Adolf hitler (leadership)


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Adolf hitler (leadership)

  1. 1. 30January2013 Assignment of Leadership, Power and Influence Assignment No : 02 (Two) Submitted To Ms. FahmidaChowdhury Associate Professor, BIBM Mirpur, Dhaka Course Instructor : Leadership, Power and Influence Department of Business Administration Submitted By MahfuzaAkterMili [+8801556341735] ID :10206038 ( Student of MBA ) THE UNIVERSITY OF ASIA PACIFIC1|Page
  2. 2. Topic :A Negative but Effective Leader A DOLF H ITLER2|Page
  3. 3. Date: January 30, 2013ToMs. FahmidaChowdhuryDepartment of Business Administration,Course of Leadership, Power and InfluenceThe University of Asia PacificDhakaFrom: MahfuzaAkterMili (Students of MBA), ID: 10206038Subject: Prayer for accepting myAssignment .As you said in the class, I have prepared myassignment as your given topic. I analyzed the modeland have prepared my assignment on basis of that. It may also contain same mistakes and I couldoverlook some imported point. I tried my best to prepare this assignment.Therefore, I shall be highly grateful if your overlook consider these mistakes and accept myAssignment.Signatures…………………………………….MahfuzaAkterMili3|Page
  4. 4. AcknowledgmentFirst of all I would like to thanks to all mighty ALLAH that HE courage me to complete thisAssignment. I would like to thank all of other helping hands who were with me to make thisassignment possible.I also would like to thanks our honorable course instructor Ms.FahmidaChowdhuryofLeadership, Power and Influence, Department of BusinessAdministration in the University of Asia Pacific to giving me the opportunity to prepare thisassignment.4|Page
  5. 5. Table of ContentsAbstract 01Object 02Limitation 02Source Of Data 02Methodology 02Scope 02Introduction 03Instructional Objectives 03History of Adolf Hitler 0410 Life Lessons Adolf Hitler 05Management lesson from HITLER 07Analysis of Behavior 09Style Approach (Blake and Moutons Leadership Grid) 09Contingency Model 10Appropriateness of Leadership Style Implemented 11Effectiveness 12Mistakes 12Summary 13Conclusion 14Bibliography 15Annexer 165|Page
  6. 6. ABSTRACTThe purpose of this assignment is to the concepts of leadership and power has generated livelyinterest, debate, and occasional confusion for decades. In fact, there has long been discussion onthe ideas of personal power and position power. Back in the sixteenth century, Machiavelli raisedthe question of whether it is better to have a relationship based on love (personal power) or onfear (position power). It is common to believe power belongs to the leader, but those who studyleadership and power, point out that power is actually a function of the leader, the followers, andthe situation. In other words, power is a function of a relationship. Followers allow the leader tolead, and leaders derive their power from followers.Leadership can be defined as ones ability to get others to willingly follow. Every organizationneeds leaders at every level. Leaders can be found and nurtured if you look for the followingcharacter traits.A leader with vision has a clear, vivid picture of where to go, as well as a firm grasp on whatsuccess looks like and how to achieve it. But its not enough to have a vision; leaders must alsoshare it and act upon it. Jack Welch, former chairman and CEO of General Electric Co., said,"Good business leaders create a vision, articulate the vision, passionately own the vision andrelentlessly drive it to completion."A leader must be able to communicate his or her vision in terms that cause followers to buy intoit. He or she must communicate clearly and passionately, as passion is contagious.A good leader must have the discipline to work toward his or her vision single-mindedly, as wellas to direct his or her actions and those of the team toward the goal. Action is the mark of aleader. A leader does not suffer "analysis paralysis" but is always doing something in pursuit ofthe vision, inspiring others to do the same.6|Page
  7. 7. ObjectThis assignment is carried out as the analysis of theCourse Objectives Explore effective, ethical and enduring leadership models in relationship to self and the organization Examine different components of leadership relating to innovation, change, career engagement, resources and community. Demonstrate & enhance leadership skills using assessments & tools designed to address current challenges & opportunities. Develop a leadership portfolio including a specific goal-driven action planLimitation:When I prepared this assignment all necessary data is not available. For this I assume some ofthe data to complete the report. On the other hand one limitation was on shortage of knowledgethat was reduced to make this report a better one. And finallytime was major constraint.Source of Data:For my report I collect data for finding & analysis. At first I collected some books of leadershipand Adolf Hitler. I also collected some data from the internet.Methodology:A Powerful Leader develops skills in self-management, communication, performancemanagement, handling disagreements and achieving results.Just like the leaders I‟ve helped through the Mind to Lead retreats.Scope:I want to use power appropriately, no matter what. The Powerful Leader programs help meinfluence others with a calm, confident demeanor and concise language that focuses all minds onmy expectation.7|Page
