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  • What is the project about? Define the goal of this project Is it similar to projects in the past or is it a new effort? Define the scope of this project Is it an independent project or is it related to other projects?
  • What is the project about? Define the goal of this project Is it similar to projects in the past or is it a new effort? Define the scope of this project Is it an independent project or is it related to other projects? * Note that this slide is not necessary for weekly status meetings
  • In December’s freeze, hot water from the building heating system flooded the first floor and drained down through the server room, destroying the server farm and VC bridges…... Expected to re-open in a few weeks. My first million pound insurance incident  expect four-five months before all services re-instated!
  • Introduction - Who am i….where I am from PAWS = Power Down & Wake System What is it? An desktop power management solution offering automated sleep and waking capabilities, we have developed a prototype now live at Aberystwyth University in public workstation rooms and will now develop for the staff computer environment handling different working patterns. How long? 9 months, ending December 2011 External institutions involved - Swansea University & Trinity St Davids in Wales will participate in testing generic aspects of PAWS
  • Why? Commercial products such as 1e’s Nightwatchman that is the UK Public Sector’s preferred product: we found too expensive, costs £20K to make £50K savings Free products: too inflexible for our institution’s requirements and did not offer sufficient savings reporting that would be invaluable information for both the estates departments and individual users. Customise: allows us to develop the features that would best suit the characteristics of our organisation, e.g. such as staff computers being configurable by user yet public workstations be configured by room.
  • How? Server controlled sleep management of client computers – more accurate control and logging capability End user has the power: PAWS provides a user interface by which the end user clients may manage their own power management profile, and may also wake their computer up remotely should they wish to remote into their computer Power statistics and savings pages are automatically published to the web and the information may also be delivered as PDF reports
  • Environmental Impact? -
  • Goals? Build on findings from previous JISC funded Green ICT projects to build this sustainable product Open Source: The project deliverables will be delivered by an open source licence and made available to the community, allowing the product to potentially be enhanced further Institutional benefits: a cost effective way of building on this concept to deliver the solution at institutions across the sector. Should commercial products be in use, hopefully PAWS will carry the potential to supercede these and thus reduce institutions costs. Government target: 40% reduction on 1990 CO2 levels, PAWS will hopefully significant contribute towards this reduction
  • Recent work by market research organisations IDC (Villars, 2008) and Gartner (Bell, 2008) demonstrates a massive growth in unstructured data - typically 80% of data in industry, potentially higher within universities owing to the nature of their business (Beedie et al. , 2009). Furthermore the Storage Networking Industry Association (2008) estimated that 80% of files were no longer modified 90 days after creation. More recently industry has suggested that 80% of stored data is inactive after 60 days (Quattromini, 2010). All the universities talked to during dissemination activities keep unstructured data on tier 1 storage regardless of value (e.g. intellectual property, research results, interim results) or currency (e.g. frequently accessed information, mature archive documents) to the university’s business. Tier 1 storage is highly-performant, reliable, highly available, mirrored and well protected. However, tier 1 storage has a relatively high environmental impact - the fastest, most reliable disk storage uses more power, space and cooling and this effect is doubled by high availability techniques like multi-site mirroring. In addition, protecting the storage with a very frequent backup regime involves considerable backup infrastructure (e.g. tape libraries, disk arrays and servers). All this equipment also has a high level of embodied energy. Lower tier storage could offer energy and cost savings. It is available in much higher density formats which take up less space and cooling, and has a lower embodied energy. Mirroring is often considered unnecessary for data with low availability requirements. Given the dynamic nature of universities, efforts to place data within taxonomies or use other methods to maintain accurate metadata have had limited success. However the access, creation and modification dates are all important pieces of automatically maintained information that may be used to establish data value.
  • Conducting tests with the disk array showed an increase of 8% in energy consumption between idle (disks spinning, no I/O) and maximum utilization (disks spinning and high levels of I/O).
