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  1. 1. Edexcel: AS P.E. Unit 1: Opportunities and Pathways Content to be covered All students should know More able students should know Extension work Homeworks Resources 1 Introduction to A Level P.E. Aims & Expectations File organisation COURSEWORK BREAKDOWN Explanation of the 3 roles required for the practical: COACH, OFFICIAL & PERFORMER Defining the field of study Explanation of Coursework sections on CD-ROM and stand alone computer. 2:1; 2:2; 2:3; 2:4 Definitions of: Play Physical Recreation Physical Education Sport Outdoor Recreation Characteristics of each of the terms Examples of activities under each heading Role play each term using a skipping rope How they need to set up their files and that there is a need to continue collating data throughout the year. What is Leisure? The continuum of lifestyle aspects - work - bodily needs - duties - leisure time (choice or little choice) Create a Personal Leisure Continuum Ensure they have 1 lever arch file & dividers Set up CD ROM and find a coaching or officiating course to complete this year. Get a scrap book for issues Revise definition and characteristics for test PowerPoint Work sheets WS1 Role Play cards Skipping ropes PowerPoint work pack 2 Performance and Participation Pyramid – the structure and what occurs at each level. The sporting pyramid and definitions of each of the levels of the pyramid and their key differences The role of key UK Sports Agencies in relation to the pyramid Review into more detail each different agency and how they are related to performance pathways Using their sport and the NGB website produce a sporting pyramid for the various levels Using the Internet research various schemes and projects run by their sports NGB at the different levels of the pyramid. Textbook Board pens OHP PowerPoint ICT Suite Worksheets 3 Performance Pathways in Sport Case Studies: In individual sports looking at how athletes reach the elite levels in their sport. How pathways have changed over the last five years. Aiming towards London 2012 For their chosen activity look at how the pathways have changed. Produce a written account on the changes of the pathways for their sport. INTERNET NGB Websites Sports Publications 4 - 5 Traditional pathways and current pathways from Grass Roots to Historical pathways from grass roots – elite (a) School – County The link between YST → Sport England → UK Sport Case studies in UK – from excellence at Research own sport at school level Worksheets Textbook Internet access
  2. 2. Excellence – Regional – Elite (b) Local Club – Senior Club – Top Level Club - Elite The National frame work for sport in England PESSCL strategy – Bringing the two pathways together. University involvement Understanding of game plan Sporting future for all Sports Search programmes With a brief introduction to talent identification Beijing 2008 ♦rowing ♦cycling ♦swimming Why do these sports have it right – what are they doing Are there any National Competitions – is there a specific school sport association Produce a sports pathway for your sport at school level Revise for an exam on Performance Pathways and the Pyramid (EXAM) 6 – 9 3 Taught Lessons, plus 4 weeks homework Introduction to Local Provision Coursework. Aims and Objectives of this piece of coursework. Teacher should explain the layout and content of the piece of work: (a) Planning for this piece. (b) Content of this essay (c) Research that needs to be conducted (d) Concluding findings (e) WORD COUNT = 1000 words max. All students should be completing a plan for this essay during this lesson. This is to be handed into the member of staff at the end for marking. Staff MUST make the students aware of the roles in which must be analysed: Performer; Coach; Official Students can select one, but must briefly mention the other 2. Introduction: Sport and a map of the local area being studied; what areas will be researched in order to complete this piece. Main Essay: FOUNDATION – ELITE LEVEL (county selection) Local School Provision e.g. LWS; Primary Schools; Sports College Status – what it offers Local Clubs at all ages – training, Once the plan has been completed and MARKED – students must now complete this coursework to a schedule. Introduction – TBC by end of lesson 7 Research and collation of notes TBC by end of lesson 9. HOMEWORK OVER NEXT 4 WEEKS is to complete coursework. INTERNET Sports Journals Text book Class notes NGB Publications
