Higher History exam
How to answer…
Comparison
questions
Mr Marr History
Higher History exam – Comparison questions
Background information
• Comparison questions are worth 5 marks
• You will get ...
Higher History exam – Comparison questions
Marking instructions
• Worth 5 marks
• Overall comparison – 1 mark
Summarise th...
Higher History exam – Comparison questions
Example question
Mr Marr History
To what extent do Sources A and B agree about ...
Higher History exam – Comparison questions
Overall comparison
Sources A and B agree that after Bannockburn Robert the
Bruc...
Higher History exam – Comparison questions
Developed comparison
Both the sources agree that after Bannockburn Bruce
held a...
Higher History exam – Comparison questions
How do we know this?
Mr Marr History
To what extent do Sources A and B agree ab...
Higher History exam – Comparison questions
To what extent do Sources A and B
agree about the ambitions of Robert
the Bruce...
Higher History exam – Comparison questions
To what extent do Sources A and B
agree about the ambitions of Robert
the Bruce...
Higher History exam – Comparison questions
To what extent do Sources A and B
agree about the ambitions of Robert
the Bruce...
Higher History exam – Comparison questions
To what extent do Sources A and B
agree about the ambitions of Robert
the Bruce...
Higher History exam
How to answer…
Comparison
questions
It’s that simple!
Mr Marr History
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Higher History source questions - comparison questions

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Higher History source questions - comparison questions

  1. 1. Higher History exam How to answer… Comparison questions Mr Marr History
  2. 2. Higher History exam – Comparison questions Background information • Comparison questions are worth 5 marks • You will get a Comparison question in the Scottish section of the final exam • The purpose of these questions is to compare two sources and show how they agree or disagree Mr Marr History
  3. 3. Higher History exam – Comparison questions Marking instructions • Worth 5 marks • Overall comparison – 1 mark Summarise the overall theme of each source: do they agree or disagree? An extra mark can be gained for developing this. • Developed comparison - 1 mark Clearly state the issue that the two sources agree or disagree about. Give the specific quotes from the sources to prove this Mr Marr History
  4. 4. Higher History exam – Comparison questions Example question Mr Marr History To what extent do Sources A and B agree about the ambitions of Robert the Bruce? Source A: from Ronald McNair Scott, Robert the Bruce, King of Scots (1993) Robert Bruce had no wish to prolong the war. He saw his victory, above all, as an opportunity for reconciliation and peace: with the Scottish nobles who had fought against him, with the English whom he had defeated. Soon after Bannockburn many Scottish barons and knights who had served under the two Edwards offered to him their allegiance and were received into his peace. In November 1314 Bruce with increased confidence, convened a Parliament at Cambuskenneth. The Parliament adjudged that all Scottish landowners who had failed to offer allegiance by that date should be disinherited. His sole aim was that those who wished to regain their Scottish lands must do homage to him alone. They could no longer be feudatories in two countries and serve two kings. They must choose their nationality once and for all. Source E: from Raymond Campbell Paterson, For the Lion, A History of the Scottish Wars of Independence, 1296–1357 (1996) Few battles in history are truly decisive, and Bannockburn was no exception. The war was nowhere near an end, the military campaign would continue, despite Bruce’s hopes for peace. However, in the November, after the battle, Bruce was ready to take the next step. The Scots Parliament met at Cambuskenneth Abbey. The Parliament passed sentence that all who held land in Scotland, but continued to fight against the King, would lose their lands. Landowners could no longer have divided political loyalties: they had to choose one side or the other. The new class of the “disinherited” were men on the English side, usually with Comyn and Balliol associations, who refused to accept the new realities; men in other words, who wished to remain loyal to the King of England but continue to hold estates and titles in Scotland.
