Ecology Mr. Nettles
Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures yo...
Agenda- Friday, January 6, 2011 <ul><li>Warm Up </li></ul><ul><li>What is Ecology? </li></ul><ul><li>Biomes Video </li></u...
Today’s Objectives <ul><li>I will explore different aspects of ecology? </li></ul><ul><li>I will understand the steps invo...
Warm Up <ul><li>What do you know about ecology? </li></ul><ul><li>How is ecology used in our everyday world? </li></ul><ul...
What is Ecology? <ul><li>Eco = nature, environment </li></ul><ul><li>logy = “the study of” </li></ul><ul><li>Eco + logy = ...
Wrap Up (Jan. 6) <ul><li>What was one fact that you  Learned  today? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the most  Interesting  thi...
Ecology Mr. Nettles
Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures yo...
Agenda- Thurs., January 12, 2011 <ul><li>Warm Up </li></ul><ul><li>The Scientific Method </li></ul><ul><li>Should My Frien...
Today’s Objectives <ul><li>I will understand the steps involved in the scientific method. </li></ul><ul><li>I will define ...
Warm Up (Jan. 12) <ul><li>What are the four essential elements of ecological life that you learned from the short film las...
Warm Up (Jan. 12) <ul><li>Water, Nutrients, Energy, and Appropriate Temperature. </li></ul><ul><li>Ecology  is the study o...
Steps of the Scientific Method
<ul><li>The  Scientific Method  is a series of steps that scientists agree are a logical way to perform an experiment.  </...
<ul><li>State the Problem or Question </li></ul><ul><li>Make Observations or Do Research </li></ul><ul><li>Form a Hypothes...
Steps of the  Scientific Method <ul><li>1.  State the Problem : Develop a question or problem that can be solved through e...
Steps of the  Scientific Method <ul><li>2.  Make Observations or Do Research : Get information. Gather the “411”. </li></ul>
Key Points  for Making Observations <ul><li>Observations are made with your five senses: sight, taste, hear, touch, smell....
Critical Thinking Example <ul><li>PROBLEM: Why are students always late to class? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a quantitative...
Steps of the  Scientific Method <ul><li>3.  Form a Hypothesis : Predict a possible answer to the problem or question. This...
Key Points  for Forming a Hypothesis <ul><li>The  hypothesis  is an  educated guess  about the relationship between the in...
Steps of the  Scientific Method <ul><li>4.  Test you Hypothesis or Experiment : Develop and follow a  procedure  to test y...
What is Variable? <ul><li>A  VARIABLE  is a factor in an experiment that can change. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types...
Independent Variable <ul><li>The  independent or manipulating variable  is the factor that is  intentionally changed  by t...
Dependent Variable <ul><li>The  dependent or responding variable  is the factor that may change because of changes made to...
Controls or Constants <ul><li>CONTROLS or CONSTANTS  are factors that scientists purposely  keep the SAME  in an experimen...
Steps of the  Scientific Method <ul><li>5.  Collect and Analyze Results : Modify the procedure if needed. </li></ul><ul><l...
Steps of the  Scientific Method <ul><li>6.  State your Conclusion : Include a statement that accepts or rejects the hypoth...
Steps of the  Scientific Method <ul><li>7.  Communicate the Results : Be prepared to present the project to an audience. <...
SHOULD MY FRIEND DATE TAYLOR SWIFT? <ul><li>Using the Scientific Method… </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the first step? </li></ul>
Step 1: State the Problem or Question! <ul><li>Should my friend date Taylor Swift? </li></ul><ul><li>Next step? </li></ul>
Step 2: Make Observations or Do Research <ul><li>PROS: </li></ul><ul><li>Pretty </li></ul><ul><li>Has a lot of money </li>...
Step 3: Write a hypothesis. <ul><li>If my friend dates Taylor Swift, then he will be happier! (and so will she)   </li></ul>
Step 4: Test your Hypothesis or Experiment <ul><li>Independent Variable: Dating Taylor </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent Variabl...
Step 5: Collect and Analyze Results <ul><li>Measure his happiness from the control. (No date with Taylor) </li></ul><ul><l...
Step 6: State your conclusion. <ul><li>If my friend dates Taylor Swift then he will be happier! (and so will she) </li></u...
Step 7: Communicate the Results <ul><li>BRAG about your date with Taylor Swift to your friends! </li></ul>
Wrap Up (Jan. 12) <ul><li>What was one fact that you  Learned  today? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the most  Interesting  th...
