-term planning and short-term actions. Sustainability will gradually become part of NASA culture.
  4. 4. NASA Communities of Practice (CoPs) Fleet Sustainable Procurement Management Acquisition Materials and Processes Natural Master Resources Planning Environmental Assurance Information Maintenance Recycling Technology / Regulatory and Operations Data Centers Communication Facility Design Energy Water and Management Management Construction CoPs formed and grew up to meet internal and external goals, objectives, requirements. Many CoPs have been around for many years. Some are relatively new.
  5. 5. NASA Center and Facility Personnel Comprise CoP Membership CoPs are dispersed geographically throughout NASA.
  6. 6. Sustainability Requires a Systems Approach Sustainability Regulatory Maintenance and Environmental Master Planning Communication Operations Assurance Energy Facility Design Water Materials and Management and Construction Management Processes Information Recycling Supply Chain Fleet Technology / Data and Sustainable Management Management Centers Acquisition Climate Change Greenhouse Gas Impacts and Procurement Natural Resources Management Adaptation Because of the multi-disciplinary nature, a sustainability initiative/program needs the coordinated efforts from many communities.
  7. 7. Responsible NASA SSPP Goal Agency Team or CoP Organization for Team or CoP 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Strategic Sustainability OSI 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Working Group Greenhouse Gas Management * EMD 1 2 3 Fleet Management Logistics Management 1 2 3 Energy Management EMD and FED 1 2 3 4 Design and Construction FED 1 2 4 Maintenance and Operations FED 1 2 4 Master Planning TCRPM and EMD 3 4 5 Natural Resources EMD 5 Climate Change Impacts and FCRPM and EMD 5 Adaptation * Water Management EMD 6 Procurement Office of Procurement 1 2 3 7 8 9 Recycling and Sustainable EMD 7 8 9 Acquisition (RSA) Supply Chain Management * Logistics Management 2 3 8 Center Chief Information Chief Information Officer 9 Officers Environmental Assurance and EMD 10 Green System Design Materials and Processes EMD 10 For most SSPP goals, several CoPs are needed to achieve objectives and targets
  8. 8. Principles Used for Developing NASA’s SSPP Whenever possible… Utilize established teams, working groups, and communities of practice NO NEW TEAMS! familiar with the functional area to get work done Advise existing management, boards, panels, working groups, etc. to NO NEW ensure that sustainability principles are incorporated into decisions for MANAGEMENT! functional areas Revise existing reports and planning documents generated for the different NO NEW functional areas to reflect the larger sustainability objectives REPORTING! WORK WITHIN Define and frame NASA's sustainability approach in a way that blends with NASA CULTURE! NASA culture ALIGN WITH Link all sustainability goals, requirements, targets, and activities to the STRATEGY! NASA Strategy MINIMIZE Create opportunities within NASA's existing activities and projects to meet ADDITIONAL existing and emerging sustainability goals, requirements, and targets by RESOURCES! supplementing with additional funding…
  9. 9. Communication, Communication, Communication • Ongoing meetings of key CoP leads within the Headquarters Sustainability Working Group • HQ CoP leads communicate updates to Center personnel through existing meetings, video teleconferences, etc. • CoP members at Centers communicate upward to HQ CoP Leads • Communication tools - SSPP as wiki
  10. 10. 2010 Efforts to Improve Internal Collaboration and Integration Senior • Identify Center Sustainability Officers (CSOs) from Leadership Center senior leadership • NASA’s Senior Sustainability Officer will meet with CSOs at agency-level workshop to discuss new role • Describe CSO responsibilities in agency policy - drafts developed now, finalized in 2011 • Make Headquarters Sustainability Working Group activities transparent in internal social networking tools such as NASA Spacebook • Enhance communication within Centers and between Centers (e.g., post CoP membership to internal sites) • Develop collaborative tools for inter-Center communication Center Personnel
  11. 11. NASA has major challenges when it comes to supporting mission aging infrastructure 1 increasing energy cost 2 greenhouse gas management 3 climate change impacts and adaptation 4 changing laws and requirements 5 mandates without added resources 6 environmental cleanup – Apollo Era 7 encroachment – neighbors need water, energy, safety, resources… 8 material availability and 9 obsolescence
  12. 12. major challenge 1 aging infrastructure Share of NASA facilities assets under 40 years old 100% 80% 60% 40% 20% As asset ages rise and requirements evolve, we must renew assets upon which our missions depend 0% 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000
  13. 13. increasing energy cost major challenge 2 In Since FY 1995, NASA’s energy use is down 12% and unit costs are up 73%. Unit Cost Consumption 15 15 $/Million Btu Trillion Btu 10 10 5 5 0 0 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 We are buying less energy yet still spending more.
