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  • 1. Edexcel GCE 2008 Physical Education Editable scheme of work We are happy to Detailed help on provide this scheme resources of work for you to amend and adapt to Week by suit your teaching week content purposes. coverage We hope you find Exemplar this useful. activities Learning outcome
  • 2. Practical support to help you deliver this Edexcel specification Scheme of work This scheme of work has been produced to help you implement this Edexcel specification. It is offered as an example of one possible model that you should feel free to adapt to meet your needs and is not intended to be in any way prescriptive. It is in editable word format to make adaptation as easy as possible. Teaching resource exemplars The scheme of work contains suggestions for resources that you can use to support your teaching. These are suggestions only of material you may find useful and you are encouraged to use a wide range of resources that suit the needs of your students. Other Edexcel teaching resources Pearson Education produce a wide range their own teaching resources including: • GCE PE AS Student Book • GCE PE A2 Student Book • GCE PE AS Teachers Resource PackGuide • GCE PE AS Teachers Resource PackGuide You’ll find details of all of these at http://www.edexcel.com/quals/gce/gce08/pe/Pages/default.aspx We are also working with a range of Publishers to support you, textbooks have been produced to support this subject by Hodder Education, Folens and Heinemann Educational Publishing. Edexcel Subject Advisors Edexcel has a team of specialist subject advisors available to help you with implementation of this specification. You can contact them by email or phone. Email: PEandSportSubjectAdvisor@edexcelexperts.co.uk Phone: 0844 576 0036 Edexcel Additional Support • Ask the Expert — puts you in direct email contact with over 200 of our senior subject experts • Edexcel's community — these message boards are designed to enable you to access peer-to-peer support from fellow Edexcel teaching and delivery staff in schools and colleges.
  • 3. This shows how a term-by-term or week-by-week approach to the content can be organised ie the basis of a scheme of work. Pre-Planning In Physical Education there is no “perfect Model” that all centres can follow because there are so many variables and these may include: • Facilities • Centre — Boys, Girls or mixed centre • Number of students • Options that can be offered on-site in the centre programme • Off-site activities which need to be videoed because they take place outside the centre • Time-table, number and length of lessons • Staff expertise.
  • 4. Specification content Unit 3 Students will learn the theoretical parts of the course better if they are taught these topics through practical activity. This ‘hands-on’ approach to learning will help the candidates when they come to answer their written examination. We have offered Unit in 2 pathways to match the information as laid out in the specification but centres may also want to split this suggested scheme further to reflect the traditional strands of A2 PE and we have identified these in the table – exercise physiology strand (ExPhys), Sport Psychology Strand (SpPsy) and elite support strand ( ELS) Short Term Preparation Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 1 Sports Science – an Ex phys Overview of role sport science plays in Use of video clips showing Glossary of key terms – e- introduction to the disciplines the support of elite athletes how teams spec getting started Sp Psy Overview of assessment of unit 3 prepare for global ELS competitions – eg Introduction of key terminology teams warming up/team talks 2 Short Term Physiological ExPhys Introduction of key terminology Review of warm up stages Student Book Chapter 1 Preparation Overview of warming up Application to students Teachers Guide Worksheets own sports Overview of sources of energy for 1.1 - 1.5 exercise Activity Short term acclimatisation 3 Warming Up ExPhys Stages of warm up Application to students Student Book Chapter 1 own sports activity Types of stretching Student task pp 7 Intensity and duration of warm ups Teachers Guide Worksheets 1.6 to 1.8 Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009 1
  • 5. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 4 Energy Production for sport ExPhys Review of aerobic and anaerobic energy Applied learning – sporting Student Book Chapter 1 production practical linked to each energy pathway Theory of 3 energy pathways linked to sports activity Application to sporting activities in students own sport 5 Dietary manipulation ExPhys Dietary manipulation Students can keep diet diaries – Student Book Chapter 1 research diet linked to sporting Practice of carbo –loading Student task pp 18 activities – compare Hydration before and during sports Student task pp 20 activity Teachers Guide Worksheets Practice of creatine loading 1.9 1.10 6 Short term acclimatisation ExPhys Environmental factors that influence Students to research case Student Book Chapter 1 preparation and competition studies show Teachers Guide Worksheets Heat adaptation how elite teams and 3.1 performers Hydration planning acclimatise to be able to Effects of altitude compete in different environments 7 Short Term psychological SpPsy Introduction of key terminology Students can undertake Student Book Chapter 2 preparation questionnaires to Overview of motivation and stress Student task pp 32 determine their own stress control levels Teachers Guide Worksheets Strategies used in short term 2.1 psychological preparation Overview of external influences that can influence short term preparation 2 Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009
