Overview of the altmetrics landscape

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Altmetrics attempts to provide timely measures of an impact through the use of metrics from HTML views and downloads of scholarly articles, blog posts, tweets, bookmarks, etc. Publishers of scientific research have enabled altmetrics on their articles, open source applications are available for platforms to display altmetrics on scientific research and subscription models have been created to measure the use that research articles receive online. This presentation reviews some of the current models for providing altmetrics along with information on a selection the providers that have made altmetrics available for general use.

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  • Several organizations are already collecting your metrics including ImpactStory, Altmetric, Plum Analytics and Science Card.
  • altmetrics Google Group - https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/altmetrics
  • altmetrics Google Group - https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/altmetrics
  • Overview of the altmetrics landscape

    1. 1. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ajc1/6795008004// Article-Level MetricsOverview of the Altmetrics Landscape Richard Cave, I.T. Director Charleston Conference November 9, 2012 1
    2. 2. Organizations are already collectingaltmetrics ScienceCard 2
    3. 3. Publishers are already displaying Article-Level metrics and soon… 3
    4. 4. Article-Level Metrics or altmetrics? What arewe talking about? We’re talking about both 4
    5. 5. Article-Level Metrics or altmetrics? What arewe talking about?Article-Level Metrics (ALM) are acomprehensive and multi-dimensional suite of transparentand established metrics at thearticle levelhttp://article-level-metrics.plos.org/alm-info/ 5
    6. 6. Article-Level Metrics or altmetrics? What arewe talking about?Altmetrics is the creation andstudy of new metrics based on theSocial Web for analyzing, andinforming scholarshipAltmetrics Manifesto -http://altmetrics.org/about/ 6
    7. 7. Altmetrics data is aggregated from manysources
    8. 8. Altmetrics sources can be categorizedUsage HTML views, PDF/XML downloads (various sources – journal, PubMed Central, FigShare, Dryad, etc.)Captures CiteULike bookmarks, Mendeley readers/groups, Delicio.usMentions Blog posts, news stories, Wikipedia articles, comments, reviewsSocial Media Tweets, Google+, Facebook likes, shares, ratingsCitations Web of Science, Scopus, CrossRef, Pubmed Central, Microsoft Academic Search 8
    9. 9. Ideal altmetrics source should provide datathat isRelevant to the body of knowledgeAvailable in machine-readable form (API)Immune to gamingFree to redistribute (CC-0) 9
    10. 10. Altmetrics business models usage stats non-profit publisher provided by publisher coverage ofAltmetric for profit all journals coverage of service non-profit books, datasets, provider etc. for profit value-added services 10
    11. 11. PLOS Article-Level Metrics (ALM) • The PLOS Article-Level Metrics project started in 2009 • Tracks usage, citations and social web activity for all PLOS articles Free Yes Embeddable No JavaScript API Yes Open Source Yes – Ruby on Rails Added Benefit Usage stats from journal and PubMed Central 11
    12. 12. PLOS ALM application 12
    13. 13. ALMs on PLOS articles 13
    14. 14. PLOS Reporting and Visualization prototypeData provided by• PLOS Search API• PLOS ALM API 14
    15. 15. • http://impactstory.org/ (recently changed name from Total-Impact)• Non-profit organization• Source code: https://github.com/total-impact Free Yes Embeddable Yes JavaScript API Yes Open Source Yes - Python Added Benefit Sources include datasets, code repositories 15
    16. 16. 16
    17. 17. http://altmetric.comStart-up, launched December 2010Platform as a Service (PAAS)Altmetric is supported by Digital Science, aMacmillan companyFree Yes - for individuals (non-commercial use) No – PAAS for publishersEmbeddable YesJavaScriptAPI YesOpen Source NoAdded Benefit PAAS service 17
    18. 18. 18
    19. 19. on Nature Scientific Reports 19
    20. 20. http://www.plumanalytics.com/Join their announcement list!In beta at• University of Pittsburgh• SmithsonianFree No – PAAS for librarians & universitiesEmbeddable ?JavaScriptAPI ?Open Source NoAdded Benefit PAAS, value-added services 20
