โฉมหน้าศักดินาไทย

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โฉมหน้าศักดินาไทย

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  11. 11. ~u~~m~3-liiL:nuu:(u1ULr':l 1 if ~~LLviri'tlu~U1,xU L;;;u"dj&Jf~Pin~u1 "IJtl~3-I.1.').finqVliLiiuud:lutJ~3-I. ~ ntlu1i'1~3-I@I .Yi11~L@ltJ;rtlLVi"l"l1'~ L'i13-1~u1iln~u1 1VlUL:;Juu;Untlu"'f-3P1n~U1 LL'tl~tl1"1~'tltl~iuiht~1U~ 1uVl1~n~unu li'f)1"1n~1')1~~1 ~L:;JtJu"'f~Pin~U1tl,)"I.. UItl~mrL:;Ju UL~'f)lJItlUUil'U3-I~u1Pin~'1..111VlU~')U..J'1 Lt)ULL[;iLiftl~1 &Jf~Pin~u1 l3.htlf)c;ilf)m1L~LLu~1~Lvh ..l Vli'')1 ~1~fu;rtln~1,)~1vj~1~lJI1 l1ijPint1-nri1~1Pl~tl::.. Lyj'f):n'ilJlijlJl1tl,xU ii'f)11mflU1UYiIf) LLlll~~1 ~lJI41-nfh . J ' , " 1" " l . , U'f)U1~ClnlJltl-3 LYi11~L"j.n lJI"IJtJ1Ui'')13-1 ~U[;ItlU[;Itl3-l1 .. "JI'f)~;r'f)f1,)13-1lJ1tlU ~i1~(:h Li:lultlLyjtlfu1-if:n'i[;IPin~U1 LL'tl::f)'U'fIU1-3~[;I1"1::L -ih1"11UL~'fI~Pl~tl::L ~'fIWiVl Pl'tltl:: L~tl3-l,)'tl"JlU1"IJt)L"IJ')1tl13-11~L'tlu 1ud:!'fIL"IJ1~ifLL'tlvjLiluu.. ~'tltl::L~'fl:n'i[;l Pl'tltl::L~'f)tl1::"ll1"llu1uU13-1"IJ'f)~Vitlm ~~LiJ U~'tl1:l ULLc;] ~L~ U')~LUUfI')13-1PllJl L~'f)~if'f) U1~"I1'~.._ , e l l ' 4 f "I~ L'f)1~1ULtl1 n11 ~':lUn11Vl@lL~3-I tlU')1 L"IJ1 f)'tl1lJ1 Lf)~'f)'U,xU Ltlflli(flU1~3-I'i'f)n::JCi~ L1'f)u1"IJvj L"IJ1mh':l Ci-31UL,)'tl1C;]'fl3-l1"1nil'f)i'')13-1,xUL~hu , 0 I ~ crd oIIClI ~')Uf)1n'tl1':l"IJtl~~':l"l1nUVlLL ~lJI~ fI ')1.3-1 L~ UlJl1 U.. v1~[;I11.jf~Vlfl3-l1{ niLUULLnUfI':l13-1PllJllun11'iLi'I11::,x 1::UUPln~U1 vh1lXLill1"1~1hhiJun11~uf)t)1[;113-1 m::u')'Um1tl1::~l"l1'i'l[;l{ ri1Cl13-1~r.i1LiJU~'f)~~~"IU ;r'f)LVi"l"l1'~.jj'f)if fimru1lJ1L~1~Lrun~1 m1~uflt)1;13-1 ...... .r" ""'i'n1::UIJUn11tl 1::')[;Il"l1~[;11 Cl1n11f)UfI,)1~lJImLU,) ,-~.~ 1JI i.J n f1 n~I'i ··;'<:~:i?".·"·;:..»/);'):¥'1t~~'3 u;,;~,:),; ,,.,~::'~:!,~'},:,,::;';:~~" "~b c. <IIII:lIo.cllo "'" - , .... ,',,' , , - , J , 'f";i::.' '~ " fl,)13-1f1lJ1"lJ'f)~"I[;I1~lJI m1f1UfI':l1Vl1tlm~U~un11tJ1::, tWilii1'i'lVl{ihuPin~u1 ri"lltlU"I::Citlt)1ijlJl~':ltl~~"I::tJ~. ~ fir13-1LYi11~Li:lun11tltl~"I1n'@IUU"IJ'fl~UlU (An~h.n) Vl13-1~1~~ L-dunu L@lUL~Ulifthvi1f1':l13-1 L-ll11"l~1n11• 'i~fl11::,xtl1::t)~l"l1~Vl {,xu"I:::'UUn113-1tl ~"l'n~n~ . ~ fl')l3-1PllJl1lJ113-1'1.