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Martin Luther King Jr.
The Man and The Dream
1
Content
• Childhood and Education
• Strengths
• Segregation between Blacks and Whites
• Martin Luther King Jr. Vision
• King and 5 Practices of Exemplary leaders
• Martin Luther King Jr. Leadership Style
• The Dream Come True
2
Childhood and Education,
1929-1951
• Martin Luther King, Jr., was born on Tuesday, January 15, 1929,
in Atlanta, Georgia.
• His birth certificate listed his birth name as Michael Luther
King, Jr., but it was later changed to Martin; his father
arranged this change in 1935 in honor of German reformer and
leader of the Protestant Reformation Martin Luther.
• His grandfather and father were both pastor at Ebenezer
Baptist Church in Atlanta.
3
Childhood and Education,
1929-1951 Cont.
• King was only fifteen when he graduated from high school,
having skipped from 9th to 12th grade; he attended
Morehouse College and graduated in 1948 with a degree in
Sociology.
• In 1951, he got a Bachelor’s of Divinity followed by a Ph.D.
from Boston College in 1955.
• In Boston, he met Coretta Scott and married her in 1953; they
had four children: Yolanda Denise (1955-2007), Martin Luther
III (b. 1957), Dexter Scott (b. 1961), and Bernice Albertine (b.
1963).
4
Childhood and Education,
1929-1951 Cont.
• As a young boy, Martin had to see the inequality, injustice and
racial tension that was in America. He did not like this.
5
Segregation between Blacks
and Whites
Buses were
segregated.
6
Segregation between Blacks
and Whites
Schools were segregated.
7
Segregation between Blacks
and Whites
Neighborhoods were segregated.
8
Segregation between Blacks
and Whites
Water Fountains were segregated.
9
Becoming a Civil Rights leader,
1955
• Martin Luther King, Jr. became co-pastor
of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in
Montgomery, Alabama, in 1954.
• While he was serving as pastor of the
church, 42-year-old Rosa Parks was
arrested for refusing to give her seat on
a Montgomery bus to a white man; this
occurred on Thursday, December 1, 1955.
• On Monday, December 5, 1955, a group
of African Americans gathered to discuss
the situation, which started the
Montgomery Bus Boycott.
10
Martin Luther King's problem
faced
King was arrested and jailed. King's house bombed
• Arrested twenty times
• Assaulted 4 times.
11
Strengths
• His skills involved being an influential speaker and writer in which
he was able to move people with his visions, dreams and words of
aspiration. King did this by using powerful and passionate
expressions in his speeches and letters which stood for a free and
improved nation of equality.
• King’s philosophy of non violent strategy to bring about social
change made him a more respectable leader.
• He was a very skilled an eloquent speaker, and had the ability to
articulate the morale views and the extensiveness of the struggle
in a way that was appealing to the public. He made it easier for the
public to accept change, and was how he inspired others to follow
him.
12
Strengths Cont.
• King also demonstrated leadership qualities during private meetings. In
these situations he was usually quiet, and would sit back and listen while
others argue. Once he had heard all he needed, he would conclude the
would usually argue to work well together, and he unified the team to
debate and show a way forward. Through these actions he demonstrated
participative leadership, as he worked with those around him to reach
decisions. He also showed in these situations a remarkable ability to get
individuals who work in the same direction
• King did a lot of hands on work himself, so he also inspired the people to
follow him by example.
• King had relationship orientated attitudes and behaviors, and was very good
at mobilizing and aligning individuals.
• Very rarely did King relax in public, and it was his obvious seriousness that
commanded him respect.
13
Martin Luther King Jr. Vision
"We cannot be satisfied until we gain lodging in the motels of
highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be satisfied as
long as the Negroes basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a
larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as a Negro in
Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has
nothing for which to vote."
14
Martin Luther King Jr. Vision
• A key part of King’s vision, aside from a quest for racial
equality, was the idea of non-violence; he refused to use
violent actions in any of his protests, and taught his followers
to do the same.