  3. 3. provision, activities etc. NGB for the sport – what programmes are in place to enhance participation in this sport. NB: Must mention agencies involved with local sport Must mention award schemes. Gender Issues within the participation concept; Disability Clubs in the local area and the provision for this Draft 1 deadline: first week in October Draft 2 Deadline: Second week in October Final Deadline: Before Half Term in October 10 The Organisation of Sport and Recreation within the UK Work of Specialist Agencies within Sport The Structure of Sport within the UK – look at diagram. Roles of Key UK Agencies (YST, UK Sport, Sport England – Scotland, Wales and NI) How these agencies are involved in sport and at which level do they function at on the Performance Pyramid. Specialist Agencies - Womens Sports Foundation Fedaration of English Sport in the UK has a Decentralised System of Administration; NGB’s are run by Volunteers who lack expertise thus resulting in inconsistent effectiveness. Funding for Sport In the UK and where it comes from. DEBATE: How could sport be organised and run in the UK, that would prove more beneficial and suitable? Are there any methods being used Globally that we could use / learn from? Australia? USA? China? Russia? Students should use the knowledge and understanding from this lesson to incorporate the information required into their coursework. Coursework should be ongoing. INTERNET, Textbook Notes from class Worksheets
  4. 4. Disability Sport Sports Coach UK Kick It Out – Racism Other areas which are used to raise Participation = Concessions, Programming, Local Schemes, School and County Sports Partnerships PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO THE OXFORDSHIRE SCHOOL SPORTS PARTNERSHIP – Speak to SJo who is on the Committee. 11 Mass participation and sport for all Concepts of sport for all Mass participation Lifetime sports eg. What are they? Leadership and volunteering programmes – JSL, CSL Sport England’s participation segments (Inactive, subs bench, mild enthusiasts and sporty types) look at SPORT ENGLAND document for sports leading up to 2012. Benefits of increased participation Explore the Grass Roots Schemes of all NGB’s to see their What are Lifelong Sports and why are they so important? What can be done to enhance a grass roots involvement in sport? Examples of each of these categories. Aim to incorporate information into coursework Compare the mass participation and grass roots sport in UK with USA and Australia Differences and similarities between these 3 nations TEACHER LED: Australia 90% of Population Reg. Active. USA 3% UK 35% Reasons for this at Mass Participation Levels Continue with Coursework Internet Textbook Worksheets Class Notes
  5. 5. (health, social and economic) – link to Unit 1a – health factors 12 Talent Identification and Development Historical Overview GLOBAL NATURE (a) East Germany (b) Australia (c) France The concept of talent identification – key definitions Historical overview of how East Germany identified talent AIS – Australia’s Talent ID programme France - INSEP The benefits of the elite talent sports. Institutes for mentoring talent How do they identify talent and develop their athletes Create a map showing talent identification initiatives globally, on A3 paper – looking at in particular USA, Australia, East Germany, France. Continue to work on final coursework piece. PowerPoint Worksheets Coursework Guidance Pens Paper Internet Access 13 Talent Identification and Development UK BASED Talent development in the UK UKSI and Network Centres English Institute of Sport Specific Sports Based Centres Eg. Tennis – Satellite Academies and HPC’s Sporting Giants world class programme Sports Search Gifted & Talented Performance (TASS) JAE Programme Sports College Initiatives UK based Review key elite athletes in UK and look at their Talent ID pathways Swimmers; Gymnasts; Cyclists; Rowers Review Traditional Sports Talent ID e.g. Hockey, Netball, Rugby and Football How they became elite performers How do you get to be a champion in your chosen sport Hand in Local Provision Coursework before half term Revise for an exam on Talent Identification EXAM PowerPoint Worksheets Coursework Guidance Pens Paper Internet Access 14 Cultural Setting of time space and freedom to participate Constraints on participation Definitions of time, space and freedom and how these enable participation Enforced constraints Discrimination Different types of discrimination and how opportunity, provision, access & esteem are affected - gender - disability Challenging discrimination - role models - positive stereotype s Complete discrimination worksheets for next lesson What do these myths mean to Edexcel Book Worksheets PowerPoint PowerPoint pack
  6. 6. Discrimination Opportunity, Access, Provision, Esteem - opportunity - access - provision - esteem Natural constraints - Topography - Geography Stacking & centrality - creed - age - race - economical - understanding stacking in terms of different counties - myths & beliefs - esteem - differing types of society - tribal - emergent - advanced Link to key points you? - white flight - blacks cant swim - white men cant jump - blacks are thick - whites can think 15 Target Groups in relation to discrimination within sports Defining Target Groups What are target groups? Define target groups Gender: Race; Creed; Age Economical/Social background Disability ; in relation to access, opportunity, esteem and provision Under-represented Groups - Bradford Asian Women’s Swimming Group Be able to identify target groups within their sports Explain the reasons for under- represented groups/minorities in sports Who? What? Where? Why? How? When? Linked – over 2 → lessons Select an under represented group within your sport/a chosen activity and make this your target group