JISC's Greening ICT Programme


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Slides from a presentation to the Environmental Association of Universities and Colleges' Annual Conference at the University of York, April 2011

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  • Source: Suste-IT Report: http://www.goodcampus.org/files/files/5-JISC_16pp_Strategic_OverviewV5_LR.pdf
  • 1: Peter James
  • http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/greeningict/exploration.aspx
  • http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/greeningict/technical.aspx
  • New storage technologies: http://www.ed.ac.uk/news/all-news/memory-280311
  • JISC's Greening ICT Programme

    1. 1. JISC’s Greening ICT Programme Rob Bristow Programme Manager – Green ICT Sustainability at your institution – EAUC Conference April 2011
    2. 2. Drivers for Green ICT <ul><li>ICT Energy and carbon emissions </li></ul><ul><li>Carbon Reduction Commitment (CRC) </li></ul><ul><li>Funding council drivers </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce costs </li></ul><ul><li>Improve efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>Enhance reputation </li></ul><ul><li>New ways of working and new paradigms for teaching, learning, research and administration </li></ul>
    3. 3. The Problem <ul><li>760,000 PCs </li></ul><ul><li>215,000 servers </li></ul><ul><li>147,000 networked printers </li></ul><ul><li>512,000 Mwh of electricity </li></ul><ul><li>275,000 tonnes of CO2 </li></ul><ul><li>High costs - £116 million + in 2009 (Electricity HE & FE in UK) </li></ul>Picture: Josie Fraser Some rights reserved
    4. 4. Production Burdens <ul><li>A typical semiconductor facility: - 591 million gallons DI water - 5.2 million pounds of chemicals - 8.8 million kwh of electricity </li></ul><ul><li>PC/LCD production - 1 ,000+ hazardous substances </li></ul><ul><li>High energy materials - 2.5 tonnes of rock - for 1 gram of gold </li></ul>
    5. 5. The Opportunity <ul><li>Smarter systems, buildings and processes </li></ul><ul><li>Re-think the campus and the curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>De-materialisation, dis-aggregation and dis-intermediation </li></ul><ul><li>HE as exemplar for low-carbon IT </li></ul><ul><li>Green as driver for other efficiency gains </li></ul><ul><li>ICT as cost versus ICT as opportunity </li></ul>
    6. 6. Data Centres and Server Rooms <ul><li>“ the physical reality of modern campus CyberInfrastructure (CI) is a complex network of ad hoc and sub-optimal energy environments in departmental facilities” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Light project - UC - San Diego http://greenlight.calit2.net / </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But demand is growing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Processing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Storage – Exabytes of data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Science </li></ul></ul><ul><li>EU Code of Conduct for Data Centres </li></ul>Picture: Josie Fraser Some rights reserved
    7. 7. The Desktop <ul><li>Still over 50% of ICT energy use in most institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Thin client may not be best way to go </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Balance back-end energy use with support costs, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Powerdown solutions available </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commercial </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Open source (late 2011 – JISC funded project </li></ul></ul><ul><li>User-owned devices and the infrastructure to support them </li></ul>
    8. 8. Printing and Print Substitution <ul><li>“(Staff) printing is out of control 1 ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Often only measure is how much paper gets bought </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tacking printing can raise difficult issues in some places </li></ul><ul><li>Form a cross-functional team and team and get the users on board </li></ul><ul><li>Roll out Multi-functional devices and cull desktop printers </li></ul><ul><li>Enable power-saving modes and duplex printing by default </li></ul><ul><li>95% of energy associated with printing is the paper </li></ul><ul><li>Look at print substitution and handheld devices </li></ul>
    9. 9. Procurement <ul><li>How to buy the best kit? </li></ul><ul><li>50% of energy use is in the manufacture and distribution – 50% in lifetime use </li></ul><ul><li>Energy Star and EPEAT are useful yardsticks </li></ul><ul><li>Need for proper overview of total (environmental) cost of ownership </li></ul><ul><li>TCO Certified for Monitors </li></ul><ul><li>Disposal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Where is your kit ending up? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More difficult making valid comparisons when it comes to servers and the like </li></ul>
    10. 10. The Programme <ul><li>Key objectives for the programme </li></ul><ul><li>Greening the sector - attitudinal and behaviour change embedded across the sector </li></ul><ul><li>New sustainable procurement paradigms </li></ul><ul><li>Sustainability seen as key driver and yardstick for sector activities </li></ul><ul><li>Harnessing of sector research activities </li></ul><ul><li>Intended outputs from this programme </li></ul><ul><li>Substantive body of knowledge illuminating areas of uncertainty in respect to Green ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Exemplar projects providing leadership and best practice example </li></ul><ul><li>Outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction of sector carbon footprint and associated energy costs </li></ul><ul><li>Increased capacity and expertise across the sector in sustainable ICT </li></ul><ul><li>Improved reputation of sector and UK as leaders in this area </li></ul><ul><li>Reduction in waste generated by ICT use </li></ul>
