Universal Design and urban environment, by Antonio Caperna PhD

1,349 views

Published on

Disability may involve physical impairment, sensory impairment, cognitive or intellectual impairment, mental disorder, or various types of chronic disease.
Universal design
is an approach to the design of products, services and environments to be usable by as many people as possible regardless of age, ability or situation.
It links directly to the political concept of an inclusive society and its importance has been recognized by governments, business and industry.
Urban space should have certain qualities if it is to be responsive to human feelings and sensibilities

Published in: Education, Technology
0 Comments
3 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
1,349
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
281
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
69
Comments
0
Likes
3
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Universal Design and urban environment, by Antonio Caperna PhD

  1. 1. META-University a new exchange programme for master students in Architecture and Urbanism, set up by several partner universities in Europe Technical University of Eindhoven St. Lucas School of Architecture Brussels-Ghent University of Strathclyde, Department of Architecture Bauhaus University, Weimar School of Architecture and Landscape, Lille The Warsaw University of Technology University of the West of England, Bristol Chalmers University of Technology Università di Roma Tre International workshop Designing in the Dark Ghent, Belgium (11/30/2008 – 12/11/2008)
  2. 2. International workshop Designing in the Dark Ghent, Belgium (11/30/2008 – 12/11/2008) Università degli Studi Roma Tre - Dipartimento di Studi Urbani www.uniroma3.it www.pism.uniroma3.it Dr. Antonio Caperna, PhD M.C. Escher. Concentric Rinds 1953 wood engraving
  3. 3. C O N T E N T S 1. General overview about disabilities 2. Universal design and urban environment • Theoretical aspect • Technical aspect • examples
  4. 4. Disability: Medical and Social model
  5. 5. A disabled person is one who has a condition called a disability that interferes with his or her ability to perform one or more activities of everyday living. For example, locomotion (indoors and going outside), getting dressed, communicating with others Disability: Medical and Social model
  6. 6. Form of disabilities Disability may involve physical impairment, sensory impairment, cognitive or intellectual impairment, mental disorder, or various types of chronic disease. Disability: Medical and Social model
  7. 7. Disability: Medical and Social model Different problems, different needs To take into account multiply options and combine it Multisensorial design Multiply approach
  8. 8. BUT…. “disabled” is an identity that one is not necessarily born with, as disabilities are more often acquired than congenital. e.g. TAB, Temporarily Able-Bodied many people will develop disabilities at some point in their lives, due to accidents, illness (physical, mental or emotional), or late-emerging effects of genetics. Disability: Medical and Social model
  9. 9. ….. Disability refers to the social effects of physical, emotional or mental impairment We can talk about “social model' of disability” Disability: Medical and Social model
  10. 10. if a community: allows physical, architectural, transportation, and other barriers to remain in place, society is creating handicaps that oppress individuals with disabilities. removes those barriers, persons with disabilities can function at much higher levels Disability: Medical and Social model the real issue is the societal response to disability
  11. 11. Universal design principles
  12. 12. Universal design is an approach to the design of products, services and environments to be usable by as many people as possible regardless of age, ability or situation. It links directly to the political concept of an inclusive society and its importance has been recognized by governments, business and industry. Universal design principles
  13. 13. Principles developed by the Centre for Universal Design, North Carolina State University Principle 1: Equitable Use Principle 2: Flexibility in Use Principle 3: Simple and Intuitive Use Principle 4: Perceptible Information Principle 5: Tolerance for Error Principle 6: Low Physical Effort Principle 7: Size and Space for Approach and Use Universal design principles
  14. 14. Universal design principles
  15. 15. Universal Design and urban environment … To transform the constrains into opportunity
  16. 16. UNIVERSAL DESIGN WHY/WHAT HOW? WHERE Industrial design Web design Urban Environment …. Change paradigm URBAN ENVIRONMENT Ethics, Social inclusion,
  17. 17. Indoor environment Outdoor environment Houses Flats work-place public offices… Existing spaces Problem concern Theoretical aspect Technical aspect New spaces Universal Design and urban environment
  18. 18. UD and Urban Environment Urban Environment Problem concern Historical cities modern cities Universal Design and urban environment
  19. 19. Outdoor environment A practical and Theoretical tool Universal Design and urban environment
  20. 20. Identification of the needs piazza Navona (Rome) Universal Design and urban environment
  21. 21. We must consider all aspects of the outdoor environment: ■ street network, shape and type; ■ open space; ■ junctions; ■ materials and kerbs; ■ street/footway widths; ■ street furniture, including seating and signage Cultural and Architectural heritage Universal Design and urban environment