and what you hope to achieve for them See previous column OHP’s Edexcel Text Worksheets Newspaper Articles Resources on Sport for All UK Sport England 16 Reformative Policy in Sport for all - How reforms are changing the idea of creating a more active England and Great Britain What is a Reformative policy? How does a Reformative policy take place? Examples of Reformative policy? - What is sport for all? - Sports Council Roles - Making England Active - Multi-Sport Hubs Definitions are all linked to Sport for All Reforming Policies Reformative Policies to include: Concessions Timetabling Different Activities Mobility Access For your target group, following the reformative policy structure – record the agreed action points that you would need to take to ensure that the target group achieved access, opportunity, provision and esteem in this sport See previous column REVISE FOR AN EXAM ON THESE TOPICS (LESSONS 14 – 16) (same as above)
  7. 7. - Active Places Initiative 17 Specialist Agencies aimed at raising participation levels in the UK Looking at the structure of sport in the UK, be able to identify those agencies involved in increasing participation levels in the UK. Sports England Youth Sports Trust - Sports Colleges - TOP Programmes - Leadership and Coaching Awards NGB Involvement Looking Specifically at School Sport and what is being done for Sport and PE from the Government to raise participation. Fit For Life Initiatives Sainsbury’s Award Schemes Increase in number of hours for PE in schools Increase profile of sport and PE In a group create a presentation on how these agencies are developing and increasing participation rates in the UK. See Previous Column Textbook Websites Powerpoint Presentation 18 – 21 3 taught lessons, plus 4 weeks homework Introduction to National Provision Coursework Aims and Objectives of this piece of coursework. Teacher should explain the layout and content of the piece of work: (a) Planning for this piece. (b) Content of this essay (c) Research that needs to be conducted (d) Concluding findings WORD COUNT = 1000 words max. All students should be completing a plan for this essay during this lesson. This is to be handed into the member of staff at the end for marking. Staff MUST make the students aware of the roles in which must be analysed: Performer; Coach; Official Students must write about one of the roles in their sport. (NB: Coaching and Officiating are easier than performing in the more traditional This essay should be looking at the National / Elite Level on the Performance Pyramid. From 1st level elite e.g. County – top level elite = International level. Introduction: To include – Role to be researched and key areas to identify Main Essay: To include: How to progress to the top in this role within Once the plan has been completed and MARKED – students must now complete this coursework to a schedule. Introduction – TBC by end of lesson 19 Research and collation of notes TBC by end of lesson 20. HOMEWORK OVER NEXT 4 WEEKS is to complete coursework. INTERNET Sports Journals Text book Class notes NGB Publications
  8. 8. sports) their chosen sport. The pathway required to be followed – NGB? Talent Identification within this role – Centres of Excellence; Other Agencies – CCPR, IOC, BOA, UKSI, EIS, UK Sport, the role that each of these agencies has within the sport and how to reach elite level. Disability and Gender Issues – Paralympic Committee; Disability Sport UK, Womens Sports Fedaration Draft 1 deadline: Third Week in November Draft 2 Deadline: First Week in December Final Deadline: Before Christmas Holidays 22 Origins of Sport Different types of societies - tribal - emergent - advanced Characteristics of these societies and the activities they play/do Examples of societies Tribal Societies: Functional, natural, survival community, social, ritual, ceremonial Colonisation e.g. Samoa, Melanesians (Indonesia) Emergent Societies: Kenya, Middle East, Nation Building, unequal funding, high profile, Law Tech, selection of sport Advanced Culture: Understand the concepts of colonisation – pre and post and what effect this had on sport Understand how emergent cultures use sport as a vehicle for enhancement Sport in the following times - Norman conquest - Medieval England - Tudor & Stuart era - Hanoverian Era - Victorian Times For each of the times in history in ext. work find out what sport was like and briefly summarise each period giving examples of activities and sports played Textbook OHP’s Worksheets