• Based on the principles of Gandhi, this factor of King ’s beliefs
and behavior was a major influence on society at the time
15
Martin Luther King Jr.
Leadership Style
• Martin Luther King Jr. was a transformational leader
• Martin Luther King Jr. starts with the development of a vision, a
view of the future that will excite and convert potential followers
• Martin Luther King Jr. was a good leader for many reasons. Most
importantly was his courage as he dared to stand up against the
segregationist policies of his day. He stuck firmly to what he
believed. As a leader King was able to listen to the ideas of others.
He encouraged all people to work together instead of encouraging
division between the two races. He always sought to unite instead
of divide. He is most famous however, for his oratory skills that he
used to persuade many to his cause.
16
Martin Luther King Jr.
and 5 Practices of Exemplary
leaders
1 – Modeling the Way:
• First of all, Martin Luther King Jr.’s grandfather, Reverend A. D. Williams,
and his father, Reverend Martin Luther King Sr., both graduated from
college and were reverends at Ebenezer Baptist Church. They provided
Martin Luther King Jr. with a great example to follow throughout the
early stages of his life. By following in their footsteps, he was sure to be
on a righteous pass.
• Another way that Martin Luther King Jr. was able to set an example for
others to follow was through his personal achievements.
• Then, a year later, Martin Luther King Jr. went on the win the Nobel
Peace Prize (1964). To model himself as an even better role model, he
gave the $54,123 in prize money away to help with the civil rights
movement.
17
Martin Luther King Jr.
and 5 Practices of Exemplary
leaders
2 - Inspiring a Shared Vision:
• Martin Luther King Jr. followed Mahatma Gandhi’s non -violent
strategy for social change ever since he went to Boston University
in the mid-1950s. At one point he even visited India and met with
Gandhi’s followers there.
• To enlist others in his vision, Martin Luther King Jr. founded the
SCLC in 1957 to push a civil rights change.
• During the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in August of
1963, King gave his famous “I Have a Dream” speech in front of the
Lincoln Memorial. It was reported that 200,000 – 250,000
protesters gathered in Washington D.C. in support of Martin Luther
King Jr.’s vision for equality.
18
Inspiring a Shared Vision
“I have a dream that one day
this nation will rise up and
live out the true meaning of
its creed, We hold these
truths to be self-evident, that
all men are created equal”
19
Martin Luther King Jr.
and 5 Practices of Exemplary
leaders
3 - Challenging a Process:
• Martin Luther King Jr. challenged racist activities throughout the nation
and helped to spark a Civil Rights Movement in the United States. One of
the ways that he started this was during the Bus Boycott of Montgomery,
Alabama. It was at that time that he was elected president of the
Montgomery Improvement Association. This event is known for giving
national attention to the Civil Rights Movement. King also lead mass
demonstrations with the SCLC in Birmingham, Alabama during 1963. This
led to President Kennedy submitting broad civil rights legislation to
Congress which sparked the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Martin Luther King Jr. expressed public criticism of the United States
intervention in the Vietnam War which strained relations between the
SCLC and President Lyndon Johnson’s administration. Before being
assassinated, King even initiated a Poor People’s Campaign in 1967 as he
started to shift much of his focus towards poverty in the United States.
20
Martin Luther King Jr.
and 5 Practices of Exemplary
leaders
4 - Enabling Others to Act:
• During Martin Luther King Jr.’s
entire adult life, he was
promoting the action of a nation.
Whether is was founding and
leading the SCLC or supporting
striking sanitation workers.
• King would put himself in harms
way to get other people involved.
• He led multiple demonstrations
throughout nearly two decades
which helped bring many people
who wanted change together
“Everybody can be great...because anybody
can serve. You don't have to have a college
degree to serve. You don't have to make
your subject and verb agree to serve. You
only need a heart full of grace. A soul
generated by love.”
