The Chemistry of Advocacy


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A presentation by Brad Smith on the American Chemical Society and public policy

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  • The attention brought to this issue by Thomas Friedman’s book was quickly converted into a focused action plan through the work of the U.S. national Academies (with assists form ACS and many others)
  • Highlight your favorite business groups and companies
  • Since 2005 Research New DOE grant program enhances university nuclear science education NSF-NIH collaboration on deep innovation in interdisciplinary sciences Modified merit review criterion to encourage industry partnerships Education Local education-business councils to reform P-16 STEM education Bolstered NSF and DOE educational programs, particularly in teacher training High School laboratory science pilot program pilot Preserves Noyce Teacher Scholarships
  • Since 2005 Research New DOE grant program enhances university nuclear science education NSF-NIH collaboration on deep innovation in interdisciplinary sciences Modified merit review criterion to encourage industry partnerships Education Local education-business councils to reform P-16 STEM education Bolstered NSF and DOE educational programs, particularly in teacher training High School laboratory science pilot program pilot Preserves Noyce Teacher Scholarships
  • Green Chemistry: conversation began last summer, meeting took place week before ARRA passage. 06-GM-109 Green chemistry and engineering for drug discovery, development, and production Challenge Grant RFA, for research in identified challenge areas.  Deadline is April 27, 2009. Earliest start date Sept. 30, 2009.  $200 million, one-time RFA. Need to check in with Ray about Project Seed example to verify Need to verify with Glenn about what we can say about Joe Francisco project
  • The Chemistry of Advocacy

    1. 1. <ul><li>The Chemistry of Advocacy </li></ul><ul><li>November, 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Brad Smith </li></ul><ul><li>American Chemical Society </li></ul><ul><li>Office of Public Affairs </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    2. 2. Today’s Presentation <ul><li>What Is Advocacy? </li></ul><ul><li>Why & How ACS Advocates? </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for Involvement! </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    3. 3. ACS Office of Public Affairs <ul><li>Created in July 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Combined Office of Communications and the Office of Legislative and Government Affairs </li></ul><ul><li>Housed in Office of the Secretary & General Counsel </li></ul><ul><li>Four Main Functions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public Policy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advocacy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Society Communications </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Science Communications </li></ul></ul>American Chemical Society
    4. 4. Just What Is Advocacy Anyway? <ul><li>The act of pleading or arguing in favor of something, such as a cause, idea, or policy; </li></ul><ul><li>active support. </li></ul><ul><li>Individuals, organizations, businesses, and governments can engage in advocacy. </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    5. 5. Advocacy In Washington, DC <ul><li>Thousands, upon thousands of advocacy contacts made daily – 24/7!! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Telephone Calls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correspondence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Face-to-Face meetings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Mails, Text Messages, Faxes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter, Blogs, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Federal law – advocacy = lobbying! </li></ul><ul><li>Over 35,000 registered federal lobbyists -- double from 2000! </li></ul><ul><li>Competition is fierce for time, attention and resources. </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    6. 6. Advocacy In Washington, DC <ul><li>ACS Office of Public Affairs has several registered lobbyists. </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    7. 7. Advocacy In Washington, DC <ul><li>ACS – Primary science & innovation advocate on behalf of professional chemists. </li></ul><ul><li>If not ACS, then WHO? </li></ul><ul><li>FACT – fewer than two dozen Members of Congress have science or technical backgrounds in chemistry. </li></ul><ul><li>Like the old ad for the NY State Lottery Said: </li></ul><ul><li>You Have to Be In It To Win It! </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    8. 8. American Chemical Society What is the Policy Mood in Washington, DC? <ul><li>10 Months Ago we Started a new Presidential Administration </li></ul><ul><li>10 Months Ago We Started a new Congressional Session </li></ul><ul><li>Both Started Amidst Platitudes of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bipartisanship </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation & Collaboration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renewal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outside the Box Thinking </li></ul></ul><ul><li>So – Where Are We Today? </li></ul>
