Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
21st Century
Geospatial #HistEn...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Introduction
• Background
• Res...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Background: GSTAR
• GeoSemantic...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Linked Geospatial Data; integra...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Spatial entities
• Vector objec...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Interpretationofexcavationdatau...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Stonehenge&AveburyWorldHeritage...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
ColonisationofBritainLinkedData...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Resources: Local
• Historic Env...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Resources: National
• AMIE – ar...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Resources: Other
• Planning Aut...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Current problems
• Lots of geos...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Current problems
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Some possibilities…
Working wit...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Inferencing and (spatial) Index...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Enhance/Enrich
• Possible to au...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Enhanced spatial search
Mediate...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Aggregation
Each team maintain ...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Potential
• Aligned resources
•...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
#HistEnv Spatial Data strategy
...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
#HistEnv Spatial Data strategy
...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
#HistEnv Spatial Data strategy
...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Potential issues; infrastructur...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
Conclusions
• Make better use o...
Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
fin
• paul.cripps@southwales.ac...
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21st Century Geospatial #HistEnv Data Management

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A keynote presentation given at the Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS) seminar held at the University of York, May 2014

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  • Vector objects used in database environments
  • Pre-ex features
    Interventions
    Post-ex assessment/analysis data
    Multimedia – section drawings, photographs, hand drawn plans
  • Standalone resource
    Based on HER data
    Augmented with management data
    Exchange/update protocols
  • Project archive
    Includes Ordnance Survey BoundaryLine open data
    Project datasets enriched using Open Refine + OS Reconciliation API

  • Conservation Areas
    Agri-environment schemes
  • 21st Century Geospatial #HistEnv Data Management

