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ARIADNE is funded by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme
Integrating archaeological data
The ARIADNE inf...
What is ARIADNE
• ARIADNE is a Research Infrastructure aiming at the
integration of archaeological datasets in Europe (and...
The ARIADNE partnership
• Coordinator
• Partner
• Associate
Why ARIADNE
• Huge number of archaeological data available in
digital format
• Large number of non-communicating
archaeolo...
Project activities
• Networking activities
– Community building: involving additional institutions
sharing data and establ...
Archaeology and the heterogeneity …
Digital documentation
• Museums information
• Excavations records
• Images
• 3D models
• RDBMS
• GIS
• XML
• CSV
• Excel
•...
Textual documentation
Terminological tools
ICCD thesaurus for archaeological finds
For movable archaeological items
How to achieve integration
Data sharing requires
•Suitability of somebody else’s data for one’s
purposes
•Interoperability...
First step: the ARIADNE Registry
• Complete catalogue of archaeological datasets owned by
partners
– Used to identify comm...
Data integration: capture the semantic meaning
ID Item Room Showcase
35 Amphora 3 2
24 Coin 8 15
18 ... ... ...
ID Artifac...
Capture the semantic meaning ...
ID Item Room Showcase
35 Amphora 3 2
24 Coin 8 15
18 ... ... ...
ID Artifact SU
1020 Coin...
Implicit knowledge: semantic relations
ID Item Room Showcase
35 Amphora 3 2
24 Coin 8 15
18 ... ... ...
ID Artifact SU
102...
Temporal entities
ID Artifact SU Data Period
1020 Coin 12 1981 V B.C.
1021 ... ...
1022 Amphora 13 1974 III B.C.
TimeTimeO...
Mapping and RDF Encoding ...
<crm:E22.Man-Made_Object rdf:about=”35">
<crm:P2.has_type>
<crm:E55.Type rdf:about=”Amphora"/...
Representing knowledge ...
SYNERGY Mapping Reference Model
• Designed by CIDOC CRM SIG
• Modular structure
– Different tools communicating between th...
FORTH - 3M
• FORTH Data Model and Standards:
– http://www.ics.forth.gr/isl/index_main.php?l=e&c=229
• FORTH Mapping Memory...
OEAW coins database
OEAW coins database mapping
Knowledge extraction from texts
... he made a palace extending all the way from the Palatine to the Esquiline,
which at fi...
Knowledge Extraction: annotation tools
Refers to
Refers to
CarriesCarries
From text to RDF
<cidoc:E39_Actor rdf:about="Nero">
<cidoc:P14_performed rdf:resource="GH_Name_assignment"/>
<cidoc:P14_pe...
ARIADNE is funded by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme
-----------------------------------------------...
Preserving legacy archives
• Legacy database synchronization
– ARIADNE system constantly updated according to
modification...
System architecture
• Triple store
– scalable and able to handle a large number of RDF triples
(i.e. the entire ARIADNE se...
Triple stores and semantic data
Virtuoso
http://virtuoso.openlinksw.com/
3D-COFORM Repository
http://www.3d-coform.eu
Synchronisation Services
D2R Server
Publishing relational databases on the Semantic Web
http://d2rq.org/d2r-server
Accessing the architecture
• ARIADNE Portal
– Unique access point to the whole system
– Configuration and management modul...
Query on map and timeline
ARIADNE is funded by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme
Repository and ServicesRepository and Services
...
Final considerations
• Very advanced stage of development
– End of the project
• ARIADNE main goal
– “Integration of exist...
ARIADNE is a project funded by the European Commission under the
Community’s Seventh Framework Programme, contract no. FP7...
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Integrating archaeological data: The ARIADNE Infrastructure, Achille Felicetti PIN, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Prato

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This presentation by Achille Felicetti of PIN (Università degli Studi di Firenze, Prato) on the work by the ARIADNE infrastructure to integrating archaeological data was given as part of a workshop organised by Digital Humanities Austria. The workshop focussed on the pressing question of long-term preservation of digital data from various angles, central being user needs specific to the different fields of the Humanities. Felicetti introduced the ARIADNE research infrastructure, which has been funded by the EC's FP7 programme, to integrate archaeological research datasets from across Europe and support their uses by researchers.