    9. 9. American Chemical Society What is the Policy Mood in Washington, DC? <ul><li>Worst Fracture between the Political Parties in recent memory – even intra-party </li></ul><ul><li>Eroded Ability of “How to Compromise to Achieve Consensus” </li></ul><ul><li>Mega-Issues Dominate the agenda: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflicts in Iraq & Afghanistan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Health Care Reform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Recovery Measures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Policy & Climate Change </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Resurgence of Science <ul><li>After decades of struggling to gain attention, Science is again in “vogue” </li></ul><ul><li>Significant gains have been made in federal R&D funding, STEM education, AND; </li></ul><ul><li>Science recognized as the key to addressing the great global challenges – energy, safe drinking water, food supply, health care, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Chemistry is the “Solution Provider” to all of the challenges. </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    11. 11. Resurgence of Science <ul><li>President Obama – National Academy of Sciences, April 24, 2009 – commits 3% GDP to science & engineering investments. </li></ul><ul><li>October 7, 2009 National Science & Technology Awards ceremony – President highlights science’s role in solving problems and strengthening US economy. </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    12. 12. So How Does ACS Conduct Advocacy? <ul><ul><li>Advocacy Starts and Ends with ACS Members! </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Just like a good chemical synthesis, successful advocacy outcome is dependent on: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Member Inputs/Policy Development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Desired Outcomes </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>The Chemistry of Advocacy At ACS American Chemical Society Member Inputs/Policy Development Implementation of Policies Advancement of Science
    14. 14. ACS Office of Public Affairs (OPA) <ul><li>ACS Advocacy Conducted Through the Office of Public Affairs (OPA) </li></ul><ul><li>OPA part of the Office of the Secretary and General Counsel </li></ul>American Chemical Society Government Affairs Team
    15. 15. ACS Office of Public Affairs Government Relations Mission <ul><li>Promote ACS public policies that advance science and the chemical enterprise for the benefit of our members and for society. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inform state and federal policymakers on the important role science plays in supporting the nation’s economy and fostering global competitiveness. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Advance specific recommendations on issues affecting the chemical enterprise. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Create ACS member awareness of policy priorities and involve them in the process. </li></ul></ul>American Chemical Society
    16. 16. ACS Office of Public Affairs Government Relations Team <ul><li>ACS Policies Developed By Member Input </li></ul><ul><li>ACS Policies Translated into Advocacy Action </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Through a Variety of Tools that Involve OPA & ACS Staff, ACS Governance & ACS Members. </li></ul></ul>American Chemical Society ADVOCACY POLICY
    17. 17. ACS Policy Statements Available --- Click on Policy Tab! American Chemical Society
    18. 18. Public Policy Priorities <ul><li>ACS Public Policy Priorities Aligned Under Main Organizing Theme: </li></ul><ul><li>Creating Opportunity Through Scientific Innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Four Main Categories </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    19. 19. Public Policy Priorities <ul><li>Foster Innovation Through Research & Technology </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Agency Funding Requests, U.S. Innovation Strategy for </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the 21st Century </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strengthen Science Education and Scientific Workforce </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Science Education Policy </li></ul></ul>American Chemical Society
    20. 20. Public Policy Priorities <ul><li>Advance Science Through Openness </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freedom of International Scientific Exchange </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Publishing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Promoting Science & Sustainability in Public Policy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Climate Change, Sustainability, Green Chemistry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemical Site Security </li></ul></ul>American Chemical Society
    21. 21. Tools: Informing Policy Makers <ul><li>Policy Statements shared with Congress & Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Posted on ACS Web-site </li></ul><ul><li>Science & the Congress program </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    22. 22. Tools: Science & the Congress Briefing American Chemical Society Future Research Directions In Chemistry & Chemical Engineering
    23. 23. Tools: ACS Staff Advocacy <ul><li>Visits & Meetings </li></ul><ul><li>Congressional Record Inserts </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative drafting </li></ul><ul><li>“ Dear Colleague” Letters </li></ul>American Chemical Society Green Chemistry R&D Act National Chemistry Week Resolution Percy Julian Resolution
    24. 24. <ul><li>Lead/leverage alliances to access/advance positions </li></ul>Tools: Coalitions & Alliances American Chemical Society Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics The Council for Chemical Research
    25. 25. Tools: Member Advocacy <ul><li>Government Affairs Committees (GAC) </li></ul><ul><li>Act4chemistry Network </li></ul><ul><li>Visits in DC & districts </li></ul><ul><li>GACs now at 94 – up from 25 in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>LAN now at 18,500 – up from 12,600 in 2006 </li></ul><ul><li>101 members, from 41 local sections visited over 170 congressional offices. </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    26. 26. Tools: Governance Advocacy <ul><li>Testimony </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Summit </li></ul><ul><li>Letters – Press Releases </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    27. 27. Tools: Governance Advocacy <ul><li>Public Service Award </li></ul><ul><li>Meetings in Local Districts </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    28. 28. A Case Study… American Chemical Society