  • A typical 20TB storage system configured with RAID 10 might require 180 Tier1 450GB 15,000rpm disk drives . This configuration would use 2.7kW, at a cost of around £ 2,600 per annum and be responsible for the production of 64 tonnes of CO 2 over the five year lifetime . By comparision, tiered storage might require only 36 of the same t ier 1 disk drives (migration policy 20 /80 tier 1/tier 2 ), and 18 t ier 2 7,200rpm 1TB (SATA) storage disks configured with RAID5 . The total collection of disks would use only 0.7 kW – for total cost of around £ 720 per annum – a saving of £ 1,880 per annum, and reduce associated CO 2 emissions by 46 tonnes over the five year lifetime. Using fewer disks (54 compared to 180) , reduces total storage system footprint freeing up p hysical space for futu r e growth in the datacentre .
  • Keiren Mccarthy kierenmccarthy.co.uk/photos/igf/
  • Coventry University Students Optimisation and Management of Energy Resources CU = Coventry University ST = Students E = Energy – it is difficult to persuade students to care about the energy they are using in student accommodation O & M = Optimisation and Management – of Energy Resources used by students in different types of student accommodation, particularly the energy they use for things like IT STOMER = Coventry University Students Optimisation and Management of Energy Resources
  • We plan to monitor energy usage in a range of different types of student accommodation Making energy usage visible may be one way of persuading students to change their behaviour. We will research good practice from elsewhere, including other JISC projects, and identify sensors which may be available to capture data on energy usage
  • We plan to undertake a questionnaire of students to determine What equipment students use What their current behaviours are What incentives or penalties might change their energy consumption behaviours
  • Key to this project will be engaging with students, ensuring they are made aware of their energy consumption and creating incentives and possibly competitions to encourage them to change their behaviour
  • Part of engaging with students will be to explore games to provoke further interest and engagement We will be working with CableCom Networking to capture energy data in a range of different buildings.

Greening ict programme meeting slides Greening ict programme meeting slides Presentation Transcript

  • JISC Greening ICT Programme Meeting March 2011 Lightning Talks Slides
  • RESEARCH & EXPLORATION PROJECTS
    • JISC Greening ICT Programme
  • Virtually Sustainable Peter James and Lisa Hopkinson SusteIT, University of Bradford Videoconferencing (VC) and other virtual meeting technologies as a means of reducing travel-related energy and carbon Builds on 15 years previous research Collaboration with WVN View slide
  • Surveys Surveys in 5-10 universities on staff use of virtual meeting technologies – quantify travel impacts Survey of university travel managers from over 40 universities and colleges Survey of JANET VC users View slide
  • Virtual Events Conferencing , Edinburgh, Aug 2010 The V-Factor , 4 Welsh sites, Feb 2011 (with Welsh Video Network) E-learning best practice , Bradford, April 2011
  • Cases & Briefing Papers Coleg Meirion-Dwyfor/Llandrillo - until recently ~25% of all the UK-wide calls handled by the JANET VC Service. University of Bedfordshire - uses VC to reduce travel and improve communication between 5 campuses. Glenda Davies John Wells
  • Final Report Provisional UK conclusions: Considerable use, but JANET a minority Hunger for more Key barriers – ease of use, information, technology focused support
  • Open to Change Open data + social capital = altruistic punishment University of Oxford
  • Do we believe this kind of graphic will persuade people to act?
  • Will this make it better?
  • What do individuals need to feel comfortable in doing their bit?
      • To believe others in their groups are contributing
      • To believe the contribution is meaningful in the real world
    • in other words:
      • To feel confident a few people are not cheating the system
      • At least not enough to mean net energy consumption continues to rise
  • Towards altruistic punishment by
    • University of Oxford:
      • David Balch
      • David White
      • Howard Noble
      • Ken Kahn
    • De Montfort University:
      • Richard Hall
      • Richard Bull
    • Lincoln University:
      • Joss Winn
  • DUALL Deliberative approach to the living lab Dr Richard Bull and team. March 7 th , 2011
    • Aims :
    • To understand the role of ICT in reducing energy consumption of a large scale public building through the design of an ICT interface connecting building users to their electricity consumption.
    • Objectives :
    • To design and test an ICT tool connecting building users to their energy consumption.
    • To engage in an innovative, deliberative upstream approach in the design of the application.
    • To understand the extent to which building users can impact the performance of the environment they are in.