    11. 11. The story so far <ul><li>Suste-IT Project </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Year long look at Green ICT in HE and FE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Report, briefing papers, case studies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon, Energy and Environmental Issues in Higher Education - Current Regulations and Schemes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Virtual Servers for Efficient and Flexible IT Infrastructure </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Responsible Energy Costs in Higher and Further Education </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Carbon Footprinting Tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thin/Thick Client tool </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.goodcampus.org/files/index.php?siteID= </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. Innovation Work <ul><li>Research & Exploration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Growing the knowledge base </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Technical Innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Joining things up, getting developers engaged in Green ICT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Estates led strand </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Building capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Projects led by Estates Directors </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Institutional Transformation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-thinking the campus and the curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Community engagement </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Working with EAUC & London Higher </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. Research & Exploration <ul><li>Cloud computing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Work with colleges through 157 Group </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Video-conferencing and events (The Welsh Video Network, HEEPI and Bristol) </li></ul><ul><li>Scientific computing and energy usage in labs (HEEPI) </li></ul><ul><li>How to engage users in owning the problem (De Montfort and Oxford) </li></ul><ul><li>Pledging systems (Pembrokeshire College) </li></ul><ul><li>How sustainable is thin-client (really)? (Leeds Met) </li></ul><ul><li>Exploring where the energy goes in the server room (Leeds Met) </li></ul>
    14. 14. Technical Innovation <ul><li>Powering down super-computers (Oxford) </li></ul><ul><li>Rationalising file storage (Cardiff) </li></ul><ul><li>System to share high-end kit both with and across institutions (Loughborough) </li></ul><ul><li>Print substitution via e-Readers (Edgehill) </li></ul><ul><li>Widgets to display energy usage (De Montfort) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Open-source PC Powerdown solution (Aberystwyth) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Photo-voltaic-cells to power evaporative coolers in a data-centre (Worcester College) </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Estates Engagement <ul><li>Aim is to build capacity in Estates for working with innovation and to foster links with IT </li></ul><ul><li>Tackling laboratory energy use (Bradford) </li></ul><ul><li>Heat and light by timetable (Leeds Met) </li></ul><ul><li>Tackling heating and cooling overshoots </li></ul><ul><li>Further work to improve the legacy data-centre (Imperial College) </li></ul><ul><li>Photo-voltaic-cells to power evaporative coolers in a data-centre (Worcester College) </li></ul>
    16. 16. Institutional Transformation <ul><li>Procurement and Scope 3 Emissions (De Montfort) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Getting a handle on the rest of the carbon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good links with procurement, estates, and IT </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Understanding the environmental implications of different modes of curriculum delivery (Open University) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does it matter? What might be the best way forward? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy use and students (Coventry) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>How to engage with this rapidly changing constituency </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Academic events and travel (Bristol) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Understanding the place that travel has in academic life </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Community Engagement <ul><li>Embedding and uptake </li></ul><ul><li>Work with the EAUC to help institutions benchmark their ICT carbon footprint and develop action plans </li></ul><ul><li>Outreach beyond the innovation projects </li></ul><ul><li>Similar work with London HEIs run by London Higher </li></ul><ul><li>Support and Synthesis work by JISC Netskills </li></ul><ul><li>Links to other parts of JISC’s Organisational Support agenda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strategic Management of ICT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible Service Delivery and Enterprise Architectures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cloud computing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Efficient , Effective and Environmentally Sustainable </li></ul>
    18. 18. London Higher Study - Results
    19. 19. Results to date <ul><li>Phase I projects starting to report – headlines: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Planet Filestore Project (Cardiff) – shows relevance of moving infrequently accessed files to lower tiers of storage. Being funded to develop online decision application to allow others to see if this makes sense for them </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pembrokeshire College – Will be making their pledging system open source and releasing code and how-to guides </li></ul><ul><li>Thin client investigation at Leeds Met shows a well specified low power conventional PC is more efficient than thin-client in real world situations </li></ul><ul><li>Open source code from Oxford that helps people running high-performance computer clusters power down idle nodes </li></ul><ul><li>Review of e-Reader devices and their usefulness in paper substitution (Edgehill University) </li></ul>
    20. 20. Looking ahead – 2020 Agendas <ul><li>Technology/material transitions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>New storage technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Energy aware software </li></ul><ul><li>Net zero carbon - data centres – Paper Mills in Finland next to Hydro Dam - networks - supply chains </li></ul><ul><li>Local integration </li></ul><ul><li>Greening the cloud </li></ul>
    21. 21. <ul><li>http://www.jisc.ac.uk/whatwedo/programmes/greeningict.aspx - JISC’s Greening ICT Programme </li></ul><ul><li>http://re.jrc.ec.europa.eu/energyefficiency/html/standby_initiative_data_centers.htm - EU C of C </li></ul><ul><li>http://greenict.jiscinvolve.org / - JISC’s Green ICT Blog </li></ul><ul><li>Good Campus Site </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Home of Suste-IT outputs and much more </li></ul></ul><ul><li>#greeningict - Tag in use on Twitter et al </li></ul>
    22. 22. <ul><li>Rob Bristow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Programme Manager (Green ICT) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>+44 (0) 7825 823 282 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twitter: robbristow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blog: http://greenict.jiscinvolve.org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mailing list: [email_address] </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sign up at: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.jiscmail.ac.uk/SUSTAINABLE-ICT </li></ul></ul></ul>