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Let's Talk About Gambling - Jackson County
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Let's Talk About Gambling - Jackson County

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  • 1. Let’s Talk About Gambling
    • What is the history of gambling in the United States and Oregon?
    • How big is gambling?
    • What are types of lawful or charitable gambling?
    • Define common gambling terms.
    • What are the positive and negative effects of gambling in Oregon and in local communities?
    • What are signs of compulsive gambling behavior?
    • How does participation in gambling activities relate to family situations?
    • To gamble or not to gamble, that is the question?
  • 2. The History of Gambling
    • Gambling has been around a long time. Our modern dice and playing cards can be traced back to primitive people who
    • cast bones or sticks into the air.
    • Two of the primary forms of gambling throughout history have been racing and lotteries . 
    • Horse racing has its roots in the chariot
    • races of Rome.
    • The first state run lottery took place in Genoa,
    • in 1515 or about the time Martin Luther was protesting the church’s sins.
    • Horse racing in America began in New York in 1665.
  • 3. Lawful Gambling
    • In 1984, Oregon voters authorize a state-run lottery. Scratch off tickets were introduced in 1985.
    • In 1989, Oregon becomes the only state to offer sports betting with the Sports Action Lottery.
    • In 1991, Oregon becomes the first state to offer Keno games every five minutes.
    • In 1992, Video Lottery is legalized. Net revenues as of 2001 were over 3 Billion dollars.
    • In 1994, the first Native American casino opens in Oregon.
    • In 2003, Monday Night Football scratch off
    • tickets are offered.
  • 4. Minimum Ages to Gamble
    • 18 years old - Charitable bingo and pull tabs, pari-mutel betting (e.g. race track).
    • Also 18 years old – Lottery, bingo and blackjack.
    • 21 years old – Video lottery and
    • tribal casinos.
  • 5. Gambling Myths
    • Myth: Problem gambling is easy to recognize.
    • Reality: Problem gambling has been called the hidden addiction. Gambling is easy to hide. Many problem gamblers often engage in self-denial.
  • 6. Other Gambling Myths Myth: I’d have to gamble every day to be a problem gambler. Reality: If gambling causes a person psycho- logical, financial, emotional, marital, legal or other difficulties then they have a problem. Myth: Gambling isn’t a problem if you can afford it. Reality: Problems caused by excessive gambling aren’t just financial. It can lead to relationship breakdown and loss of important friendships.
  • 7. More Myths . . .
    • Myth: All problem gamblers are irresponsible.
    • Reality: Many problem gamblers hold, or have held responsible community positions. In addition, even people with a long history of responsible behavior are vulnerable to developing a gambling problem.
    • Myth: People my age are not affected by problem gambling.
    • Reality: About 10 to 15 percent of American youth have experienced gambling related problems. Children of problem gamblers are at higher risk of developing health threatening behaviors.
  • 8. Definition of Gambling Webster’s defines gambling as: A. To bet on an uncertain outcome, as of contest. B. To play a game of chance. To take a chance: speculate. 3. To expose to risk: venture. Problem gambling is defined as: “Gambling behavior which causes disruptions in any major area of life: psychological, physical, social or vocational”. (National Council on Problem Gambling)
  • 9. Gambling In Oregon
    • More than 60,000 Oregon adults are believed to meet the criteria of a problem gambler.
    • One in every 25 Oregon teens is a problem gambler – that’s more than 10,000 Oregon teens!
    • One in 10 teens is an “at-risk” gambler (he or she may be moving towards a
    • gambling problem).
    • Two-thirds of teens gamble at
    • least once a year.
  • 10. Gambling History in the United States
    • Lotteries were used to pay war debts and build public works. They were used in Jamestown as early as 1612 and helped raise the Colonial Army in 1775.
    • Ivy league colleges were built with the help of lottery dollars.
    • George Washington personally signed batches of lottery tickets.
    • Eventually, scandal, bribery of legislators and corruption led to constitutional prohibitions in 36 states.
  • 11. Gambling History in Oregon
    • In Oregon, the current gambling cycle began in 1933. The Oregon Racing Commission was established, and monitored greyhound racing in the state.
    • Oregon is currently among states with the top gambling revenues, and is a leader in types and availability of gambling.
  • 12. What Problem Gamblers Had to Say in 2002
    • 10% considered committing suicide.
    • 24% reported their gambling cost them a marriage or significant relationship.
    • 15% lost their jobs due to gambling.
    • 40% committed crimes to finance their gambling.
  • 13. Spending Habits
    • In 2004, Oregonians spent $1.277 billion on all forms of gambling, equaling $357 per capita. (ECO Northwest, 2006)
    • During fiscal year 2006, Lottery sales in Oregon were $1.1 billion. (Oregon Lottery, 2006)
    • Consumers spend more on legal gaming in the United States than most other forms of entertainment combined. (“1998 Gross Annual Wager Report, 1999)
  • 14. To Gamble or Not To Gamble
    • Positive Effects
    • Casinos provide employment and increased income for Native Americans.
    • Gaming is recreation.
    • Gaming provides social activities.
    • Money generated in Oregon helps fund education and other community programs.
  • 15. To Gamble or Not to Gamble
    • Negative Effects
    • Gambling takes time and money away from family.
    • Loss of trust.
    • Need for $ leads to debt, theft, fraud, etc.
    • Addictive
    • Work or school may suffer due to gambling.
    • Children feel neglected due to parent’s gambling.
  • 16. Gambling Words Decoded
    • Casino:
    A gambling facility that normally includes some combination of slot machines, video games, card games and other games. Charitable Gaming or Lawful Gaming: Games run by non-profit groups under state regulation, such as tabs, bingo and raffles.
  • 17. More Decoded Words
    • Compulsive
    • Or Addictive
    • Gambling:
    The inability to resist impulses to gamble, resulting in damage to one’s personal life, family or job. Craps: The most popular dice game in the world. Keno: A game in which players pick numbers out of a grid and can choose their own odds and payoff.
  • 18. A Few More Words . . .
    • Lotto:
    A form of lottery. Jackpots are very large, often pooled across states, and increase daily until winning numbers are drawn. Video Lottery Terminal: Electronic games played on a video screen, typically poker, keno, blackjack or slots.
  • 19. Getting Help in Jackson County
    • Treatment is free for gamblers and loved ones!
    • You can speak to your counselor or teacher for more information.
    • Local Treatment Providers:
    • Addictions Recovery Center
    • On Track
    • 1-877-2-STOP-NOW
    • Helpline, available 24 hrs, everyday