  22. 22. GOAL Urban space should have certain qualities if it is to be responsive to human feelings and sensibilities Universal Design and urban environment A legible environment - hierarchy of street types, Entrances to places and buildings are clearly visible and obvious A distinctive environment - Urban and building form is varied There is a variety of landmarks including historic and civic buildings, distinctive structures and places of activity, Architectural features are in a variety of styles, colours and materials A safe environment - Bicycle lanes are separate from footways, Paving is flat, smooth and non- slip, Street lighting is adequate for people with visual impairments, Level changes are clearly marked Physical and mental health - Opportunities for exercise and access to fresh air Mobility - Ease of access to facilities/amenities and open space (inc. with assistive technology); wayfinding ability and ability to go out Sense of community - Belonging and social support networks Autonomy and control - Independence, self-actualisation, self-esteem, and self-efficacy ….
  23. 23. Application
  24. 24. Universal Design and urban environmentANALYSIS
  25. 25. Source. Prof. Arch. Fabrizio Vescovo, Progetto pilota per il centro storico Buildings (public or private) Ministry of Culture Municipality others Universal Design and urban environment
  26. 26. Source. Prof. Arch. Fabrizio Vescovo, Progetto pilota per il centro storico Road network Parking areas Pedestrian areas Small roads Bus stop Taxi station Universal Design and urban environment
  27. 27. Source. Prof. Arch. Fabrizio Vescovo, Progetto pilota per il centro storico services Religious building Public offices Cultural buildings Health services Commercial roads Universal Design and urban environment
  28. 28. Source. Prof. Arch. Fabrizio Vescovo, Progetto pilota per il centro storico Universal Design and urban environment Architectural heritage
  29. 29. Source. Prof. Arch. Fabrizio Vescovo, Progetto pilota per il centro storico Universal Design and urban environment ROADS
  30. 30. Universal Design and urban environment PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION • Obstacles and protruding elements in the path of travel • Low overhanging signs • Lack of warning signs around obstructions • Sidewalk narrow • Rubbish skips • Car parking • disconnected road is cause of danger • Absence of blind guide • Communication at bus-stop • Sidewalk • Paving of the road improve the sound of the traffic • Car/motorbyke parking • Low level of communication
  31. 31. Theoretical and technical Suggestion Universal Design and urban environment
  32. 32. Reinforcement of Nodes Connections Hierarchy Goal Universal Design and urban environment
  33. 33. Primary ways Secondary roads Main nodes Secondary nodes Universal Design and urban environment Services Reserved parking Informational points Electric cars or scooters Electric busses Blind guide
  34. 34. Obstructions • include street furniture, traffic signs, direction signs, street plans, bollards, plants, trees, shop awnings and advertising signs, etc. • should be placed outside the path of travel wherever possible. • in the pathway should be easy to detect, and if possible, should be placed along one continuous line • The minimum width of a clear unobstructed path should be 0.90 m Universal Design and urban environment Overhanging signs in accessible pathways should be mounted at a minimum clear height of 2.00m to allow a sightless person to pass safely Overhanging vegetation should be clipped to a minimum clear height of 2.00 m
  35. 35. PATHWAYS PLANNING PRINCIPLE To provide clear, obstruction-free, level and wide pathways for the convenience of all users PROBLEM Uneven curbs with obstacles and holes. Inconvenient or dangerous interruptions in the path of travel. Insufficient width. Changes in level. CONSIDERATIONS Street pavements, pedestrian passages in open spaces and recreational areas, pedestrian underpasses and overpasses are all considered pathways or ramps. … Universal Design and urban environment
  36. 36. Universal Design and urban environment Questions (check-list) Is the pathway clear of obstructions? Is the path of travel free of steps or stairs? Is the path of travel easy to detect? Is the pathway at least 0.90 m wide? Is the surface, level, smooth and non-slip? Does the pathway have a different colour and texture than the adjacent surfaces? Are manholes placed outside the pedestrian path of travel? Is grating flush with the surface of the pathway? Are the grating openings narrow, not more than 13 mm? Are the edges of raised pathways protected? Are the plant varieties used obstructive to the pathway? ……
  37. 37. PEDESTRIAN CROSSINGS PRINCIPLE To facilitate the safe and independent crossing of all people. PROBLEM Uneven road surface. Lack of guide strips. Lack of warning marking for crossings. Gratings on the road surface. CONSIDERATIONS Pedestrian crossings should be equipped with traffic control signals Low-traffic crossings frequently used by disabled people can be controlled by a pedestrian push-button system Constructing traffic islands to reduce the length of the crossing is recommended for the safety of all road users The road surface should be firm, well-drained, non-slip and free of construction joints Universal Design and urban environment
