Let's Talk About Gambling - Jackson County


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Let's Talk About Gambling - Jackson County

  1. 1. Let’s Talk About Gambling <ul><li>What is the history of gambling in the United States and Oregon? </li></ul><ul><li>How big is gambling? </li></ul><ul><li>What are types of lawful or charitable gambling? </li></ul><ul><li>Define common gambling terms. </li></ul><ul><li>What are the positive and negative effects of gambling in Oregon and in local communities? </li></ul><ul><li>What are signs of compulsive gambling behavior? </li></ul><ul><li>How does participation in gambling activities relate to family situations? </li></ul><ul><li>To gamble or not to gamble, that is the question? </li></ul>
  2. 2. The History of Gambling <ul><li>Gambling has been around a long time. Our modern dice and playing cards can be traced back to primitive people who </li></ul><ul><li>cast bones or sticks into the air. </li></ul><ul><li>Two of the primary forms of gambling throughout history have been racing and lotteries .  </li></ul><ul><li>Horse racing has its roots in the chariot </li></ul><ul><li>races of Rome. </li></ul><ul><li>The first state run lottery took place in Genoa, </li></ul><ul><li>in 1515 or about the time Martin Luther was protesting the church’s sins. </li></ul><ul><li>Horse racing in America began in New York in 1665. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Lawful Gambling <ul><li>In 1984, Oregon voters authorize a state-run lottery. Scratch off tickets were introduced in 1985. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1989, Oregon becomes the only state to offer sports betting with the Sports Action Lottery. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1991, Oregon becomes the first state to offer Keno games every five minutes. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1992, Video Lottery is legalized. Net revenues as of 2001 were over 3 Billion dollars. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1994, the first Native American casino opens in Oregon. </li></ul><ul><li>In 2003, Monday Night Football scratch off </li></ul><ul><li>tickets are offered. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Minimum Ages to Gamble <ul><li>18 years old - Charitable bingo and pull tabs, pari-mutel betting (e.g. race track). </li></ul><ul><li>Also 18 years old – Lottery, bingo and blackjack. </li></ul><ul><li>21 years old – Video lottery and </li></ul><ul><li>tribal casinos. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Gambling Myths <ul><li>Myth: Problem gambling is easy to recognize. </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: Problem gambling has been called the hidden addiction. Gambling is easy to hide. Many problem gamblers often engage in self-denial. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other Gambling Myths Myth: I’d have to gamble every day to be a problem gambler. Reality: If gambling causes a person psycho- logical, financial, emotional, marital, legal or other difficulties then they have a problem. Myth: Gambling isn’t a problem if you can afford it. Reality: Problems caused by excessive gambling aren’t just financial. It can lead to relationship breakdown and loss of important friendships.
  7. 7. More Myths . . . <ul><li>Myth: All problem gamblers are irresponsible. </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: Many problem gamblers hold, or have held responsible community positions. In addition, even people with a long history of responsible behavior are vulnerable to developing a gambling problem. </li></ul><ul><li>Myth: People my age are not affected by problem gambling. </li></ul><ul><li>Reality: About 10 to 15 percent of American youth have experienced gambling related problems. Children of problem gamblers are at higher risk of developing health threatening behaviors. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Definition of Gambling Webster’s defines gambling as: A. To bet on an uncertain outcome, as of contest. B. To play a game of chance. To take a chance: speculate. 3. To expose to risk: venture. Problem gambling is defined as: “Gambling behavior which causes disruptions in any major area of life: psychological, physical, social or vocational”. (National Council on Problem Gambling)
  9. 9. Gambling In Oregon <ul><li>More than 60,000 Oregon adults are believed to meet the criteria of a problem gambler. </li></ul><ul><li>One in every 25 Oregon teens is a problem gambler – that’s more than 10,000 Oregon teens! </li></ul><ul><li>One in 10 teens is an “at-risk” gambler (he or she may be moving towards a </li></ul><ul><li>gambling problem). </li></ul><ul><li>Two-thirds of teens gamble at </li></ul><ul><li>least once a year. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Gambling History in the United States <ul><li>Lotteries were used to pay war debts and build public works. They were used in Jamestown as early as 1612 and helped raise the Colonial Army in 1775. </li></ul><ul><li>Ivy league colleges were built with the help of lottery dollars. </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington personally signed batches of lottery tickets. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, scandal, bribery of legislators and corruption led to constitutional prohibitions in 36 states. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Gambling History in Oregon <ul><li>In Oregon, the current gambling cycle began in 1933. The Oregon Racing Commission was established, and monitored greyhound racing in the state. </li></ul><ul><li>Oregon is currently among states with the top gambling revenues, and is a leader in types and availability of gambling. </li></ul>
  12. 12. What Problem Gamblers Had to Say in 2002 <ul><li>10% considered committing suicide. </li></ul><ul><li>24% reported their gambling cost them a marriage or significant relationship. </li></ul><ul><li>15% lost their jobs due to gambling. </li></ul><ul><li>40% committed crimes to finance their gambling. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Spending Habits <ul><li>In 2004, Oregonians spent $1.277 billion on all forms of gambling, equaling $357 per capita. (ECO Northwest, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>During fiscal year 2006, Lottery sales in Oregon were $1.1 billion. (Oregon Lottery, 2006) </li></ul><ul><li>Consumers spend more on legal gaming in the United States than most other forms of entertainment combined. (“1998 Gross Annual Wager Report, 1999) </li></ul>
  14. 14. To Gamble or Not To Gamble <ul><li>Positive Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Casinos provide employment and increased income for Native Americans. </li></ul><ul><li>Gaming is recreation. </li></ul><ul><li>Gaming provides social activities. </li></ul><ul><li>Money generated in Oregon helps fund education and other community programs. </li></ul>
  15. 15. To Gamble or Not to Gamble <ul><li>Negative Effects </li></ul><ul><li>Gambling takes time and money away from family. </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of trust. </li></ul><ul><li>Need for $ leads to debt, theft, fraud, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Addictive </li></ul><ul><li>Work or school may suffer due to gambling. </li></ul><ul><li>Children feel neglected due to parent’s gambling. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Gambling Words Decoded <ul><li>Casino: </li></ul>A gambling facility that normally includes some combination of slot machines, video games, card games and other games. Charitable Gaming or Lawful Gaming: Games run by non-profit groups under state regulation, such as tabs, bingo and raffles.
  17. 17. More Decoded Words <ul><li>Compulsive </li></ul><ul><li>Or Addictive </li></ul><ul><li>Gambling: </li></ul>The inability to resist impulses to gamble, resulting in damage to one’s personal life, family or job. Craps: The most popular dice game in the world. Keno: A game in which players pick numbers out of a grid and can choose their own odds and payoff.
  18. 18. A Few More Words . . . <ul><li>Lotto: </li></ul>A form of lottery. Jackpots are very large, often pooled across states, and increase daily until winning numbers are drawn. Video Lottery Terminal: Electronic games played on a video screen, typically poker, keno, blackjack or slots.
  19. 19. Getting Help in Jackson County <ul><li>Treatment is free for gamblers and loved ones! </li></ul><ul><li>You can speak to your counselor or teacher for more information. </li></ul><ul><li>Local Treatment Providers: </li></ul><ul><li>Addictions Recovery Center </li></ul><ul><li>On Track </li></ul><ul><li>1-877-2-STOP-NOW </li></ul><ul><li>Helpline, available 24 hrs, everyday </li></ul>