A Game of Badminton


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A Game of Badminton

  1. 1. Badminton by Axiom Education A Game of Badminton
  2. 2. Badminton by Axiom Education A Game of Badminton <ul><li>WHAT?? </li></ul><ul><li>Badminton is a racquet sport played by either two opposing players (singles) or two opposing pairs (doubles), </li></ul><ul><li>Players take positions on opposite halves of a rectangular court that is divided by a net. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Badminton by Axiom Education History of Badminton <ul><li>WHEN?? </li></ul><ul><li>Badminton dates back to ancient Greece and Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>In Japan, the related game Hanetsuki was played as early as the 16th century </li></ul><ul><li>In the west, badminton came from a game called battledore and shuttlecock , in which two or more players keep a feathered shuttlecock in the air with small racquets </li></ul><ul><li>The game was called &quot; Poona &quot; in India during the 18th century </li></ul><ul><li>The new sport was definitively launched in 1873 at the Badminton House , Gloucestershire </li></ul><ul><li>The game was referred to as &quot;The Game of Badminton,&quot; and, the game's official name became Badminton </li></ul><ul><li>The Badminton World Federation (BWF) was established in 1934 with Canada , Denmark , England, France , the Netherlands , Ireland , New Zealand , Scotland , and Wales as its founding members. India joined as an affiliate in 1936 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Badminton by Axiom Education Laws of the Game HOW?? The Court <ul><li>The full width of a badminton court is 6.1 metres. However, in singles this is reduced to 5.18 metres </li></ul><ul><li>The full length of a badminton court is 13.4 metres </li></ul><ul><li>The service courts are marked by a centre line. It divides the width of the court, by a short service line at a distance of 1.98 metres from the net, and by the outer side and back boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>The service court is marked by a long service line In doubles, which is 0.78 metres from the back boundary </li></ul><ul><li>The net is 1.55 metres high at the edges and 1.524 metres high in the centre </li></ul>
  5. 5. Badminton by Axiom Education <ul><li>Scoring System </li></ul><ul><li>Each game is played up to 21 points, with players scoring a point whenever they win a rally </li></ul><ul><li>In singles, the server stands in his right service court when his score is even, and in his left service court when his score is odd </li></ul><ul><li>In doubles, if the serving side wins a rally, the same player continues to serve, but he changes service courts so that he serves to each opponent in turn. When the serving side loses a rally, the serve passes to their opponents </li></ul><ul><li>If their new score is even, the player in the right service court serves; if odd, the player in the left service court serves </li></ul><ul><li>When the server serves, the shuttlecock must pass over the short service line on the opponents' court or it will count as a fault </li></ul><ul><li>If the score reaches 20-all, then the game continues until one side gains a two point lead (such as 24-22), up to a maximum of 30 points (30-29 is a winning score) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Badminton by Axiom Education Equipment <ul><li>Rackets </li></ul><ul><li>Badminton rackets are light, with top quality rackets weighing between about 70 and 100 grams (without strings) </li></ul><ul><li>They are composed of many different materials ranging from carbon fibre composite ( graphite reinforced plastic ) to solid steel, which may be augmented by a variety of materials </li></ul><ul><li>Shuttlecock </li></ul><ul><li>A shuttlecock (often abbreviated to shuttle and also known as a bird or birdie) is a high- drag projectile , with an open conical shape </li></ul><ul><li>the cone is formed from sixteen overlapping goose feathers embedded into a rounded cork base </li></ul><ul><li>The cork is covered with thin leather </li></ul><ul><li>Shuttles with a plastic skirt are often used by recreational players to reduce their costs as feathered shuttles break easily </li></ul>