    • To understand the impact of ICT interfaces on user behaviour
  • Baseline Evaluation & Switch off
  • Deliberation/Engagement with users
  • Successful outcomes
  • Green In Silico Peter James and Lisa Hopkinson SusteIT, University of Bradford
    • Highlighting the growth & environmental impacts of scientific & technical computing
    • Supporting improvement through information, networks & research
    • Maximising synergies with our S-Lab project
  • The Problem
    • The 1GW supercomputer
    • The 1 exabyte a day research project
    • The smart laboratory
  • The Means
    • Two audiences - high performance computing - everyday science computing
    • Briefing papers
    • Cases
    • Events
    • Technical papers
  • The Solutions
    • Green Data Centre Refurbishment at Herts - 1st university to comply with the EU Code of Conduct on Data Centres
    • 1.2 PUE Data Centre at St Andrews - energy efficiency features financed by Salix
    Steve Bowes Phipps Heidi Fraser- Krauss
  • The Solutions
    • World’s greenest commercial building?
    • Net energy supply from on-site renewables
    • Data centre PUE < 1.15.
    • Real time display of data centre energy and water consumption
  • ER4SeR Project Jem Taylor University of the Highlands and Islands University of the Highlands and Islands
    • Campus typically has a single central server room where recoverable heat is concentrated, but what to use it for?
    • Space heating:
      • Maybe a single central plant, but might not be near server room
      • Not required all year round – in winter can use all the heat we can give
      • Need to turn warm air into hot water – Air-Source heat pump ?
    • Hot Water (kitchens, toilet blocks):
      • Might be fed from main heat plant, or individual cylinders
      • Used all year round but might not need enough input energy
    • Easiest way to use server room heat is to pipe warm air directly
      • Check building codes (especially fire safety) and seasonal demand
    • Outcomes might inform future building design rather than lead to interventions in existing building . . .
    • Inverness College – Longman Campus
      • Limited life building – five years max before move to new out-of-town campus
      • Largest of the three sites – most potential to use recovered energy ?
      • Urban 1960’s style technical college and now a UHI datacentre
    Sites
    • UHI – Ness Walk building
      • HQ building – under 100 occupants
      • Original UHI datacentre – largest potential source of recoverable energy ?
      • Three heating plants (one per floor)
      • Basic design: 1802 listed building shell, refurbished 2005
    • Lews Castle College – Stornoway campus
      • Small semi-rural further education college
      • Basic design: several standalone buildings from 1960’s to present day
      • IT energy use planned to shrink and move away to main UHI datacentres
    • Perth College – Brahan Building, Crieff Road Campus
      • Longer planned life building, with no recent flooding
      • Largest of the three sites – most potential to use recovered energy ?
      • Urban 1960’s style building will be a UHI datacentre
  • Ness Walk Datacentre Server Room Boiler Plant (x3) Per floor VC Suite and Board Room
  • Lews Castle College UHI Stornoway Campus Main Server Room Boiler Plant Research Group Server Room
  • Inverness College UHI Longman Campus
    • There may be an existing Building Management System
      • That does NOT mean that anyone ever looks at it 
      • You can’t trust the electrical power drawings either
    • It takes a LONG time to get permanent per-circuit metering installed:
      • Enrolment Change Freeze
      • Negotiate power-downs where needed
      • Negotiate whether power-downs are needed!
      • Long lead time for supply of equipment – need to select then bulk order
    • PhD Researchers and Electrical Contractors don’t really mix . . .
      • Choose the right equipment – DIN enclosure, not laboratory panel
      • Take an IT services approach to power – just give researchers the data 
    • Warm Air is potentially usable directly
      • Could change server room to forced air cooling, and
      • Duct warm air (at 25 C or above) into central stairwell
      • Much cheaper than alternative solutions – low risk investment
      • Would slash winter-time building heating costs
    • Will still need cooling or venting plant for summer-time
    Server Room Boiler Plant We have learned that …
  • TECHNICAL INNOVATION PROJECTS
    • JISC Greening ICT Programme
  • P A W S What is it? How long is the project? External institutions involved What’s PAWS?
  • Why PAWS? Commercial Products Free products Customise it to our requirements
  • Features of PAWS? Server Controlled End user has the power! Savings stats are auto generated
  • Environmental Impact? 1 computer will typically consume 2.5 KW/h units of electricity per day So 750 computers will consume a total of 685,000 KW/h units a year! The PAWS prototype at Aber is currently saving an average of 28 tonnes per month of CO2 on public computers That’s approximately £100,000 a year electricity saving! PAWS will potentially carry this to an extra 1100 Staff computers and double the savings.