  8. 8. Introduction:Adolf Hitler, regardless of his wrong doings and the obvious evil that he empowered, was one ofthe great leaders of our time and changed the way that our society looked at war. The fact thatHitler came from a front-line soldier with no real future in a leadership role to the chancellor ofGermany and the commander of a great army shows his great will and ability to meet his goalsand to manipulate people to achieve a vision. The reason that I chose Hitler as the subject for thisassignment was because of the great impact that he had on our world over the last century andalso to take a look at just how he could convince not only his nation but other allies to carry outhis ill-will towards Russia and the Jews. Whether or not he is viewed as crazy is irrelevant here,his leadership and manipulative skills allowed him to achieve at least some of his sub-goals andvery nearly his overall goal of expanding Germany into Russia and exterminating the Jews.When looking at a leadership style or a model to compare Hitler to, there is one word that reallystands out in most leadership models that all relate to Hitler: directive. This assignment will lookat two different models which I believe will show what kind of leader Hitler was and also why Ithink that he was as successful as he possibly could have been. These two models are Blake andMoutons Leadership Grid and the contingency model.Instructional ObjectivesWe will learn:1. Facts about Hitlers life and the historical events which occurred during that time.2. Hitlers view of history, his theory of race, and his political goals.3. Hitlers use of anti-Semitism to advance his career and to consolidate power.4. How a political leader was able to manipulate the political system in a democracy and obtainautocratic power.History of Adolf Hitler8|Page
  9. 9. Adolf Hitler was born on April 20, 1889 in Braunau, Austria, a small town across the Inn Riverfrom Germany. Soon after Hitlers birth, his father, Alois Hitler, moved the family to Linz,Austria. Hitler attended school in Linz and at first was a good student, but in high school he wasa very poor student. Hitlers academic abilities angered his father because his father hoped thatHitler would study to become a government worker as he had been. Hitler, however, wanted tobecome an artist.In 1907, Hitler went to Vienna Austria. in an attempt to fulfill his dream of becoming an artist.This attempt ended when he failed the entrance exam to the Academy of Fine Arts. WhenHitlers mother died in 1907, he decided to remain in Vienna. He took the entrance exam a yearlater and failed again. He did not have steady work in Vienna, but, instead, took a variety of oddjobs. He lived in cheap rooming houses or slept on park benches and he often had to get mealsfrom charity kitchens. During his time in Vienna Hitler learned to hate non-Germans. Hitler wasa German-speaking Austrian and considered himself German. He ridiculed the Austriangovernment for recognizing eight languages as official and believed that no government couldlast if it treated ethnic groups equally.In 1913, Hitler went to Munich, Germany and when World War I began in 1914, he volunteeredfor service in the German army. Hitler was twice decorated for bravery, but only rose to the rankof corporal. When World War I ended. Hitler was in a hospital recovering from temporaryblindness possibly caused by a poison gas attack. The Versailles Treaty that ended the warstripped Germany of much of its territory, forced the country to disarm, and ordered Germany topay huge reparations. When the army returned to Germany.the country was in despair. Thecountry was bankrupt and millions of people were unemployed.In 1920, Hitler joined the National Socialist German Workers Party known as the Nazis. TheNazis called for all Germans, even those in other countries, to unite into one nation; they calledfor a strong central government; and they called for the cancellation of the Versailles Treaty.Hitler became leader of the Nazi party and built up membership quickly, mostly because of hispowerful speaking ability. Hitler organized an army for the Nazi party called the Storm Troopers("Brown Shirts") who were called upon to fight groups seeking to disband the Nazi rallies.On November 9, 1923, Hitler led more than 2,000 Storm Troopers on a march to seize theBavarian government. The attempt failed and Hitler was arrested and sentenced to prison for fiveyears for treason. While in prison, Hitler wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle). In this book.hestated his beliefs and plans for Germanys future. Hitler only served nine months in prison andwhen he was released, he began to rebuild the party again. He set up a private battle-ready eliteguard known as the "Schutzstaffel" (SS). By 1929, the Nazis had become an important minorpolitical party.In 1930, a worldwide depression hit Germany, yet Germany also had the debt of paying for thedamage it had caused in World War I. Hitler protested against paying the debt and said that theJews and Communists were the cause for Germanys defeat in World War I. He promised to ridGermany of Jews and Communists and to reunite the German speaking part of Europe.9|Page
