1 Short Stories What are the two types of crickets in the short story “Crickets,” and what do they symbolize? Charcoal crickets and ﬁre crickets. Charcoal cricketsrepresent big, strong, slow Americans while ﬁre crickets represent the small, quick, smart Vietnamese.
2 Short StoriesWhat is a motif in “What We Talk About When WeTalk About Love,” and what is Raymond Carver’s purpose in using it?Alcohol. It is used 1) as a distraction for the characters 2) to reveal their true thoughts about love as they became less inhibited or 3) to show the passage of time.
3 Short StoriesIn Nadine Gordimer’s “Once Upon a Time” what atmosphere is created? How? Fear. Through the gradual building up of the securitydevices. Through repetition of you have been warned. Through the mention of robberies and killings.
4 Short StoriesThe protagonist of “Story of an Hour” dies from “a joy that kills.” Why is this ironic? Because it is not joy that kills her but the misery of seeing her husband, and losing her freedom.
5 Short StoriesRead the lines below and explain what story they are from and what they reveal.“I’m standing here by the road long time, yesterday, day before, today. Not the same road but it’s the same--hot, hot like today. When they turn off where they’re going, I must get out again, wait again. Some of them theyjust pretend there’s nobody there, they don’t want to see nobody” (213). “What Were You Dreaming” by Nadine Gordimer. Reveals a ﬁrst-person narrator who is uneducated, poor, and furstrated.
6 Short Stories Read the lines below and explain what story they are from and how they connect to this semester as a whole.“...but now I would have to shift gears and ﬁnd pleasure in hating them. The only alternative was to do as my mother had instructed and take a good look at myself. This was an old trick, designed to turn one’s hatred inward, and while I was determined not to fall for it, it was hard to shake the mental picture snapped by her... Were this the only image in the world, you’d be forced to give it your full attention, but fortunately there were others” (12). Self-hatred and desperation lead to our own destruction: The Bluest Eye, Night Women, Crickets, Us and Them, Hatred of others also leads to our own destruction: Story of an Hour,What We Talk About..., Once Upon a Time
1 Poetry What is the allusion in Ralph Pomeroy’s poem “Corner”? Why is this signiﬁcant?A wild-west shootout. It is a satire of this feigned male toughness.
2 Poetry Why are the names like Florence and Ben signiﬁcant in Billy Collins’ “Traveling Alone”?They represent our shallowness. How we rarely go any further than learning people’s names. We don’t care about how they feel, who they are, etc.
3 Poetry What literary device is represented in the lines below. Also,be sure to state their purpose and what poem they are from: you on the approach, you waiting at my bus stop, you, face in the evening window. (lines 8-10) Anaphora, to express the embittered tone of the narrator towards his ex-girlfriend. “Special Glasses.”
4 Poetry What country is Pablo Neruda from, and whatwere his political beliefs while he was alive? Did this affect his life in any way? He is a Chilean poet who was a member of the communist and socialist parties. He lived in exile in Argentina and Europe.
5 PoetryNeruda’s poem “If You Forget Me” could be about a beloved, but it could also represent what? His relationship with his homeland of Chile.
6 PoetryWho does Billy Collins think are the true geniuses in life? Why?The swans because they live naturally, peacefully, and they “know how to ﬂy” (line 16).
1 The Bluest EyeWho is the author of “The Bluest Eye”? Toni Morrison
2 The Bluest Eye Who are the two people referred to in these lines:“Here was an ugly little girl asking for beauty. A surge of love and understanding swept through him, but was quickly replaced by anger. Anger that he was powerless to help her” (174). Pecola and Soaphead Church
3 The Bluest Eye What might Pecola’s yearning for blue eyes represent other than the desire for beauty? Perhaps she wants to see the world through the eyes ofa white child--a world that she believes is less violent and more loving.
4 The Bluest EyeWhat is the difference between being “put out” and being “put outdoors” (17)? Being put out - you had to go somewhere else Being put outdoors - you had nowhere else to go
5 The Bluest EyeWho feels “ruined” in The Bluest Eye? Explain why and who causes this. Frieda feels ruined because Mr. Henry touched her chest.
6 The Bluest Eye At the end of the novel, Claudia admits that “This soil is badfor certain kinds of ﬂowers. Certain seeds it will not nurture,certain fruit it will not bear, and when the land kills of its own volition, we acquiesce and say the victim had no right to live. We are wrong, of course, but it doesn’t matter. It’s too late” (206). First, what does the metaphor of the soil and ﬂowers refer to? Second, why does she say it is too late? Soil - black culture, her neighborhood, white society Flowers - Pecolas of the worldShe believes it is too late to change the opinions of the black people who have accepted this self-hatred. She also thinks they will never alter the white people’s perspective that blacks as inferior.
1 Literary TermsWhat is it called when a word like “makeup” has multiple meanings. denotation
2 Literary TermsWhat is the difference between tone, mood, and atmosphere? Tone - attitude of the narrator or authorMood - the emotion the author wants the reader to feelAtmosphere - the overall mood of a poem or story
3 Literary TermsList three literary devices used in “The Tornado” to get across a chaotic atmosphere. asyndeton, symbolism of black, and absence of punctuation
4 Literary Terms What is a paradox, and provide an example. A statement that reveals a kind of truth, which at ﬁrst seems contradictory. A silent scream...I say the most by listening"Perhaps this is our strange and haunting paradox here in America--that we are ﬁxed and certain only when we are in movement." (Tom Wolfe)
5 Literary Terms In “Tonight I Can Write” the narrator says,“To think that I do not have her. To feel that I have lost her” (line 13). What is the poetic device used here and what does it reveal? (Not anaphora.) Caesura. This hesitation midline shows his confusion over losing his beloved. Parallelism. Reveals his connection with her still.
6 Literary TermsList 12 different literary terms in less than one minute. Simile, and 11 others.
1 Punctuation & Grammar Explain where and why a comma is necessary in this sentence: On top of all that nonsense Mr.Topf wants me to write a bloody poem.On top of all that nonsense, Mr.Topf wants meto write a bloody poem. (Prepositional phrase)
2 Punctuation & GrammarInsert a semicolon into this sentence and explain why it’s necessary: She stared at me through thewindow I could feel her eyes expressing more than her words ever would.She stared at me through the window; I could feel her eyes expressing more than her words ever would. (A semicolon separates two independent clauses when a conjunction is not used.
3 Punctuation & Grammar What is wrong with this sentence:Everyone of them see the problem in the sentence but you and I.Everyone of them sees the problem in the sentence but you and me.
4 Punctuation & GrammarWrite a sentence using a dash, and explain the two main reasons dashes are used. She loved me--or at least I thought she did--but whenshe ran off with Mr. Pruzinsky, I knew I would never get her back. (Change of thought...add emphasis)
5 Punctuation & GrammarConjugate the following verbs into their past participle forms: go, lay (down), drink I have...gone, lain, drunk
6 Punctuation & Grammar What is wrong with this sentence: Shipwrecked on a desert island, coconuts and other fruits formed the basis of the sailor’s diet. Dangling modiﬁer: Shipwrecked on a desert island, thesailors relied on coconuts and other fruits as the basis for their diet.