  • Goals? Open Source Institutional benefits View our blog at http://paws.aber.ac.uk Build on Previous Green ICT Projects Contact: Rob Johnson, rob.johnson@aber.ac.uk Help meet CO2 reduction aspirations
  • Greenview Dr. Richard Bull & Prof. Martin Rieser March 7 th , 2011
    • DE MONFORT UNIVERSITY
    • World-class university situated in Leicester, with more than 18,000 students and 3,000 staff, five faculties offering around 400 courses and an annual turnover in the region: £132.5 million
    • INSTITUTE OF ENERGY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
    • Leading research institute conducting innovative and groundbreaking research into renewable energy, sustainable development and public engagement
    • INSTITUTE OF CREATIVE TECHNOLOGIES
    • The Institute Of Creative Technologies (IOCT) is a unique research environment which sits at the intersection of science and technology, the arts and the humanities.
    • Aim: To design a smart phone and web based application enabling building users to understand the energy consumption of the buildings across DMU.
    • Objectives:
    • To help the extent building users impact the performance of the environment they are in.
    • To further understand the potential of augmented reality tools to engage individuals in behaviour change initiatives.
    • The principle idea is to reveal the level of energy variations in near real time in precise university building locations using augmented reality tools on common smartphones.
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  • Empedia and Augmented Reality The Empedia (www.empedia.info) platform has been developed under a KTP agreement between De Montfort and Cuttlefish Multimedia for iphone and Android platforms It will be enhanced with an Augmented reality browser for Greenview applications
  • Planet Filestore and StorC Projects Cardiff University
  • The Growth of Unstructured Data
  • How much Power do Idle Disks Consume?
    • NB: These disk arrays do not have “spin-down” features.
  • File Modification Dates
  • How much Energy can we Save?
  • Helping people to demonstrate savings
    • StorC (Storage Calculator)
      • Web-based modelling tool
    • For:
      • Engineers
      • Decision Makers
      • IT Managers
    • Shibbolized to simplify returning to previous work.
  • United Kingdom Loughborough University, UK An open source online system to Catalogue your valuable and useful University Kit . M aking your assets findable, useful and used. For your own staff, students and beyond.
  • “ I need access to a 3D printer for my research student. I don’t really want to buy one from my budget and there is nowhere to put it in our department. Ah, thank goodness for the Kit-Catalogue! I know who to speak to, when I can use it and how it’s used.” Thermoplastic 3D Printer Loughborough University, UK Established in 2008 and contains details of 800 pieces of specialist equipment. Bench-top fully automated CHN elemental analyzer. Bench-top sedimentation jar test system.
  • Loughborough University, UK When a number of institutions install and use Kit-Catalogue the possibilities are endless. “ My University doesn’t have the equipment I need. I wonder if I can search for an electron microscope within 50 miles of LE11.” FLICKR @reedster
  • Loughborough University, UK “ WE NEED YOU!”
    • HELP YOUR INSTITUTION or COMPANY
    • By installing Kit-Catalogue
    • Environmentally sustainable benefits include;
    • Reduced need for heating and occupation of additional space within buildings for duplicated equipment.
    • Avoid unnecessary purchasing, manufacturing and shipping of products.
    • Maximise opportunity for re-use of kit locally by HEIs, industry and Small to Medium Enterprises (SME).
  • United Kingdom Loughborough University, UK FIND OUT MORE: http://kit-catalogue.lboro.ac.uk/
  • Measuring Data Centre Efficiency Colin Pattinson, Roland Cross Leeds Metropolitan University
  • Measuring Data Centre Efficiency Colin Pattinson, Roland Cross Leeds Metropolitan University
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  • OOPS! A perfect example of the difference between precision and accuracy. The grid reference … is precise to within 10m however its accuracy is somewhat limited! TL9137 9726 is near the village of Thompson in Norfolk. Even allowing for the typo on the sheet letters it would be about 74m out. If the sign had said “somewhere in Essex” it would have been accurate but not precise
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  • ESTATES ENGAGEMENT PROJECTS
    • JISC Greening ICT Programme
  • iBuilding Lucy Nelson & Ruth Taylor University of Central Lancashire
  • What is iBuilding
    • Energy dashboard showing energy consumption of UCLan buildings
    • A tool for two way communication
    and... Witnessed some good practice? Got an Issue you want to report?
