Major depressive disorder powerpoint

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This is a project for a high school AP Psychology course. This is a fictionalized account of having a psychological ailment. For questions about this blog project and its content please email the teacher Chris Jocham: jocham@fultonschools.org

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Major depressive disorder powerpoint

  1. 1. Major Depressive Disorder
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Major depressive disorder is more commonly known as just depression </li></ul><ul><li>Women are two times more likely to be afflicted by major depressive disorder than men are </li></ul><ul><li>Causes widely vary from psychological to physiological to biological </li></ul>
  3. 4. Symptoms <ul><li>A person suffering from major depressive disorder generally exhibits various symptoms such as: </li></ul><ul><li>Low mood </li></ul><ul><li>An inability to experience happiness </li></ul><ul><li>Preoccupation with feelings of worthlessness </li></ul><ul><li>In severe cases, psychosis </li></ul>
  4. 5. Diagnosis <ul><li>Most cases of major depressive disorder are diagnosed through: </li></ul><ul><li>the patient’s self-reported experiences, </li></ul><ul><li>behavior reported by people close to the patient, </li></ul><ul><li>and a mental examination </li></ul>
  5. 7. Biological Causes <ul><li>Decreased serotonin levels </li></ul><ul><li>Decreased serotonin levels caused levels of norepinephrine to drop </li></ul><ul><li>To counteract this, various medications attempt to increase the amount of neurotransmitters </li></ul>
  6. 8. Psychological Causes <ul><li>One major factor is personality </li></ul><ul><li>The development of personality and the personality itself are integral components to determining whether an individual suffers from depression </li></ul>
  7. 9. Social Causes <ul><li>Social isolation may cause major depressive disorder </li></ul><ul><li>Another noted cause is poverty </li></ul><ul><li>Abuse also increase the likelihood of depression </li></ul><ul><li>Social support and stressful life events are two other notable factors </li></ul>
  8. 12. Treatment <ul><li>The most common form of treatment is medication </li></ul><ul><li>Various prescription medications exist for the purpose of treating depression, including Prozac and Zoloft </li></ul><ul><li>Therapy is also effective </li></ul>
  9. 14. Prognosis <ul><li>Most depressive episodes will eventually end over a period of time </li></ul><ul><li>Episodes can range from weeks to years </li></ul><ul><li>After an episode ends, there is a chance that a patient will experience another depressive episode </li></ul>
  10. 16. History <ul><li>In ancient times, renowned Greek physician Hippocrates determined that people were affected by a disease of melancholia </li></ul><ul><li>Freud too identified this disease of melancholia, which today is known as clinical depression </li></ul><ul><li>After Freud, various psychologists theorized that depression was caused by an imbalance of neurotransmitters </li></ul><ul><li>Now, there is a wide variety of definitions for depression, although the most accepted definition appears in the DSM </li></ul>
  11. 18. Famous People Who Suffered from Depression <ul><li>Abraham Lincoln was noted to have suffered from “melancholia” </li></ul><ul><li>Famed psychologists William James and John Watson are said to have suffered from depression </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Winston Churchill, who also suffered from depression, popularized the term “black dog” in reference to depression </li></ul>
  12. 20. Bibliography <ul><li>Psychology, 8 th Edition by David Myers </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Major_depressive_disorder </li></ul><ul><li>http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Depression_(mood) </li></ul>

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