  10. 10. In July, 1932, the Nazis received about 40% of the vote and became the strongest party inGermany. On January 30,1933, President Paul von Hindenburg appointed Hitler Chancellor ofGermany. Once in this position, Hitler moved quickly toward attaining a dictatorship. When vonHindenburg died in 1934, Hitler already had control of Germany and he gave himself the title"Fuehrer" (leader).Under Hitlers government, called the Third Reich, there was no place for freedom. Thegovernment controlled every part of ones life. Hitler used extensive propaganda to brainwashthe nation into believing his theory about creating the perfect Aryan or nordic race. Therefore, itwas Hitlers plan to rid the nation and eventually the world of Jews, Gypsies, Negroes,handicapped, and mentally ill persons. This plan was called the "Final Solution."World War II began in 1939 when Hitler invaded Poland to begin his unification of all German-speaking peoples. By this time extermination camps were being established throughoutGermany, Poland, and Russia.Before Hitler was stopped in 1945 by the Allied countries, he had caused the extermination over12 million people. Hitler committed suicide in his bunker on April 30,1945 and seven days later,Germany surrendered.10 Life Lessons Adolf HitlerLesson 1 : Adolf Hitler has his own ideal world Adolf Hitler has the good side for being the evilruler of his own country although, in the history of all mankind, he killed thousand of thousandJews Christian in the country. The only difference is Adolf Hitler did not treat equally to otherpeople who are Jews. He really hates Jews and he has the power to kill them all. He considershimself as a God or he acts as a God to everyone.Lesson 2 : Do good things to the people It‟s the same how anti-Hitler view him as a killer.People dont know that hes also a Roman Catholic Christian. Rosa who worked as a maid saidthat Adolf Hitler was a kind man. Theres a reason why Adolf Hitler hated Jews and we dontknow what it is. Hes the massive killer in the human society but the other side of it, he did goodthings to other people but only people who became his follower.Lesson 3 : Have sense of humor Hitler often cracked jokes. Although Hitler still laughed duringwartime, he had been an even bigger joker in earlier days. "As I knew from the „old timers‚‟Hitler in wartime was a completely different from Hitler before the war.”, said Misch, whodescribes himself as “a last living piece of history” and his modest flat in Berlin is filled withphotos and scrapbooks of his service for Hitler.Lesson 4 : Have a leisure time after works a dictator, Hitler liked to give the impression that hewas constantly in motion, toiling on behalf of Germany into the early hours. Actually, we know10 | P a g e
  11. 11. quite a lot about how he spent his leisure time in the close circle with which he felt mostcomfortable. Wagner music operas were a life-long passion.Lesson 5 : Take care of health at best Hitler never drank or smoked, which was banned in hispresence. The only time he danced was when he did a jig beneath the Eiffel Tower afterconquering France. As a vegetarian his meals consisted of mashed potatoes and pulses, withendless vitamin supplements.Lesson 6 : Be a family man “Woman‟s world is her husband, her family, her children and herhome. We do not find it right when she presses into the world of men.” In reality, one of thereasons why Hitler was so popular with conservative Christians in Germany was preciselybecause he promised to restore traditional morality. He spent most of his time with his wife EvaBraun, because he highly believed in the need of traditional moral values.Lesson 7 : Faith is harder to shake than knowledge Faith is harder to shake than knowledge, lovesuccumbs less to change than respect, hate is more enduring than aversion, and the impetus to themightiest upheavals on this earth has at all times consisted less in a scientific knowledgedominating the masses than in a fanaticism which inspired them and sometimes in a hysteriawhich drove them forward. - Adolf HitlerLesson 8 : Give the most powerful speech “Make the lie big, make it simple, keep saying it, andeventually they will believe it.” This doesn‟t mean that Hitler taught us to tell a lie, but he guidedus how to make people believe in him. If you want to get your point across, and you want peopleto listen, you need to make what you say look professional. If you are "discussing" this in reallife, please try to keep your tone calm but confident.Lesson 9 : It is the „human heart‟ that he ignored The fall of Hitler and his army began in theirhearts. Hitlers heart