An end to net neutrality


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Looking at the FCC regulations and looking for solutions

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An end to net neutrality

  1. 1. End to Net Neutrality? Paying more for speed
  2. 2. What is the FCC proposing? • The FCC wants to create new standards for Internet providers • This will allow providers to develop a “fast lane” and a “slow lane”, depending on the content that it is putting out there • This means that Internet Providers (like AT & T) can charge web companies (like Netflix) more to stream their content (important for video streaming)
  3. 3. Internet slow lane • This would create an Internet slow lane, which means that what you pay for Internet may not give you equal access to everything on the Internet. • Your Internet provider can determine what services you get quickly, and what services you get slower. AND, they get to charge the sites (like Netflix) for quicker access.
  4. 4. Well, isn’t that like HBO? • NO! With HBO, you are paying for content. Your payments go to HBO. • With the new proposal, more money is being extracted but is not going to those who create the content, but is going back to the Internet Providers. • So you are paying for the service (like AT&T broadband) and then the service decides how it will deliver content (even slowing down something you have already paid for like Netflix).
  5. 5. Is this fair? • Many people think that this is not fair, which is why there are so many protests. • Cable companies want to collect more money from people creating content to provide services for people paying for Internet. • As customers, we are “stuck” with our providers.
  6. 6. Possible worst case scenario • This pits business against business. So maybe Netflix is willing to pay extra for the fast lane for their video, but Amazon doesn’t want to. So when you watch video from Netflix, it is fast, but Amazon keeps stalling. Both provided by your carrier (like Verizon or Time Warner). • Which business would you purchase an online video from???
  7. 7. Solutions??? • There are two solutions: competition and regulatory. • Competition: You decide who you purchase bandwidth from. If they are charging companies extra for the fast lane, you switch to another company. • Regulatory: Similar to what happened to the telephone company.
  8. 8. A possible bright spot • Right now, the companies that supply Internet (Cox, Verizon, AT&T) are known as Internet Service Providers. • The FCC is suggesting we reclassify them as Title II, “common carriers”. This would put them under the same regulation as phone companies. • This would require Internet Service Providers to treat all traffic on their networks equally (like the phone companies) • Although this is a great idea, it has many political obstacles.
  9. 9. What if the 2 tier service wins? • This can impact our country’s future as net innovators. • Companies with net neutrality would have an easier way of expanding. • But, we may see an increase in competition, which is not as desirable as regulatory changes, but better than nothing!
  10. 10. What the White House says • The White House supports net neutrality • However, it states that the FCC is an independent agency so it will review the proposal
  11. 11. What the FCC is saying • It says that these rules are not threatening the Internet, free speech or capitalism • It is also welcoming public debate, and has given us 120 days to put in our two cents.
  12. 12. What a web browser is saying • Mozilla Firefox, a browser, is saying that reclassifying the Internet Service Providers to Title II will create “real net-neutrality”.
  13. 13. What Netflix is saying • It isn’t fair to consumers to pay $50 to $80 a month for high speed Internet, only to have the ISP “discriminate” on what content gets to be faster. • They say that the proposed regulations could “legalize discrimination, harming innovation and punishing U.S. consumers with a broadband experience that is worse than they already have”.
  14. 14. How about others? • Small companies say that they can’t afford to pay more for fast streaming (think of those upstart video companies) • Conservatives don’t like the additional regulation over the Internet • Open Internet advocates are outraged!
  15. 15. What you may see if this passes
  16. 16. Opposing views on one page