Personality disorders (Psychology)


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Personality disorders (Psychology)

  1. 1. A relatively stable and enduring set of characteristic behavioral and emotional traits.
  2. 2. Personality- is formed and exists in interaction between hereditary factors and large psychosocial contact.   Hereditary factors seem to be basic to establish the type of personality. Various influences in ontogenetical expierience can modify it.
  3. 3.  We all have one.  It makes us unique.  It shapes how we understand and interact with the world
  4. 4. Psychological disorders characterized by inflexible and enduring behavior patterns that impair social functioning.
  5. 5. 2. ANXIOUS/FEARFUL  Dependent  Avoidant  Obsessive Compulsive  (Passive-Aggressive)
  6. 6. 1. DRAMATIC ERRATIC  Borderline  Antisocial  Narcissistic  Histrionic
  7. 7. 3. ODD/ECCENTRIC  Schizoid  Schizotypal  Paranoid
  8. 8.  Paranoid personality disorder is characterized by a distrust of others and a constant suspicion that people around you have sinister motives.
  9. 9.  They search for hidden meanings in everything and read hostile intentions into the actions of others. •They are quick to challenge the loyalties of friends and loved ones and often appear cold and distant to others. They usually shift blame to others and tend to carry long grudges.
  10. 10.  antisocial personality disorder is characterized by a lack of conscience People with this disorder are prone to criminal behavior, believing that their victims are weak and deserving of being taken advantage of. They tend to lie and steal
  11. 11.  they are careless with money and take action without thinking about consequences They are often aggressive and are much more concerned with their own needs than the needs of others.
  12. 12.  characterized by mood instability and poor self-image People with this disorder are prone to constant mood swings and bouts of anger.
  13. 13.  they will take their anger out on themselves, causing themselves injury Suicidal threats and actions are not uncommon They are quick to anger when their expectations are not met.
  14. 14.  constant attention seekers They need to be the center of attention all the time, often interrupting others in order to dominate the conversation.
  15. 15.  They may dress provocatively or exaggerate illnesses in order to gain attention. They also tend to exaggerate friendships and relationships, believing that everyone loves them
  16. 16.  characterized by selfcenteredness They exaggerate their achievements, expecting others to recognize them as being superior
  17. 17. They tend to be choosy about picking friends, since they believe that not just anyone is worthy of being their friend. They are generally uninterested in the feelings of others and may take advantage of them.
  18. 18. People with schizoid personality disorder avoid relationships and do not show much emotion They genuinely prefer to be alone and do not secretly wish for popularity.
  19. 19.  They tend to seek jobs that require little social contact Their social skills are often weak and they do not show a need for attention or acceptance They are perceived as humorless and distant and often are termed "loners."
  20. 20.   characterized by a need for social isolation, odd behavior and thinking, and often unconventional beliefs such as being convinced of having extra sensory abilities. Some people believe that schizotypal personality disorder is a mild form of schizophrenia.
  21. 21.   characterized by a pervasive pattern of social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, and extreme sensitivity to negative evaluation. consider themselves to be socially inept or personally unappealing, and avoid social interaction for fear of being ridiculed or humiliated.
  22. 22.   characterized by a pervasive psychological dependence on other people. has difficulty making everyday decisions without an excessive amount of advice and reassurance from others
  23. 23.   characterized by a general psychological inflexibility, rigid conformity to rules and procedures, perfectionism, and excessive orderliness. people with OCPD tend to stress perfectionism above all else, and feel anxious when they perceive that things aren't "right".
  24. 24.    Can reduce symptomatology, improve social and interpersonal functioning, reduce frequency of maladaptive behaviors and decrease hospitalizations. Always screen for comorbid psych dx If the personality disorder is ego-syntonic (eg. Antisocial and Narcissistic) it will be hard to engage the patient in treatment
  25. 25.   Increasing serotonin levels may reduce depression, impulsiveness, rumination and may enhance a sense of well being Low dose neuroleptics and mood stabilizers can may be effective in modulating affective stability
  26. 26.   For BPD DBT, Schema-focused therapy, transference-focused therapy and Mentalization-based treatment have all been found to be effective. Therapy for other disorders limited to a small number of open labeled trials and case studies. These findings have been positive.