The Road to War


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Revolutionary War

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The Road to War

  1. 1. The Road to War<br />Examining the Events that Led to the American Revolution<br />Gina Rios<br />EDU 653<br />Winter 2010<br />
  2. 2. The Proclamation of 1763<br />Ends the French & Indian War<br />Prohibits English settlement west of the Appalachian mountains<br />Attempts to ease tensions with the Native Americans<br />Cause<br />
  3. 3. The Sugar Act (1764)<br />Passed by England to offset their debts from the French & Indian War<br />Increased the duties on imported goods including SUGAR, textiles (cloth), & coffee<br />Forbids the import of some foreign (produced in countries other than England) goods<br />Effect<br />
  4. 4. The Stamp Act (March, 1765)<br />First direct tax on the American colonies<br />All printed materials including newspapers, pamphlets, & legal documents were taxed <br />Needed to fund the British troops still in America<br />Effect<br />Cause<br />
  5. 5. The Quartering Act (March, 1765)<br />Required colonists to house & feed the British troops in America<br />Cause<br />
  6. 6. The Stamp Act Congress Meets (October, 1765)<br />Representatives from 9 of the 13 colonies meet in New York<br />They prepare a petition for King George that states only colonial governments can tax the colonists<br />No taxation without <br /> representation<br />Effect<br />Cause<br />
  7. 7. The Stamp Act is Repealed (March, 1766)<br />King George and the English Parliament repeal (remove) the Stamp Act <br />This comes after pressure from Benjamin Franklin and the threat of revolution <br />At the same time Parliament passes a law that states they have <br /> TOTAL power to make ANY <br /> laws affecting the colonies <br />Effect<br />Cause<br />
  8. 8. The Townshend Revenue Acts (June, 1767)<br />Parliament passes a law creating new taxes on the colonies <br />The items taxed include imports such as paper, tea, glass, & lead <br />Needed to fund the British troops in America<br />Effect<br />
  9. 9. The Boston Massacre (March 5, 1770)<br />Cause<br /><br />
  10. 10. The Townshend Act is Repealed (April, 1770)<br />Following the Boston Massacre tragedy Parliament eliminates all duties on imports EXCEPT tea<br />At the same time the Quartering Act is not renewed <br />Effect<br />
  11. 11. The Tea Act (May, 1773) <br />Reinforces the tea tax<br />Gives the British East India Company a monopoly (only seller) on imported tea<br />Cause<br />
  12. 12. The Boston Tea Party (December 16, 1773)<br />Effect<br />Cause<br /><br />
  13. 13. The Boston Port Bill (March, 1774) <br />Punishment for the Boston Tea Party<br />A part of the Intolerable Acts<br />Shut down the Boston port and all shipping to and from it until the East India Company is reimbursed for the dumped tea and all taxes are <br /> paid on it<br />Effect<br />Cause<br />
  14. 14. The Massachusetts Regulating Act (May, 1774)<br />A part of the Intolerable Acts<br />Gave the royal governor of Massachusetts all political power that had previously been given to the colonists<br />Ended self-rule <br />Effect<br />Cause<br />
  15. 15. The Quartering Act (June, 1774)<br />A NEW Quartering Act is established requiring colonists to once again house and feed British soldiers<br />Effect<br />Cause<br />
  16. 16. The First Continental Congress Meets(September, 1774)<br />Representatives from all of the 13 colonies except Georgia meet in Philadelphia<br />Write the Declaration and Resolves which opposes all British actions that undermine self-rule<br />The rights of colonists are stated<br />Encourage militia units to form<br />Effect<br />
  17. 17. Lexington and Concord (April, 1775)<br />First “battle” for freedom<br />700 British soldiers were sent to find weapons stored by the Sons of Liberty & arrest two members of the group<br />Paul Revere warned the group<br />Colonial militias (Minutemen) were ready when the British arrived<br />73 British & 93 Minutemen were killed<br />Cause<br />
  18. 18. The Second Continental Congress Meets(May, 1775)<br />Representatives from all of the 13 colonies except Georgia meet again in Philadelphia<br />Prepared for war<br />Continental Army was formed, led by George Washington<br />Continental Currency (money) was created to fund the war<br />Effect<br />
  19. 19. The Declaration of Independence(July 4, 1776)<br />Second Continental Congress<br />Written by Thomas Jefferson & signed by representatives from the 13 colonies<br />Officially announced that the 13 colonies were independent from Great Britain<br /> (war was already going on at this time)<br />
  20. 20. References<br />Discovery Education. (2005) The Boston Massacre: What We Know about This Revolutionary Flashpoint. <br /><br />Discovery Education. (2000) The Boston Tea Party.<br /><br />Harcourt. (2003)United States History: Beginnings <br />