What you need to know about…………….           Kidney Failure / Renal Failure03/23/11              By Occupational Health Team
The Facts About Kidney Disease Kidney disease is one of the costliest illnesses in the U.S. today. Each year, more than 50...
Kidneys : What are they?    Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs near the    middle of your back. Their main function i...
How do your kidneys function?   Your kidneys do some important jobs to keep your body healthy:    Balance your body fluid...
What are kidney diseases?Kidney diseases are diseases of the kidney substance that alter the structure andfunction of the ...
What is kidney failure ? Kidney failure is a condition where the kidneys are incapable of performing its  normal function...
Who is at Risk ?Risk factors for chronic kidney disease include :      Diabetes      High blood pressure      A family ...
How to early detect kidney ailments?3.   Blood in urine. Most often not visible. But sometimes may appear     tea color ur...
How do you prevent kidney failure?Early detection can do a lot in preventing deterioration of the kidney function.Kidney f...
Important message:Since 30 – 40 % of kidney failure in Malaysia is due to diabetes, it isimprerative that all diabetics ta...
Dialysis and Kidney Transplant – what are they ? Dialysis is a type of treatment that removes wastes and excess fluid fro...
How do you keep your kidneys healthy and more  resistant to deterioration?3.    Hydrate yourself well. Drink lots of plain...
What else you can do ?Keep yourself in your best health by practicing all known health habits, ie :3.   Good diet, pay spe...
Regards,               P.Prakash…03/23/11   By Occupational Health Team
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Know Your Kidneys

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A Beautiful presentation about the importance of your kidneys. How to protect them, How to know impending disorders before hand and keeping your self in good spirits.

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Know Your Kidneys

  1. 1. What you need to know about……………. Kidney Failure / Renal Failure03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  2. 2. The Facts About Kidney Disease Kidney disease is one of the costliest illnesses in the U.S. today. Each year, more than 50,000 Americans die because of Kidney Disease. More than 260,000 Americans suffer from chronic renal failure and need dialysis or kidney transplantation to stay alive. More than 35,000 patients are waiting for kidney transplants, but only about 11,000 will receive transplants because of a shortage of suitable organ donors. Every year 2200 new cases of Malaysians are diagnosed with end stage renal failure. There are over 1800 people waiting for a kidney transplant in Malaysia, the numbers are increasing each year. …… This number is frightening……03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  3. 3. Kidneys : What are they? Your kidneys are two bean-shaped organs near the middle of your back. Their main function is to eliminate excess fluid and waste material from your blood.03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  4. 4. How do your kidneys function? Your kidneys do some important jobs to keep your body healthy:  Balance your body fluids. Excess fluid is filtered out as urine.  Remove waste products from your blood.  Remove drugs and toxins from your body.  Release hormones into your blood to : - Control blood pressure - Make red blood cells - Keep your bones healthy.03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  5. 5. What are kidney diseases?Kidney diseases are diseases of the kidney substance that alter the structure andfunction of the kidney. There are many diseases of the kidneys such as glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis & polycystic kidney.The treatment and potential for recovery depends on the type of disease. Kidney diseases can lead to kidney failure. Normal Kidneys Polycystic kidneys Healthy kidneys eliminate waste from the blood & Fluid filled sacs, called cysts, characterize autosomal maintain the body’s normal chemical balance. Dominant polycystic kidney disease. 03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  6. 6. What is kidney failure ? Kidney failure is a condition where the kidneys are incapable of performing its normal function. Certain toxic substances which should have been excreted such as urea and creatinine are accumulated in the body. The two main causes of kidney failure are Diabetes & High Blood Pressure. Many other conditions can harm the kidneys. These include : Glomerulonephritis, a disease that causes inflammation in the kidneys. Inherited diseases like polycystic kidney disease, which causes many cysts to form in the kidneys. IgA nephropathy or other nephropathy. Essentially an autoimmune problem. Exact trigger not well known. Very large, long standing kidney stone. NSAID or pain killer like ponstan, voltaren can cause kidney failure. 03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  7. 7. Who is at Risk ?Risk factors for chronic kidney disease include : Diabetes High blood pressure A family history of chronic kidney disease Older age Drug overdose, excessive use of alcohol Long term use of pain medications such as aspirin, panadol, ibuprofen and treatment with antibiotic. 03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  8. 8. How to early detect kidney ailments?3. Blood in urine. Most often not visible. But sometimes may appear tea color urine.4. Protein in urine, low urine output.5. Swelling of face and legs6. Tiredness, fatigue7. Pale and sallow complexion8. Have dry and itchy skin9. Poor appetite, sometimes accompanied with nausea and vomiting10. High blood pressure. Especially when it is hard to bring it to good control.03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  9. 9. How do you prevent kidney failure?Early detection can do a lot in preventing deterioration of the kidney function.Kidney failure does not go down the drain in 3 months, or even one year usually.But deteriorate very slowly. Thus getting screening helps.What are the screening test done?8. Simple testing of urine with dipstick for protein. If you have 2 positive result over several weeks, please consult Dr.11. Have a blood test for creatinine. Once creatinine exit the high control limit of 133 umol/L, the kidney will fail expodentially.14. 24 hours urine collection for creatinine and urine protein.16. Ultra sound or CT scan of kidney. 03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  10. 10. Important message:Since 30 – 40 % of kidney failure in Malaysia is due to diabetes, it isimprerative that all diabetics take note of this and screen for this complicationannually.There is an extra urine test called urine microalbumin, to detect extra earlydiabetic kidney disease. Good diabetes control is important part ofpreventionof kidney failure.What happens if kidney failure occurs?( End Stage Renal Disease ) Two successful treatment can be done – Dialysis or a Kidney Transplant. These treatments can help you stay healthy and continue your daily activities. 03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  11. 11. Dialysis and Kidney Transplant – what are they ? Dialysis is a type of treatment that removes wastes and excess fluid from your blood. 3 forms of dialysis can be done – hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis and continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis ( CAPD ). You need dialysis when you develop End stage renal disease – usually by the time you lose about 85 – 90% of your Kidney function. A kidney transplant is an operation to place a new kidney in your body to take over the work of your failed kidneys. The kidney may come from someone who has died or from a living donor who may be a close relatives, friend or possibly a stranger who wished to donate a kidney to anyone in need of a transplant. 03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  12. 12. How do you keep your kidneys healthy and more resistant to deterioration?3. Hydrate yourself well. Drink lots of plain water to keep your urine pale most of the time.2. Avoid unnecessary medication ( esp NSAID and on long term ). Look for better alternative solution.3. Avoid overloading your kidney with protein. Most of us only need about 2 ounces of protein a day! Protein leakage thru the kidney filter accelerate the deterioration of kidney function. Consult a renal dietitian if you need help.10. Keep your cholesterol in good level.5. Keep blood pressure and sugar in good control. 03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  13. 13. What else you can do ?Keep yourself in your best health by practicing all known health habits, ie :3. Good diet, pay special attention to salt intake ( better use sea salt due to its wider range of mineral profile ) and protein intake.4. Handle life stress well5. Regular exercise6. Adequate rest/sleep.This article is not meant to diagnose nor treat your disease. It is only for generalinformation. You should seek a face to face consultation with a qualified medicalpractitioner for a proper assessment and treatment plan. HEALTH IS WEALTH03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team
  14. 14. Regards, P.Prakash…03/23/11 By Occupational Health Team

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