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Overview of the altmetrics landscape

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Altmetrics attempts to provide timely measures of an impact through the use of metrics from HTML views and downloads of scholarly articles, blog posts, tweets, bookmarks, etc. Publishers of scientific research have enabled altmetrics on their articles, open source applications are available for platforms to display altmetrics on scientific research and subscription models have been created to measure the use that research articles receive online. This presentation reviews some of the current models for providing altmetrics along with information on a selection the providers that have made altmetrics available for general use.

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Overview of the altmetrics landscape

  1. 1. http://www.flickr.com/photos/ajc1/6795008004// Article-Level Metrics Overview of the Altmetrics Landscape Richard Cave, I.T. Director Charleston Conference November 9, 2012 1
  2. 2. Organizations are already collecting altmetrics ScienceCard 2
  3. 3. Publishers are already displaying Article- Level metrics and soon… 3
  4. 4. Article-Level Metrics or altmetrics? What are we talking about? We’re talking about both 4
  5. 5. Article-Level Metrics or altmetrics? What are we talking about? Article-Level Metrics (ALM) are a comprehensive and multi- dimensional suite of transparent and established metrics at the article level http://article-level-metrics.plos.org/alm-info/ 5
  6. 6. Article-Level Metrics or altmetrics? What are we talking about? Altmetrics is the creation and study of new metrics based on the Social Web for analyzing, and informing scholarship Altmetrics Manifesto - http://altmetrics.org/about/ 6
  7. 7. Altmetrics data is aggregated from many sources
  8. 8. Altmetrics sources can be categorized Usage HTML views, PDF/XML downloads (various sources – journal, PubMed Central, FigShare, Dryad, etc.) Captures CiteULike bookmarks, Mendeley readers/groups, Delicio.us Mentions Blog posts, news stories, Wikipedia articles, comments, reviews Social Media Tweets, Google+, Facebook likes, shares, ratings Citations Web of Science, Scopus, CrossRef, Pubmed Central, Microsoft Academic Search 8
  9. 9. Ideal altmetrics source should provide data that is Relevant to the body of knowledge Available in machine-readable form (API) Immune to gaming Free to redistribute (CC-0) 9
  10. 10. Altmetrics business models usage stats non-profit publisher provided by publisher coverage of Altmetric for profit all journals coverage of service non-profit books, datasets, provider etc. for profit value-added services 10
  11. 11. PLOS Article-Level Metrics (ALM) • The PLOS Article-Level Metrics project started in 2009 • Tracks usage, citations and social web activity for all PLOS articles Free Yes Embeddable No JavaScript API Yes Open Source Yes – Ruby on Rails Added Benefit Usage stats from journal and PubMed Central 11
  12. 12. PLOS ALM application 12
  13. 13. ALMs on PLOS articles 13
  14. 14. PLOS Reporting and Visualization prototype Data provided by • PLOS Search API • PLOS ALM API 14
  15. 15. • http://impactstory.org/ (recently changed name from Total-Impact) • Non-profit organization • Source code: https://github.com/total-impact Free Yes Embeddable Yes JavaScript API Yes Open Source Yes - Python Added Benefit Sources include datasets, code repositories 15
  16. 16. 16
  17. 17. http://altmetric.com Start-up, launched December 2010 Platform as a Service (PAAS) Altmetric is supported by Digital Science, a Macmillan company Free Yes - for individuals (non-commercial use) No – PAAS for publishers Embeddable Yes JavaScript API Yes Open Source No Added Benefit PAAS service 17
  18. 18. 18
  19. 19. on Nature Scientific Reports 19
  20. 20. http://www.plumanalytics.com/ Join their announcement list! In beta at • University of Pittsburgh • Smithsonian Free No – PAAS for librarians & universities Embeddable ? JavaScript API ? Open Source No Added Benefit PAAS, value-added services 20
  21. 21. What are they building? • Next generation impact analysis metrics for scholarly research • Aggregating artifact and author level metrics into a research reputation graph • Clicks, views, tweets, likes, links, tags, favorites, Google+, etc. will be captured and correlated 21