started to poison him. He became proud of what he has and became tooconfident... or a better word – arrogant in his battles. This confidence made him under-estimatehis opponents. Hence, the weak and the coward developed the perfect techniques to stab thegiants (brave and strong) at their backs and lead them to their fall.Lesson 10 : Hitler didn‟t die in Berlin in 1945 and still alive in Argentina!!!Soviet troops foundHitlers body and buried somewhere in Berlin. Wasnt it a corpse of Hitlers double? (Hitler had adouble of a close resemblance as witnessed by Angel Velasco.) Hitler did not die in Berlin andfled to Norway where he took U-boat to head for South America. According to Pravda of Russia,at least 5 U-boats have arrived at Argentina port with many of Nazi officials on board.“Those who want to live, let them fight, and those who do not want to fight in this world ofeternal struggle do not deserve to live.”11 | P a g e
  12. 12. Management lesson from HITLER Managerial Lessons to be learned from the greatest tyrant of the world “ The leader of genius must have the ability to make different opponents appear as if they belonged to one category”. Adolf Hitler may seem an evil and a terrifying man, but he was a man with a mission and vision. His passion, dependability, and confidence made Germany a powerful nation. One of Hitler quality that made him a well-known leader is his dependability. By having someone depend upon you makes you feel powerful or even generous. Confidence was a rare quality that led him rising to the power and popularity. Adolf Hitler would do anything to rise to the power and popularity, even by lying to bring his inner confidence to the power. Discipline : Since Childhood Hitler had Discipline and regimentation under the watchful eyes of teachers at school and his strict father at home. There is anecdotal evidence that Adolfs father regularly beat him during his childhood, it was not unusual for discipline to be enforced in that way during that period. Punctual and hard worker: Hitler was one of the most punctual people Germany ever produced. He never used to be late or absent for any meeting. Also before any public presence Hitler used to practice his speech many times with his photographer to get best motivating snaps. Vision : Hitler knew that the next level of war weapon will be of chemicals. He supported chemical warfare. Some reports says Hitler was first to have a nuclear weapon also. Determination: He wanted to be the most powerful person in Germany and also wanted to make Germany as the most powerful country in the world. In spite of being in prison for more than one year Hitler didn‟t let his determination fade. After being released Hitler continued his movement indirectly, as he was prohibited to make any public summit. But after getting public support Hitler became chancellor of Germany and later the undisputed leader. Strategic Planning : Hitler followed through with his plan and repudiated the Treaty of Versailles. At first he tried to keep Germanys rearmament a secret but by 1935 he proudly displayed Germanys new army, navy and air force. European nations did nothing to enforce the treaty, leading Hitler to conclude that he could begin to create his vision of a new German nation. In1936 he reclaimed the Rhineland from France and in 1938 he annexed Austria to Germany. France and Great Britain agreed at a meeting in Munich to the annexation on the12 | P a g e
  13. 13. understanding that Hitler would make no more territorial demands. The Munich agreement only made Hitler more convinced that he could continue his expansion. Within months German troops had marched into German-populated areas of Czechoslovakia and in 1939 Hitler annexed all of that country. Britain and France finally reacted when Hitlers armies invaded Poland on September 1, 1939. War was declared, leading to the Second World War that would last until 1945.13. Networking and allies Italy ( Benito Mussolini ) Japan ( Sabero Kurusu ) Bulgaria Romania Organizing : Hitler was discharged from the army in March 1920 and with his former superiors continued encouragement began participating full time in the partys activities. By early 1921, Hitler was becoming highly effective at speaking in front of large crowds. In February, Hitler spoke before a crowd of nearly six thousand in Munich. To publicize the meeting, he sent out two truckloads of party supporters to drive around with swastikas, cause a commotion and throw out leaflets, their first use of this tactic. Hitler gained notoriety outside of the party for his rowdy, polemic speeches against the Treaty of Versailles, rival politicians (including monarchists, nationalists and other non-internationalist socialists) and especially against Marxists and Jews. The DAP was centered in Munich, a hotbed of German nationalists who included Army officers determined to crush Marxism and undermine the Weimar republic. Gradually they noticed Adolf Hitler and his growing movement as a vehicle to hitch themselves to. Hitler traveled to Berlin to visit nationalist groups