By: American Psychiatric Association . PERSONALITY DISORDER
<ul><li>Personality disorders, formerly referred to as character disorders, are a class of personality types and behaviors. </li></ul><ul><li>These behavioral patterns in personality disorders are typically associated with severe disturbances in the behavioral tendencies of an individual. </li></ul><ul><li>This behavior can result in maladaptive coping skills, which may lead to personal problems that induce extreme anxiety, distress or depression. </li></ul>
Paranoid personality disorder <ul><li>Is a psychiatric diagnosis characterized by paranoia and a pervasive, long-standing suspiciousness and generalized mistrust of others. </li></ul>
Schizoid personality disorder <ul><li>Is a personality disorder characterized by a lack of interest in social relationships, a tendency towards a solitary lifestyle, secretiveness, emotional coldness and sometimes (sexual) apathy, with a simultaneous rich, elaborate and exclusively internal fantasy world. </li></ul>
Schizotypal personality disorder <ul><li>Is a personality disorder that is characterized by a need for social isolation, anxiety in social situations, odd behavior and thinking, and often unconventional beliefs. </li></ul>
Antisocial personality disorder <ul><li>Personality disorder characterized by a pervasive pattern of disregard for, and violation of, the rights of others that begins in childhood or early adolescence and continues into adulthood. </li></ul>
Borderline personality disorder <ul><li>Is a personality disorder described as a prolonged disturbance of personality function in a person, characterized by depth and variability of moods. The disorder typically involves unusual levels of instability or splitting; the disorder often manifests chaotic and unstable interpersonal relationships, self-image, identity, and behavior. </li></ul>
Histrionic personality disorder <ul><li>Is characterized by a pattern of excessive emotionality and attention-seeking, including an excessive need for approval and inappropriately seductive behavior, usually beginning in early adulthood. These individuals are lively, dramatic, vivacious, enthusiastic, and flirtatious. </li></ul><ul><li>They may be inappropriately sexually provocative, express strong emotions with an impressionistic style. Associated features may include egocentrism, self- indulgence, continuous longing for appreciation, and persistent manipulative behavior to achieve their own needs. </li></ul>
Narcissistic personality disorder <ul><li>Is a personality disorder in which the individual is described as being excessively preoccupied with issues of personal adequacy, power, prestige and vanity. </li></ul><ul><li>Narcissistic personality disorder is closely linked to self-centeredness. </li></ul>
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