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Using Ant To Build J2 Ee Applications

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scmGalaxy.com is dedicated to software configuration, build and Release management. This covers CVS, VSS (Visual Source Safe),Perforce, SVN(Subversion) MKS Integrity, ClearCase,TFS,CM Synergy, Best …

scmGalaxy.com is dedicated to software configuration, build and Release management. This covers CVS, VSS (Visual Source Safe),Perforce, SVN(Subversion) MKS Integrity, ClearCase,TFS,CM Synergy, Best Practices ,AnthillPro, Apache Ant, Maven, Bamboo, Cruise Control and many more tools.

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  • Good job Rajesh...

    I became your follower after seeing your efforts on SCM and build management presentations .

    Thanks for sharing
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  • 1. Using Ant to build J2EE Applications www.scmGalaxy.com Rajesh Kumar [email_address]
  • 2. Contents
    • Introduction
    • How does ANT work ?
    • Sample Build file
    • Built-in properties
    • ANT – Different flows
    • Writing your own task
    • Command-line options
    • IDE Integration
    • References
  • 3. Introduction
      • What Is Ant?
      • A build tool like ‘make’
      • Open source
        • – from the Apache Jakarta project
        • – http://ant.apache.org/
      • Implemented in Java
      • Used to build many open source products
  • 4. Introduction ..contd
    • Ease of use
      • – Ant is extended using Java classes
      • – The configuration files are XML-based, calling out a target tree where various tasks get executed
      • – Same config file (build.xml) can be across multiple platorms
  • 5. How does ANT Work ?
    • Ant commands (or tasks) are implemented by Java classes
      • – many are built-in
      • – others come in optional JAR files
      • – custom commands can be created
    • Each project using Ant will have a build file
      • – typically called build.xml since Ant looks for this by default
    • Each build file is composed of targets
      • – these correspond to common activities like compiling and running code
    • Each target is composed of tasks
      • – Each task is run by an object that implements a particular Task interface
      • – executed in sequence when the target is executed
      • – like make, Ant targets can have dependencies
      • – for example, modified source files must be compiled before the application can be run
  • 6. How does ANT Work ? .. contd
    • Targets to be executed
      • – can be specified on the command line when invoking Ant
      • – if none are specified then the default target is executed
      • – execution stops if an error is encountered
      • – so all requested targets may not be executed
    • Each target is only executed once
      • – regardless of the number of other targets that depend on it
      • – for example
        • • the “test” and “deploy” targets both depend on “compile”
        • • the “all” target depends on “test” and “deploy”
        • but “compile” is only executed once when “all” is executed
    • Some tasks are only executed when they need to be
      • – for example, files that have not changed since the last time they were compiled are not recompiled
  • 7. Sample Build file
      • < project name=“test&quot; default=“hello&quot;>
      • < target name=“hello&quot; depends=“setup, pre-hello1, pre-hello2“>
      • < echo > Hello World</ echo >
      • </ target >
      • < target name=“setup”>
      • < property name=“company.name” value=“MindTree”/>
      • < condition property=&quot;os.is.solaris&quot;>
      • <os name=&quot;SunOS&quot; />
      • </ condition >
      • </ target >
      • < target name=“pre-hello1” if=&quot;os.is.solaris“>
      • < echo > You are running this script in Solaris </ echo >
      • </ target >
      • < target name=“pre-hello2” unless=&quot;os.is.solaris“>
      • < echo > You are NOT running this script in Solaris </ echo >
      • </ target >
      • </ project >
  • 8. Sample Build file
      • Save the file as test.xml in some temporary folder ( Say C:Temp)
      • Set ANT_HOME= C:Jakarta-Ant-1.5
      • Set PATH=%PATH%;%ANT_HOME%in
      • Cd C:Temp
      • ant –buildfile test.xml
    Buildfile: test.xml setup: pre-hello1: pre-hello2: [echo] You are NOT running this script in Solaris hello: [echo] Hello World BUILD SUCCESSFUL Total time: 1 second
  • 9. Built-in Properties
    • Ant provides access to all system properties and also has some additional properties.
    the JVM version Ant detected; ant.java.version The name of the project that is currently executing; it is set in the name attribute of <project>. ant.project.name The version of Ant ant.version The absolute path of the buildfile. ant.file The absolute path of the project's basedir (as set with the basedir attribute of <project>). basedir