  22. 22. Plum Impact Reports 22
  23. 23. ScienceCard • Created by Martin Fenner in 2010 as part of the PLOS/Mendeley Binary Battle • Based on PLOS ALM application • Creates a baseball card metaphor for researchers Free Yes Embeddable No JavaScript API Yes Open Source Yes – Ruby on Rails Added Benefit Based on researcher profiles 23
  24. 24. ScienceCard for Martin Fenner 24
  25. 25. ReaderMeter • Created by Dario Taraborelli in 2010 to estimate the impact of a research article • Based on the article’s usage at Mendeley • ReaderMeter adapts two popular impact metrics for authors and redefines these metrics by using bookmarks instead of citations Free Yes Embeddable No JavaScript API No Open Source No Added Benefit Based on researcher profiles 25
  26. 26. ReaderMeter for Duncan Watts 26
  27. 27. CitedIn • Combination of a searchable database and webservice for citations citations in the literature, biomedical databases, blogs, books and wiki's • Created by Andra Waagmeester, Bioinformatics of Maastricht University Free Yes Embeddable No JavaScript API No Open Source Yes - PHP Added Benefit Based on researcher profiles 27
  28. 28. CitedIn 28
  29. 29. Next step for altmetrics community Provide context to the numbers Provide an awesome use case Create best-practices for collecting, aggregating, normalizing and displaying altmetrics data Create strategies to combat gaming 29
  30. 30. Getting started as a librarian Collect and track altmetrics • For research articles published at your university • For research of interest • Display altmetrics on author bios Tell publishers that you want Article-Level Metrics for every published research article Tell altmetrics sources that the data should be CC-0 Join the #altmetrics and altmetrics Google Group discussions 30
  31. 31. Getting started as a publisher Collect and display altmetrics for the articles you publish Work with an altmetrics service provider or install an Open Source altmetrics application • Take into account cost, technical expertise, but also who owns the data Join the #altmetrics and altmetrics Google Group discussions 31
  32. 32. Questions? 32
  33. 33. Examples from Presentation PLOS Article-Level Metrics (ALM) Website: article-level-metrics.plos.org Example: ALMs for journal.pbio.0000008 Article: Genetically Modified Corn - Environmental Benefits and Risks ImpactStory Website: ImpactStory Example: ImpactStory Collection Example article: The biological impacts of the Fukushima nuclear accident on the pale grass blue butterfly Javascript Example (cut/paste into HTML): <script type="text/javascript" src="http://impactstory.org/static/js/total-impact-item.js"></script> <span id="ti-id">doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1000355</span> <div id="ti-data"><!--ImpactStory puts data here--></div> 33
  34. 34. Examples from Presentation Altmetric Website: Altmetric Example: http://www.altmetric.com/details.php?domain=api.altmetric.com&citation_id=571540 Javascript Example (cut/paste into HTML): <script type='text/javascript' src='https://d1bxh8uas1mnw7.cloudfront.net/assets/embed.js'></script> <div class='altmetric-embed' data-badge-type='medium-donut' data-badge-details='right' data- doi='10.1038/nature.2012.9872'></div> ScienceCard Website: ScienceCard Example: ScienceCard for Martin Fenner 34
  35. 35. Examples from Presentation ReaderMeter Website: ReaderMeter Example: http://readermeter.org/Watts.Duncan_J CitedIn Website: CitedIn Example: CitedIn Example (click on Waagmeester) 35
  36. 36. PLOS ALM information ALM Data PLOS ALM API http://api.plos.org/ PLOS ALM Data dump http://article-level-metrics.plos.org/plos-alm-data/ ALM Application - Open Source PLOS ALM Application – Ruby on Rails https://github.com/articlemetrics/alm Data analysis and visualization https://github.com/articlemetrics/plosOpenR 36

Editor's Notes

  • Several organizations are already collecting your metrics including ImpactStory, Altmetric, Plum Analytics and Science Card.
  • altmetrics Google Group - https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/altmetrics
  • altmetrics Google Group - https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/altmetrics
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