“There comes a time when one must take a
position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor
popular, but he must take it because
conscience tells him it is right.”
21
Martin Luther King Jr.
and 5 Practices of Exemplary
leaders
5- Encouraging the Heart:
• Martin Luther King Jr.
managed to travel over six
million miles and he gave
more than 2,500 speeches.
During his lifetime, Martin
Luther King Jr. wrote five
books and numerous
articles.
22
Level 5 Leadership
• In Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap … and
Others Don’t, Jim Collins notes five levels of leadership: a
highly capable individual (level 1), a contributing team
member (level 2), a competent manager (level 3), an effective
leader (level 4) and an Executive (level 5).
• Executive (level 5) is someone who builds enduring greatness
through a paradoxical blend of personal humility and
professional will.
HUMILITY + WILL = LEVEL
23
Level 5 Leadership
1- Modesty:
• While Dr. King often had the spotlight because he was the best spokespeople for
the movement, he encouraged and supported emergent leadership.
• Because he did not need to be involved in everything or control how things
happened, he extended his impact while alive and enabled his impact to continue
once he was gone.
• While his death was a blow, it did not cause the movement to crumble because
millions felt ownership over the success of civil rights, leadership was
decentralized, and it was never about the success of Martin Luther King Jr. as a
individual.
24
Level 5 Leadership
2- Will:
• While Dr. King often had the spotlight because he was the best spokespeople for
the movement, he encouraged and supported emergent leadership.
• Because he did not need to be involved in everything or control how things
happened, he extended his impact while alive and enabled his impact to continue
once he was gone.
• While his death was a blow, it did not cause the movement to crumble because
millions felt ownership over the success of civil rights, leadership was
decentralized, and it was never about the success of Martin Luther King Jr. as a
individual.
25
Man of the Year and Nobel
Peace Prize, 1964
• Dr. King was named Time Magazine’s Man of the Year in
1964; with this honor, he had become part of the world
stage.
• Also in 1964, he met with Pope Paul VI and was honored
as the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize on Wednesday,
October 14, becoming the youngest to receive it at the
age of 35.
• He was awarded the prize on Thursday, December 10,
saying in his acceptance speech, “I accept the Nobel
Prize for Peace at a moment when 22 million Negroes of
the United States of America are engaged in a creative
battle to end the long night of racial injustice.”
• Dr. King gave the whole amount of the prize money to
aid wih the Civil Rights movement.
26
President Kennedy was assassinated while the bill was still under discussion. However it was
taken up by President Lyndon Johnson, and it became law in 1964.
Racial discrimination was now illegal, and employers were required to provide equal
employment opportunities
The Dream Come True
The Dream Come True
• President Kennedy was assassinated while the bill was
still under discussion. However it was taken up by
President Lyndon Johnson, and it became law in 1964.
• Racial discrimination was now illegal, and employers
were required to provide equal employment
opportunities
28
Assassination,1968
• As he walked out on to the
balcony of his hotel that
evening, a single gun shot
rang out.
• Martin had been struck down
by an assassin’s bullet.
• He is lying on the floor
and witnesses are pointing
to where the shots came from.
29
Dr. King’s funeral procession in
Atlanta, April 1968
• His funeral was held
five days later.
• A crowd of 70,000
stood at the sides of
the street to watch
his cortege pass
30
• In 1986 Martin Luther King’s
birthday on January 15th became
a national holiday.
• He has become a symbol of hope
for African Americans and
America as a whole.
31
Finally
• Martin Luther King Jr. was a great leader and he truly led his
life in line with the leadership ideals of Kouzes and Posner.
• He brought people together and gave hope to a nation. King
encouraged others and helped them to find the courage and
strength to act upon their vision of the future.
• It can easily be recognized that Martin Luther King Jr. was a
great man with superior leadership abilities that helped to
make a positive change in the United States during the
twentieth century.