  • 10. Ant – Different flows
    • Using “depends”
    • Using “antcall”
    • Using “ant”
  • 11. Ant – Different flows
    • Using “depends” – Last task to first task
      • Eg :
      • <target name=&quot;compile&quot; depends=&quot;init, setup&quot; description=&quot;compile the source &quot; >
      • <!-- Compile the java code from ${src} into ${build} -->
      • <javac srcdir=&quot;${src}&quot; destdir=&quot;${build}&quot;/>
      • </target>
  • 12. Ant – Different flows
    • Using “antcall” – Sequential & Functional oriented
      • Calling different targets in the same build.xml (very similar to calling functions in regular programming language)
      • Eg :
      • <antcall target=&quot;copymodule&quot;>
      • <param name=&quot;module.name&quot; value=&quot;user&quot;/>
      • </antcall>
      • <target name=&quot;copymodule&quot; if=&quot;gws.prepared&quot;>
      • <echo>Module : ${module.name} </echo>
      • <copy todir=&quot;${gws.app}/j2ee-apps/gws/${module.name}&quot; includeEmptyDirs=&quot;no&quot;>
      • <fileset dir=&quot;${gws.class.folder}&quot;>
      • <patternset>
      • <include name=&quot;**/${module.name}/**&quot;/>
      • </patternset>
      • </fileset>
      • </copy>
      • </target>
  • 13. Ant – Different flows
    • Using “ant”
      • This is used for running scripts for sub-projects
      • Eg :
      • <target name=&quot;ROOT&quot;>
      • <ant dir=&quot;${basedir}/ROOT&quot; target=&quot;dist&quot;/>
      • </target>
      • <target name=&quot;examples&quot;>
      • <ant dir=&quot;${basedir}/examples&quot; target=&quot;dist&quot;/>
      • <ant antfile=&quot;subproject/subbuild.xml&quot; dir=“${basedir}/subproject&quot; target=&quot;compile&quot;/>
      • </target>
  • 14. Core & Optional tasks
    • http://ant.apache.org/manual/index.html
  • 15. Writing your own task
    • Create a Java class that extends org.apache.tools.ant.Task
    • For each attribute, write a setter method.
    • Implement the interface org.apache.tools.ant.TaskContainer if your task contains other tasks as nested elements
    • Write a public void execute method, with no arguments, that throws a BuildException
    • Adding your task to the system
      • Make sure the class that implements your task is in the classpath when starting Ant.
      • Add a <taskdef> element to your project. This actually adds your task to the system.
      • Use your task in the rest of the buildfile
    • Eg:
    • <?xml version=&quot;1.0&quot;?>
    • <project name=&quot;OwnTaskExample&quot; default=&quot;main&quot; basedir=&quot;.&quot;>
    • <taskdef name=&quot;mytask“ classname=&quot;com.mydomain.MyVeryOwnTask&quot;/>
    • <target name=&quot;main&quot;>
    • <mytask message=&quot;Hello World! MyVeryOwnTask works!&quot;/>
    • </target>
    • </project>
  • 16. Command line options
    • ant [options] [target [target2 [target3] ...]]
    • Options:
    • -help print this message
    • -projecthelp print project help information
    • -version print the version information and exit
    • -diagnostics print information that might be helpful to diagnose or report problems.
    • -quiet, -q be extra quiet
    • -verbose, -v be extra verbose
    • -debug print debugging information
    • -emacs produce logging information without adornments
    • -logfile <file> use given file for log
    • -l <file> ''
    • -logger <classname> the class which is to perform logging
    • -listener <classname> add an instance of class as a project listener
    • -buildfile <file> use given buildfile
    • -file <file> ''
    • -f <file> ''
    • -D<property>=<value> use value for given property
    • -propertyfile taking precedence
    • -inputhandler <class> the class which will handle input requests
    • -find <file> <name> load all properties from file with -D properties search for buildfile towards the root of the filesystem and use it
  • 17. IDE Integration
    • Ant can be integrated with the following Java IDEs
      • – Jbuilder
      • – IntelliJ Idea
      • – Eclipse
    • See the Ant User Manual for more details
      • – in http://ant.apache.org/manual/index.html
  • 18. References
    • Home – http://ant.apache.org/
    • FAQ – http://ant.apache.org/faq.html
    • Mailing Lists
      • http://marc.theaimsgroup.com/?l=ant-user&r=1&w=2
      • http://archives.apache.org/eyebrowse/SummarizeList?listId=5
    • Books
      • Java Development with Ant - http://www.manning.com/hatcher/
      • Ant: The Definitive Guide - http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/anttdg/
    • Related Projects :
      • Maven - http://jakarta.apache.org/turbine/maven/
      • Centipede - http://www.krysalis.org/centipede/
    • Tools built over Ant :
      • AntHill - http:// www.urbancode.com/projects/anthill/default.jsp
      • CruiseControl - http://cruisecontrol.sourceforge.net/
  • 19. Thank You ! www.scmGalaxy.com