These views delivered primarily from a national security point of view.
Torsion Balance Experiment
National Academies Photo
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Mention work location and environment
Berkeley is misspelled. . . . Map taken from LLNL web site.
Careers in Science and Technology Policy
Exploring Your Career Options in Science and Technology Policy Shara Williams Scientists and Engineers for America 10/20/09 This presentation contains only the personal views of the presenter.
Discussion Outline <ul><li>My own journey </li></ul><ul><li>Types of work one can do in a national-security-oriented “science policy” career </li></ul><ul><li>How to decide whether working in science policy is the right career move for you </li></ul><ul><li>Ways to make the transition </li></ul>
Before graduate school--Los Alamos--Torsion balance experiment (1996)
Graduate school in physical chemistry at UC Berkeley Hildebrand Hall Berkeley Campus
I considered a number of career options as I neared graduation. . . post-doc, science writer, gov’t lab staff, professor, etc.
2004-05 American Chemical Society– Sponsored Fellow at the State Department
Department of State (2004-2007) Worked on issues in support of arms control verification
Now work at RAND Corporation (2007-Present) <ul><li>My research has been in areas including: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology and National Security </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defense Acquisition </li></ul></ul>RAND is a nonprofit organization with a mission to improve policy and decisionmaking through research and analysis.
Types of Work You Can Do in a National Security Science and Technology Policy Career
Trained Scientists or Engineers Help Policymakers in Two Main Ways Improving and implementing the technical education, research, or development process Informing policy-makers’ decisions They leverage their expertise and understanding of how research and development happens. 1 They perform general or technical analysis based on their skills and expertise. 2
Trained Scientists or Engineers Help Policymakers in Two Main Ways Improving and implementing the technical education, research, or development process Informing policy-makers’ decisions “ Using Science to Aid Policy Decisions” “ Making Policy to Aid Scientific Progress” They leverage their expertise and understanding of how research and development happens. 1 They perform general or technical analysis based on their skills and expertise. 2
Scientists and Engineers Can Perform Different Types of Work Related to Policy Advocacy Program Management Coordination Research You can fill more than one role in a single job
Examples of Possible National Security Roles for Scientists and Engineers Program Management Research Coordination Advocacy Policy to Aid Science Award and manage Defense Department grants Study how the Defense Department should best support basic research Coordinate an international collaboration to research new technology to detect terrorists Advocate for additional funding for redirection of former Soviet weapons scientists Science to Aid Policy Make decisions on which capabilities are feasible to include on a new fighter plane Research what technologies foreign nations are developing to support their militaries Coordinate a meeting to decide which military-related technologies will be export-controlled Perform technical analysis to convince lawmakers not to pursue development of “bunker-buster” bombs
Deciding Whether Working In Science and Technology Policy Is the Right Career Move for You
You Will Need a Broad Set of Skills to Enter a Policy-Related Career <ul><li>Very strong oral communication ability </li></ul><ul><li>Compelling written communication style </li></ul><ul><li>Effective interpersonal relations </li></ul><ul><li>Flexibility in work topics and roles </li></ul><ul><li>Ability to “understand the big picture” </li></ul><ul><li>Organization </li></ul><ul><li>Conscientiousness </li></ul>
Deciding What You Enjoy, Are Good At, and Where You Want to Live (Rutgers)
Develop Domain Awareness and Preferences by Reading And also read online. . .
Attend Events. . . and Ask Questions At universities and colleges Or sponsored by organizations http://cisac.stanford.edu/ http://www.worldaffairscouncils.org/
<ul><li>Identify places </li></ul><ul><li>Meet and talk with people </li></ul><ul><li>Explore possible ways to choreograph your transition </li></ul>Find Candidate Places to Work and Ask for Feedback Ask them about their work & for their feedback and advice DOE DOS OSD DOD FBI CIA DIA NGIC DHS Nat’l Labs Gov’t Contractors
How to Make the Transition (or Try It Out) <ul><li>Transition by participating in one or more of the available fellowships designed to attract scientists and engineers </li></ul><ul><li>Find a technical position in an agency or gov’t lab that also does policy work, then later transition within the organization </li></ul><ul><li>Apply directly to a gov’t agency or NGO for a policy-type position </li></ul>
Example of One Type of Transition – Work at a National Laboratory to Support Policy Decisions Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory LLNL ORNL
Fellowships Can Enable You to Do Policy Work at Various Points in Your Career Scoville PMF California Prf. Soc. AAAS Nat’l Acad. RAND B.S. Degree Holder Grad Student Ph.D. Post-doc New Professional / Academic
http://www.scoville.org/ <ul><li>Provides college grads “the opportunity to gain a Washington perspective on key issues of peace and security.” </li></ul><ul><li>Selected twice a year </li></ul><ul><li>Fellows spend 6-9 mos. in Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Work at a participating organization of choice </li></ul><ul><li>Usually early career--but not formally restricted </li></ul>
http://www.rand.org/about/edu_op/fellowships/gsap/ <ul><li>Summer associates spend 3 mos. at RAND, a non-profit think tank, conducting policy research. </li></ul><ul><li>At the time of their appointment, associates must be a current graduate student with at least two years of study completed . </li></ul><ul><li>RAND does research in a wide variety of fields. All disciplines are considered for the program. </li></ul><ul><li>Each year summer associates with technical backgrounds participate, especially to do national security work. </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens and non-citizens will be considered. National security work may or may not require citizenship and a security clearance. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The Presidential Management Fellowship Program hires new holders of graduate degrees in any discipline to work in many agencies inside the federal government </li></ul><ul><li>Fellows convert to permanent Federal employment at the end of a two year term. </li></ul><ul><li>Applicants must apply during their last year of graduate school. </li></ul><ul><li>National security positions may require a clearance. </li></ul>https://www.pmf.opm.gov/
<ul><li>Disciplines considered include science, engineering, social science, law, business, and MDs </li></ul><ul><li>Open to non-citizens in several visa categories or with permanent residency. </li></ul><ul><li>Mizayan Fellows work 3 mos. at the National Academies in Washington </li></ul><ul><li>Open to current grad students, post-docs, and those not yet 5 yrs. past degree or post-doc </li></ul>http://sites.nationalacademies.org/PGA/policyfellows/index.htm
http://fellows.ccst.us/index.php <ul><li>The California Council on Science and Technology sponsors professional scientists and engineers to work one year in offices of the California State Legislature. </li></ul><ul><li>New program modeled after the AAAS fellowship program </li></ul><ul><li>California Science and Technology Policy Fellows must have a Ph.D. or equivalent degree, or a M.S. in engineering plus three years of experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Citizens and some non-citizens may be considered </li></ul><ul><li>Not limited to California residents. </li></ul>Outside the National Security Field. . . .