After finishing his studies in Madrid, Rizal
decided to leave the Spanish capital and move
to France and Germany.
His decision to migrate into this two countries
was due to his desire to specialized in
His preference for ophthalmology ad a
specialization in medicine was prompted to by
his desire to cure the eye ailment of his
He continued his observations of the government
and laws, as well as the custom and traditions
of France and Germany.
Rizal was 24 years old and full-pledged
surgeon, when he migrate to Paris.
Before Paris, he went to Barcelona, Spain to
visit Maximo Viola, a medical student from
San Miguel Bulacan and they agreed to have
grand tour of Europe.
He worked as an assistant at the eye
clinic of Dr. Louis de Wecker, for four
months and learned the ff:
the actual performance of eye operation;
recent studies on the ailment of the
the various techniques of eye operation.
Rizal took time to visit his fellow
Filipinos in the city.
He frequented the residences of
Felix R. Hidalgo Pardo de Tavera Juan Luna
He stayed to Juan Luna in the latter studio
He became Luna's model in two of his
historical canvasses: The Blood Compact and
Death of Cleopatra.
Before Leaving the city, he completed one-
fourth of this first novel Noli Me Tangere.
Rizal left Paris for Germany.
He left Paris due to its high cost of living,
which he could not cope with.
He arrived Heidelberg, the university town
of Germany on February 3, 1886.
He resided in a German boarding house.
He decided to transfer to a boarding house
close to the University of Heidelberg.
He was privileged to work at the eye hospital of
the university, under the tutelage of Dr. Otto
In this University town, he perfected the
techniques of diagnosing eye ailments which he
learned under Dr. Louis de Wecker.
He wrote letters to his sisters, Maria and
Rizal described the German student as
affectionate, respectful, modest, and not
Rizal described women as tall, stout, and blonde.
not afraid of men
Rizal visited the different scenic spots of
Heidelberg on weekends.
This scenery inspired Rizal to write a poem
entitle " A Las Flores de Heidelberg (To the
Flowers of Heidelberg) ".
A poem of two of the greatest loves of man
It is a poem remembrance and a poem of the
Summer Vacation at
Wilhemsfeld is a mountainous village at
He met Dr. Luis D. Wecker
- a pastor of the vicarage of
He returned to Heidelberg on June 2,
1886 remembering the hospitality and
frienship accorded to him by Ulmers.
He appreciated so much from his stay in
thr German village-- the religious
tolerance the people practice in the area.
He observed Pastor Ulmer being able to
get along well with the Catholic priest.
Rizal to Leipzig and DresdenRizal to Leipzig and Dresden
He arrived in Leipzig on August 14, 18986,
on board a train.
Part of his activities in this city was
attendeance at the lectures given by
German proffesors in history and
He came to know Prof. Friedrich Ratzel
Dr. Hans Meyer
He translated Schiller's William Tell into
He worked as a proofreader in a
publishing company to augment his
He stayed in the city for two months.
He left Leipzig on October 29, 1886 and went
He met Dr. Adolph Meyer, the Director of
Anthropological and Ethnological Musuem of the
After 3 day visit, He left Dresden for Berlin by
RIZAL IN BERLINRIZAL IN BERLIN
He arrived in the evening of November 1, 1886.
He went due to the following reason:
To further enhance his knowledge of
To supplement his studies of languages and
To study and observe the political and
economic conditions of Germany;
To join the circle of famous German
scientists and scholars; and
To complete and publish his novel, Noli Me
He meet in person Dr. Feodor Jagor, the
author of the book Travels in the
His admiration of this book was due to two
It predicted the collapse of the
Spanish regime in the Philippines
It prophesied the coming of the
Americans into the Philippines
His acquaintance with Dr. Jagor, through a letter
of introduction from Ferdinand Blumentritt,
resulted into his friendship with numerous German
intellectuals, like the following:
Dr. rudolf Virchow
- a German anthropologist
Dr. Hans Virchow
- a German professor of Descripitive
Dr. W. Joest
- a famous German geographer
Dr. Karl Ernest Schweigger
- a noted German ophthamologist
He was accepted as member of the following
societies in Berlin:
He presented a paper in German entitled
Tagalische Verkunst (Tagalog Metrical Art) to the
Ethnographic Society of Berlin.
Life of Berlin was not easy for him.
In the morning, he worked as an assistant in Dr.
He attended lectures at the University of Berlin in
At his boarding house, he continued his physical
trimming exercises and practice in speaking
German, French, and Italian languages.
Before resting in the evening, he took time writing
and completing his first novel.
He was exposed to a lot of enriching experiences in
Berlin, there was a time that he found himself
This happened from November 1886 to May 1887.
In order to eat, he had to pawn the diamond ring
given by his sister Saturnina and sell his books to
Devoid of proper nutrition, he got sick with coughs
and colds, sign of tuberculosis.
Penniless of Berlin, he thought of burning the
manuscript of his first novel, which he hed