Ecology Mr. Nettles
Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures yo...
Agenda- Tues., January 17, 2011 <ul><li>Warm Up </li></ul><ul><li>The Mindset of a Scientist </li></ul>
Warm Up <ul><li>What are the 7 steps of the scientific method? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a quantitative observation? </li>...
“ The Mindset of a Scientist”
Instructions:  <ul><li>Form teams of two and brainstorm about a topic you want to explore. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The t...
Instructions:  <ul><li>Form a hypothesis related to your topic.  </li></ul><ul><li>Start the process of setting up an expe...
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Intro to ecology and the scientific method

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Intro to ecology and the scientific method

  1. 1. Ecology Mr. Nettles
  2. 2. Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures your future! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Agenda- Friday, January 6, 2011 <ul><li>Warm Up </li></ul><ul><li>What is Ecology? </li></ul><ul><li>Biomes Video </li></ul><ul><li>Exploring Ecuadorian Ecology </li></ul><ul><li>Wrap Up (LIA) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Today’s Objectives <ul><li>I will explore different aspects of ecology? </li></ul><ul><li>I will understand the steps involved in the scientific method. </li></ul><ul><li>I will define ecology, hypothesis, quantitative, qualitative, independent variable, dependent variable, and control. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Warm Up <ul><li>What do you know about ecology? </li></ul><ul><li>How is ecology used in our everyday world? </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use the internet to search the word “Ecology” to help you answer the warm up questions. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. What is Ecology? <ul><li>Eco = nature, environment </li></ul><ul><li>logy = “the study of” </li></ul><ul><li>Eco + logy = Ecology </li></ul><ul><li>the study of the relationships that living organisms have with each other and their natural environment </li></ul>
  7. 7. Wrap Up (Jan. 6) <ul><li>What was one fact that you Learned today? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the most Interesting thing about today’s class? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you Apply or use the information that you learned today? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Ecology Mr. Nettles
  9. 9. Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures your future! </li></ul>
  10. 10. Agenda- Thurs., January 12, 2011 <ul><li>Warm Up </li></ul><ul><li>The Scientific Method </li></ul><ul><li>Should My Friend Date Taylor Swift? </li></ul><ul><li>Wrap Up (LIA) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Today’s Objectives <ul><li>I will understand the steps involved in the scientific method. </li></ul><ul><li>I will define hypothesis, quantitative, qualitative, independent variable, dependent variable, and control. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Warm Up (Jan. 12) <ul><li>What are the four essential elements of ecological life that you learned from the short film last week? </li></ul><ul><li>Define Ecology. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Warm Up (Jan. 12) <ul><li>Water, Nutrients, Energy, and Appropriate Temperature. </li></ul><ul><li>Ecology is the study of the relationships that living organisms have with each other and their natural environment. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Steps of the Scientific Method
  15. 15. <ul><li>The Scientific Method is a series of steps that scientists agree are a logical way to perform an experiment. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>State the Problem or Question </li></ul><ul><li>Make Observations or Do Research </li></ul><ul><li>Form a Hypothesis </li></ul><ul><li>Test your Hypothesis or Experiment </li></ul><ul><li>Collect and Analyze Results </li></ul><ul><li>State your Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>Communicate the Results </li></ul>Scientific Method
  17. 17. Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>1. State the Problem : Develop a question or problem that can be solved through experimentation. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>2. Make Observations or Do Research : Get information. Gather the “411”. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Key Points for Making Observations <ul><li>Observations are made with your five senses: sight, taste, hear, touch, smell. </li></ul><ul><li>Observations are Quantitative if they use numbers and Qualitative if they use descriptions. </li></ul><ul><li>Observations are made while you are gathering information </li></ul>
  20. 20. Critical Thinking Example <ul><li>PROBLEM: Why are students always late to class? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a quantitative observation for this situation? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a qualitative observation for this situation? </li></ul>
