2009 Going Green Data Center Presentation


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BCNET Green Technologies for Education and Research 2009

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2009 Going Green Data Center Presentation

  1. 1. <ul><li>BCNET's Zero Carbon Data Center... When, Where and How? </li></ul><ul><li>Dan Gillard </li></ul><ul><li>Manager Cyberinfrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>BCNET </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>The Concept </li></ul><ul><li>Use cyberinfrastructure to combat global warming by reducing computing infrastructure’s carbon footprint </li></ul><ul><li>Find efficient ways to share computing facilities that are close to sources of green power by utilizing BCNET’s advanced network infrastructure within the Province </li></ul><ul><li>Make it possible for BC’s Universities to reduce their carbon footprint by relocating their existing ICT infrastructure to “greener facilities” </li></ul><ul><li>Build a zero carbon data centre and use the BCNET/CANARIE ROADM network to connect users to it </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What is a zero carbon building? </li></ul><ul><li>A zero energy building or net zero energy building is a general term applied to a building with zero net energy consumption and zero carbon emissions annually. Zero energy buildings are autonomous from the energy grid supply - energy is produced on-site. All of the building's energy needs are met on the property, and it does not increase either energy demand or greenhouse gas emissions. </li></ul>Source: Wikipedia
  4. 4. <ul><li>How are GHG emissions reduction credits created? </li></ul><ul><li>Audit existing non-green infrastructure that operate business as usual – ISO14064 </li></ul><ul><li>Create a project (zero carbon data center) that reduces green house gas emissions </li></ul><ul><li>New project reductions are verified by independent 3 rd parties for scientific and environmental integrity </li></ul><ul><li>GHG credits are awarded and recorded in a registry that verifies quality and tracks ownership </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Why the need for a new data center? </li></ul><ul><li>Existing legacy data center designs are inefficient and oversized for their maximum capacity and typically draw two to three times the amount of power required for IT equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the data centers currently housing HPC infrastructure are at least 10 to 15 years old, are reaching end of life, and have difficulty keeping up with current demands </li></ul><ul><li>Many of the current data centers are running out of space and have to expand their current infrastructure or build new facilities. Difficult to do at their current locations. </li></ul><ul><li>Green computing facilities can help lower our carbon footprint and reduce the emissions of green house gases </li></ul><ul><li>A zero carbon data center can set an example for environmental stewardship and attract global recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Attract interest from the public and private sectors </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Current data center challenges </li></ul><ul><li>Cooling and electrical costs can represent up to 44% of a data centers total cost of ownership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Uptime Institute estimates , the three-year cost of powering and cooling servers is currently one-and-a-half times the cost of purchasing server hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With the growing demand for cheaper and ever-more-powerful high-performance computer clusters, the problem is not just paying for the computers, but determining whether institutions have the budget to pay for power and cooling </li></ul><ul><li>Current Campus power is at a premium if available at all to light new initiatives </li></ul><ul><li>Some institutions can’t deploy more servers because extra space and electricity isn’t available at any price. </li></ul><ul><li>Many utilities, especially those in crowded urban areas, are telling customers that power feeds are at capacity and they simply have no more power to sell. BC Hydro currently has to import power to meet its demands </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>When </li></ul><ul><li>Apr 2009 – Feasibility study began </li></ul><ul><li>Nov 2009 - Study and full business case completed </li></ul><ul><li>Jan 2010 - Presentation to funders </li></ul><ul><li>Mar 2010 - Commitments from project participants </li></ul><ul><li>Fall 2010/11 - Construction of Green Data Centre starts </li></ul>Where?
  8. 8. <ul><li>Where: MUST be on the ROADM Network </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Where: MUST be in the BC Interior </li></ul>Greenest? Green? Greener?
  10. 10. <ul><li>Where: MUST be in proximity to a clean source of power </li></ul>Zero Carbon Data Center
  11. 11. <ul><li>Hydroelectric </li></ul><ul><li>BC Hydro to </li></ul><ul><li>Add 500MW of capacity to the Revelstoke Dam by 2010! </li></ul>500MW
  12. 12. <ul><li>HOW ? </li></ul><ul><li>Audit existing facilities to establish a baseline of requirements </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ISO14064 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Choose a location close to a clean power source aka a Hydro Dam </li></ul><ul><li>Employ next generation data center design principles and architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Leverage BCNET partners knowledge and experience </li></ul><ul><li>Implement using industry best practices (Microsoft, Google, Sun etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Go MODULAR , start small and expand as necessary, deploy capacity when the demand dictates it </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Benefits of a Modular Design </li></ul><ul><li>No need to make large up front investments, this drives capital costs more in line with actual demand </li></ul><ul><li>Incredibly energy efficient </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces the amount of water required for cooling and may even eliminate it </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitates decommissioning, upgrades, and repairs quickly </li></ul><ul><li>With the central spine infrastructure in place, containers or pre-manufactured server pods can be either AC or DC, air-side economized or water-side economized </li></ul><ul><li>Modular containers are customizable, end users are no longer limited to standard racks and cabinets that can’t accommodate super computing profiles </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>Example: Microsoft’s GEN 4 Data Center Vision </li></ul><ul><li>“ A highly modular, scalable, efficient, just-in-time data center capacity program that can be delivered anywhere in the world very quickly and cheaply, while allowing for continued growth as required.”   </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>MS GEN 4 Data Center – Key Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Scalable </li></ul><ul><li>Plug and play spine infrastructure (backplane for plug & play pods) </li></ul><ul><li>Factory pre-assembled: Pre-Assembled Containers (PACs) & Pre-Manufactured Buildings (PMBs) </li></ul><ul><li>Rapid deployment </li></ul><ul><li>De-mountable and easily Re-deployable </li></ul><ul><li>Reduced construction costs </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainable </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>MS GEN 4 – Spine Infrastructure </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>MS GEN 4 – Pre-Assembled Container Farm Farm </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>MS GEN 4 – Modular Cooling Design </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>A new green data center provides solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Move existing and locate new infrastructure off the grid to a zero carbon energy source, earning carbon credits </li></ul><ul><li>Can reduce power consumption with innovative technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Can reduce cooling requirements with innovative designs </li></ul><ul><li>Will operate efficiently </li></ul><ul><li>Can facilitate large scale virtualization and cloud computing </li></ul><ul><li>Provides an opportunity to manage and measure power usage more effectively (green grid etc.) </li></ul><ul><li>Provides the opportunity to implement a modular platform with lower initial deployment costs while leveraging incremental expandability as needs for space grows </li></ul><ul><li>Will foster innovation and attract best of breed technologies </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Thank you. </li></ul>