  • 6. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 8 Motivation SpPsy Types of motivation Research different types of motivation – Student Book Chapter 2 how do these relate to students own Effect on sport sport and role Link to different sporting activity Difference between pressure on amateur and professional sports performers 9 Anxiety SpPsy Anxiety – cognitive and somatic – Students undertake SCA Student Book chapter 2 differences and links tests – compare www.brianmac.co.uk/scat.htm Effects on short term preparation results – are there any trends in terms Choking in sport how athletes who are more anxious choosing particular sports 10 Stress Control Sp Psy Coping strategies Active learning - Students Student Book Chapter 2 to experiment Linked to warm up phase Apply it pp 34 with different relaxation Teachers Guide Worksheets techniques 2.2 11 Short Term strategies to cope Sp Psy Practical strategies Active learning - Students Student book Chapter 2 with stress to experiment Benefits of each/ suitability for different sports activities with different relaxation techniques Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009 3
  • 7. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 12 Aggression & assertion SpPsy Definition of each Use of video clips (from Student book chapter 2 Youtube) and/or Theories behind aggression in sport Images of aggressive sports Effect on performance actions – Coping strategies students to decide whether actions are aggression or assertion 13 Mental rehearsal SpPsy Use and theory Active learning – students Student book chapter 2 can experiment with Examples to include use of visualisation mental rehearsal and imagery techniques Produce a review of the use of mental rehearsal in their own sport/role 14 Relaxation techniques Sp Psy Use of pre game rituals relaxation Active learning – students Student book chapter 2 technique somatic and cognitive can experiment with pre game rituals/techniques Review of sports magazines/media to identify examples of case studies of rituals 15 External influences Sp Psy Theory of home advantage Apply theory to own sport Student book chapter 2 Crowd effect Identify why home Student task pp 36 advantage may Importance of competition and effect on performance benefit teams/individuals in a range of sports 4 Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009
  • 8. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 16 Social facilitation SpPsy Theory of social facilitation Apply theory to own sport Student Book chapter 2 Effect on sport Identify how social facilitation may Application to different sporting activities affect teams/individuals in a range of sports 17 Evaluation Apprehension SpPsy Theory of evaluation apprehension Apply theory to own sport Student Book chapter 2 Effect on sport Identify how evaluation apprehension Application to different sporting activities may affect teams/individuals in a range of sports 18 Strategies to cope with Sp Psy Type of strategies used Active learning – students can Student Book chapter 2 external influences experiment with coping Benefits of each strategies Application to a range of sporting Produce a review of the use of activities and context coping strategies in their own sport/role 19 Short term technical ELS Factors that affect selection of kit and Review of sports Student Book chapter 3 preparation equipment magazines/media to Student task pp 46 Environmental and cultural factors that identify examples of case Teachers Guide Worksheets affect short term preparation studies of 3.1 factors that affect kit and equipment Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009 5
  • 9. Week Content Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources coverage 20 Ergogenic aids ELS Overview of the term ergogenic Review of sports Student Book chapter 3 Review of terms drugs and magazines/media Student task pp 50 supplements to Teachers Guide Worksheets 3.2 Use of ice vests ergogenic aids identify examples in the warm up phase of case studies of the use of ergogenic aids in short term preparation 21 Drugs & Supplements ELS Need for dietary Class debate on the Student Book Chapter 3 supplementation use of drugs in sport Issue of drug taking in sport Case studies linked to sporting activities 22 Use of holding camps ELS Theory of holding camps Active learning – visit Student Book Chapter 8 to UKSI centre Overview of the process and http://www.uksport.gov.uk/pages/winning_medals_home/ strategies that are used in holding camps Review on Teachers Guide Worksheet 3.3 Analysis of pros and cons of internet media holding camps sites Examples/case studies of to find examples holding camp use of holding camps used before global sports competitions 23 Pre Game rituals ELS Theory of pre game rituals Review on Student book chapter 8 internet media Overview of the process and sites strategies to find examples Analysis of pros and cons of pre of pre game game rituals rituals used Examples/case studies of pre before global game rituals used by elite 6 Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009
  • 10. performers sports competitions Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009 7
  • 11. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 24 Fatigue – the concept Ex Phys Definition of fatigue – effects on application to students own Student Book Chapter 4 performance sporting activity How body responds to fatigue - Central governor theory 25 Fatigue – the effect on the Ex Phys Depletion of fuels (PC & glycogen) Active learning – students Student Book Chapter 4 body systems undertake Waste product accumulation (lactic acid) range of practical sports Teachers Guide Worksheet activities to Effects of dehydration 4.2 investigate different levels Effects of electrolyte loss of fatigue 26 Recovery – the concept Ex Phys Timephases of recovery Tracking of recovery after Student Book Chapter 4 sports activity – first few hours Initial phase of recovery – cooling down. to 24 hours Lactic acid removal restoration of ATP/ PC and glycogen stores Longer phase (24 hours) DOMS 27 Recovery – The strategies Ex Phys Use of ergogenic aids to aid recovery application to students own Student Book Chapter 4 chosen sporting activity Ice baths compression clothing Class debate on the use of Analysis of pros and cons of recovery ergogenic aids strategies such as compression clothing – is their any proof of their benefits or are athletes simply following fashion 8 Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009