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Integrating archaeological data: The ARIADNE Infrastructure, Achille Felicetti PIN, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Prato

  1. 1. ARIADNE is funded by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme Integrating archaeological data The ARIADNE infrastructure Integrating archaeological data The ARIADNE infrastructure Save the data - Workshop on digital repositories Vienna, December 2nd 2014 Achille Felicetti PIN, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Prato Save the data - Workshop on digital repositories Vienna, December 2nd 2014 Achille Felicetti PIN, Università degli Studi di Firenze, Prato
  2. 2. What is ARIADNE • ARIADNE is a Research Infrastructure aiming at the integration of archaeological datasets in Europe (and beyond) • Four years’ duration • Starting 1st February 2012 • 24 partners • Coordinated by PIN-U. of Florence (IT) • ARIADNE is a Research Infrastructure aiming at the integration of archaeological datasets in Europe (and beyond) • Four years’ duration • Starting 1st February 2012 • 24 partners • Coordinated by PIN-U. of Florence (IT)
  3. 3. The ARIADNE partnership • Coordinator • Partner • Associate
  4. 4. Why ARIADNE • Huge number of archaeological data available in digital format • Large number of non-communicating archaeological datasets • Increasing interest of the research community for data sharing • Social pressure for opening data vaults • Huge number of archaeological data available in digital format • Large number of non-communicating archaeological datasets • Increasing interest of the research community for data sharing • Social pressure for opening data vaults
  5. 5. Project activities • Networking activities – Community building: involving additional institutions sharing data and establishing together guidelins – Standardization and good practices • Trans-National Access to shared datasets and training in their creation, as well as to on-line repositories – Support for digitization and data organization • Research activities – Knowledge organization – Data management – New or improved tools to extract information – Advances in methodology • Networking activities – Community building: involving additional institutions sharing data and establishing together guidelins – Standardization and good practices • Trans-National Access to shared datasets and training in their creation, as well as to on-line repositories – Support for digitization and data organization • Research activities – Knowledge organization – Data management – New or improved tools to extract information – Advances in methodology
  6. 6. Archaeology and the heterogeneity …
  7. 7. Digital documentation • Museums information • Excavations records • Images • 3D models • RDBMS • GIS • XML • CSV • Excel • Unstructured files XML
  8. 8. Textual documentation
  9. 9. Terminological tools ICCD thesaurus for archaeological finds For movable archaeological items
  10. 10. How to achieve integration Data sharing requires •Suitability of somebody else’s data for one’s purposes •Interoperability of datasets •Trusting in data collected by others •Guarantee of data “provenance” •Common understanding on meanings Data sharing requires •Suitability of somebody else’s data for one’s purposes •Interoperability of datasets •Trusting in data collected by others •Guarantee of data “provenance” •Common understanding on meanings
  11. 11. First step: the ARIADNE Registry • Complete catalogue of archaeological datasets owned by partners – Used to identify common information on which to build data integration • ACDM – Ariadne Catalogue Data Model – Based onW3C DCAT model ( http://www.w3.org/TR/vocab-dcat/), – Formal description of archaeological datasets • Detailed descriptions of information managed by partners – Data format – Number of stored records – Metadata schemas used – Standards and vocabularies used (if any) • Complete catalogue of archaeological datasets owned by partners – Used to identify common information on which to build data integration • ACDM – Ariadne Catalogue Data Model – Based onW3C DCAT model ( http://www.w3.org/TR/vocab-dcat/), – Formal description of archaeological datasets • Detailed descriptions of information managed by partners – Data format – Number of stored records – Metadata schemas used – Standards and vocabularies used (if any)
  12. 12. Data integration: capture the semantic meaning ID Item Room Showcase 35 Amphora 3 2 24 Coin 8 15 18 ... ... ... ID Artifact SU 1020 Coin 12 1021 ... ... 1022 Amphora 13 Museum DB: Items Table Excavation DB: Artifacts Table Different archives Different data structures Is integration possible?