  21. 21. Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>3. Form a Hypothesis : Predict a possible answer to the problem or question. This is usually written as a statement. </li></ul><ul><li>Example: If soil temperatures rise, then plant growth will increase. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Key Points for Forming a Hypothesis <ul><li>The hypothesis is an educated guess about the relationship between the independent and dependent variables. </li></ul><ul><li>A hypothesis is usually written as an IF/THEN statement. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>4. Test you Hypothesis or Experiment : Develop and follow a procedure to test your hypothesis . </li></ul><ul><li>Include a detailed materials list. </li></ul><ul><li>The outcome must be measurable (quantifiable). </li></ul>
  24. 24. What is Variable? <ul><li>A VARIABLE is a factor in an experiment that can change. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two types of variables in an experiment: INDEPENDENT variable and the DEPENDENT variable. </li></ul>
  25. 25. Independent Variable <ul><li>The independent or manipulating variable is the factor that is intentionally changed by the person doing the experiment. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Dependent Variable <ul><li>The dependent or responding variable is the factor that may change because of changes made to the independent variable. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Controls or Constants <ul><li>CONTROLS or CONSTANTS are factors that scientists purposely keep the SAME in an experiment. </li></ul><ul><li>The purpose of a control is to ELIMINATE OUTSIDE FACTORS that may throw off the experiment. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>5. Collect and Analyze Results : Modify the procedure if needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Confirm the results by retesting. </li></ul><ul><li>Include tables, graphs, and photographs. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>6. State your Conclusion : Include a statement that accepts or rejects the hypothesis. </li></ul><ul><li>Make recommendations for further study and possible improvements to the procedure. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Steps of the Scientific Method <ul><li>7. Communicate the Results : Be prepared to present the project to an audience. </li></ul><ul><li>Expect questions from the audience. </li></ul>
  31. 31. SHOULD MY FRIEND DATE TAYLOR SWIFT? <ul><li>Using the Scientific Method… </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the first step? </li></ul>
  32. 32. Step 1: State the Problem or Question! <ul><li>Should my friend date Taylor Swift? </li></ul><ul><li>Next step? </li></ul>
  33. 33. Step 2: Make Observations or Do Research <ul><li>PROS: </li></ul><ul><li>Pretty </li></ul><ul><li>Has a lot of money </li></ul><ul><li>Grammy-award winning artist </li></ul><ul><li>Lives in Nashville </li></ul><ul><li>CONS: </li></ul><ul><li>May be in a relationship </li></ul><ul><li>She may think he is stalker </li></ul>
  34. 34. Step 3: Write a hypothesis. <ul><li>If my friend dates Taylor Swift, then he will be happier! (and so will she)  </li></ul>
  35. 35. Step 4: Test your Hypothesis or Experiment <ul><li>Independent Variable: Dating Taylor </li></ul><ul><li>Dependent Variable: How much happier my friend gets than if he didn’t date her </li></ul><ul><li>Control: Not going on a date with Taylor </li></ul><ul><li>Variable: Date with Taylor </li></ul>
  36. 36. Step 5: Collect and Analyze Results <ul><li>Measure his happiness from the control. (No date with Taylor) </li></ul><ul><li>Measure his happiness from the variable. (Date with Taylor doing the same thing he was doing alone) </li></ul><ul><li>Compare happiness. </li></ul>
  37. 37. Step 6: State your conclusion. <ul><li>If my friend dates Taylor Swift then he will be happier! (and so will she) </li></ul><ul><li>CONFIRMED! </li></ul>
  38. 38. Step 7: Communicate the Results <ul><li>BRAG about your date with Taylor Swift to your friends! </li></ul>
  39. 39. Wrap Up (Jan. 12) <ul><li>What was one fact that you Learned today? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the most Interesting thing about today’s class? </li></ul><ul><li>How can you Apply or use the information that you learned today? </li></ul>
  40. 40. Ecology Mr. Nettles
  41. 41. Class Motto <ul><li>Discipline fuels character! </li></ul><ul><li>Character builds hope! </li></ul><ul><li>Hope assures your future! </li></ul>
  42. 42. Agenda- Tues., January 17, 2011 <ul><li>Warm Up </li></ul><ul><li>The Mindset of a Scientist </li></ul>
  43. 43. Warm Up <ul><li>What are the 7 steps of the scientific method? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a quantitative observation? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a qualitative observation? </li></ul>
  44. 44. “ The Mindset of a Scientist”
  45. 45. Instructions: <ul><li>Form teams of two and brainstorm about a topic you want to explore. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The topic can be related to sports, movies, politics, food, a job you desire, etc. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>State a problem related to your topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Use the internet to research 7 quantitative and 7 qualitative observations about your topic. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Instructions: <ul><li>Form a hypothesis related to your topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Start the process of setting up an experiment to test your hypothesis. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>You need to indentify the independent variable, the dependent variable, and at least 5 controls (including the purpose of each). </li></ul></ul></ul>
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