    1. 1. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 21st Century Geospatial #HistEnv Data Management Paul Cripps University of South Wales, Trefforest, UK • Hypermedia Research Unit • Geographic Information Systems (GIS) Research Unit Archaeogeomancy, Salisbury, UK
    2. 2. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Introduction • Background • Resources • Problems • Potential • Strategy • Issues Earthorama by spdorsey http://flic.kr/p/69C5QD
    3. 3. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Background: GSTAR • GeoSemantic Technologies for Archaeological Resources • Aims & Objectives: • To incorporate complex geospatial information into our ontological models of heritage data • Vector depictions: lines, polygons • Place & Location: points • Investigate advances in geospatial and geosemantic approaches • Application of geosemantics and Linked Geospatial Data approaches to archaeological resources • Integration of heterogeneous resources via spatial components of heritage data • Application of research questions across diverse heritage resources
    4. 4. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Linked Geospatial Data; integrate
    5. 5. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Spatial entities • Vector objects used in database environments • Transcriptions • Aerial Photos • Historic maps & plans • Survey data • Geophysics & Remote Sensing • Landscape survey • Sites and Monuments • Land classifications • Designations • Events and Activities • Interventions • Surveys • Excavated features • Metadata: Scale, Resolution, Precision, Accuracy, Source
    6. 6. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 InterpretationofexcavationdatausingprojectGIS Wessex Archaeology Spatial component used to aid interpretation through mapping and spatial analysis
    7. 7. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Stonehenge&AveburyWorldHeritageSiteGIS English Heritage Wiltshire HER derived data plus aerial imagery
    8. 8. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 ColonisationofBritainLinkedData Wessex Archaeology, Archaeology Data Service Linked Data resource built using STELLAR Toolkit including Ordnance Survey Open Data
    9. 9. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Resources: Local • Historic Environment Records (HERs) • Typically within Local Authorities • MIDAS compliant structures • Monuments • Events • Sources • Many now use GIS of some type • Not all… • Points, lines, polygons • Spatial and Temporal Scale & Resolution • Variable • Primarily to support NPPF
    10. 10. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Resources: National • AMIE – archaeological sites and monuments • National record maintained by English Heritage • National Heritage List for England (NHLE) • National record maintained by English Heritage • Designated sites only • Legally protected • Scheduling: Area based land classification • Listing: ‘point’ location of buildings • Scotland • RCAHMS, CANMORE • Wales • Welsh Trusts HER, RCAHMW, Archwilio
    11. 11. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Resources: Other • Planning Authorities • National Parks • Tiers of government, shared services • Outsourced services • Commercial companies • Heritage trusts • Infrastructure systems • OASIS, Heritage Gateway • Heritage and other organisations • National Trust • Churches • Defra • PAS • Subject specific resources • Geophysics database (English Heritage, ADS) • Project archives (Archaeology Data Service, English Heritage) • Britain from Above (EH, RCAHMW, RCAHMS) • Synthesis • AIP • Publications • Grey Literature • Monographs • Research Frameworks • Museum collections • Disparate ‘digital’ ‘archives’
    12. 12. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Current problems • Lots of geospatial information! • Duplication of data • Overlaps • Conflicts, versions • Concordance • Gaps • Costly to maintain • Exchange/Transfer • Export Publish  Import paradigm… • Formats & Systems; interoperability • Non-digital • Software • Difficult to use • Quality • Access • Licensing • Costs • Spatial data as text • County, Parish indices • Coordinate precision • Quality/Currency of spatial indices • ‘Archives’ • Dead trees vs live data • Retention & Disposal
    13. 13. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Current problems
    14. 14. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Some possibilities… Working with geospatial data
    15. 15. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Inferencing and (spatial) Indexing Build indices using spatial inferencing across resources
    16. 16. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Enhance/Enrich • Possible to augment resources • Inferencing • Reconciliation • Open Refine • Toolkit for working with ‘messy data’ • http://openrefine.org/ • Ordnance Survey reconciliation API • http://data.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/docs/reconciliation • Turns text (eg Parish, County)  OS Open Data URIs
    17. 17. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Enhanced spatial search Mediate queries using spatial semantics
    18. 18. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Aggregation Each team maintain data and leverage technology to share effectively National overview as snapshot/dynamic/versioned aggregation
    19. 19. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Potential • Aligned resources • Requirement: Persistent Identifiers • Linked Data not data exchange/copying • Aggregation not duplication • Focus resources • Share efforts • Share data • Shared infrastructure • Better resource discovery, access and retrieval • Improved search; mediation • This search boundary • My search boundary • HTML, KML, (geo)JSON, WKT, etc • True spatial indices • Inferencing • Leverage standards for interoperability: • World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) • Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) • MIDAS, CIDOC, Spectrum, etc • Inspire • Build on good bits of existing infrastructure • ADS archives • Heritage Gateway • Oasis (principals…) • NHLE • HBSMR • Local maintenance • Expertise • HERs as spine Make more of limited resources
    20. 20. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 #HistEnv Spatial Data strategy Who…? • Curatorial • Local, National • Planning • Local, National • Legal • Professional • Contractors • Consultants • Academic • Public Focus on: • User needs • Responsibilities • Resources • Skills • Funding • Deadlines & Drivers • Division of labour • Share the load
    21. 21. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 #HistEnv Spatial Data strategy “We form like Voltron…” Wu-Tang Clan
    22. 22. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 #HistEnv Spatial Data strategy • The Scottish experience • SHED • Scotland’s Historic Environment Data strategy • “This joint venture between local and national bodies comprises shared and linked digital records. It will be professionally managed, continually updated, and accessible to all, ensuring the greatest economic, social and cultural benefits for the people of Scotland and beyond.” • “There can be only one…” – Highlander • Or not: Single definitive resource ruled out • Opting for distributed, linked approach 
    23. 23. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014
    24. 24. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Potential issues; infrastructure • Dependency on host • Procurement policy • Vendor lock in • Support • Not which GIS software… • …but which standards • Compliance is key • Government procurement is moving this way • FOSS vs COTS • License costs vs development costs • Total Cost of Ownership • Cost Benefit Analysis • User Needs • Understanding & awareness • No LAMP here  • Massive potential for geospatial heritage data…
    25. 25. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 Conclusions • Make better use of digital spatial resources • Efficiency • Linking, sharing, collaborating • Technology, infrastructure, skills, users • Direct resources to content creation/enhancement • Standards • Industry • Heritage • Collaborative, workable, usable • Standards again
    26. 26. Towards a Collaborative Strategy for sector information management (TACOS), York, May 2014 fin • paul.cripps@southwales.ac.uk • paul@archaeogeomancy.net • @pauljcripps • gstar.archaeogeomancy.net • hypermedia.research.southwales.ac.uk • gis.research.southwales.ac.uk

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