  13. 13. Capture the semantic meaning ... ID Item Room Showcase 35 Amphora 3 2 24 Coin 8 15 18 ... ... ... ID Artifact SU 1020 Coin 12 1021 ... ... 1022 Amphora 13 Museum DB: Items Table Excavation DB: Artifacts Table ObjectObjectObjectObject PlacePlacePlacePlace
  14. 14. Implicit knowledge: semantic relations ID Item Room Showcase 35 Amphora 3 2 24 Coin 8 15 18 ... ... ... ID Artifact SU 1020 Coin 12 1021 ... ... 1022 Amphora 13 Museum DB: Items Table Excavation DB: Artifacts Table ObjectObjectObjectObject PlacePlacePlacePlace ObjectObjectObjectObject PlacePlacePlacePlace Found InFound In Stored InStored In
  15. 15. Temporal entities ID Artifact SU Data Period 1020 Coin 12 1981 V B.C. 1021 ... ... 1022 Amphora 13 1974 III B.C. TimeTimeObjectObjectObjectObject CreatedCreated FoundFound
  16. 16. Mapping and RDF Encoding ... <crm:E22.Man-Made_Object rdf:about=”35"> <crm:P2.has_type> <crm:E55.Type rdf:about=”Amphora"/> </crm:P2.has_type> </crm:E22.Man-Made_Object> <crm:E22.Man-Made_Object rdf:about=”35"> <crm:P55.has_current_location> <crm:E53.Place rdf:about=”2"/> <crm:P2.has_type> <crm:E55.Type rdf:about=”Showcase"/> </crm:P2.has_type> </crm:P55.has_current_location> </crm:E22.Man-Made_Object> ID Item Room Showcase 35 Amphora 3 2 24 Coin 8 15 18 ... ... ... ObjectObjectObjectObject PlacePlacePlacePlace
  17. 17. Representing knowledge ...
  18. 18. SYNERGY Mapping Reference Model • Designed by CIDOC CRM SIG • Modular structure – Different tools communicating between them – Individual tasks so as to divide the mapping problem in different subparts • Schema visualizers • Mapping interfaces • Source analyzers and normalizer • Mapping suggester • Mapping memories storage – mapping histories of analogous cases collected from user community • Terminology mapper – to define equivalences between terms from different vocabularies • Designed by CIDOC CRM SIG • Modular structure – Different tools communicating between them – Individual tasks so as to divide the mapping problem in different subparts • Schema visualizers • Mapping interfaces • Source analyzers and normalizer • Mapping suggester • Mapping memories storage – mapping histories of analogous cases collected from user community • Terminology mapper – to define equivalences between terms from different vocabularies
  19. 19. FORTH - 3M • FORTH Data Model and Standards: – http://www.ics.forth.gr/isl/index_main.php?l=e&c=229 • FORTH Mapping Memory Manager – http://www.ics.forth.gr/isl/3M • ICCD (Italian Central Institute for Cataloguing and Documentation ) models for archaeological documentation – Monuments & sites – Artifacts • OEAW coins database • FORTH Data Model and Standards: – http://www.ics.forth.gr/isl/index_main.php?l=e&c=229 • FORTH Mapping Memory Manager – http://www.ics.forth.gr/isl/3M • ICCD (Italian Central Institute for Cataloguing and Documentation ) models for archaeological documentation – Monuments & sites – Artifacts • OEAW coins database
  20. 20. OEAW coins database
  21. 21. OEAW coins database mapping
  22. 22. Knowledge extraction from texts ... he made a palace extending all the way from the Palatine to the Esquiline, which at first he called the House of Passage, but when it was burned shortly after its completion and rebuilt, the Golden House ... domum a Palatio Esquilias usque fecit, quam primo Transitoriam, mox incendio absumptam restitutamque Auream nominavit (Suetonius, Nero 31, 1) Places: Palatine Esquiline Actors: Nero Appellations: House of Passage Golden House Events: Palace burning Objects: The palace Activities: Palace extension Palace rebuilding Name assignements Date: 64 d.C. Classes
  23. 23. Knowledge Extraction: annotation tools Refers to Refers to CarriesCarries
  24. 24. From text to RDF <cidoc:E39_Actor rdf:about="Nero"> <cidoc:P14_performed rdf:resource="GH_Name_assignment"/> <cidoc:P14_performed rdf:resource="HP_Name_assignment"/> <cidoc:P14_performed rdf:resource="Palace_extension"/> <cidoc:P14_performed rdf:resource="Palace_rebuilding"/> </cidoc:E39_Actor> <cidoc:E79_Part_Addition rdf:about="Palace_extension"> <cidoc:P7_took_place_at rdf:resource="Esquiline"/> <cidoc:P110_augmented rdf:resource="The_Palace"/> <cidoc:P31_has_modified rdf:resource="The_Palace"/> </cidoc:E79_Part_Addition> <cidoc:E11_Modification rdf:about="Palace_rebuilding"> <cidoc:P7_took_place_at rdf:resource="Esquiline"/> <cidoc:P7_took_place_at rdf:resource="Palatine"/> <cidoc:P31_has_modified rdf:resource="The_Palace"/> </cidoc:E11_Modification>
  25. 25. ARIADNE is funded by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Metatada Repository Metatada Repository CIDOC CRM Content Providers Integration & Interoperability XML OAI-PMH RDF Integration LayerIntegration Layer – Common semantic representation (mapping) – Data transparency – Data peculiarity preserved by the system – Common semantic representation (mapping) – Data transparency – Data peculiarity preserved by the system
