The Road to War
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  • 1. The Road to War
    Examining the Events that Led to the American Revolution
    Gina Rios
    EDU 653
    Winter 2010
  • 2. The Proclamation of 1763
    Ends the French & Indian War
    Prohibits English settlement west of the Appalachian mountains
    Attempts to ease tensions with the Native Americans
    Cause
  • 3. The Sugar Act (1764)
    Passed by England to offset their debts from the French & Indian War
    Increased the duties on imported goods including SUGAR, textiles (cloth), & coffee
    Forbids the import of some foreign (produced in countries other than England) goods
    Effect
  • 4. The Stamp Act (March, 1765)
    First direct tax on the American colonies
    All printed materials including newspapers, pamphlets, & legal documents were taxed
    Needed to fund the British troops still in America
    Effect
    Cause
  • 5. The Quartering Act (March, 1765)
    Required colonists to house & feed the British troops in America
    Cause
  • 6. The Stamp Act Congress Meets (October, 1765)
    Representatives from 9 of the 13 colonies meet in New York
    They prepare a petition for King George that states only colonial governments can tax the colonists
    No taxation without
    representation
    Effect
    Cause
  • 7. The Stamp Act is Repealed (March, 1766)
    King George and the English Parliament repeal (remove) the Stamp Act
    This comes after pressure from Benjamin Franklin and the threat of revolution
    At the same time Parliament passes a law that states they have
    TOTAL power to make ANY
    laws affecting the colonies
    Effect
    Cause
  • 8. The Townshend Revenue Acts (June, 1767)
    Parliament passes a law creating new taxes on the colonies
    The items taxed include imports such as paper, tea, glass, & lead
    Needed to fund the British troops in America
    Effect
  • 9. The Boston Massacre (March 5, 1770)
    Cause
    http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=75701D64-3D9B-4CDA-9B50-3C361CD1C947&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
  • 10. The Townshend Act is Repealed (April, 1770)
    Following the Boston Massacre tragedy Parliament eliminates all duties on imports EXCEPT tea
    At the same time the Quartering Act is not renewed
    Effect
  • 11. The Tea Act (May, 1773)
    Reinforces the tea tax
    Gives the British East India Company a monopoly (only seller) on imported tea
    Cause
  • 12. The Boston Tea Party (December 16, 1773)
    Effect
    Cause
    http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=039A63CE-2A35-41C1-80E2-1525C0D95BB8&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
  • 13. The Boston Port Bill (March, 1774)
    Punishment for the Boston Tea Party
    A part of the Intolerable Acts
    Shut down the Boston port and all shipping to and from it until the East India Company is reimbursed for the dumped tea and all taxes are
    paid on it
    Effect
    Cause
  • 14. The Massachusetts Regulating Act (May, 1774)
    A part of the Intolerable Acts
    Gave the royal governor of Massachusetts all political power that had previously been given to the colonists
    Ended self-rule
    Effect
    Cause
  • 15. The Quartering Act (June, 1774)
    A NEW Quartering Act is established requiring colonists to once again house and feed British soldiers
    Effect
    Cause
  • 16. The First Continental Congress Meets(September, 1774)
    Representatives from all of the 13 colonies except Georgia meet in Philadelphia
    Write the Declaration and Resolves which opposes all British actions that undermine self-rule
    The rights of colonists are stated
    Encourage militia units to form
    Effect
  • 17. Lexington and Concord (April, 1775)
    First “battle” for freedom
    700 British soldiers were sent to find weapons stored by the Sons of Liberty & arrest two members of the group
    Paul Revere warned the group
    Colonial militias (Minutemen) were ready when the British arrived
    73 British & 93 Minutemen were killed
    Cause
  • 18. The Second Continental Congress Meets(May, 1775)
    Representatives from all of the 13 colonies except Georgia meet again in Philadelphia
    Prepared for war
    Continental Army was formed, led by George Washington
    Continental Currency (money) was created to fund the war
    Effect
  • 19. The Declaration of Independence(July 4, 1776)
    Second Continental Congress
    Written by Thomas Jefferson & signed by representatives from the 13 colonies
    Officially announced that the 13 colonies were independent from Great Britain
    (war was already going on at this time)
  • 20. References
    Discovery Education. (2005) The Boston Massacre: What We Know about This Revolutionary Flashpoint.
    http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=75701D64-3D9B-4CDA-9B50-3C361CD1C947&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
    Discovery Education. (2000) The Boston Tea Party.
    http://player.discoveryeducation.com/index.cfm?guidAssetId=039A63CE-2A35-41C1-80E2-1525C0D95BB8&blnFromSearch=1&productcode=US
    Harcourt. (2003)United States History: Beginnings