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Mental Health Fitness

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A discussion of mental illness.

A discussion of mental illness.

Published in: Education, Health & Medicine

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Transcript

  • 1. Mental Health Fitness An overview
  • 2. Mental Health Facts
    • Can affect anyone, regardless of age, gender, race or income
    • Each year, roughly ¼ Americans affected…Fewer than half will treat symptoms
    • Causes: biological, psychological & social
  • 3. 5 things you should know
    • Mental illness is common
    • Many people can recover and lead full lives
    • It is NOT a character weakness
    • Children can have mental illness
    • People with mental illness are not violent.
    • http://www.netwellness.org/healthtopics/mentalhealth/overview.cfm
  • 4. Types of mental illness
    • Known types:
    • Depression
    • Generalized anxiety disorder
    • Bipolar Disease (depression and mania)
    • Seasonal Affective Disorder (depression during the dark winter months)
    • Kleptomania (urge to steal things)
    • Hypochondriasis (persistent fear of having a serious medical illness)
  • 5. Types of mental illness
    • Lesser known:
    • Body dysmorphic disorder: Can’t stop thinking about a flaw in your appearance
    • Disassociative disorder: A person disassociates from themselves, such as multiple personalities
    • Munchausen syndrome: Person pretends to be sick or deliberately causes injury or illness to fulfill emotional needs .
    • Somatization disorder: Person is chronically preoccupied with physical symptoms over many years, with no explanation except psychological
  • 6. Mental Health Assessment
    • Why? Some reasons:
    • Identify mental health problems
    • Determine if mental or physical problem
    • Determine substance abuse
    • How? Interview. Doctor may
    • Observe behavior (Neat? Shoes tied? Mood?)
    • Talk about yourself.
    • Question you about thinking, reasoning and remembering
    • Inquire about suicidal thoughts
    • Next…Physical and lab tests may be done
  • 7. Assessment (continued)
    • Physical exam:
    • Reflexes, balance, senses
    • Review past history and medications
    • Lab tests:
    • Blood or urine tests
    • If nervous system suspected, MRI, EEG, CT may be done
    • Thyroid function tests, electrolyte levels or toxic screening
    • Next…Written and verbal assessments
  • 8. Assessment (continued)
    • Written or Verbal tests:
    • 20 to 30 questions, short answer
    • Can look at specific problems (depression, anxiety)
    • Can assess how you think, reason and remember
    • Can look at how you function
    • Next, How will you feel about these tests? What will results show us?
  • 9. Assessment (continued)
    • Common reactions to mental health assessments :
    • Resentment, anger or hostility
    • Fear
    • Worried or anxious
    • What the results can diagnose:
    • Mental health problems
    • Developmental problems
    • Substance abuse
    • Nervous system diseases
    • Other problems (thyroid disease, brain tumors)
  • 10. Treatment options: Medical
    • Medications
    • Psychotherapy
    • Electroconvulsive therapy (electric currents passed through the brain, causing brief seizure)
    • Transcranial magnetic stimulation (magnetic fields to stimulate nerve cells in the brain)
  • 11. Treatment options: Non medical
    • Diet and nutrition
    • Pastoral counseling
    • Expressive therapies (art, dance/movement, music)
    • Cultural healing arts (acupuncture, yoga)
    • Relaxation & stress reduction techniques
    • Support groups
  • 12. Video tutorial: How drugs work
    • How do the anti-depressant drugs work? Click on the following link to find out.
    • http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/antidepressants/MM00660
  • 13. Video tutorial: Friends can help
    • Do you have a friend with mental illness? What should you do? Participate in this video interactive tutorial to find out.
    • http://whatadifference.samhsa.gov/
  • 14. Important resources
    • Free Mental Health Screening, once a year. Next date: 10/07/10
    • http://www.mentalhealthscreening.org/events/ndsd/index.aspx
    • Suicide Prevention number: 1-800-TALK
  • 15. PowerPoint Resources
    • http://www.netwellness.org/healthtopics/mentalhealth/overview.cfm
    • http://www.webmd.com/mental-health/default.htm
    • http://www.mentalhealthscreening.org/events/ndsd/index.aspx
    • http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/mentalhealth.html
    • http://whatadifference.samhsa.gov/
    • http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/antidepressants/MM00660