during the summer of 1921, and in his absence there was a revolt among the DAP leadership in Munich People Management: Hitler was very famous among his people. He used to be in them and treated them as a family. He played with their children and enjoyed with them. This lead to his popularity, his people were ready to die for him 17. Problem Solver: He had an amazing power of concentration. His judgments are quick and decisive. He acts more like a big brother to his staff than as a Fuehrer and manages to endear himself to Hitler was able to penetrate complex problems and reduce them to a few simple, fundamental factors. He prides himself on this talent and has said to various people: “ I have the gift of reducing all problems to their simplest foundations ...A gift for tracing back all theories to their roots in reality." each and every one of them. 19. But, underneath, he is every inch the Fuehrer. He displays extraordinary courage and determination. He shows a great deal of initiative and is willing to assume full responsibility for the wisdom of the course he has mapped out.13 | P a g e
  14. 14. Overconfident Hitler was no doubt a man of caliber with excellent cleverness and management skills; still he lost due to his overconfidence. He attacked both England and Russia together without realizing environment condition of Russia which caused it‟s lost to Russia and England both.Analysis of BehaviorWhen looking at Hitlers behaviour with the goal of analyzing his leadership style and leadershipsuccess, it is important to keep in mind that the focus of the paper is to look at how well and inwhat manner he led. To say that he was a poor leader based on his actions or his extremelyunethical goals would be a disservice to the analysis. This section of the paper will be brokendown into two sections that will separate the style approach and the contingency theory approachto analyze Hitlers leadership style.Style Approach (Blake and Moutons Leadership Grid)As was stated previously, Adolf Hitlers leadership style when considering the style approach is"authority-compliance". Essentially, Hitler wanted supreme power among his peers and the restof the world and once his country submitted to him and granted him this supreme power, Hitlertook full advantage of his positional power and at that point it was too late for anyone to opposehim. An article that talked about Hitlers leadership style said "Hitler was, first and foremost,determined to command personally. According to his so-called Leader Principle(FГјhrerprinzip), ultimate authority rested with him and extended downward. At each level,the superior was to give the orders, the subordinates to follow them to the letter. In practice thecommand relationships were more subtle and complex, especially at the lower levels, but Hitlerdid have the final say on any subject in which he took a direct interest, including the details ofmilitary operations, that is, the actual direction of armies in the fieldÐ‟…" (Megargee, 2003).Not only did Hitler give these orders, but if they were not followed exactly as they were given,the subordinates were severely punished. There is a clear emphasis on the task at hand, with littleregard for the soldiers involved. These orders did not only extend to his army. Hitler (orsubordinates acting through Hitler) had the same mentality no matter who he was talking to. Theentire country was to do as they were told or they would suffer the consequences. Hitler also didnot like or trust his soldiers or his generals. Fitting the leadership grid, the only time that he everreally spoke to these people was to give them orders to follow.One other thing to look at in the style approach was Hitlers ability to manipulate people intothinking that he was their friend (or at least not a threat) in order to achieve his goals. Hitlersprimary goal was to expand Germany and to take over a part of Eastern Russia. In light of thisgoal, Hitler made sub-goals that involved eliminating certain armies that would hinder in his14 | P a g e
  15. 15. goals. Knowing that Germany had just been defeated in WWI, Hitler used that as an excuse tobuild up his army and through manipulative discussion and empty promises of peace, Hitler soonhad a naval fleet outside of Britain and troops mobilizing to prepare for battle. Hitler was shownsome opposition to rebuilding the army by such countries as France, but when opposition camefrom any country, he flattered the leaders and told stories about how much the war had scarredhis country and how he wanted peace ("The History Place", 2001). Although Hitler seems tohave had great communication skills, again, the only reason that he drove himself to talk to thesepeople was because they were almost taking orders from Hitler to let him do as he pleased. Thiswas done only to attain another step in accomplishing his goals and his lies showed totaldisregard for the countries that he spoke with because he ended up attacking them. All that Hitlercared about was his tasks. To say that Hitler was seen as controlling and overpowering is anunderstatement