32
“I Have a Dream” Speech - 1963
34
Thanks
“Thanks for your Attention”
35

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Martin luther king leadership

  • 1. Martin Luther King Jr. The Man and The Dream 1
  • 2. Content • Childhood and Education • Strengths • Segregation between Blacks and Whites • Martin Luther King Jr. Vision • King and 5 Practices of Exemplary leaders • Martin Luther King Jr. Leadership Style • The Dream Come True 2
  • 3. Childhood and Education, 1929-1951 • Martin Luther King, Jr., was born on Tuesday, January 15, 1929, in Atlanta, Georgia. • His birth certificate listed his birth name as Michael Luther King, Jr., but it was later changed to Martin; his father arranged this change in 1935 in honor of German reformer and leader of the Protestant Reformation Martin Luther. • His grandfather and father were both pastor at Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. 3
  • 4. Childhood and Education, 1929-1951 Cont. • King was only fifteen when he graduated from high school, having skipped from 9th to 12th grade; he attended Morehouse College and graduated in 1948 with a degree in Sociology. • In 1951, he got a Bachelor’s of Divinity followed by a Ph.D. from Boston College in 1955. • In Boston, he met Coretta Scott and married her in 1953; they had four children: Yolanda Denise (1955-2007), Martin Luther III (b. 1957), Dexter Scott (b. 1961), and Bernice Albertine (b. 1963). 4
  • 5. Childhood and Education, 1929-1951 Cont. • As a young boy, Martin had to see the inequality, injustice and racial tension that was in America. He did not like this. 5
  • 6. Segregation between Blacks and Whites Buses were segregated. 6
  • 7. Segregation between Blacks and Whites Schools were segregated. 7
  • 8. Segregation between Blacks and Whites Neighborhoods were segregated. 8
  • 9. Segregation between Blacks and Whites Water Fountains were segregated. 9
  • 10. Becoming a Civil Rights leader, 1955 • Martin Luther King, Jr. became co-pastor of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama, in 1954. • While he was serving as pastor of the church, 42-year-old Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give her seat on a Montgomery bus to a white man; this occurred on Thursday, December 1, 1955. • On Monday, December 5, 1955, a group of African Americans gathered to discuss the situation, which started the Montgomery Bus Boycott. 10
  • 11. Martin Luther King's problem faced King was arrested and jailed. King's house bombed • Arrested twenty times • Assaulted 4 times. 11
  • 12. Strengths • His skills involved being an influential speaker and writer in which he was able to move people with his visions, dreams and words of aspiration. King did this by using powerful and passionate expressions in his speeches and letters which stood for a free and improved nation of equality. • King’s philosophy of non violent strategy to bring about social change made him a more respectable leader. • He was a very skilled an eloquent speaker, and had the ability to articulate the morale views and the extensiveness of the struggle in a way that was appealing to the public. He made it easier for the public to accept change, and was how he inspired others to follow him. 12
  • 13. Strengths Cont. • King also demonstrated leadership qualities during private meetings. In these situations he was usually quiet, and would sit back and listen while others argue. Once he had heard all he needed, he would conclude the would usually argue to work well together, and he unified the team to debate and show a way forward. Through these actions he demonstrated participative leadership, as he worked with those around him to reach decisions. He also showed in these situations a remarkable ability to get individuals who work in the same direction • King did a lot of hands on work himself, so he also inspired the people to follow him by example. • King had relationship orientated attitudes and behaviors, and was very good at mobilizing and aligning individuals. • Very rarely did King relax in public, and it was his obvious seriousness that commanded him respect. 13
  • 14. Martin Luther King Jr. Vision "We cannot be satisfied until we gain lodging in the motels of highways and the hotels of the cities. We cannot be satisfied as long as the Negroes basic mobility is from a smaller ghetto to a larger one. We can never be satisfied as long as a Negro in Mississippi cannot vote and a Negro in New York believes he has nothing for which to vote." 14
