Disaster Management PlanA disaster is an unplanned event that significantly threatens the health ofthe residents, causes operational disruption, or physical or environmentaldamage, and harm to the city. The disaster could be disruption due to flood,storm, threat of violence, riot, major fire, building collapse, bomb threat, etc.Managing disasters -the role of students?Managing disasters -the role of students?Choose any man made or natural disaster which your area may be vulnerable to e.g gas leaks,building collapse, rail or road accidents, laboratory accidents, health hazards due to toxicwaste disposal, earthquakes, Floods, volcanic eruptions etc.1. Prepare a survey schedule detailing the different areas that are posing threats due to thevarious natural and man made disasters in and around your school for example factory/slum/dump yard located nearby.2. Collect the data and prepare a report.3. Develop posters and skits for awareness generation in your school.4. Make a plan to deal with anyone of the disasters likely to affect your schoolStudents role earth quake ImproveA student should teach the illitrate people (villagers) how to be aware from earthquakes i.e theprecautions to be taken when an earthquake occurs.He/she should help the sufferers of earthquake that they can , i.e by collecting funds with the helpof their friends and giving it to them.theyshold give their old clothes ,books ,etc for the childrenwho lost their parents in the disaster.they should try to spend some time with them to make themforget their sadnessWhat is the role of students in managing with flood?Students can do what not.First of all they can start with their house.that is take out all theimportant papers,things,familyphotos,little money and keep them aside for emergency if yourparents are not at home as a situation may come when u might have to leave your house if you rin a flood prone area.Students can go together go in a group to the relief camps and help therescuers.If u find this insufficient do ask Natural Disaster Mitigation StrategiesEARTHQUAKE MITIGATIONBefore the Disaster During the Disaster After the Disaster• Check for hazards in the • If indoors: Take cover under a • Be prepared for afterhome piece of heavy furniture or shocks against an inside wall and stay• Identify safe places in each inside • Help injured or trapped persons and
room give first aid where • If outdoors: Move into the appropriate• Locate safe places outdoors open, away from buildings, street lights, and utility wires • Listen to a battery• Ensure all family members and remain there until shaking operated radio forknow how to respond after stops emergency informationan earthquake • If in a moving vehicle: Stop • Stay out of damaged• Teach children when and quickly, stay in vehicle, move to buildings and returnhow to call 9-1-1 a clear area away from home only when buildings, trees, overpasses, or authorities say it is safe• Have disaster supplies on utility wires• Develop an emergencycommunications plan in caseof separation during theearthquake• Ask an out-of-state relativeor friend to serve as thefamily contactFLOOD MITIGATIONBefore the Disaster During the Disaster After the Disaster• Learn warning signs and During a flood watch: • Dont return home untilcommunity alert systems authorities express express If indoors: it is safe to do so• Stockpile emergencybuilding materials • Turn on battery operated • Help neighbors whom radio to get latest emergency may need assistance• Install check valves in informationsewer traps to prevent • Get pre-assembled • Use extreme cautionflood waters from backing emergency supplies when entering buildingsup in sewer drains • If told to leave, do so immediately. • Inspect foundations for• Plan and practice an cracks or other damage andevacuation route If outdoors: examine walls, floors, doors, and windows to• Have disaster supplies on • Climb to high ground and make sure that the buildinghand stay there is not in danger of • Avoid walking through any collapsing• Develop an emergency floodwaters.communication plan in case • If in a car, turn around and • Watch out for animals,of separation go another way; if your car especially poisonous stalls, abandon it immediately snakes, that may have• Ask an out-of-state and climb to higher ground. come into your home withrelative to serve as the flood waters"family contact" During an evacuation: • Watch for loose plaster• Teach family members • If advised to evacuate, do so and ceilings that could fallhow and when to turn off immediately to avoid flooded
the gas, electricity, and roads, being sure to follow • Take pictures of damagewater and teach children recommended evacuation for insurance claimshow and when to call 9-1-1 routes and listen to radio for evacuation instructions • Look for fire hazards• Ask your insurance agentabout flood insurance • Throw away all food (including canned) that has come in contact with flood waters • Pump out flooded basements gradually (~ 1/3 amount of water per day) to avoid structural damage • Service damaged septic tanks, cesspools, pits, and leaching systems ASAP - damaged sewage systems are health hazards.Storm Damage Prevention Keep Trees Trimmed Trim tree limbs away from your homes roof on a regular basis. Roof damage associated with storms is often caused by overgrown trees. Regular trimming reduces the chances of fallen limbs harming your home or vehicle.Put Away Movable Objects Store light and movable items such as outdoor furniture and lawn decorations. These items can be swept up by strong winds and thrown at doors, windows and vehicles.Manage Leaks Repair all leaks. Even the smallest of untreated leaks can quickly grow into a deluge during heavy rains and cause an unlimited amount of damage to the home. All leaks should be properly repaired immediately.Protect Your Vehicle Park your vehicle under an awning or in a garage. Vehicles are always at a very high risk of suffering storm damage because they usually are parked outside. If protected parking is unavailable, park far away from trees, telephone poles and objects at risk of falling or moving.Direct Lightning Channel lightning strikes by placing lightening conductor rods in areas of highest elevation.