  14. 14. greenhouse gas major challenge 3 management Electricity for Buildings is 82% of NASA’s Scopes 1&2
  15. 15. climate change major challenge 4 impacts and adaptation Leverage a unique perspective & renowned climate expertise... to quantify real risks… applying a ground-breaking partnering process. Year 2080 from 1971/2000 base ...for an Agency mostly near sea level... with parts already being impacted.. 15
  16. 16. changing laws and major challenge 5 requirements 90 80 EO 13514 EO 13423 EO 13327 EISA CUMULATIVE NUMBER OF LAWS AND EXECUTIVE ORDERS EO 13221 EO 13302 EO 13211 EO 13212 70 EO 13148 EO 13186 EO 13089 EO 13112 EO 13101 TEA-21 SDWA EO 13061 MMPA EO 13007 60 EO 12898 SNARTA ISTEA CZARA OPA NAGPRA ADA CAAA STURRA CWA 50 EWRA CBRA EPCRA HSWA FPPA RRA ANILCA LAA ARPA CERCLA 40 CWA CRA EO 11998 CAA EO 11990 RCRA SWDA FNWA MSFCMA AHPA TSCA 30 SDWA MMPA ESA CZMA FAHA CWA CAA URA NEPA 20 WSRA FAHA FAHA NHPA FOIA 4(f) WQA HUDA HBA 10 LWCF RSA SWDA MBTA HSBAA FAHA Post Shuttle RHAA AA CAA FWCA FIFRA Apollo Shuttle Programs 0 1890 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 YEAR Air Chemical Management Endangered Species Energy Land/Waste Multiple Natural/Cultural Resources Other (White Points) Transportation Water
  17. 17. mandates without major challenge 6 added resources New Reporting EPA DOE State Laws and New Executive Regulations Orders • aging infrastructure • increasing energy available • environmental cost cleanup • greenhouse gas resources for • encroachment management mission • climate change
  18. 18. environmental major challenge 7 cleanup Apollo Era
  19. 19. major challenge 8 encroachment Regulatory Issues Air, Toxics, Wastes Resources: Environmental Energy, water, materials Liability Natural Disaster Damage & Climate Air Quality Variability Cultural & Historic Resources Noise, Hazards Security Demands for Airspace Radio Threatened & Spectrum Workforce Endangered Urban Growth 19 Species Noise & Light
  20. 20. major challenge/ material availability and opportunity 9 obsolescence Partial List of Materials and Processes of Concern Shuttle elements • Trichloroethane where HCFC 141b is • Precision Cleaning and Cleanliness Verification Processes still used Requiring ODSs (HCFC 225 and HCFC 225g) RSRM • TPS and Cryoinsulation Containing ODS (HCFC 141b) • Chromate Primers External Tank • Cadmium Plating • Hexavalent Chromium Conversion Coating • Paint Strippers Containing Methylene Chloride • Lead Based Solid Film Lubricants • Paints Containing Perchloroethylene Orbiter - Main • High-Level Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Coatings Propulsion • Alkaline Cleaners Containing Hexavalent Chromium System, Power • Hazardous Air Pollutant (HAP) Inks Reactant Storage • Methyl Ethyl Ketone and Distribution • Materials and Products Containing Perfluoroalkyl System Sulfonates • Materials Containing Brominated Flame Retardants • Materials Requiring Perfluorooctanoic Acid (PFOA)
  21. 21. A path forward for integrating sustainability within NASA View external requirements through the lens of 1 intent and create opportunities Infuse sustainable thinking into existing systems 2 (ops, design, acquisition, suppliers) Design greener systems & processes for NASA 3 programs & projects & institution Develop new models, systems and processes that 4 support and enhance NASA’s Missions Push the envelope of business as usual thru the 5 sustainability lens Sustainability steers you to different, creative, and flexible solutions
  22. 22. View external requirements through the lens of 1 intent and create opportunities EO 13514 required NASA to prepare and submit to CEQ and OMB a multi-year Strategic Sustainability Performance Plan. • Started formal sustainability planning process within NASA • In 2011, it will streamline and consolidate reporting requirements • Aligned activities, efforts, and projects outlined in SSPP with NASA budget submission • Initiated inclusion of sustainability into other NASA plans, policies, and activities • Move beyond compliance – identifying opportunities that meet intent provides long-term benefits
  23. 23. Infuse sustainable thinking into existing systems 2 (ops, design, acquisition, suppliers)
  24. 24. Design greener systems & processes for NASA 3 programs & projects & institution Kennedy Space Center 0.95 MW PV System Restricted or Potentially Restricted Substances Source: NASA-MSFC, MAPTIS-II Sustainability Base Ames research Center
  25. 25. Develop new models, systems & processes that 4 support and enhance NASA’s Missions Harvard Business Review – September 2009 – Why Sustainability is Now the Key Driver of Innovation New territory to explore
  26. 26. Push the envelope of business as usual thru the 5 sustainability lens • Use the opportunity side of risk to design using Green Engineering, Green Chemistry, Green Energy Management… • Design and Plan to requirements, outcomes and goals desired to drive innovation and use of sustainable resources – Design to Outcomes and Goals not metrics • Measure success & individual performance using sustainable results
  27. 27. Questions?
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