    21. 21. What are they building?• Next generation impact analysis metrics for scholarly research• Aggregating artifact and author level metrics into a research reputation graph• Clicks, views, tweets, likes, links, tags, favorites, Google+, etc. will be captured and correlated 21
    22. 22. Plum Impact Reports 22
    23. 23. ScienceCard• Created by Martin Fenner in 2010 as part of the PLOS/Mendeley Binary Battle• Based on PLOS ALM application• Creates a baseball card metaphor for researchers Free Yes Embeddable No JavaScript API Yes Open Source Yes – Ruby on Rails Added Benefit Based on researcher profiles 23
    24. 24. ScienceCard for Martin Fenner 24
    25. 25. ReaderMeter• Created by Dario Taraborelli in 2010 to estimate the impact of a research article• Based on the article’s usage at Mendeley• ReaderMeter adapts two popular impact metrics for authors and redefines these metrics by using bookmarks instead of citations Free Yes Embeddable No JavaScript API No Open Source No Added Benefit Based on researcher profiles 25
    26. 26. ReaderMeter for Duncan Watts 26
    27. 27. CitedIn• Combination of a searchable database and webservice for citations citations in the literature, biomedical databases, blogs, books and wikis• Created by Andra Waagmeester, Bioinformatics of Maastricht University Free Yes Embeddable No JavaScript API No Open Source Yes - PHP Added Benefit Based on researcher profiles 27
    28. 28. CitedIn 28
    29. 29. Next step for altmetrics community Provide context to the numbers Provide an awesome use case Create best-practices for collecting, aggregating, normalizing and displaying altmetrics data Create strategies to combat gaming 29
    30. 30. Getting started as a librarian Collect and track altmetrics • For research articles published at your university • For research of interest • Display altmetrics on author bios Tell publishers that you want Article-Level Metrics for every published research article Tell altmetrics sources that the data should be CC-0 Join the #altmetrics and altmetrics Google Group discussions 30
    31. 31. Getting started as a publisher Collect and display altmetrics for the articles you publish Work with an altmetrics service provider or install an Open Source altmetrics application • Take into account cost, technical expertise, but also who owns the data Join the #altmetrics and altmetrics Google Group discussions 31
    32. 32. Questions? 32
    33. 33. Examples from Presentation PLOS Article-Level Metrics (ALM) Website: article-level-metrics.plos.org Example: ALMs for journal.pbio.0000008 Article: Genetically Modified Corn - Environmental Benefits and Risks ImpactStory Website: ImpactStory Example: ImpactStory Collection Example article: The biological impacts of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the pale grass blue butterfly Javascript Example (cut/paste into HTML): <script type="text/javascript" src="http://impactstory.org/static/js/total-impact-item.js"></script> <span id="ti-id">doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000355</span> <div id="ti-data"><!--ImpactStory puts data here--></div> 33
    34. 34. Examples from Presentation Altmetric Website: Altmetric Example: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=api.altmetric.com&citation_id=571540 Javascript Example (cut/paste into HTML): <script type=text/javascript src=https://d1bxh8uas1mnw7.cloudfront.net/assets/embed.js></script> <div class=altmetric-embed data-badge-type=medium-donut data-badge-details=right data- doi=10.1038/nature.2012.9872></div> ScienceCard Website: ScienceCard Example: ScienceCard for Martin Fenner 34
    35. 35. Examples from Presentation ReaderMeter Website: ReaderMeter Example: http://readermeter.org/Watts.Duncan_J CitedIn Website: CitedIn Example: CitedIn Example (click on Waagmeester) 35
    36. 36. PLOS ALM informationALM DataPLOS ALM APIhttp://api.plos.org/PLOS ALM Data dumphttp://article-level-metrics.plos.org/plos-alm-data/ALM Application - Open SourcePLOS ALM Application – Ruby on Railshttps://github.com/articlemetrics/almData analysis and visualizationhttps://github.com/articlemetrics/plosOpenR 36