-rl-lltlu ~vj"l::Ci'f) ~1Lllucm ~rtlijj;lLUlU.. ~3-I!1ru tl 1::L~U~1R'lJfI':l1'f)~vjm13-1'f)~,JqJ'ln~h~ 1 J1':lU~n'tlVl1~f),)13-1PllJl,xu 1 'i'l13-111Clvh1lXdh.!fI':l13-1 • "Il-mr'Ell3.J LL'tl::'ifi~fl,)13-1Vl1~tl1::~l"l1'i'lVl{ Utln"l1n "I::;~f1,)13-11~~~ihuPin~u1u1uVluLL~,) m1'iLfln::,x • ~,)ULLUU 'UUU"lJ'El~ t)[;I ClilU3-ItJ1::~l"l1'i'l[;I{ (Historical • Materialism) iiu1"1:: djuvj UIf) 3-1 fu"IJ 'f),UJ..Lruutl 1::t)~ ........ j IIClI ­ l"l1~[;I1lJ1':lUL"llULlJIu')nu 'f)u1~hii~ ~U~~'f)L'U3-I~u1P1n~u11Vlu Y1~~3-Ivf Lc.JULLYi1'1.Uflf~LL1mL'tl::flf~vj 2 U~13J"Iu'tl~LlJIU'i'l3-lUHU.. LYin::~L:;Juu (~[;I1 nijPin~) Li~ruL:;Juu1lXvlu~3-IYi'U __ .. .,.. ..d oICIlI.... 0 _ ~ _ 'U[;Il"l1'i'l[;l1 2500 "ll~3-I"IJ'f)"I1nlJlVl~L,)'tl1LL'tl::;L~U'VIU • ~1~fu~~3-IW Yi'f)r.tlJl~3-Ivfflf~~~~rlt3J'f)1"1~1~U'UUU ~'i'l3-lu1ru1~~uu~1LiJ'UL~'f)~U1L;UlJI1Umh~~~ Ci~.. m::,xULU'El ~1~11~L vhv1 L"lJ11~~'i'l'U'f) ri3-l1n~'fILLrim1 Pim~t1f1':l13-1"11~fl n ~1u~ii~ LLc;]tl1 (;]lJItllf)ufi11u~'tl1 n1n;luuLLuU LUU~UUU1~[;1 'ElU'f) 'El n fl~"I::n~1':l1~ 'Elu1-.1~u1"1~1~m niJPint.. U1L~u'El'i'V1u1ilYiufiVl1~ tl1~~l"l1~ [;Ifvj'V11~ f)rufi1~~un U'El n"l1 nif~1'U'lJ'f)~ • untl1::~l"l1~[;Ifiu~~~ 'f)~h~U'ElUri~IU'i'V1UTW~ufi • 11itJHnh Rom'"" ____
  12. 12. ...l'I'tl,:J The Organization of Thai Society in the Early Bangkok 4Q 4:111 _ d",.,J t Period 1782-1873 "tl'EbUJ.'I.').'tlFlU 1'Yi'Yi~UVlI.~U'tlIM) 1l~1'iVlf.J1~tJFI'tlfllu~m~::lJlfun1'If.JnU'tl-11.UlJ'I'I{;11~1 '!l1')tli"4{;1"FlVllh::lYlf'l'El~3J1n n~liim,'11~'tl-1rilJiJ'tll~~ ~·h1.u 1'iUJVI'U1~n~u1"VlEJ "tl'El-1~V1'I f1ijPln~mj3J1n '. . .., 'U lvd:l'iluriu. ~ -~.~(;l' ~ fj Rfl ~l 1:;~1l11Q : I 1IIIin m;ftijDIIII::f101::, al1luftH'Ifl{limlll, UOll1fJU 2517 : 1l0~'U 1IIHIJnl, flDllihutlYlillfllln, til1rfl~lJ~flUlI~lJ2517 .. "tl 1 .I~ w ~Q " flflt)nli '1 11'1. SJ.1.1.• tlHftl1l'lUl, nllllUl. 