  9. 9. USA, UK, Australia, Technology, society demands 23 - 26 Popular Recreation Festivals of Sport in the past Ancient Modern Popular Recreations Characteristics of Pop. Rec. Impact of church on Popular Recreations Gentry & Peasantry class Mob Activities; Court Games; Combat Sports Types of activities played Festivals and Olympic Style Games in the UK: Much Wenlock, Gog Magog, Cotswolds Olympics, PLUCI CROW Link past characteristics with sporting activities Link ideas of Olympic Styles Games held in UK with those of Ancient Hellenic World and the modern Olympics Practical activities - Lads match - Smock race - Gurning Match - Biscuit bolting What festival activities from early C18th still continue today - research Find out about festival activities that continue today and create a newspaper article Revise all the key points from this topic for a written exam EXAM PowerPoint Work pack OHP’s Practical Props Textbook 26 - 29 The emergence of rational sport and the impact of the Industrial Revolution on the development of sport Rational Recreation Characteristics Urban and Transport Revolutions – impact upon sport Rural-urban shift Birth of the machine age Birth of middle class Working hours 6, 6, 6 Communication & transport improvements Broken (payment) time Saturday ½ day Act Birth of the RRRRR Capitalist Economy Social Christianity Liberalism Social Reform Public School Influence The influence of the church within Rational Recreation Review history of football websites Amateur V Review the changes in society from C18th – C19th and how this enabled sports to develop How NGB’s were initially run Revise characteristics and key points of Rational Recreation – URBAN and TRANSPORT Revolutions Complete worksheets in the work pack EXAM OHP’s Worksheets Work packs PowerPoint
  10. 10. professionals Origin of football clubs Codification of sport, development of NGB’s Spread of Imperialism Professional = (Peasant V Gentry) CAT PUCCIA – diffusion across the empire 30 - 32 Overview of the Influence of Public Schools in the development of Sport 3 stages of public school development - Bullying & brutality - Amoldian Reform - Athleticism & Corinthian Spirit - Characteristics of public schools Diffusion across the empire (Rational Recreation CAT PUCCIA) Oxbridge Melting Pot and the role the Universities had in developing sport Circle of Causality – how sports returned to Public Schools (– developed) How sports were formed e.g. Cambridge Football Rules 1890’s Characteristics of the 3 phases Differences in society within the 3 phases Watch Tom Brown’s School Days – get an idea of what school was like in those days. Different types of sports played at different schools Eton Wall Game etc. Muscular Christianity Manly Piety Growth of Athleticism Characteristics of Athleticism and how this is important in Rational Recreation Tom Brown’s School Days Study – using worksheets and texts from the film to show how sport was emerging Oxbridge Melting Pot Game in groups of 4 Exam Questions on Public Schools Revise for this Exam Tom Brown Video Work packs OHP’s PowerPoint Work sheets Practical Props for Oxbridge Melting Pot Game 33 Development of Professional and International Sports Amateur Code – Review this from Rational Recreation When first international sports were played In your chosen sport – research when the first Complete the research for homework Textbook Work pack Teacher Notes
  11. 11. Development of Professional Sport in line with the Industrial Revolution - Communication - Transport - Literacy Improvements - Codification of Sports - Diffusion across the empire Review 1896 1st Modern Olympic Games – issues of class, gender etc – AMATEUR ONLY international competitions were held, where and what were the outcomes. Internet Access 34 The development of competitive sport – an overview and C20th sport – the rise of Spectatorism Review of Performance Pyramid and its structure – competition level Gentleman Amateur v Professional Sportsperson Ethics within competitive sport Win at all costs Transport Revolution and the impact this had on Spectatorism How sport became competitive into the status it has today Development of Premier Leagues in sports – CASE STUDY: Football Amateur/Professional differences At what level does sport become competitive or is there always a competitive element Discuss this statement Continue this essay for homework Textbook OHP’s Diagrams Internet for info Worksheets 35 - 36 C21st Globalisation of Sport Americanisation Ethics in Sport merging Professional Athletes as Super Stars Case Study 1896 Olympics Globalisation of Sport and its effects The rise of sport as a business Definitions of Americanisation Globalisation Olympic Programme (TOP) “Shamateur Ethic” Olympic Charter and how this stands on Commercialisation and Globalisation Results of globalisation in the world of sport Identify examples of Americanisation and Globalisation in your sport Essay: Comparing 1896 Olympic Games and 2008 Olympic Games in terms of Commercialisation , Americanisation and Globalisation PowerPoint Worksheets OHP Textbook Paper Pens