  5. 5. Higher History exam – Comparison questions Overall comparison Sources A and B agree that after Bannockburn Robert the Bruce sought to keep control of Scotland using methods other than military actions. (1 mark) However they disagree on this being the end of the fighting, with A seeing a move towards peace and B saying that war remains a possible option. (2nd mark) Mr Marr History
  6. 6. Higher History exam – Comparison questions Developed comparison Both the sources agree that after Bannockburn Bruce held a meeting of the Scottish Parliament at Cambuskenneth Abbey. Source A says “In November 1314 Bruce with increased confidence, convened a Parliament at Cambuskenneth” and Source B says “In the November, after the battle, Bruce was ready to take the next step, the Scots Parliament met at Cambuskenneth Abbey.” (1 mark) Mr Marr History
  7. 7. Higher History exam – Comparison questions How do we know this? Mr Marr History To what extent do Sources A and B agree about the ambitions of Robert the Bruce? Source A: from Ronald McNair Scott, Robert the Bruce, King of Scots (1993) Robert Bruce had no wish to prolong the war. He saw his victory, above all, as an opportunity for reconciliation and peace: with the Scottish nobles who had fought against him, with the English whom he had defeated. Soon after Bannockburn many Scottish barons and knights who had served under the two Edwards offered to him their allegiance and were received into his peace. In November 1314 Bruce with increased confidence, convened a Parliament at Cambuskenneth. The Parliament adjudged that all Scottish landowners who had failed to offer allegiance by that date should be disinherited. His sole aim was that those who wished to regain their Scottish lands must do homage to him alone. They could no longer be feudatories in two countries and serve two kings. They must choose their nationality once and for all. Source E: from Raymond Campbell Paterson, For the Lion, A History of the Scottish Wars of Independence, 1296–1357 (1996) Few battles in history are truly decisive, and Bannockburn was no exception. The war was nowhere near an end, the military campaign would continue, despite Bruce’s hopes for peace. However, in the November, after the battle, Bruce was ready to take the next step. The Scots Parliament met at Cambuskenneth Abbey. The Parliament passed sentence that all who held land in Scotland, but continued to fight against the King, would lose their lands. Landowners could no longer have divided political loyalties: they had to choose one side or the other. The new class of the “disinherited” were men on the English side, usually with Comyn and Balliol associations, who refused to accept the new realities; men in other words, who wished to remain loyal to the King of England but continue to hold estates and titles in Scotland.
  8. 8. Higher History exam – Comparison questions To what extent do Sources A and B agree about the ambitions of Robert the Bruce? Sources A and B agree that after Bannockburn Robert the Bruce sought to keep control of Scotland using methods other than military actions. (1 mark) However they disagree on this being the end of the fighting, with A seeing a move towards peace and B saying that war remains a possible option. (2nd mark) Both the sources agree that after Bannockburn Bruce held a meeting of the Scottish Parliament at Cambuskenneth Abbey. Source A says “In November 1314 Bruce with increased confidence, convened a Parliament at Cambuskenneth” and Source B says “In the November, after the battle, Bruce was ready to take the next step, the Scots Parliament met at Cambuskenneth Abbey.” (1 mark) The sources also agree that any Scottish landowner that failed to support Bruce would lose their land. Source A says “Scottish landowners who had failed to offer allegiance by that date should be disinherited” and Source B says “The new class of the ‘disinherited’ were men on the English side…men…who…held estates in Scotland”. (1 mark) Sources A and B agree that it was no longer for possible for landowners to own land in England and Scotland. Source A says “They (Scottish landowners) could no longer be feudatories in two countries and serve two kings. They must choose their nationality once and for all” and Source B supports this by saying “Landowners could no longer have divided political loyalties: they had to choose one side or the other”. (1 mark)