  • All in one place! Team of the Month – LIS! Please note this is a mock up – the real dashboard will look much better ! Witnessed some good practice? Got an Issue you want to report? Building(s) Dates June 10 Energy Dec 10
  • Why?
    • Changing attitudes towards energy consumption
    • Cut energy bills
    • Reduce impact on the environment
  • Carbon Management Plan
    • JISC
    • Greening ICT Programme (Phase II)
    • Computer Room Efficiency Improvement
  • Carbon Management Plan
    • Background
    • Our Computer rooms (Data Centres), host around 2,500 servers
    • They support; Imperial College, Natural History Museum, Royal College of Music and Janet-LMN
    • This project focuses on our primary Data Centre (two main rooms), housed in a traditional 1960’s building
    • Annual consumption is circa:
    • 7,500,000 kWh £500,000 4,000 tCO 2
    • Room One PUE = 1.32 Room Two PUE = 1.52
    • Target 5% reduction in PUE
  • Carbon Management Plan
  • Carbon Management Plan
    • Data Centre Plan – Room Two
    Plant area
  • Carbon Management Plan
    • Data Centre Photos
    Present Cold Aisle Containment High density CO2 Cooling Extend Cold Aisle containment (further 56 racks) Low Ceilings: Challenge to Return Hot Air to CRACs Free Air Cooling Option: Supplement Existing Chilled Water
  • U-CARE : Universities’ Collaborative Approach to Reducing Energy A collaboration between IT Services and Estates Services
    • An investigation into excess energy consumed to regulate the temperature in:
    • Lab environments
    • Server rooms
  • U-CARE Aim
    • Occupancy levels
    • Machine usage
    Currently, overshoots in energy usage are common due to heating/cooling triggers being based on thresholds Reduce energy usage and carbon emissions generated by ICT and users of ICT in specific environments by programming heating controls based on:
  • U-CARE Methodology 3 main work packages: WP1: Establish benchmark energy consumption levels, (before and after technical development) WP2: Monitor facility usage, occupancy levels and user satisfaction WP3: Develop a software application in line with requirements (trended and analysed data etc)
  • U-CARE Outputs/Deliverables
    • Software application capable of interoperating with heating/cooling system to reduce overshoots in energy usage
        • Open source software where possible
        • Scalable solution across Strathclyde’s estate
        • Transferable to other institutions?
    • Supporting information, FAQ, installation guide
    • Reports
        • Metering and monitoring data
        • Evaluation of outcomes including energy and cost savings, changes in user satisfaction levels
        • Feasibility of informing building usage optimisation and mobile phone application development
  • U-CARE Date of completion: 30 th June 2012 Contact: [email_address] [email_address] Tel: 0141 548 4753
  • Heat and Light by Timetable Colin Pattinson, Roland Cross, Mark Warner, Jim Fisher Leeds Metropolitan University
  • Heat and Light by Timetable
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  • Cool IT Greening the Data Centre Worcester College of Technology
  • Cool IT
  • Evaporative Cooling claims of up to 90% greater efficiency The interesting bit….. Photovoltaic Cells Cool IT Where we want to go
  • Cool IT The Process….
    • Project Director
      • Clive Baker – Estates Manager
    • Project Officer
      • Dave Kings – Deputy Communications and Systems Manager
    • External Project Design and Supplier
      • Celsius Design Limited
    http://projects.wortech.ac.uk/cool-it Cool IT The Team….