  • 15. Martin Luther King Jr. Vision • A key part of King’s vision, aside from a quest for racial equality, was the idea of non-violence; he refused to use violent actions in any of his protests, and taught his followers to do the same. • Based on the principles of Gandhi, this factor of King ’s beliefs and behavior was a major influence on society at the time 15
  • 16. Martin Luther King Jr. Leadership Style • Martin Luther King Jr. was a transformational leader • Martin Luther King Jr. starts with the development of a vision, a view of the future that will excite and convert potential followers • Martin Luther King Jr. was a good leader for many reasons. Most importantly was his courage as he dared to stand up against the segregationist policies of his day. He stuck firmly to what he believed. As a leader King was able to listen to the ideas of others. He encouraged all people to work together instead of encouraging division between the two races. He always sought to unite instead of divide. He is most famous however, for his oratory skills that he used to persuade many to his cause. 16
  • 17. Martin Luther King Jr. and 5 Practices of Exemplary leaders 1 – Modeling the Way: • First of all, Martin Luther King Jr.’s grandfather, Reverend A. D. Williams, and his father, Reverend Martin Luther King Sr., both graduated from college and were reverends at Ebenezer Baptist Church. They provided Martin Luther King Jr. with a great example to follow throughout the early stages of his life. By following in their footsteps, he was sure to be on a righteous pass. • Another way that Martin Luther King Jr. was able to set an example for others to follow was through his personal achievements. • Then, a year later, Martin Luther King Jr. went on the win the Nobel Peace Prize (1964). To model himself as an even better role model, he gave the $54,123 in prize money away to help with the civil rights movement. 17
  • 18. Martin Luther King Jr. and 5 Practices of Exemplary leaders 2 - Inspiring a Shared Vision: • Martin Luther King Jr. followed Mahatma Gandhi’s non -violent strategy for social change ever since he went to Boston University in the mid-1950s. At one point he even visited India and met with Gandhi’s followers there. • To enlist others in his vision, Martin Luther King Jr. founded the SCLC in 1957 to push a civil rights change. • During the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in August of 1963, King gave his famous “I Have a Dream” speech in front of the Lincoln Memorial. It was reported that 200,000 – 250,000 protesters gathered in Washington D.C. in support of Martin Luther King Jr.’s vision for equality. 18
  • 19. Inspiring a Shared Vision “I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed, We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal” 19
  • 20. Martin Luther King Jr. and 5 Practices of Exemplary leaders 3 - Challenging a Process: • Martin Luther King Jr. challenged racist activities throughout the nation and helped to spark a Civil Rights Movement in the United States. One of the ways that he started this was during the Bus Boycott of Montgomery, Alabama. It was at that time that he was elected president of the Montgomery Improvement Association. This event is known for giving national attention to the Civil Rights Movement. King also lead mass demonstrations with the SCLC in Birmingham, Alabama during 1963. This led to President Kennedy submitting broad civil rights legislation to Congress which sparked the passing of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Martin Luther King Jr. expressed public criticism of the United States intervention in the Vietnam War which strained relations between the SCLC and President Lyndon Johnson’s administration. Before being assassinated, King even initiated a Poor People’s Campaign in 1967 as he started to shift much of his focus towards poverty in the United States. 20
  • 21. Martin Luther King Jr. and 5 Practices of Exemplary leaders 4 - Enabling Others to Act: • During Martin Luther King Jr.’s entire adult life, he was promoting the action of a nation. Whether is was founding and leading the SCLC or supporting striking sanitation workers. • King would put himself in harms way to get other people involved. • He led multiple demonstrations throughout nearly two decades which helped bring many people who wanted change together “Everybody can be great...because anybody can serve. You don't have to have a college degree to serve. You don't have to make your subject and verb agree to serve. You only need a heart full of grace. A soul generated by love.” “There comes a time when one must take a position that is neither safe, nor politic, nor popular, but he must take it because conscience tells him it is right.” 21