  26. 26. Preserving legacy archives • Legacy database synchronization – ARIADNE system constantly updated according to modifications of legacy archives • References to legacy archives always provided – Data provenance – URLs to information on original portals/web applications • User to navigate original information – To perform custom searches tailored on specific needs • Legacy database synchronization – ARIADNE system constantly updated according to modifications of legacy archives • References to legacy archives always provided – Data provenance – URLs to information on original portals/web applications • User to navigate original information – To perform custom searches tailored on specific needs
  27. 27. System architecture • Triple store – scalable and able to handle a large number of RDF triples (i.e. the entire ARIADNE semantic graph) efficiently; • Communication modules – legacy archives – on-the-fly and on-demand population of the ARIADNE platform • Internal consistency control modules • Terminological services • Query management system • Semantic enrichment and exporting features • Triple store – scalable and able to handle a large number of RDF triples (i.e. the entire ARIADNE semantic graph) efficiently; • Communication modules – legacy archives – on-the-fly and on-demand population of the ARIADNE platform • Internal consistency control modules • Terminological services • Query management system • Semantic enrichment and exporting features
  28. 28. Triple stores and semantic data Virtuoso http://virtuoso.openlinksw.com/ 3D-COFORM Repository http://www.3d-coform.eu
  29. 29. Synchronisation Services D2R Server Publishing relational databases on the Semantic Web http://d2rq.org/d2r-server
  30. 30. Accessing the architecture • ARIADNE Portal – Unique access point to the whole system – Configuration and management module for users administration and data workflow control; – Interfaces for interacting with the query management layers • ARIADNE Services – Data access and management – Resource discovery – Data import/export – Data Visualization and annotation • ARIADNE Portal – Unique access point to the whole system – Configuration and management module for users administration and data workflow control; – Interfaces for interacting with the query management layers • ARIADNE Services – Data access and management – Resource discovery – Data import/export – Data Visualization and annotation
  31. 31. Query on map and timeline
  32. 32. ARIADNE is funded by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme Repository and ServicesRepository and Services ArchitectureArchitecture ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Metadata Repository Metadata Repository RegistryRegistry ACDMCIDOC CRM Content Providers Integration & Interoperability Integrated Services Configuration & Management Configuration & Management ARIADNE Portal Browse/Query Interfaces Browse/Query Interfaces VocabulariesVocabularies Deposit Services OAI-PMHXML Metadata Enhancement Metadata Enhancement Data + Metadata Data + Metadata Data + Metadata Data + Metadata Data + Metadata Data + Metadata Data + Metadata Data + Metadata Resource Discovery Resource DiscoveryPreviewPreview PreservationPreservation Data Access (SPARQL, REST) Data Access (SPARQL, REST) Archive Discovery Archive Discovery Digital Asset Management Digital Asset Management Dataset Discovery Dataset Discovery Vocabularies Management Vocabularies Management WEB LOD Mapping Services
  33. 33. Final considerations • Very advanced stage of development – End of the project • ARIADNE main goal – “Integration of existing archaeological research data infrastructure through new and powerful technologies” (ARIADNE DoW) • “From differences results the most beautiful harmony”(Heraclitus of Ephesus) • Very advanced stage of development – End of the project • ARIADNE main goal – “Integration of existing archaeological research data infrastructure through new and powerful technologies” (ARIADNE DoW) • “From differences results the most beautiful harmony”(Heraclitus of Ephesus)
  34. 34. ARIADNE is a project funded by the European Commission under the Community’s Seventh Framework Programme, contract no. FP7- INFRASTRUCTURES-2012-1-313193. The views and opinions expressed in this presentation are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission. ARIADNE is a project funded by the European Commission under the Community’s Seventh Framework Programme, contract no. FP7- INFRASTRUCTURES-2012-1-313193. The views and opinions expressed in this presentation are the sole responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission. Thank you

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