1'11::um 2511 I UOOtlOt'" IIUftiltminlilu111lJlIflfttlfiul'n!lUll 011flflll1h::-Mfflflflf • ..,. ~.. * 4. w t • : . . ,.. .. 'II11~ n.ft.'. 011illlJOU11l::IUUfll00,..1I0tlOUllflU'liDn 1'1011l1'llUU,a::1UfHil ~ w '" ~ " . Q ":P Q .. , " , ',_1lilt'lllIt1llIU cnn.llUI'l!l ~llflll11flfl fl.ft. L'lllilllJll~l!Itl~JflllJ611 "91'" lJll'fl .." ~ 'II!J~lIN'1'lf011II'lO1'l1l11'lJlllJ 5" "~l 1 • ~ 1 • w 1 W Q fHltjllli lJn lI'lf, 1l.1.1., fllUn!JllJtl'llUUl mlOltllHlllU~ 'IIllU 2503. tnllflll ihm 2607 6 uuiiil'lllm;~'1n1'l1tllllltlthf mIllhw iu~ 1l. 1011111jfl' 7 'lin i'('IIl'm1'lf. 11UllYl11l'ti, nlll'l'iunUDntlUOIlfll1Ull1l11'1ll·aOllOl lin10lllJ Ull::UNOlll linl!Jflll 2505 8". '" " 1 ~ .."flflq)1li UnllJ'lf.ll.1.1" nllUlIOllmUtl~nOltl~liUl200iJ 111lJ 1, nOlllnOl~ 2510 9 .. J "." .. " CloI l1U~atlUlllU lJ.U.flilqnll tlnllJ'lf 1'I11lUl'ilO'UnUII'll!JI1'1111~IlUltl~ 10 . . . . ..!t v 0tllllJlllilOlIOI::'lJl'ID~ "tlllfl'ntl'l1 1899 IJlIllt1 9 • 11 a ~, tl "Q1-' a'tl' ~ ~ "la-00' lIl0llilllOl. t.Il_n., '~Olfllllllll 1I11ltl'~OllU III ft'!Jl~1VltJll~UUH. tl'::lllJOQlllJl0U'::'1flOllilJ 6 l'I'ZUflt 2478 12 ...." d. • .. .. , , - " am l!,uum. 11IUllnW, tll1l1l'llll'l~iUUm, l'l'ZUflt 2510 13 &HlI~11u 6 14 trwlifl1u 7 15 AimlllllU~atll111.h::'lIl'lflji 1lllitll11,;' flUU''IIt1i'1l. ~ 1!1 .!oF- ~ , _I ... ~ tlllltlltl~ : flll1l10a~t1lJfI'll'lll)U'llflU lJ':;lllIYltlUOUOlbll 2517 Ihunnt', Rf1 ~htT'I.1--­
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  15. 15. • • 1.h~~1"lllJ1VlU1'Uif~~,r'Um~~'Ui'l;f'.mft~1~u~';~1of '" ... . .­ . ~ L"In1~~13-.11103-.l'fl'l Li1'Uufl'l'ilth'li'PlL;''U~1 1.fl1R'fl~V11 . - ~ , ~'t1ft'U~~ VI3-.1 LL~ rO'il Lii'il'.ru'l~'lm"111 LL~~1.fl1~ 'fl iVl1"'. . "Y1~u1V1:O~~m;hlu~u1i'lLLri~m~V1n~1"ll'il'lL111~'lWl~.. . . . fl'l13-.1~VIL~'U"''U:n(jVl''ll'il~L"ll1 d~]'U~lJ~1F1'l13-.1 'flVl'flt.n n t.nnLLfltALL~~ri1fl1ti'lil'Vi~'U~'l~U, n113-.1m~d~]'UL'~·1~. .. ~ '" CIt _ AI<IClt. <CII "II'fl'lLL1'l'l1'U(;]'il'l0 n"llVl1V1~'Um~VWll '1 VI"II'fl'l L1113-.1 F1'l13-I.. .. "'3-.l1UL~t.I'l "vi1'l1'UL~'fllm~7i'U ii'ULYl'fl1.'I.1ihL1'lvh 'l1'U" rel'ULU'U'l'lt){)hJi~u LL~~"lf,u'lUf'El'lL~:nqfriu Ul1.J"'1n11~1-3'l1lJ. 