and this is an extreme case where I would say that this leader is an actual "one"where communicating with people interpersonally is concerned. To me, this shows the sociopaththat was Adolf Hitler because he really did not care about anyone but himself.This look at the style approach only really shows Hitler as a leader who simply used hispositional power to push everyone around, possibly giving the impression that he wasnt much ofa leader as much as he was a bully. When you only look at the style approach, which mostpeople subconsciously do when they think about Hitler, you do not see how he led his way intothis positional power. The contingency model will look more at how he turned his poor situationinto one of great power through smart and opportunistic leadership.Contingency ModelThe contingency model will help look at Hitlers situation (that he had to create for himself), thegoals that he made, and his power over people (mostly through fear of punishment). Afterlooking at these items, Hitlers approach will predict whether or not he chose the correct style ofleadership.The first step in the contingency model is one that looks at the relationship between the leaderand the subordinates. According to the text, a good leader-member relationship is one where themembers have confidence in the leader, are loyal to the leader, and the attraction that they havefor the leader (Northouse, 2004: pg 110). Hitler came into politics at a time where the people ofGermany were devastated from WWI and the country was lost, with no sign of nationalism andno hope. Hitler, once again with his manipulative speeches that were geared toward his goals,gave people hope and through telling people who to hate and why to hate them, created afollowing of a massive army and gave the hopeless Germans something to believe in. Thesoldiers felt as if they were a part of something and Hitler used this to gain their absolute loyaltyand gained their confidence. For the people he was leading, although he did not care about thempersonally, Hitler was respected and admired by his followers.The next item to look at in the contingency theory is the task structure. As was previously stated,Hitler had his hand in anything that was of interest to him in military operations. He was soprecise in how he wanted things done that if they were not done exactly as ordered, his own15 | P a g e
  16. 16. people were punished, sometimes severely. In reference to task, the text says that "A task isconsidered structured when (a) the requirements of the task are clearly stated and known by theindividuals required to perform them, (b) the path to accomplish the path has few alternatives, (c)the completion of the task can be clearly demonstrated, (d) only a limited number of correctsolutions to the task exist (Northouse, 2004: pg 110). Although there may have been a couple ofdifferent solutions to the tasks that Hitler ordered, it was very clearly stated that the "only correctway" to accomplish the task was to complete the task in the manner that Hitler wanted it to becompleted. As was said, each order was extremely precise and organized, leaving the subordinatelittle room for error or chance to sway from the goal path. This exemplifies that high structure ofeach task that was delegated by Hitler.Lastly, the contingency model looks at the position power that the leader holds. Hitler started hismilitary career as a front-line soldier in WWI and through his great persuasive abilities workedhis way to being the chancellor of Germany. Once there, Hitler started to fire people and takeover positions in order to increase his position power over everybody. People were terrified tofail him let alone oppose him, so his positional power over his subordinates was quite extreme.Hitler gave himself the power to do whatever he wanted to do to people whenever he wanted todo it.After looking at the previous three items, the information is in place to determine the best styleof leadership given the conditions surrounding the leader and his subordinates. Hitlers situationcomes out as a "1" on the preferred leadership style scale, showing good leader-memberrelations, high task structure, and strong positional power. Keeping in mind that Hitler should beviewed as a low LPC, the contingency model says that people who are in Hitlers situation wouldbe most successful as a low or middle LPC. Based on this model, Hitler should theoretically besuccessful in his directive approach.Appropriateness of Leadership Style ImplementedIn my opinion, Adolf Hitlers style of leadership during the late 1930s and early to mid 1940swas the most efficient way to get the things done that he wanted to have done. During a time ofwar, there is little time to sit there and support people or take time to help someone out withsomething, you could get shot or lose important position while this is happening. I think that themost important part of Hitlers drive to win WWII was the fact that he very clearly, from thebeginning told his prospective followers of his vision and how he planned on making this visionbecome a reality. This vision gave the subordinates motivation in a very dark time in Germanyand by using the expectancy theory, he gave his troops the drive needed to attempt to carry outtheir goal. Of course Hitlers actions were absolutely evil, but he did use the situation to hisadvantage and to try to accomplish his goals, as terrible as some of them were. I think thatdriving his troops through nationalism was a great situational approach because the country wasonce so proud and at that time had nothing to be proud about.16 | P a g e