  38. 38. Pedestrians should have priority to the road traffic It is important to force the drivers to reduce their speed. This can be achieved in different ways: • Traffic islands to reduce the length of the crossing for pedestrians and the width of the road crossed • The road surface at pedestrian crossings can be raised to the same level as the pathway • Speed control measures: speed humps or chicanes just before the pedestrian crossings Universal Design and urban environment
  39. 39. Guide strips Guide strips should be constructed to indicate the position of pedestrian crossings for the benefit of sightless pedestrians A guide strip should lead to pedestrian light poles with push buttons for the benefit of the visually disabled. Universal Design and urban environment
  40. 40. Traffic island Light, .. Universal Design and urban environment
  41. 41. STREET FURNITURE PLANNING PRINCIPLE To design accessible amenities convenient to all people, without obstructing the free passage of pedestrians along travel routes. PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION Lack of or improper design of street furniture. Obstructed pathways. Inaccessible street facilities. DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS street furniture includes bus stops, mail boxes, lampposts, signboards, telephone booths, public toilets, newspaper kiosks, planting tubs, garbage bins, etc. Universal Design and urban environment
  42. 42. Park benches Universal Design and urban environment
  43. 43. Adoption of ischial sittings Source. Arch. Fabrizio Vescovo Optimal distance between park benches Universal Design and urban environment
  44. 44. Universal Design and urban environment PARKING For outdoor parking, accessible parking spaces should be located not more than 50 m from accessible building entrances.
  45. 45. Universal Design and urban environment Inaccessible building entrances due to difference between indoor and outdoor levels. Inaccessible routes due to differences in level. RAMPS The maximum recommended slope of ramps is 1:20. Steeper slopes may be allowed in special cases depending on the length to be covered
  46. 46. Universal Design and urban environment
  47. 47. BEST PRACTICES Universal Design and urban environment
  48. 48. Realization of “informational modules” or tactile maps in tube station, bus stop, public buildings, etc. Universal Design and urban environment
  49. 49. Handrail. tactile maps in tube station, bus stop, public building, etc. Universal Design and urban environment
  50. 50. Train platform Universal Design and urban environment
  51. 51. PILOT LIGHT - miniradar Universal Design and urban environment Con il PILOT-LIGHT il non-vedente potrà: - conoscere i colori dei semafori (tutti e tre) - conoscere il numero di linea e l'eventuale direzione dei mezzi pubblici (es. autobus numero 5 diretto alla stazione) - trovare le cabine telefoniche , sapere se sono libere od occupate - "leggere" i tabelloni-orari-partenze dei treni o degli aerei - trovare i binari di partenza, posti di polizia, biglietterie, bar, toilette, deposito bagagli, taxi, eccetera. - visitare i musei, individuare le opere esposte ed averne la descrizione - servirsi del Bancomat ed essere pilotato nelle varie fasi - andare a teatro ed avere la descrizione delle scene - , si sono attrezzate banche, farmacie e la stazione ferroviaria. …. Blind people can: -Cross the main street because the system is connected with the traffic light -- which bus go to the main station - “read” the time table, know the platform, the police station, ticket point, left luggage office, bar, toilette… - go to theater and have a description of the scenes
  52. 52. MUSEUM Universal Design and urban environment Uffizi quattro capolavori in rilievo per i non vedenti 'Ritratto del Duca di Urbino' di Piero della Francesca, del 'Ritratto di giovane con medaglia' di Botticelli, del 'Ritratto di Cosimo il Vecchio' del Pontormo e della splendida 'Madonna del cardellino' di Raffaello Museo Tattile Statale Omero Touching art Touch faces, bodies, gestures, expressions, discover volumes and perspective with your own hands. The Museo Tattile Statale Omero was created to fill this gap in the range of cultural services for the non- sighted, and also to offer an innovative space where artistic perception passes through multi-sense, and not just visual, stimuli.
  53. 53. Tiber island Accessibility is guaranteed by lift supported by people that help disable people Universal Design and urban environment
  54. 54. Universal Design and urban environment Coliseum
  55. 55. Universal Design and urban environment
  56. 56. Universal Design and urban environment
  57. 57. Universal Design and urban environment Musei Capitolini
  58. 58. Universal Design and urban environment Musei Capitolini
  59. 59. Universal Design and urban environment Musei Capitolini
  60. 60. Universal Design and urban environment Villa d’Este (Tivoli, Rome) Terraced garden
  61. 61. Universal Design and urban environment Villa d’Este (Tivoli, Rome)
  62. 62. Universal Design and urban environment
  63. 63. Universal Design and urban environment
  64. 64. PALATINO FORUM - ARCHEOLOGICAL AREA Universal Design and urban environment
  65. 65. PALATINO FORUM ARCHEOLOGICAL AREA Universal Design and urban environment
  66. 66. Universal Design and urban environment Foro di Traiano
  67. 67. OUR CHALLENGES AS ARCHITECT changing paradigm ethical issue UD as creative challenge Social inclusion Demographic Change in Europe, the most significant impact will be the ageing population in Europe. By 2050 34.5 % will be over the age of 60 years old. Economic Impacts and Opportunities Preserve an make accessible the historical heritage … Universal Design and urban environment
  68. 68. ciao

×