  • 12. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 28 Exam preparation – revision of Ex Phy/Sp Review of Unit content Revision notes Specimen questions – e- short term preparation Psy/ELS portfolio Practice exam question Key word tests Student book – exam cafe Exam question practice sections Flash cards 29 Exam preparation – revision of Ex Phy/Sp Review of Unit content Revision notes Specimen questions – e- short term preparation Psy/ELS portfolio Practice exam question Key word tests Student book – exam cafe Exam question practice sections Flash cards 30 Exam preparation – revision of Ex Phy/Sp Review of Unit content Revision notes Specimen questions – e- short term preparation Psy/ELS portfolio Practice exam question Key word tests Student book – exam cafe Exam question practice sections Flash cards Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009 9
  • 13. Long Term Preparation & Managing Elite Performance Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 1 Managing elite performance ELS Overview of managing elite Groups of students Glossary of key terms – performance undertake initial espec getting started Introduction of key terminology research and review of Student Book Chapter 8 international case Intro to international sports case studies Teachers Guide Worksheet studies 8.3 2 History and development of ELS Need for elite sports support Students can research in Student Book Chapter 8 elite support small groups the Link to development of nation building and shop window needs of athletes from a range of sports – Development of professional sports performers present findings to whole class Political and cultural effects on elite sports preparation 3 The academy model of elite ELS Review of terminology academy/centre Review use linked to own Student Book Chapter 8 sports preparation of excellence sport Role in supporting elite athletes Teachers Guide Worksheet Needs of elite athletes Argue pros and cons of an 9.2 academy model If no academy model currently in student’s chosen sport – justify why one should be introduce If students chosen sport does have an academy system – present an analysis 4 Elite Sports study – East ELS Overview of East German elite sports Students could in smaller Student Book Chapter 8 Germany system groups research Student task pp 154 Use of talent identification elements of East German Model – the Sports Schools and centres of excellence Teachers Guide Worksheet present to rest of group Issues of systems – political/use of drugs 8.1 Legacy of East German sports system Use one of numerous 10 Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009
  • 14. documentaries available on internet to give background to East German model Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009 11
  • 15. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 5 Elite sports study – Australia ELS Overview of Australian elite sports Students could in smaller Student Book Chapter 8 system groups research Use of talent identification elements of the Australian sports system centres of excellence – role of AIS – then present to rest of Political background linked to Olympic group failure in 1976 Legacy of Australian elite sports system 6 Elite sports study – U.S.A. ELS Overview of USA elite sports system Students could in smaller Student Book Chapter 8 groups research Role of education system in nurturing Teachers Guide Worksheet elite sports talent elements of the USA sports 8.2 system Issues of systems – win at all costs dominance – then present to rest of group Legacy of USA elite sports system 7 Case study – International ELS Preparation and support for Task 4.2 Overview of research Student Book Chapter 10 study methods Role of school and education systems See Unit 4 scheme of work 8 Case study – International ELS Preparation and support for Task 4.2 Students to undertake an initial Student Book Chapter 10 study research review and present Elite sports model – professional sports See Unit 4 scheme of work justification of study culture system 12 Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009
  • 16. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 9 Comparative review ELS What can the UK learn from other elite Students in groups can Student Book Chapter 8 sport systems? research and present elements such as use of sports search, sports boarding schools, academic scholarships, draft into professional sport 10 Use of technology in ELS Role of technology in training analysis Application to chosen Student Book Chapter 9 developing elite performance sport and/or role Enhancement and evaluation of sporting Student task pp176 performance Concept of sports science and support 11 The role of national agencies ELS Role of national agencies Link to international study Student book chapter 9 in athlete preparation Sporting and political agencies Students present pictorial Teachers Guide Worksheet revision sheet 9.3 Case studies which shows different type of support for elite athletes 12 Long term physiological Ex Phys Overview of key long term adaptations Link to development plan Student book Chapter 5 preparation in Unit 4 Adaptation linked to time Student task pp 78 Application of possible Benefits of adaptation adaptation linked Links to training planning and fitness to chosen sport/role and analysis fitness targets Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009 13
