• Sensory Memory – recognition of information received by any of the senses.• Short Term Memory – Also called Working Memory. Temporarily holds between 5 and 7 “chunks” of information.• Long Term Memory – Allows the storage of virtually an unlimited amount of information.
• Visual Memory – This type of memory holds an impression of everything we look at for a brief moment. Stare at something for a long period of time and then look away and the object is still viewable.• Echoic Memory – Sounds may seem to linger in our mind even after it has ceased.
That is exactly what happened toBritish Conductor and musicianClive Wearing.A brain infection left him with amemory of only 10 seconds.He still plays the piano very well butdoes not remember ever playing inthe past.You would have to introduceyourself to him every 10 seconds.He still remembers his wife, butevery 10 seconds he thinks she just
Memory loss can occur from many things.Two of the most common are:• Brain Injury – In some cases reversible.• Alzheimers – No cure yet. Although caffeine is showing some promising results with rats.
Stage 1 – EncodingPerceiving and categorizing information received fromsensory memory.Stage 2 – StoringMoving information from sensory to short term memory and tolong term memory if needed.Stage 3 – RetrievalAccessing information that has been stored.
Memory is still amystery to psychology.Many Psychologisttheorize that aphysiological changetakes place within thesynaptic areas tocreate a memory.Although Psychologistdo not fully understandthe changes that takeplace they dounderstand how toenhance memory.
Pros Cons• Usually Effective • Not everyone can master it.• Quick. • Information is not retained• Great for numbers and long term. small bits of information. • Cannot be used when dealing with large amounts of information.
Pros Cons• Can be effective once • Travel route needed. mastered.• Only takes a short time to • Associated objects must form associations. be recalled also.• Great for lists. • Cannot be used when dealing with large amounts of information.
Pros Cons• Has proven very effective. • Imagination needed.• Makes information • The whole narrative story interesting. must be remembered.• Great for lists and • Makes recalling more time numbers. consuming.
The method of relearning only seems to have cons.• It is very time consuming.• Information is learned and once forgotten it is relearned.• Less than 50% effective.
This theory states that an individual will recall informationmore effectively if he or she is in the same state as whenthe information was first encoded.Some examples would be:• Taking a test in the same room where the lecture was given.• Studying without music if the same music will not be available during the test.
Information is understood and studied continually afterlearning.• Extremely effective because information is always being reintroduced to the mind.• Can be used when learning small or large amounts of information.• Has a very high likelihood of permanent memory retention.
• False and implanted memories are memories of events that never occurred.• These memories can be implanted by other people.• Dreams from childhood may seem to be a memory now and not a dream.• Many innocent people have been incarcerated due to false memories.
• Memory is stored information.• Damage to the brain can cause various memory problems.• Most effective ways to memory retention are: • Writing what we hear and reading aloud what we write. • Continually reviewing the information. (Overlearning) • Have an understanding and interest in what is being learned.• It is possible to have memories of events that never occurred.