The American Revolution
Mercantilism <ul><li>Economic philosophy that argued that a nation became and remained powerful by exporting more goods th...
Mercantilism <ul><li>Role of colonies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enrich European country that controlled them </li></ul></ul><u...
 
English View of America <ul><li>English View of America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonists exist to benefit England </li></ul...
American View of England <ul><li>Willing to support England as long as they could still earn their own profit </li></ul><u...
French and Indian War  (Seven Years War) <ul><li>England and France go to war in Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the i...
Ft. Necessity
French and Indian War <ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>England wins control of the North American continent </li></ul...
Events Leading to War Use pp. 51 – 55 in your text to complete the information on your events sheet
Proclamation of 1763 <ul><li>Stops Americans from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the ...
 
Stamp Act of 1765 <ul><li>Parliament requires colonists to attach stamps to selected goods such as paper </li></ul><ul><ul...
Sam Adams
Patrick Henry
Stamp Act Congress of 1765 <ul><li>Colonists join together and demand that the Stamp Act be repealed </li></ul><ul><ul><li...
 
Declaratory Act of 1765 <ul><li>Parliament declares that it is their right to tax and make decisions on behalf of the Amer...
Townshend Acts of 1767 <ul><li>New taxes on items needed by the colonists AND approval of  writs of assistance  – general ...
Boston Massacre
 
Tea Act of 1773 <ul><li>British East India Company allowed to ship tea to colonies tax free – undercuts colonial producers...
 
 
Coercive Acts  (Intolerable Acts) of 1773 <ul><li>Close the port of Boston, disband the Massachusetts assembly; restrict t...
 
 
1 st  Continental Congress, 1774 <ul><li>Colonists demand that rights be restored and to continue to boycott until demands...
 
 
Battle of Lexington and Concord
 
2 nd  Continental Congress, 1775 <ul><li>Discuss the possibility of independence if demands are not met </li></ul><ul><ul>...
 
2 nd  Continental Congress, 1776 <ul><li>Acting as government for colonies – appoint a committee to write a document offic...
 
Declaration of Independence
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The American Revolution

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The American Revolution

  1. 1. The American Revolution
  2. 2. Mercantilism <ul><li>Economic philosophy that argued that a nation became and remained powerful by exporting more goods than it imported </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nation could then “bank” its earnings (gold and silver) and use it to invest or equip armies </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Nation would export manufactured goods and import raw materials </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits manufacturing (middle) class and royal family in England </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Provides employment for British </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Mercantilism <ul><li>Role of colonies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enrich European country that controlled them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide markets for manufactured goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide raw materials, food, and other goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serve as a destination for emigrants to improve their lives </li></ul></ul>
  4. 5. English View of America <ul><li>English View of America </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonists exist to benefit England </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonists are expected to </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buy manufactured goods made in England </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supply raw materials, food, and tobacco to England </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Colonists are prohibited from </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Producing manufactured goods </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buying manufactured goods or any other product from another country </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 6. American View of England <ul><li>Willing to support England as long as they could still earn their own profit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignored laws that were not in their interest (smuggling) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Expected England to allow them to run their own government, as long as it was based on English law </li></ul>
  6. 7. French and Indian War (Seven Years War) <ul><li>England and France go to war in Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>One of the issues is the control of the American frontier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain sends 10,000 troops to defend the frontier </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Americans unhappy about a standing army </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Ft. Necessity
  8. 9. French and Indian War <ul><li>Results </li></ul><ul><ul><li>England wins control of the North American continent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>England bankrupt – need to refill the treasury </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parliament decides Americans must contribute to their own defense </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Parliament decides to levy taxes directly on Americans rather than going through the colonial legislatures </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 10. Events Leading to War Use pp. 51 – 55 in your text to complete the information on your events sheet
  10. 11. Proclamation of 1763 <ul><li>Stops Americans from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the danger of additional war or violence with French and American Indians </li></ul><ul><li>Protest – goes against the colonists’ need for more farmland </li></ul>
  11. 13. Stamp Act of 1765 <ul><li>Parliament requires colonists to attach stamps to selected goods such as paper </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First direct tax on American colonists </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Raise money for Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists claim “No taxation without representation” and refuse to pay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Formation of the Sons of Liberty </li></ul></ul>
  12. 14. Sam Adams
  13. 15. Patrick Henry
  14. 16. Stamp Act Congress of 1765 <ul><li>Colonists join together and demand that the Stamp Act be repealed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Boycott British goods in the meantime </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Colonists believe that only the colonial legislatures can approve a tax on the colonies </li></ul><ul><li>British reaction – repeal the Stamp Act </li></ul>
  15. 18. Declaratory Act of 1765 <ul><li>Parliament declares that it is their right to tax and make decisions on behalf of the American colonists in all cases </li></ul><ul><li>Prove to the Americans that the British still had control of the colonies </li></ul><ul><li>Largely ignore </li></ul>
  16. 19. Townshend Acts of 1767 <ul><li>New taxes on items needed by the colonists AND approval of writs of assistance – general warrant that allowed British officials to search colonial businesses and homes at any time for any reason </li></ul><ul><li>Attempt to stop smuggling </li></ul><ul><li>Colonists declare that their civil liberties as British citizens have been violated (unlawful search and seizure) – begin to antagonize British officials and soldiers </li></ul><ul><li>Result – Boston Massacre </li></ul>
  17. 20. Boston Massacre
  18. 22. Tea Act of 1773 <ul><li>British East India Company allowed to ship tea to colonies tax free – undercuts colonial producers and creates a monopoly </li></ul><ul><li>Help increase profit of British companies </li></ul><ul><li>Blockade ships leaving colonies – Boston Tea Party </li></ul>
  19. 25. Coercive Acts (Intolerable Acts) of 1773 <ul><li>Close the port of Boston, disband the Massachusetts assembly; restrict the right to trial by jury (all trials in London); unlimited search and seizure; quarter soldiers in colonial homes </li></ul><ul><li>To punish colonies for their resistance </li></ul><ul><li>Colonies send delegates to meet to address their concerns </li></ul>
  20. 28. 1 st Continental Congress, 1774 <ul><li>Colonists demand that rights be restored and to continue to boycott until demands are met </li></ul><ul><li>To try and persuade the king and parliament to change their policies </li></ul><ul><li>British reaction – send additional soldiers and continue to restrict colonists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lexington and Concord </li></ul></ul>
  21. 31. Battle of Lexington and Concord
  22. 33. 2 nd Continental Congress, 1775 <ul><li>Discuss the possibility of independence if demands are not met </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Olive Branch Petition – last attempt from colonists to reconcile with king </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Many Americans pushing for independence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Paine, Common Sense </li></ul></ul><ul><li>British reaction – ignore the Olive Branch Petition; prepare for war </li></ul>
  23. 35. 2 nd Continental Congress, 1776 <ul><li>Acting as government for colonies – appoint a committee to write a document officially announcing the independence of the United States of America </li></ul>
  24. 37. Declaration of Independence

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