  17. 17. One thing that I would say about Hitlers leadership was that his lack of caring for his people wasquite unnecessary near the end of the war and that although it wasnt really a priority for him, heshould have surrendered and killed himself to save some of the people who had worked so hardfor a lost cause. When figuring that the goal could not be reached, it might have been a morehumane idea to take a higher stance on the concern for people on Blake and Moutons LeadershipGrid. Of course, this does not deter my belief that Hitler was an effective leader to that point, Ijust think that a great leader should have the ability to adapt to situations and to mould hisleadership style accordingly, and this did not happen in Hitlers case. This was probably due tothe fact that Hitler was as psychotic as he was smart, but this fault should be looked atnonetheless.EffectivenessAdolf Hitler, regardless of his wrong doings and the obvious evil that he empowered, was one ofthe great leaders of our time and changed the way that our society looked at war. The fact thatHitler came from a front-line soldier with no real future in a leadership role to the chancellor ofGermany and the commander of a great army shows his great will and ability to meet his goalsand to manipulate people to achieve a vision. The reason that I chose Hitler as the subject for thispaper was because of the great impact that he had on our world over the last century and also totake a look at just how he could convince not only his nation but other allies to carry out his ill-will towards Russia and the Jews. Whether or not he is viewed as crazy is irrelevant here, hisleadership and manipulative skills allowed him to achieve at least some of his sub-goals and verynearly his overall goal of expanding Germany into Russia and exterminating the Jews. Whenlooking at a leadership style or a model to compare Hitler, there is one word that really standsIn Hitlers case, leader-member relations are good, there is a high task structure and high positionpower.One other thing to look at Hitler‟s effectiveness is his ability to manipulate people into thinkingthat he was their friend (or at least not a threat) in order to achieve his goals. Hitlers primarygoal was to expand Germany and to take over a part of Eastern Russia. In light of this goal,Hitler made sub-goals that involved eliminating certain armies that would hinder in his goals.MistakesThe first was in not having sound moral judgment and allowing personal interests to dictate hisgovernments‟ actions, thereby misusing his supporters trust and, eventually destroying the livesof many of them.The second was in not trusting his subordinate‟s judgment in their own sections of expertise.This happened in many cases and an example would be during the war in north Africa where he17 | P a g e
  18. 18. did not allow his soldiers to retreat from the continent until it was far too late, for the reason ofnothing more than his idea of national pride.This lead to the destruction by death or capture of nearly his entire army in Africa. Anotherexample was the case of Stalingrad where he did not let his generals to order a generalwithdrawal of the troops allowed an entire army to be surrounded and cut off insisting till far tolate that the beleaguered air force could supply the surrounded troops. These were examples notonly of letting his emotions guide him but also of micromanagement in cases where he did notknow the entire situation.A third was in being overtly authoritarian, and not allowing any contrary views to be aired. Ithelped initially in implementing his policies but eventually it became dangerous to even talkabout ideas contrary to the official party line. It consequently discouraged free thinking andhonesty especially amongst his chief subordinates. This meant that the men who rose to powerdid so not based on ability or merit but on telling him things he wanted to hear.SummaryAdolf Hitler may seem as an evil and a terrifying man but a man that well-known wouldnt be inhistory without his passion, dependability, and confidence to make Germany a powerful nation.To get Germany to become a powerful nation did take both negative and positive thoughts uponhis actions. In my opinion, Hitler was man who fought till last man with the help of his military,economy and nothing other than his qualities. As being a man with qualities no other thandependability, passion, and confidence Hitler would not have led himself to victory, popularity,success and rise to the power. "Dunkirk has