  • 22. Martin Luther King Jr. and 5 Practices of Exemplary leaders 5- Encouraging the Heart: • Martin Luther King Jr. managed to travel over six million miles and he gave more than 2,500 speeches. During his lifetime, Martin Luther King Jr. wrote five books and numerous articles. 22
  • 23. Level 5 Leadership • In Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap … and Others Don’t, Jim Collins notes five levels of leadership: a highly capable individual (level 1), a contributing team member (level 2), a competent manager (level 3), an effective leader (level 4) and an Executive (level 5). • Executive (level 5) is someone who builds enduring greatness through a paradoxical blend of personal humility and professional will. HUMILITY + WILL = LEVEL 23
  • 24. Level 5 Leadership 1- Modesty: • While Dr. King often had the spotlight because he was the best spokespeople for the movement, he encouraged and supported emergent leadership. • Because he did not need to be involved in everything or control how things happened, he extended his impact while alive and enabled his impact to continue once he was gone. • While his death was a blow, it did not cause the movement to crumble because millions felt ownership over the success of civil rights, leadership was decentralized, and it was never about the success of Martin Luther King Jr. as a individual. 24
  • 25. Level 5 Leadership 2- Will: • While Dr. King often had the spotlight because he was the best spokespeople for the movement, he encouraged and supported emergent leadership. • Because he did not need to be involved in everything or control how things happened, he extended his impact while alive and enabled his impact to continue once he was gone. • While his death was a blow, it did not cause the movement to crumble because millions felt ownership over the success of civil rights, leadership was decentralized, and it was never about the success of Martin Luther King Jr. as a individual. 25
  • 26. Man of the Year and Nobel Peace Prize, 1964 • Dr. King was named Time Magazine’s Man of the Year in 1964; with this honor, he had become part of the world stage. • Also in 1964, he met with Pope Paul VI and was honored as the recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize on Wednesday, October 14, becoming the youngest to receive it at the age of 35. • He was awarded the prize on Thursday, December 10, saying in his acceptance speech, “I accept the Nobel Prize for Peace at a moment when 22 million Negroes of the United States of America are engaged in a creative battle to end the long night of racial injustice.” • Dr. King gave the whole amount of the prize money to aid wih the Civil Rights movement. 26
  • 27. President Kennedy was assassinated while the bill was still under discussion. However it was taken up by President Lyndon Johnson, and it became law in 1964. Racial discrimination was now illegal, and employers were required to provide equal employment opportunities The Dream Come True
  • 28. The Dream Come True • President Kennedy was assassinated while the bill was still under discussion. However it was taken up by President Lyndon Johnson, and it became law in 1964. • Racial discrimination was now illegal, and employers were required to provide equal employment opportunities 28
  • 29. Assassination,1968 • As he walked out on to the balcony of his hotel that evening, a single gun shot rang out. • Martin had been struck down by an assassin’s bullet. • He is lying on the floor and witnesses are pointing to where the shots came from. 29
  • 30. Dr. King’s funeral procession in Atlanta, April 1968 • His funeral was held five days later. • A crowd of 70,000 stood at the sides of the street to watch his cortege pass 30
  • 31. • In 1986 Martin Luther King’s birthday on January 15th became a national holiday. • He has become a symbol of hope for African Americans and America as a whole. 31
  • 32. Finally • Martin Luther King Jr. was a great leader and he truly led his life in line with the leadership ideals of Kouzes and Posner. • He brought people together and gave hope to a nation. King encouraged others and helped them to find the courage and strength to act upon their vision of the future. • It can easily be recognized that Martin Luther King Jr. was a great man with superior leadership abilities that helped to make a positive change in the United States during the twentieth century. 32
  • 33.
  • 34. “I Have a Dream” Speech - 1963 34
  • 35. Thanks “Thanks for your Attention” 35