'U1 UYJ'ULL"';-3"ll1 ~ ~'fl 'lft3-.l~~~1U, LflI1'M~ii~LL"';'l"ll1~relU L't}11'l'lln.J~'lVln"ll tU~. "ll1'l'U1~. ~,~ lo'U1LL~~u~n;h'l-- - cn~fU~3-.ln 11~1LtI'Un1~Vlni'U... .. ..~ .. "'~'l"ll'fl'l"ll1~ n~uhj~-U1'lii'U ri1L"lhLL~~V1'Elm1fu~'l.. ~'l "..d~'Uvi'l3-.lYf'U 1'l1'l LL~~n~1ULrh.JFI'Uft3-.l~~~1UU'Y1• lJ1. n~1mtl'U"ll1'l'U1fu~'l'l,n~1ULU'UFI'U"II1ULLN'l1'U 1,n'U~~VI ~'l~'l3-.l'l~ifLU'Ufl'l13-.19V1L~'U1'U~1t.lLflI1'M~ii~. ... n~. "'1'fl F1'l13-.1L"'~'lLL",~n~'illn'l1 'U'l'ln'11f~U1~, n11" ... 1.-nrei1'U1~ LU'U~13-.1"11'il'l~~'l1 '" qJ. n1HLU'l=D'l fl1'U1~ n'ULL~~n'U, n1mVl~U1~"ll1"ll'U~'lt.ln{)"'3-.l1u~'Uhhu'U "ell oIlCiI , _ I d!; fi113-.1. n11~Vl1 VI111'M'il1 n 1flU1'll-t'Unl-t'U'l'l "ll-3V1'l3-.l'l~ J f'I - '" 4 a.<C:lll 'ULu 'UFI'l13-.1~{;H~'UVl1'l VI'1'Un1H3-.I 'il'l n VI, LL~ ~ FI '113-.1 L"'~'fl3-.lJ1(;h~'l"ll'fwn'U.ff'Ul'U~'lF13-.1. fl'l13-.1 Ll-t~'lLLl-t~m.. "II'fl'l~1U fi11~Viti1~'l1~U1 VI L~11 ~tiVlfi~~"II 'fl'lt)oo.J'U fi113-.1V1~t)tAVln, f111CJn"ll1 VI~~U~LL~~'l11ruFi ~1.rL'U~'fl "ll'Un~"3-.I,j'flu ~'lJ~3-.I'l~ifLU'UFI'l13-.1~V1 L~'UVl1'l ~h'U _ J(~ ~:J..If1nf91 .s'oo.J'Ufi113-.1 ri~ FI 'l'l3-.l9V1 L~'UL"'~1if~;j'flU 1~~'lflL;J1 ~'lUn'ULLft'l ~'Ul~~'fl'Ul 'I.1U 1~"ll1"ll'U1VIU3-.I'fl>3L'l:1'U'l;I"h U1UIn 'flY13-.111l-t c1J"Ilfl'l~'Unf1'fl 4'm'l11~il U3-.I (1'l~vf~ f'!).ItA f1'f}'U1UVltA'U1U""U1LL~::;U1UVlU"IItAU1'l) ~l~~ . " ~ , ~n~J..l1 'fl>31"1~u1'UY1u'U UU~1U1~"ll1"lltALVlU1 Ji'3-.I'il'lLi1u .rlU"Il'fl'l9m'l11~ilU3-.1 m.h-3LLY1~1'ln f1 'fl n11Lf'I~tlULW"J 'll'fl'lU1~"ll1"lltAL ~'fl L1t.1n1'fl'l1'I.11~U1~()'flUVlUmln~1n ... f'l tAfiil1.JOJ1:n1~'fitALU tAi OJOJ1 viii,VI ~'l'VI 3-.11 UL~fln11 m11tALLfl~ri'fl~'lF1113-.1 ~'l9m'".l11~il UJ,J1i LUULfl~'fl'l • ij'flltAn11fn'M1CJ~u1~lu"ll,r"ll'fl'l1n'U, LL~~"IltU~l~U'ln'U ,furi1~L1un1'fl'l1"f~u1~~1Luuu1t.1u1uti~1~LLfl~Luu ... n~1'l LiJVlFI'l13-.1i3-.l~ufi~'lVl1'lLflI1~~ii~. ... n11Ui'il'lLlfl~ rroo.JUfi113-.1nlJVI n't11~LVlflIVlnri1U 1V1Uhh;'f}n~'t'Ifin11 Lij 'fl'l ~'".l'U'fl'lA~U1'UviLL~VI'l~1u1::::"ll1"llul VlU1~~'fl'l L'l:1UJlU"Il'fl'lin~'U1'fl U1'li'(;]L~'Unf1'f} n1HFI;'il'UL"''1 L1t.1n1'fl'l1"iin11uj1ruY1~'U. f'I'lUf13-.1 ,"hl"lh. fl'flmtfu:..J.. • LL~::::~oo.J'U1U1::::'lVlflIl'1.1LU'UU1::::LVlflI'flVl~1'V1n11~ LYl'fl • ~::::1~l-t~VI~'U~1n1::::uuCJ~VlVl1~n1Hn'MVl1'filJfl1'V1~'l• 'll'El'l~n~U1 ~'ln~1,fU U1~"ll1"ll'UlVI utJ'l3-.1 'fl'l Li1'Ufl n~'lU~1 n11"llVl1 V1LL~::::n VI~U 1~"lI1"llU"II'il'l{n 1'".l n~Utl3-.lLL~::::.. PIn ~'U1,f'U Lu'Un11"1lVl1V11'".l3-.1 riu (Collective Exploita.. tion) JUf1'fl vf'lrivh'l~CJ~U1::::1U"ll'U1'Un11"1lVl1V11'l~n'U.. .. {n1'".l11~Uu).IiiCJ~U1::::1u"ll,r~1nn11"1lVl1(;lVl1'l~1'Un11.. jlil:J..IUU,frnjjiU'"Ie­ '1"A~"I1,1 ~5c. .
  16. 16. ... fiU'flTi 'tlgt~,,,m11).JLL~~Ynru~umnl~~mfUn". . t.ln'tf'(;1 cJ'1u~n~U,iit.l~1l1~1u~tf"nnn"'tf~i1f'lu.. .. '" _ ----. I 4 alCilt. I ' ' , J "" f'Um1Ln~vW mn')flt:lV1(;1U. f'I1L~'. (;1'tlnLUU LL~~ if"lIOlUU't6)1'J3-iLt:l,m1Ltluu1m.1'r''tft:l~Yi'JnU1UV1Ut.ln. . .. "ll'(;1~n'J',)11~UU).Jvl,~1l1::LV1P1L;r1Htin~')u Ifuifu j1Ufl'"J').JLtlU"l1~;~n~;'J~~~t:l~chu~~1~1'J).Jii'tlnu .1-- .col ...l.1 1~P1 .col..l • u!JU[;ln"LYit:ln(;1'iJU'~~1~U~~ ,)LuUV1'~ LYi'tlVlLLUI ~:::il1 U"l:::1~1'J).Jii t:lnU1/(;11f1~~'tllll 'El th~~:: (;1')n (;11U vl'Jt:lth~"lIt:l~m11.jlNii~,u1')).JL~'Eln (;1~1l1:::"ll1"llU1,j"JI(;1 .,. ~ • .¥ 1~' I • - I ~ 11(;1(;1~n~1'JU (;1U1,nflLLn~,uUl1u1:::"ll1~U).J'~L~'J U 1l1:::LVlPltiUll~fJflrit:lUn"lln-wi 1952 'tf'tl~fl(u::VlVl11 ~~1un11urJu~n'J''"J11~UtJ).J(;h~1l1::LVlPl1~.a).J~~n~... ~11~LtJu~fl1t:l~Ot:l LL~:::vlYiVlU,1un,mf~1.h::~1"llU 1U~~uflu1).J~n1,)11~uU).JcJf~ ~PI~l~Yi u, U1).JVlUU. ~n~u1LU,1~t:lth~~~).Jrhi~ ~LviL~~'J1~).J1~1ULL~~Lri ~n1'J11~um.Jt:l ~).J1n, vi~U).J1VlUU Vli~'tfu~n1~~U L~mlluvi~f vl'Jt:lth~'lVl3Jy1Liifl;~~(;1 1 ~t:lU 1 Li'1t:l d "-~ ,.,J't;ld .I~ .....::It. I I Lflt:lU~).JM"lUU 1957 Unflt:l n"U{)U[;ln'"')).J1:::VI'J1~ ~n1'J11~UU).Jt:lL).J1mLLfl~~n ~U11UtI,::LVl'PI"lt:lf~L (;1U L~t:ln'J1(;1~,~rhi~il,ull1:::~,~ui~fl).JUU).Jfl~1ll vl'J t:lt.h~;~nkl'Jm~vi11""ll1:::~,~ulV1U).Jt:l~~l-1u~1uu1U . m11/(;11(;11')).J (Collective Exploitation) 1~VI~,~~n1'J11~ UU).J~~fl:::~n~u1LtlU'Elth~~ ;~JULt:l~ ~~U~~:::Ylt:lU r.j~;~n'fl~).J1"l1nll'::"ll'"llU1VlU ~~).Jf)~1 ~U11vl'J i"l119ill " ~ d ..... _ 1.c:iI I .cJ c:r..clll _ oIICIo.Q Vl ~"!J1"l::Ul'El~"lJ"l(;1'El U'~1U (;1'JUVl~ (;1n fl t:l "ln 1'J11(;1UU).J ----Ie1(;l"j un RO ~I ~1nn'U~'fln~fl:::in~U1"l1nn1U1u 4'n 1,)11~UU).Jfl'fl'fl::11? R1 U1'tlulUi[JUt}nfli) ~n'J',)11~uu).J1~L~ri iYlflVlUUu3.Jiut.ln"ll1(;1 (MonopOly. ~.• .¥ .col "I ~ Capitalism) n11t.1n'iJ1(;1n'J'::Vl1'tfUlYit:l LVlU'tJVlUft1).J"0.. .~l~,)~"'1rhhiu~~ftfl (Maximum Profit) l~~~).Jlij.(1lPi).J-.. . ml')u i~dLYin:::i'VlflVlUUU).Jfi113-.J (1lTvihit.ln~1(1l. .. (Non-monopoly Capitalism) hjft1).J"C1lnri1hiu~~~(;1 ~ 1"'G D 1 ~ ..J"CIII ~ 1(;1 "l::",1 (;1mYiu~n, 1LtU~tJ (Average profit) V1~U L"tl11d1rn1LL';~"li~nu'tlth~~ft1 t:li1~n11t.1n"ll1j;).g.1 .. ~n1'J11~UtJ).J dJum1t.1n"ll1 (;11'J3-.J 1~'" ~1~VlUfiU1 1"111 " .~ .. '¥it"'"nUl'.lU'flUl~11.1n'J'1).J. ~~n"'iin"ll'V1U'fl1id u).J'tlllt}~n~).J -.c:iI oCIro. 4 d U,UVlU'tfUfl~N~~U~VlUU).J'fl"'U~(Financial Oligarchy) UVI u1Vl~1~n 11Un11t.1n"ll' (;1,Tudrifi'tln11t.1n'il1fl1~wi1~" I t / . . .. U1::~Vlf'l Junf'i'tlijl~t.ln'tf'(;1~LPilnu1ulh~L'Vlf'lll1:::m1" L~U,) ~Lfl:::~~n~1Ju m1t.1n'iJ1V11:::wh~ll1:::~V1P1"l:::1~.. t.I~~nvi'El~i1'fl1~~~Vlu'tl'flnlll~~lull1:::LVlPl~U.1 tin~'"Ju LLfl::~LUU'flu';jfim1~VIYl1Uvi~'"Jnd~nl1l'fl~1-n'tlth~~iln L~u~hJ1~nfli'fl~~P1;1~L ~'flLLti~:n~~~~~~t.ln"ll1til;1~nu~ -" L~~~nu UUfl'tl "~n1'J11~uu).J" fln'Jdn).J1(i~~n~u,~n~u,f'i'tl'tl::h? ~n~u1f1'tl"tl'Jnv1u~~11'"1~n1:::~uU? in~u1f1'tl • 19unu"').J1n? ~n~u1f'i'fl~'Jn~u~~n? PTn~U1fl'fl~'Jn ~.c:iI - J - Q, 4 _ , _ Q, .4 Vl3-.JU11(;11fl1n(;1? fl1ninU1fl'tl"tl'Jn1.1'JLm? fl1nflU1fl'tl"tl'Jn v1(;10mVlU£l(;1'V1U1).JU1::"ll1"llU L~nLL'~::~[;l1? ~n~U1.... jlit:,jVi..r....RIl6lU....' .
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