  9. 9. Higher History exam – Comparison questions To what extent do Sources A and B agree about the ambitions of Robert the Bruce? Sources A and B agree that after Bannockburn Robert the Bruce sought to keep control of Scotland using methods other than military actions. (1 mark) However they disagree on this being the end of the fighting, with A seeing a move towards peace and B saying that war remains a possible option. (2nd mark) Both the sources agree that after Bannockburn Bruce held a meeting of the Scottish Parliament at Cambuskenneth Abbey. Source A says “In November 1314 Bruce with increased confidence, convened a Parliament at Cambuskenneth” and Source B says “In the November, after the battle, Bruce was ready to take the next step, the Scots Parliament met at Cambuskenneth Abbey.” (1 mark) The sources also agree that any Scottish landowner that failed to support Bruce would lose their land. Source A says “Scottish landowners who had failed to offer allegiance by that date should be disinherited” and Source B says “The new class of the ‘disinherited’ were men on the English side…men…who…held estates in Scotland”. (1 mark) Sources A and B agree that it was no longer for possible for landowners to own land in England and Scotland. Source A says “They (Scottish landowners) could no longer be feudatories in two countries and serve two kings. They must choose their nationality once and for all” and Source B supports this by saying “Landowners could no longer have divided political loyalties: they had to choose one side or the other”. (1 mark) Overall comparison – state the main theme of both sources
  10. 10. Higher History exam – Comparison questions To what extent do Sources A and B agree about the ambitions of Robert the Bruce? Sources A and B agree that after Bannockburn Robert the Bruce sought to keep control of Scotland using methods other than military actions. (1 mark) However they disagree on this being the end of the fighting, with A seeing a move towards peace and B saying that war remains a possible option. (2nd mark) Both the sources agree that after Bannockburn Bruce held a meeting of the Scottish Parliament at Cambuskenneth Abbey. Source A says “In November 1314 Bruce with increased confidence, convened a Parliament at Cambuskenneth” and Source B says “In the November, after the battle, Bruce was ready to take the next step, the Scots Parliament met at Cambuskenneth Abbey.” (1 mark) The sources also agree that any Scottish landowner that failed to support Bruce would lose their land. Source A says “Scottish landowners who had failed to offer allegiance by that date should be disinherited” and Source B says “The new class of the ‘disinherited’ were men on the English side…men…who…held estates in Scotland”. (1 mark) Sources A and B agree that it was no longer for possible for landowners to own land in England and Scotland. Source A says “They (Scottish landowners) could no longer be feudatories in two countries and serve two kings. They must choose their nationality once and for all” and Source B supports this by saying “Landowners could no longer have divided political loyalties: they had to choose one side or the other”. (1 mark) Developed Overall comparison – provide additional information about the overall comparison
  11. 11. Higher History exam – Comparison questions To what extent do Sources A and B agree about the ambitions of Robert the Bruce? The sources also agree that any Scottish landowner that failed to support Bruce would lose their land. Source A says “Scottish landowners who had failed to offer allegiance by that date should be disinherited” and Source B says “The new class of the ‘disinherited’ were men on the English side…men…who…held estates in Scotland”. (1 mark) Sources A and B agree that it was no longer for possible for landowners to own land in England and Scotland. Source A says “They (Scottish landowners) could no longer be feudatories in two countries and serve two kings. They must choose their nationality once and for all” and Source B supports this by saying “Landowners could no longer have divided political loyalties: they had to choose one side or the other”. (1 mark) Sources A and B agree that after Bannockburn Robert the Bruce sought to keep control of Scotland using methods other than military actions. (1 mark) However they disagree on this being the end of the fighting, with A seeing a move towards peace and B saying that war remains a possible option. (2nd mark) Both the sources agree that after Bannockburn Bruce held a meeting of the Scottish Parliament at Cambuskenneth Abbey. Source A says “In November 1314 Bruce with increased confidence, convened a Parliament at Cambuskenneth” and Source B says “In the November, after the battle, Bruce was ready to take the next step, the Scots Parliament met at Cambuskenneth Abbey.” (1 mark) Developed comparison – state a specific issue the sources agree or disagree on; then give the quotes to prove this
  12. 12. Higher History exam How to answer… Comparison questions It’s that simple! Mr Marr History

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