Design Security210507 Al2

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Design Security210507 Al2

  1. 1. Design & Security
  2. 2. Security? <ul><li>Camera? </li></ul><ul><li>Tourniquet? </li></ul><ul><li>Fences? </li></ul><ul><li>Security controls? </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is security in public space? <ul><li>Ease </li></ul><ul><li>Freedom </li></ul><ul><li>Not to feel threatened </li></ul><ul><li>Openness </li></ul><ul><li>Light </li></ul><ul><li>To be able to read a book </li></ul><ul><li>No negative triggers </li></ul><ul><li>Quality of sound </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of people and human control </li></ul>
  4. 4. Perception of security is <ul><li>Personal + emotional = subjective </li></ul><ul><li>STILL: a lot of know-how on technical & measurable aspects of security </li></ul><ul><li>Much less on subjective/emotional dimension </li></ul>
  5. 5. Palette of emotions & elements <ul><li>Underground - surface </li></ul><ul><li>Technical & soft control - flux modeling </li></ul><ul><li>Light, acoustics, color, sound, temperature, maintenance, supervision, art </li></ul><ul><li>Legibility of space </li></ul><ul><li>Presence of facilities & services </li></ul>
  6. 6. Presence & size <ul><li>Transversal: in all layers of society </li></ul><ul><li>Diverse aspects: multidisciplinary approach </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by YdesignFoundation </li></ul><ul><li>In cooperation with UITP </li></ul>
  7. 7. Research program 1/2 <ul><li>What are the triggers that prevent people from travelling by tram, bus, metro? </li></ul><ul><li>Which are the best cases? </li></ul><ul><li>What do they share? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Research program 2/2 <ul><li>Where? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intermodal stations for urban public transport </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who does the research? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A multidisciplinary team of antropologists sociologist, psychologists, designers, architects, urban planners, engineers, ... </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Target groups <ul><li>Operators & authorities in urban public transport </li></ul><ul><li>Architects, urban planners, real estate developers </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cooperation with <ul><li>UITP : 85 countries + 2700 members </li></ul><ul><li>POLIS: European mobility network </li></ul><ul><li>Flemish Government </li></ul><ul><li>Cabinet for Equal Opportunities of Brussels Capital Government </li></ul>
  11. 11. PT Operators & corporations <ul><li>STIB/MIVB - Brussels/Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>VVM - de Lijn - Flanders/Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>RATP - Paris - France </li></ul><ul><li>Sporveier - Oslo - Norway </li></ul><ul><li>Lanstrafiken - J ö nnköping - Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>Storstockholm Lokaltrafik - Stockholm - Sweden </li></ul><ul><li>Istanbul Ulasim - Istanbul - Turkey </li></ul><ul><li>STCP - Porto - Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>Schréder - Liège - Belgium </li></ul><ul><li>IBM </li></ul><ul><li>Clear Channel </li></ul>
  12. 12. Objectives <ul><li>Practical guidelines in terms of exploitation & management of interchange zones in intermodal tram-bus-metro-stations </li></ul>
  13. 13. Where are we now? <ul><li>Conclusions & Guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>To be officially presented at UITP World Congress on May 23rd in Helsinki </li></ul>
  14. 14. General concept: <ul><li>Urban Public Transport stations are a public space </li></ul><ul><li>Hence can be seen as a heterotopia (Martin Hajer’s interpretation after Michel Foucault’s heterotopia concept 1967) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Front & Back Space behaviour <ul><li>Front space: USE </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviour as prescribed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Eg Benches & seats are used as designer conceived them </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Back space: RUSE & ABUSE <ul><li>RUSE: unexpected behaviour </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Challenging behaviour often responding to technological innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eyebrows up </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Irritations </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. ABUSE <ul><li>Unacceptable behaviour </li></ul><ul><li>Operators should enforce existing conventions, rules </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Improving perceived security and control </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Operators should reposition themselves <ul><li>Evolve from transporters to </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility and community service providers </li></ul><ul><li>and offer: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Information </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retailing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entertainment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay in control & create synergies </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Design measures <ul><li>3 layers </li></ul><ul><li>1. Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>2. Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>3. Senses </li></ul>
  20. 20. Some design Guidelines - layer 1 <ul><li>Design space in space to wait, meet, connect, pause </li></ul><ul><li>Multi-functionality creates better social control </li></ul><ul><li>Convex spaces </li></ul><ul><li>Unhampered by kiosks, vending machines etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Shorten walkways inside station </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce number of walkways to increase density of fluxes </li></ul><ul><li>Improve social control </li></ul><ul><li>Provide good lines of sight to and from the interior of the entrance - exit </li></ul>
  21. 21. Some design guidelines layer 2/1 <ul><li>Use good looking materials in entrances - exits </li></ul><ul><li>Shape the entrance - exit so as to close it during </li></ul><ul><li>non-service hours without creating dead-ends </li></ul><ul><li>The use of stainless steel mirrors and advertisement or frequently changed surface mitigates vandalism if in conformity with fire & explosion regulations </li></ul>
  22. 22. Some design guidelines - layer 2/2 <ul><li>Equip station entrances with highly visible signs </li></ul><ul><li>Strip immediate surroundings of all visible obstacles </li></ul>
  23. 23. Some design guidelines layer 3/1 <ul><li>Add to every worker’s task the mission of surveillance </li></ul><ul><li>Increase the visibility of workers </li></ul><ul><li>Workers should have helping - friendly attitude </li></ul><ul><li>Several companies operating, but only 1 vest </li></ul><ul><li>Provide smart looking civilian looking uniforms </li></ul>
  24. 24. Some design measures layer 3/2 <ul><li>Create a secure, comfortable and clean environment </li></ul><ul><li>Clean graffiti within 24hours </li></ul><ul><li>Use easy to clean, repair surfaces </li></ul><ul><li>Use inefficient surfaces on which paints do not adhere conveniently </li></ul>
  25. 25. Some design measures - layer 3/3 <ul><li>Increase female workers, it dilutes aggressiveness amongst passengers </li></ul><ul><li>‘ any seat is a pregnant priority one’ </li></ul><ul><li>Create synergies with hospitals, entertainment centres, event organisations </li></ul><ul><li>Help schools to use Public Transport in its visits/travels </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange escorts </li></ul>
  26. 26. Thank you

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