LEARNING INTENTIONS
• Describe the problems in Ireland that forced the
Irish to move to Scotland
Ireland in the 1800s was similar in many ways to Scotland.
Just as the Scots faced problems at this time that forced
them ...
There were many reasons
that Ireland in the 1800s was
very poor.
Like Scotland, the
population had increased
greatly by 18...
Ireland’s economy was
struggling too.
The Industrial Revolution had
only a small effect in Ireland,
meaning less work.
Man...
There were many land
problems too.
Few Irish owned their own
land. This meant they
could be evicted or
forced to pay highe...
There were government
problems in Ireland too.
Many people who ran
Ireland did so from London
and had little knowledge of
...
In the 1800s the main
crop grown in Ireland –
and relied upon by the
poor to eat – was the
potato.
Around half the people
...
From 1845-1852 the disease
blight destroyed the entire
potato crop.
This affected many countries,
including Scotland. Howe...
The Irish who stayed faced
poverty and eviction.
Other Irish went into the
workhouse although still
faced terrible living
...
LEARNING INTENTIONS
• Explain why many Irish people moved to
Scotland
• Describe the main places that the Irish settled in...
Scotland was facing its own emigration and problems in
the 1800s. So why did the Irish want to move here? And
once in Scot...
Distance

The major reason the Irish
moved to Scotland was
that it was close to home.
A short distance meant
cheaper trave...
Better wages

Many Irish people found
they could get higher
wages in Scotland doing
the same jobs.
In some places this cou...
Scotland needed workers

The Industrial Revolution
meant Scotland needed
more workers. This was
especially true in the
tex...
Where did the Irish live?

Simply put, the Irish went
wherever there was jobs.
In 1841 there around
126,000 Irish-born peo...
The largest number of Irish
settled in the west coast,
especially around Glasgow.
Many Irish went to the east
coast, espec...
The Irish were not
welcomed everywhere they
went.
Some Scots were worried
about the effects of very
poor Irish people.
Oth...
LEARNING INTENTIONS
• Describe the main industries in which the Irish
worked in Scotland
• Describe the living conditions ...
Whilst life in Scotland was better for most of the Irish, it was
not easy. The Irish worked in many hard jobs and also
fac...
The Irish did a variety
of jobs, depending
on where they lived
in Scotland.
Most worked in
factories although
others worke...
Some Irish worked in
industries such as farming
using skills from home.
Others took on seasonal
work, moving where they
we...
The working conditions that
the Irish faced were usually
very difficult.
There were few workplace
laws at the time.
Also t...
Housing conditions were
often very poor for the Irish.
At the time most housing in
Scotland was of a poor
standard.
As new...
Overcrowding was a major
problem too.
In 1871, 41% of Irish families
lived in one room homes
(known as single ends).
House...
Diseases were very
common. Cholera,
typhus and tuberculosis
were common killers.
This was because of the
poor housing and
...
LEARNING INTENTIONS
• Describe the different types of Irish groups found
in Scotland
• Describe the reasons many Scots dis...
Today many people are opposed to immigration; this was
also true in the past. The Irish were not always welcomed in
Scotla...
When many people think
of Ireland, they think
about the religious divide
in the north.
This divide followed the
Irish to S...
Most Irish immigrants were
Catholic and were spread
across Scotland.
Irish protestants tended to
settle in the west coast,...
Catholics tended to live
together, partly because of
the opposition they faced.
The Catholic Church was a
key part of thei...
Like today, many Scots
opposed immigration.
There were many
reasons for this, mostly to
do with the workplace.
Scots were ...
Other Scots believed that
the Irish were violent and
had poor morals.
Many others opposed
Catholicism, meaning
they oppose...
Migration and Empire - irish immigration to scotland
Migration and Empire - irish immigration to scotland
Migration and Empire - irish immigration to scotland
Migration and Empire - irish immigration to scotland
Migration and Empire - irish immigration to scotland
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Migration and Empire - irish immigration to scotland