  • 17. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 13 Aerobic adaptations to training Ex phys Adaptation of cardiac function – benefit Small groups research and Student book Chapter 5 to sporting performance review Student task pp 84 Adaptation of vascular system – benefit different adaptations and to sporting performance present to Adaptation to respiratory system - rest of class benefit to sporting performance Adaptations to other body systems 14 Anaerobic adaptations to Ex phys Increase in anaerobic stores Small groups research and Student book Chapter 5 training review Adaptation to anaerobic enzymes different adaptations and Adaptation to lactate tolerance – present to effects on sporting performance rest of class 15 Adaptations linked to training Ex Phys Include following types of training Small groups research and Student book Chapter 5 methods review Continuous; interval; plyometrics/power training; circuit; weight; resistance; different training methods speed; fartlek; core stability; SAQ; and present to stretching rest of class 16 Long term psychological Sports Psych Overview of long term preparation Link to development plan Student book Chapter 6 preparation in Unit 4 Definition of long term Students given a key topic Application to psychological training from LT psychological preparation – give a short period 15mins to research topic and then present to rest of group 14 Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009
  • 18. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 17 Goal Setting SpPsy Use and role of goal setting Students apply SMART Student book Chapter 6 principles to their SMART principles own goal setting Use of performance profiling 18 Attribution theory SpPsy External and internal factors that can Review of sports media – Student book Chapter 6 be attributed to success and failure apply comments Teachers Guide Worksheet Weiner’s two dimensions of attribution from 6.2 coaches/managers/perfor Applied attribution theory mers to attribution theory 19 Achievement Motivation Sp Psy Definition and theory of achievement Application to students Student book Chapter 6 motivation own chosen sport Teachers Guide Worksheet Nach and Naff principles applied to Produce a pictogram of 6.1 sporting performance athletes linked to Intrinsic and extrinsic factors and their NAFF/NACH affect on motivation 20 Skill development and tactics Sp Psy Use of Visualisation in long term Active learning – students can Student book Chapter 6 psychological training experiment with visualisation techniques Produce a review of the use of visualisation in their own sport/role Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009 15
  • 19. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 21 Use of ritual Sp Psy Use of ritual in long term psychological Review of earlier sessions Student book chapter 6 training on use of ritual – apply Student task pp119 theory to sport psychology Case/studies examples of elite performance and use of ritual Review on internet media sites to find examples of ritual used before global sports competitions Video clips of rugby Haka’s 22 Skill Training Sp Psy Training for decision making Active learning – students Student book chapter 6 can experiment Visual awareness training Student tasks- pp122 pp123 with techniques outlined in chapter 6 Produce a review of the use of skill training technique in their own sport/role 23 Group Cohesion Sp Psy Definition and theory of group cohesion Use of DVD’s such as Student book chapter 6 behind scenes of Tactics used to develop group cohesion Student tasks- pp132 British Lions Tours to Application to sporting activity identify examples of team building Active learning – students take part in group building activity 24 Long term technical ELS Role of mechanical/biomechanical Small groups research and Student Book Chapter 7 development science in improving sporting talent review Teachers Guide Worksheet Role of mechanical analysis and different methods and 7.1 feedback in developing technique present to rest of class 16 Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009
  • 20. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 25 Refining technique ELS Importance of technique improvement Apply examples from Student book chapter 7 chosen sport – use Perfect model Student task pp 138 of BBC Sports Academy Technique as part of long term training website to develop range of case studies and examples 26 Use of feedback in refining ELS Use of technology and feedback in Use internet sites of Student book chapter 7 performance developing elite performance companies such as Use of video and computer software prozone to research how feedback is Case study – use of prozone in elite team sports developing in elite sport 27 Use of ergogenic aids in long- ELS Ergogenic aids and their use in long Review on internet media Student book chapter 7 term preparation term training sites Student task pp 144 Use of force plates, pedometry, heart to find examples of Student task pp 145 rate monitoring and GPS technology technology used in training used before global sports competitions Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009 17
  • 21. Week Content coverage Strand Theory L & T Activities Resources 28 Exam preparation – revision of Ex Phy/Sp Review of Unit content Revision notes Specimen questions – e- short term preparation Psy/ELS portfolio Practice exam question Key word tests Student book – exam cafe Exam question practice sections Flash cards 29 Exam preparation – revision of Ex Phy/Sp Review of Unit content Revision notes Specimen questions – e- short term preparation Psy/ELS portfolio Practice exam question Key word tests Student book – exam cafe Exam question practice sections Flash cards 30 Exam preparation – revision of Ex Phy/Sp Review of Unit content Revision notes Specimen questions – e- short term preparation Psy/ELS portfolio Practice exam question Key word tests Student book – exam cafe Exam question practice sections Flash cards 18 Edexcel GCE in Physical Education Scheme of work © Edexcel Limited 2009