  7. 7. Badminton by Axiom Education Badminton Strokes <ul><li>All strokes can be played either forehand or backhand (except for the high serve, which is only ever played as a forehand) </li></ul><ul><li>A player's forehand side is the same side as his playing hand: for a right-handed player, the forehand side is his right side and the backhand side is his left side </li></ul><ul><li>Forehand strokes are hit with the front of the hand leading (like hitting with the palm), whereas backhand strokes are hit with the back of the hand leading (like hitting with the knuckles) </li></ul><ul><li>Round-the-head forehand overhead is a forehand &quot;on the backhand side“ rather than attempt a backhand overhead </li></ul><ul><li>In the forecourt, a high shuttlecock will be met with a net kill , hitting it steeply downwards and attempting to win the rally immediately </li></ul><ul><li>In the midcourt, a high shuttlecock will usually be met with a powerful smash , also hitting downwards and hoping for an outright winner or a weak reply </li></ul><ul><li>The service presents its own array of stroke choices and is restricted by Laws so that it must be hit upwards. The server can choose a low serve into the forecourt (like a push), or a lift to the back of the service court, or a flat drive serve </li></ul>
  8. 8. Badminton by Axiom Education Strategies <ul><li>Doubles </li></ul><ul><li>Both pairs will try to gain and maintain the attack, hitting downwards as much as possible </li></ul><ul><li>Whenever possible, a pair will adopt an ideal attacking formation with one player hitting down from the rear-court, and his partner in the midcourt intercepting all smash returns except the lift </li></ul><ul><li>Singles </li></ul><ul><li>The singles court is narrower than the doubles court, but the same length </li></ul><ul><li>Since one person needs to cover the entire court, singles tactics are based on forcing the opponent to move as much as possible; this means that singles strokes are normally directed to the corners of the court </li></ul>
  9. 9. Badminton by Axiom Education <ul><li>Mixed doubles </li></ul><ul><li>In mixed doubles, both pairs try to maintain an attacking formation with the woman at the front and the man at the back </li></ul><ul><li>This is because the male players are substantially stronger, and can therefore produce more powerful smashes </li></ul>
  10. 10. Badminton by Axiom Education Governing Bodies <ul><li>The Badminton World Federation (BWF) is the internationally recognized governing body of the sport </li></ul><ul><li>The BWF headquarters are currently located in Kuala Lumpur , Malaysia </li></ul><ul><li>Five regional confederations are associated with the BWF: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Asia : Badminton Asia Confederation (BAC) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Africa : Badminton Confederation of Africa (BCA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Americas : Badminton Pan Am </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(North America and South America belong the same confederation; BPA) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Europe : Badminton Europe (BE) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oceania : Badminton Oceania (BO) </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Badminton by Axiom Education Competitions <ul><li>LEVEL 1 </li></ul><ul><li>The BWF organizes several international competitions, including the Thomas Cup , the premier men's event, and the Uber Cup , the women's equivalent. The competitions take place once every two years </li></ul><ul><li>The Sudirman Cup , a mixed team event held once every two years, began in 1989. It is divided into seven groups based on the performance of each country. To win the tournament, a country must perform well across all five disciplines (men's doubles and singles, women's doubles and singles, and mixed doubles) </li></ul><ul><li>In the BWF World Championships , only the highest ranked 64 players in the world, and a maximum of three from each country, can participate in any category </li></ul>
  12. 12. Badminton by Axiom Education <ul><li>LEVEL 2 </li></ul><ul><li>At the start of 2007, the BWF also introduce a new tournament structure: the BWF Super Series . This level two tournament will stage twelve open tournaments around the world with 32 players </li></ul><ul><li>LEVEL 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Asia ( Badminton Asia Championships ) and Europe ( European Badminton Championships ), which produce the world's best players as well as the Pan America Badminton Championships. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Badminton by Axiom Education Did You Know?? <ul><li>Men's doubles player Fu Haifeng of China set the official world smash record of 332 km/h (206 mph) on June 3, 2005 in the Sudirman Cup </li></ul><ul><li>The fastest smash recorded in the singles competition is 305 km/h (189 mph) by Taufik Hidayat of Indonesia </li></ul><ul><li>The shuttlecock is strongly affected by wind, hence all the competitive badminton is played indoors </li></ul><ul><li>The shuttlecock is very aerodynamically stable. Regardless of initial orientation, the shuttlecock always fly cork-first and remains in the cork-first orientation </li></ul>
  14. 14. Badminton by Axiom Education THANK YOU !!