fallen... with it has ended the greatest of worldhistory. Soldiers! My confidence in you knew no bounds. It was all for his mission and vision tobecome an excellent leader but do you think all of these devastations were required"By putting himself into a position of great power and fear, Hitler understood the situation that hewas in and acted accordingly. If you think about this situation in a business sense, think about aboss who has made an example of firing a few people who would not perform as ordered to, andhow the next person is going to feel when ordered to do something. Hitler struck fear into hisarmy but at the same time maintained loyalty and motivation for the soldiers to arrive at Hitlersvision. For the boss of the business, if production was his only concern, it is very unlikely thatemployees would work harder for any reason other than to not be fired. The boss goal or visionwould not likely be a priority to the employee as it was to the Germans. In the case of the boss,however, I am not saying that the boss would not be successful as a leader, I am only trying toshow Hitlers success in leadership because of his consciousness to the situation and his ability toexploit it most efficiently.Conclusion18 | P a g e
  19. 19. In conclusion to all the information I have gathered, Adolf Hitler, although a sick and twistedman was a brilliant, charismatic leader. His speeches drew crowds of people in and earned theirpopularity, but used the power he gained for evil. He will go down in history as a demonic man,who used power for his own good.Overall, Hitlers situational analysis and leadership style based on the analysis and the situationsthat he created for himself make Hitler a great leader and a great man in the respect that heturned nothing into something huge. It is unfortunate that he used his abilities for evil rather thangood, but his accomplishments as a leader must be regarded as great. This style of leadershipwould not be likely to succeed in a growing, innovative corporation today, but in the setting thatGermany and Adolf Hitler found themselves in during the 1930s, the style proved to be verysuccessful when referring to the definition of leadership that we have been concerned with thisterm.Bibliography19 | P a g e
  20. 20. in organizations- Gary YuklOn Becoming A Leader by Warren G. BennisLeadership from the Inside Out: Becoming a Leader for Life by Kevin CashmanAnnexer20 | P a g e
  21. 21. Adolf Hitler’s Early YearsAdolf Hitler was the fourth of six children born to Alois Hitler and KlaraPolzl. When Hitler wasthree, the family moved from Austria to Germany. As a child, Adolf clashed frequently with hisfather. Following the death of his younger brother, Edmund, in 1900, Adolf became detachedand introverted. His father did not approve of his interest in fine art rather than business. Inaddition to art, Hitler showed an early interest in German nationalism, rejecting the authority ofAustro-Hungary. This nationalism would become the motivating force of Hitler‟s life.Alois died suddenly in 1903. Two years later, Adolf‟s mother allowed her son to drop out ofschool. He moved to Vienna and worked as a casual laborer and a watercolor painter. Hitlerapplied to the Academy of Fine Arts twice, and was rejected both times. Out of money, hemoved into a homeless shelter, where he remained for several years. Hitler later pointed to theseyears as the time when he first cultivated his anti-Semitism, though there is some debate aboutthis account.At the outbreak of World War I, Hitler applied to serve in the German army. He was accepted inAugust 1914, though he was still an Austrian citizen. Although he spent much of his time awayfrom the front lines, Hitler was present at a number of significant battles and was wounded at theSomme. He was decorated for bravery, receiving the Iron Cross First Class and the Black WoundBadge.Hitler became embittered over the collapse of the war effort. The experience reinforced hispassionate German patriotism, and he was shocked by Germanys surrender in 1918. Like otherGerman nationalists, he believed that the German army had been betrayed by civilian leaders andMarxists. He found the Treaty of Versailles degrading, particularly the demilitarization of theRhineland and the stipulation that Germany accept responsibility for starting the war.After World War I, Hitler returned to Munich and continued to work for the military as anintelligence officer. While monitoring the activities of the German Workers‟ Party (DAP), Hitleradopted many of the anti-Semitic, nationalist and anti-Marxist ideas of DAP founder AntonDrexler. Drexler invited Hitler to join the DAP, which he did in 1919.To increase its appeal, the DAP changed its name to the Nationalsozialistische DeutscheArbeiterpartei (NSDAP). Hitler personally designed the party banner, featuring a swastika in awhite circle on a red background. Hitler soon gained notoriety for his vitriolic speeches againstthe Treaty of Versailles, rival politicians, Marxists and Jews. In 1921, Hitler replaced Drexler asNSDAP party chairman21 | P a g e