  12. 12. Win at all costs ethic History & Development 37 - 38 Introduction to the Olympic Games “An Overview” The Ancient Games Birth of the Modern Day Olympic Movement Changes the Games have gone through in history Ancient Games – Panhellenic Games Olympic Games – 1 of 4 of the Ancient Games Baron Pierre De Coubertin and his ideals for the re-birth of the Modern Olympics Public School Ideals Olympic Movement Foundation – IOC and its Presidents (Brief review of Cotswold Olympics and Much Wenlock Games from History – Pop Rec) History of the Ancient Games Festivals of Sport in UK and the role they played in the re-birth of the Modern Olympic Movement The dates of the Olympic Games from 1896 – 2012 Where they were held; Key Facts from each Games; Historical Changes Students are to create their own timeline labelling the key facts and how the games evolved to the level they are at today ESSAY: Many of De Coubertin’s ideals are still present in the mission statement of the current Olympic Movement. Research the mission statement and discuss which elements are still present today. Olympic Games Workpack Time line Sheets Sugar Paper Video of the Ancient Games Textbook Internet Access 39 - 40 Key Issues in the Olympic Games - Commercialisatio n and Americanisation - Politics and Bidding for the Games Commercialisation and Americanisation – what these concepts mean How these concepts can be applied to the Olympic Games - TOP - Sponsorship Deals - Media Involvement - 1984 Games – Los Angeles and Peter Ubberoth - The Sale of the Shamateurism – idea of being paid but still competing as an amateur (State Funded Athletes in Communist Countries) Commercialisation saved the games in 1984 after the Montreal payment disaster of 1976 Americanisation – Looking at the evolvement of the Olympic Games through Commercialisation and Americanisation Mind Mapping the key dates and changes Continue with mind mapping these key dates. Answer an essay based question from past exam paper 2009 on this topic Powerpoint Video / DVD Workpack Teacher notes
  13. 13. Olympic Rings Politics – Boycotts; Protests; 1968 (Black Power), 1980, 1984, 1964-92 (Apartheid), 1972 Munich, 2008 – Tibet/Human Rights China, fast, exciting, high scoring, rule changes to suit TV audience – how this has been brought into several sports e.g. Formula One; Tennis; Hockey; Football Politics – Systematic and Non-Systematic Protests Why? Who? When? 41 - 42 Deviance in Sport and the Olympic Games as a Case Study Issue of Drugs in Sport Definition of deviance Concept of gamesmanship & sportsmanship The professional foul Definitions and examples of performance enhancing drugs Role of WADA and their links with IOC and International Sports Governing Bodies e.g. FIFA, FINA, ICB, IRB, FIH, ♦Links with 2008 Games and what WADA have decided to do with doping samples History of gamesmanship & sportsmanship – show how both have endured Discuss why the concept of sportsmanship has been replaced by gamesmanship in recent times Debate on drugs in sport Research ♦Diane Modahl ♦Dwaine Chambers ♦Christine Ohroghuru ♦Ben Johnson ♦Justin Gatlin ♦Relate in doping Issues What substances are banned in your sport and why? Textbook DVD/Video ”Doping in Sport” Worksheets Work pack 43 The impact of London 2012 Olympic Games The Medal Haul from Beijing 2008 for team GB Talent development in preparation for 2012 Reformative Policies to make England Active Multi Sports Hubs & Active Places ♦What reasons are given for excellence in cycling, swimming, rowing and sailing ♦How can this be developed to What do we have right in UK sport in order to utilise this to continue at 2012? What has changed in your sport since London were awarded the 2012 games in July 2005 DVD Worksheets Internet access Homework sheets Textbook
  14. 14. ♦How has 2012 changed sport in UK – focus on basketball, volleyball and handball encompass more sports ♦2008 – GB best result for 90 years, what must be done to continue What is being done to ensure our success? Research Research topic 44 Technical and Cultural trends Growth in private gyms and health clubs ♦Fashion and the role of the media ♦Technology linked to access ♦Adrenalin and adventure sports – the growth of What historical trends have aided development in sports The role of school sport in cultural and technical trends in sport How do we advance past 2012 Be able to chart as and when technical trends have impacted on your chosen sport Present findings Linked → Textbook Internet access Research PowerPoint DVD/Video Worksheets 45 Long-term Athlete Development The philosophy of long term athlete development Pathways promoted through LTAD Role of the NGB’s in LTAD 6 stages of the LTAD and how this is put into practice Link LTAD to how they retire, yet stay active for life-giving examples Define: early specialism and late specialisation giving reasons and examples for each Combined → Research your sports NGB website and collate information on the LTAD programme In the sport Discuss and compare your findings in class Internet Textbook Worksheets Case study: Tom Daley – Diver; Laura Robson – Tennis; Rebecca Addlington - Swimmer After this scheme of work has been completed by the class teacher, there should be adequate time for revision of the key areas, exam practice and mock tests to be taken. There have been in-built assessments to be completed e.g. exams and timed essays etc, which can be marked and used to record and report to Parents. All coursework has been implemented to the scheme and this course will cover 22 weeks of the school year – 2 lessons per week, including 8 lessons taught for coursework – National and Local Provision Essays.
  15. 15. NB. Each new lesson should begin with a review of the previous – either by homework summaries, mini quiz tests, discussions or fun lesson starters and this will allow a sequential pattern in learning to follow