10 4 (part 2)


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10 4 (part 2)

  1. 1. Causes, Effects, and Conflicts<br />The American Revolution<br />
  2. 2. Do Now!<br />Do people have the right to protest against a government they feel is oppressive?<br />Is rebellion legitimate in this case?<br />Even if it is considered treason?<br />
  3. 3. Spotlight Video<br />**Click the above image to play video**<br />
  4. 4. Background of Colonial America<br />American colonies<br />Controlled by Britain<br />Jamestown <br />Established 1607<br />First British-American colony<br />Other Important Colonies<br />1620 – Plymouth, MA (the Pilgrims)<br />1630 – Massachusetts Bay Colony<br />1634 – Maryland<br />1636 – Providence, RI<br />
  5. 5. Seven Years’ War<br />Global military conflict <br />Between 1756 and 1763<br />Fought on several fronts <br />European<br />American <br />Involving most of the great powers<br />Affecting North and Central America<br />Europe<br />West African coast<br /> India<br />Philippines<br />Conflict in the Americas<br />“The French and Indian War<br />
  6. 6. French and Indian War<br />Britain vs. France (1740s)<br />Over American territory<br />Ohio River Valley<br />General George Washington<br />Led British troops against France<br />Forced to surrender at Fort Necessity <br />Albany Conference<br />Meeting with colonists and Iroquois Indians<br />Accomplishments:<br />No alliance, Iroquois stay neutral<br />Appoint supreme colonial army commander<br />Albany Plan of Union<br />Proposed colonies unite to form a federal government <br />Benjamin Franklin*<br />Plan rejected<br />1759 – British Victory<br />Reinforcements from Britain<br />Defeat France in Quebec City, New France<br />
  7. 7. Map of the Seven Years’ War<br />
  8. 8. Salutary Neglect <br />Salutary Neglect (1607 – 1763)<br />Undocumented, long-standing<br />No strict enforcement of parliamentary law<br />Keep American colonies obedient to Britain<br />Robert Walpole<br />Prime Minister <br />“If no restrictions were placed on the colonies, they would flourish”<br />Navigation Acts not enforced<br />Established under Oliver Cromwell & Charles II <br />Colonists trade only with England, Scotland & Ireland<br />Which were also under Britain's control<br />Ended with the Seven Years’ War<br />
  9. 9. British Oppression <br />Sugar Act (1764)<br />Imported raw sugar and molasses<br />New tax on silk, wine, coffee, indigo<br />Seizure of goods without due process*<br />Currency Act (1764)<br />Banned use of paper money in colonies<br />Tended to lose value quickly<br />Quartering Act (1765)<br />Goal – Make colonies pay for their own defense<br />Colonists provide barracks for British troops<br />Stamp Act (1765)<br />Tax on all printed materials<br />Direct Tax – paid directly to Parliament <br />Declaratory Act (1766)<br />Parliament only makes colonial law<br />Townsend Act (1767)<br />Raise property taxes in colonies<br />
  10. 10. Early Talk of Rebellion<br />“No Taxation without Representation!”<br />Colonial slogan<br />Unfair to pay, when they have no say<br />Sons of Liberty (1765)<br />Organized meetings and protests<br />Try to intimidate stamp distributers<br />Stamp Act Congress<br />Declaration of Rights and Grievances<br />Political representatives, not parliament, had the right to tax<br />Asked King George and parliament to revoke Stamp Act<br />
  11. 11. Boston Massacre <br />Boston Massacre<br />March 5, 1770<br />British killed 5 colonial men<br />Spark rebellion in some British colonies<br />Leads to American Revolutionary War<br />British increase in troops in Boston<br />Led to tense situation <br />Erupted into brawls between soldiers & civilians<br />Troops fired after being threatened by mob<br />Colonial Casualties<br />3 civilians were killed at the scene <br />11 injured<br />2 died after the incident<br />
  12. 12. American Colonists demand freedom<br />The Revolution begins<br />The American Revolution<br />
  13. 13. American Revolution Video<br />**Click the above image to play video**<br />
  14. 14. The Revolution Begins<br />Gaspee Affair<br />Smuggling issue (RI)<br />Gaspee = British ship<br />Suspect trials in Britain<br />Committee of Correspondence <br />Jefferson<br />All colonies communicate about British<br />Boston Tea party<br />Boston, MA<br />Tea Act (May, 1773)<br />Tax on tea<br />Help East India Trading Company<br />Tea Party (Dec, 1773)<br />Colonists dump tea in to harbor<br />Dressed as Native Americans <br />
  15. 15. The Revolution Begins (2)<br />Coercive Acts (1774)<br />Laws applied only to MA<br />What it did:<br />Shut Boston Harbor (pay for tea)<br />Government officials appointed, not elected<br />Banned town meetings <br />British soldier trials in Britain<br />Expand Quartering Act<br />Became “Intolerable Acts”<br />1st Continental Congress<br />September 5, 1774<br />Philadelphia, PA<br />55 delegates form 12 colonies<br />Discuss revolution<br />2nd meeting  May 1775<br />
  16. 16. Loyalists<br />Patriots<br />“Torries”<br />Loyal to the King (Britain)<br />Who:<br />Government officials <br />Anglican ministers<br />Frontier farmers<br />Fought Patriot boycotts <br />20% of adults when the war started<br />“Whigs”<br />British = tyrants<br />Who:<br />Wide variety<br />Farmers<br />Merchants <br />Artisans<br />Lawyers<br />Strong in New England<br />30-40 %of adults when the war started<br />A Divided Colonial America<br />
  17. 17. Lexington and Concord<br />April 1775<br />British to arrest rebellious colonists<br />March to Concord<br />700 Troops<br />Secret Plan<br />Colonist response<br />Know about the secret<br />Paul Revere<br />Sent to spread the alarm<br />“The British are coming!”<br />Lexington and Concord<br />Site of first battles<br />“The shot heard around the world”<br />
  18. 18. Map of the First battles<br />
  19. 19. The Enlightenment in America<br />The American Revolution<br />STOP<br />
  20. 20. The Declaration of Independence<br />**Click the above image to play video**<br />