  • INSTITUTIONAL TRANSFORMATION PROJECTS
    • JISC Greening ICT Programme
  • RECSO - Responsible Energy Costs in IT David Aaron Thomas & Martin Bennett Forum for the Future
  • Stage 1 Report
    • Few IT centres or departments pay their own energy bills or have a good knowledge of what their energy costs are
    • Creating a situation where IT functions can benefit directly from reduced energy consumption, either financially or otherwise, is vital if the sector is to develop greener IT
  • Stage 2 – Target Areas
    • Devolved energy budgeting
    • Shared savings schemes
    • Whole life costing
    • Sub-metering
  • Stage 2 - Outputs
    • Guidance documents and case studies (from within and outside the sector)
    • Working with partner institutions to assist action in the target areas
    • Organising events to highlight best practice and develop practitioner networks
    • Developing linkages between key stakeholders, such as finance and IT
  • SusTEACH: Sustainable Tools for the Environmental Appraisal of the Carbon impacts of Higher Education teaching models using ICTs. Professor Andy Lane and Dr Sally Caird
  • HE teaching systems use energy in a variety of ways
  • Modelling and measuring energy use in teaching that uses ICTs
  • How can ICTs reduce energy use in HE alongside other factors?
  • Developing a toolkit for helping reduce energy use
    • http://www.flickr.com/photos/ala_members/4742269139/sizes/z/in/photostream/
  • CUSTOMER STudents Optimisation and Management Energy Resources
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  • Twit
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  • PROCO 2 Re-engineering procurement (PRO) Reducing carbon dioxide emissions (CO 2 ) and enabling sustainability Dr. Richard Bull & team. March 7 th , 2011
    • DE MONFORT UNIVERSITY
    • World-class university situated in Leicester, with more than 18,000 students and 3,000 staff, five faculties offering around 400 courses and an annual turnover in the region: £132.5 million
    • INSTITUTE OF ENERGY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
    • Leading research institute conducting innovative and groundbreaking research into renewable energy, sustainable development and public engagement
    • ARUP
    • Multidisciplinary, engineering, design, planning and environmental consultancy. Widespread experience on scope 3 emissions analysis, stakeholder engagement and change management
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  • DMU Greenhouse Gas Emissions by Sector and by Scope (2008/09)
    • Aim: To develop an ICT based decision making tool to enable DMU to reduce scope 3 emissions, notably procurement
    • Objectives:
      • Link financial and environmental accounting for procurement in the ICT tool and database
      • Increase awareness on the environmental impacts of purchasing goods/services and support decision-making towards sustainable procurement
      • Understand issues of organizational learning and institutional change.
      • Contribute to the financial and environmental sustainability and resilience of the organization through reducing procurement spend and their associated GHG emissions by reducing consumption.
  • Building on Greening Events 1 Greening Events II University of Bristol
  • Stakeholder Engagement
  • Baseline ‘scope 3’ data
  • Toolkit Production
  • Culture Change
  • COMMUNITY ENGAGEMENT PROJECTS
    • JISC Greening ICT Programme
    • Green ICT in London HEIs
      • Baseline study of pan-London Green ICT issues
    • 19 of 42 publicly funded London HEIs
    • Suste-IT carbon footprinting toolkit
    • Case studies of best practice
    • Explore work outside of HE sector
    • Recommendations on funding priorities
    • Officers
  • Initial energy use data (1)
  • Initial energy use data (2)
  • Comparing HEIs: student numbers
  • Regional estimates using median values for energy use CO 2 emissions: 92 kt ~ 12% of Hackney’s emissions (2008 figures) Category Teaching-led Research-led Creatives/Specialists TOTAL No. public HEIs 15 4 23 42 energy use million kWh/year 58 94 20 171 electricity costs £million 4.6 – 7.0 7.5-11.0 1.6-2.4 13.7-20.6 C0 2 emissions million kg / year 31 50 10.5 92 % energy use 34% 55% 11%
    • Nicola Hogan, Project Manager
    • JISC funded SUSTE-TECH project examining Sustainable ICT in UK FHE’s
    • Principle Aims of the SUSTE-TECH Project
    • To help Universities and Colleges across the UK become more sustainable in their
    • (a) choice (b) use (c) disposal of ICT equipment
    • demonstrate reductions in ICT related energy use
    • Report outcomes of their ICT initiatives
    • Recruited 16 institutions, mix of FE and HE, from Y&H, SW and SWa. Each submitted a completed Suste–IT Tool and/or an Action Plan: Results of which indicated :
    • Servers , PC’s and Networks are the main consumers of ICT related energy.
    Followed by Imaging, HPC , and VC equipment
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