  1. 1. LEARNING INTENTIONS • Describe the problems in Ireland that forced the Irish to move to Scotland
  2. 2. Ireland in the 1800s was similar in many ways to Scotland. Just as the Scots faced problems at this time that forced them to travel, this was true for the Irish too.
  3. 3. There were many reasons that Ireland in the 1800s was very poor. Like Scotland, the population had increased greatly by 1841 (doubling to 8 million in only 50 years). This meant more people to feed and find work.
  4. 4. Ireland’s economy was struggling too. The Industrial Revolution had only a small effect in Ireland, meaning less work. Many Irish had worked from producing cloth to make extra money. British factories did this at a cheaper cost.
  5. 5. There were many land problems too. Few Irish owned their own land. This meant they could be evicted or forced to pay higher rents. A growing population and new farming methods increased land demand.
  6. 6. There were government problems in Ireland too. Many people who ran Ireland did so from London and had little knowledge of the country. Ireland was also mostly Catholic, and strong antiCatholic laws still existed.
  7. 7. In the 1800s the main crop grown in Ireland – and relied upon by the poor to eat – was the potato. Around half the people in Ireland ate only potatoes. Any lack of potatoes was a disaster for the Irish.
  8. 8. From 1845-1852 the disease blight destroyed the entire potato crop. This affected many countries, including Scotland. However Ireland was worst hit. Around 1 million people starved to death or died from diseases caused by hunger.
  9. 9. The Irish who stayed faced poverty and eviction. Other Irish went into the workhouse although still faced terrible living conditions. The life they faced made many Irish leave, sometimes to the UK or the USA.
  10. 10. LEARNING INTENTIONS • Explain why many Irish people moved to Scotland • Describe the main places that the Irish settled in Scotland
  11. 11. Scotland was facing its own emigration and problems in the 1800s. So why did the Irish want to move here? And once in Scotland, where did they live?
  12. 12. Distance The major reason the Irish moved to Scotland was that it was close to home. A short distance meant cheaper travel costs. The new steamers also allowed people to go home.
  13. 13. Better wages Many Irish people found they could get higher wages in Scotland doing the same jobs. In some places this could be nine times as much as they would earn in Ireland.
  14. 14. Scotland needed workers The Industrial Revolution meant Scotland needed more workers. This was especially true in the textile, coal and iron industries. Some employers even paid housing and travel costs to
  15. 15. Where did the Irish live? Simply put, the Irish went wherever there was jobs. In 1841 there around 126,000 Irish-born people in Scotland. By 1881 this had almost doubled to 219,000.
  16. 16. The largest number of Irish settled in the west coast, especially around Glasgow. Many Irish went to the east coast, especially Dundee and Edinburgh. Dundee Irish went due to jute jobs. The city had the highest proportion of Irish.
  17. 17. The Irish were not welcomed everywhere they went. Some Scots were worried about the effects of very poor Irish people. Others worried about the Irish taking jobs, and also about religion too.
  18. 18. LEARNING INTENTIONS • Describe the main industries in which the Irish worked in Scotland • Describe the living conditions that the Irish faced in Scotland
  19. 19. Whilst life in Scotland was better for most of the Irish, it was not easy. The Irish worked in many hard jobs and also faced very poor living conditions.
  20. 20. The Irish did a variety of jobs, depending on where they lived in Scotland. Most worked in factories although others worked in the coal and iron industries too.
  21. 21. Some Irish worked in industries such as farming using skills from home. Others took on seasonal work, moving where they were needed. God examples of this include railway workers (known as navvies).
  22. 22. The working conditions that the Irish faced were usually very difficult. There were few workplace laws at the time. Also the Irish were often poorly educated. This meant accepting low wages at work.
  23. 23. Housing conditions were often very poor for the Irish. At the time most housing in Scotland was of a poor standard. As new and poor immigrants, the Irish had to live in the worst accommodation.
  24. 24. Overcrowding was a major problem too. In 1871, 41% of Irish families lived in one room homes (known as single ends). Houses were often very poorly built with little decent sanitation. Vermin was common too.
  25. 25. Diseases were very common. Cholera, typhus and tuberculosis were common killers. This was because of the poor housing and sanitation, as well as poor diets and drinking dirty water.
  26. 26. LEARNING INTENTIONS • Describe the different types of Irish groups found in Scotland • Describe the reasons many Scots disliked the new Irish immigrants
  27. 27. Today many people are opposed to immigration; this was also true in the past. The Irish were not always welcomed in Scotland, for various reasons.
  28. 28. When many people think of Ireland, they think about the religious divide in the north. This divide followed the Irish to Scotland, with immigrant groups split into Protestant and Catholic.
  29. 29. Most Irish immigrants were Catholic and were spread across Scotland. Irish protestants tended to settle in the west coast, especially Ayrshire, parts of Lanarkshire and Glasgow. The violent divides of the ‘old country’ still existed.
  30. 30. Catholics tended to live together, partly because of the opposition they faced. The Catholic Church was a key part of their lives, offering schooling, social events, charity and other help too. Even football teams grew from the Church.
  31. 31. Like today, many Scots opposed immigration. There were many reasons for this, mostly to do with the workplace. Scots were worried that the Irish would take their jobs or reduce average wages.
  32. 32. Other Scots believed that the Irish were violent and had poor morals. Many others opposed Catholicism, meaning they opposed mass Irish immigration. The Irish religious divide did not help here.

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