    29. 29. C reating O pportunities to M eaningfully P romote E xcellence in T echnology, E ducation, and S cience Act Aka The America COMPETES Act American Chemical Society The America COMPETES Act
    30. 30. A U.S. Discussion on Science, Innovation and Competitiveness… American Chemical Society Mar 05 “ Ideas” Aug 07 Oct 05 “ Plans” Jan 06 “ Focus” Aug 07 “ Agreement”
    31. 31. Strong relationships with congressional leaders – helped spur the COMPETES legislation Raising congressional and administration profile of innovation and competitiveness Leading scientific society in the alliance of business, education and others ACS Helped Move the Innovation & Competitiveness Agenda American Chemical Society
    32. 32. A Unified Message American Chemical Society
    33. 33. 41 75 167 250 7876 21,370 LAN Letters to Capitol Hill & White House Advocacy Hours Invested By OLGA OLGA Meetings on Capitol Hill Governance-Led Hill Meetings District Meetings ACS Presidential Letters Building the Innovation Bill Mid 05’-Aug 07’ American Chemical Society
    34. 34. Authorization Success America COMPETES Act Signing, 8/9/07 Authorizes $43.3 billion over 3 years for R&D and science education, Puts NSF, NIST, DOE Office of Science on doubling over 7 years American Chemical Society
    35. 35. But…..FY 2008 Appropriations Failure!!!!! Congress Waits Too Long … 11 of 12 Appropriations Bills Unfinished by Start of 2008 Fiscal Year (10/1/07) “ Political Scrum” Inter/Intra Party, Congress versus the White House WHY?? American Chemical Society
    36. 36. A Funny Thing Happened Right Before the Stroke of Midnight!! American Chemical Society
    37. 37. Science Had The Rug Pulled From Beneath It… Solution? Roll all 11 Appropriations Bills into one, $23 billion over what President requested & 12,000 earmarks = $10 billion. American Chemical Society
    38. 38. Dec 2007: The “Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2008” …Crashes, Something Had to Give…. American Chemical Society +1.6% +15.7% +15.4% NIST +5.8% +18.4% +18.9% DOE-SC +2.5% +10.7% +10% NSF Omnibus Senate Bill House Bill Agency
    39. 39. The COMPETES Act Shortfall at NSF COMPETES Act Authorization Appropriations American Chemical Society
    40. 40. Hard Work, Perseverance and Lots of Advocacy Garnered FY 08 Supplemental Funds American Chemical Society 756 4,035.5 6,094.5 FY08 TOTAL 0 62.5 62.5 FY08 Supp. 756 863 677 NIST 3,973 4,586 3,837 DOE-SC 6,032 6,600 5,917 NSF Final FY08 COMPETES FY07 Agency
    41. 41. Appropriations Drift Appropriations Dates versus Start of Federal Fiscal Year – October 1 American Chemical Society Mathematical & Physical Sciences Division of Chemistry
    42. 42. ACS at Princeton Science Roundtable with Congressional Leadership American Chemical Society
    43. 43. Congress Passes American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (H.R. 1) <ul><li>Appropriated $787 billion to be spent over next 2 years for a wide range of infrastructure, education, energy research, programs, (and tax cuts) </li></ul><ul><li>$22 billion for federal research agencies , including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>NSF: $3 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NIH: $10 billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DOE Office of Science: $1.6 Billion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>NIST: $580 Million </li></ul></ul>American Chemical Society
    44. 44. Congress Passes American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (H.R. 1) <ul><li>Education funding: $98 billion total, including $8 billion for school modernization </li></ul><ul><li>ACS worked extensively with its partners in industry, academia and allies on Capitol Hill to support the more robust House science and education provisions during the House-Senate conference </li></ul><ul><li>ACS President Tom Lane supported the bill in a press release and in multiple letters to Congressional leaders throughout an intense 4-week legislative process </li></ul><ul><li>More than 6,200 letters sent through ACS LAN </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    45. 45. American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: What happens next? <ul><li>All funds must be ‘committed’ by September 1, 2010 , funding will dispersed in several phases </li></ul><ul><li>90% of the spending in the bill is targeted to state and local governments </li></ul><ul><li>$22 billion for federal science agencies will be dispensed through existing granting mechanisms </li></ul>American Chemical Society
    46. 46. What Next <ul><li>FY 2010 budget - blueprint for sustained increases for basic science </li></ul><ul><li>AMERICA COMPETES Reauthorization </li></ul><ul><li>Science is at the center of the policy & political stages in addressing grand challenges: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Recovery & Growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy Independence & Climate Change </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Improved Healthcare </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental, Food & Water Sustainability </li></ul></ul>
    47. 47. The Main Messages <ul><li>WE Need to Be Involved In Public Policy </li></ul><ul><li>WE Need To Be Vocal </li></ul><ul><li>WE Need To Be Persistent </li></ul><ul><li>WE Need To Be Vigilant </li></ul><ul><li>You Can, and Do, Make A Difference! </li></ul>
    48. 48. ACS Opportunities for Involvement <ul><li>Stay Abreast of Current News & Communicate with your Elected Officials. </li></ul><ul><li>Join over 18,500 of your colleagues </li></ul><ul><li>and become part of the </li></ul><ul><li>Act4chemistry Network </li></ul><ul><li>Become a Chemistry Ambassador </li></ul><ul><li>Get Involved With Your: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Affiliate Chapter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Section Government Affairs Committee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Section Public Relations Committee – or create one! </li></ul></ul>American Chemical Society
    49. 49. <ul><li>Thank You! </li></ul><ul><li>Questions? </li></ul>American Chemical Society