Karamchand Mohandas Gandhi By: Jackson Chan, Mason Chan, Kazutomo Mukai and Thomas Wolf
Introduction Mohandas Gandhi or Mohatma Gandhi was a pacifist and believed that violence will never resolve anything, but the great thing was, he helped India gain independence and believed that black and white people should have equal rights.
Who Is Gandhi? Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born in 2nd October,1869 in Porbandar, Bombay, British India. The political and leader forming the basis of economical or political policies and issues of India during the Indian independence movement. He wanted to change a lot of things including the battles and violence going on with the Indians and the British Empire. He was first to come out with a resistance called satyahgraha- civil disobedience to help the Indians, making them fully understand the meaning of non- violence. He was important person to the people of India who wanted to have independence with the British empire.
What is Gandhi’s Beliefs Gandhi is a religious person, he believes that there is peace(what is called ahimsa) in this world. He did not want violence, mostly with the British Empire. Because the British Empire did not like him to change and object with their rules. It is wrong that a poor person is only getting what they deserved, because of bad karma in previous life. Every person is a part of Brahman and people should take care of each other. Helping others is the best way to reach Brahman and understand what it reality means to be human. Or another way to describe this it is called Ahimsa meaning non- violence, no harm should be done to any living thing in the society of the whole world. But had only tried to change this only back in British- India, therefore he went back there- instead of other places. Satyagraha of civil disobedience helping India, by the resistance of going against what is wrong of the policies. Satya and satyagrappha- 'truth' and 'firmness' 'in truth' He believed people should stick firmly religious, these are the principles applying to the everday life of a person.
Teachings Of Gandhi(part 1) Gandhi has alot of teachings while he was in British-India at the time, here is one of his teachings from his own exact words: Quotes of his own teachings: By our actions we mean to show that physical force is nothing compared (to) moral force.-Karamchand Mohandas Gandhi Capital as such is not evil; it is its wrong use that is evil.-Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Cooperation with good is as much a duty as non-cooperation with evil.-Karamchand Mohandas Gandhi Each step upward makes me feel stronger and fit for the next step.-Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Every one of my failures has been a steppingstone.-Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Teachings Of Gandhi(Part2) One of Gandhi’s most famous teachings was Ahimsa(non- violence), he travelled through India teaching the people to know about Ahimsa and the true background meaning to it. Relating to the Indian Independence, their objective/aim is to gain Ahimsa by non- violence between the British Empire. But the British thought that it would be useless carrying on the fight and violence between Indians, so they are planning on a move leaving India. People still carried on the violence after the Independence, leaving Gandhi’s teachings of Ahimsa rotting away from the society of people around the world. People never took it seriously from what he acted out- teaching people that violence was just a useless decision to deal with troublesome situations.
Teachings Of Gandhi(Part 2 continued) Because of Ahimsa and another famous teaching called Satyagraha-(named after an expression of a teaching relating to his resistance being called ‘Satyagraha), he believed in changing the world to be peaceful and to stop war- this gave an impact to him making him understanding and discovering about so much of the teachings that he himself can even introduce to the people world-wide. He has a lot of teachings waited to teach other people that has never been taught of until Gandhi has told them. Gandhi brought the practice of Satyagraha, the resistance going against the wrong policies- he knew because he’s the leader of forming the basis of economical and political issues. It was said that non co-operation is non- violence, in which i think it might mean that co-operating with other people can sometimes lead to arguments etc. This might end up badly by having a fight creating violence, once a fight has been created it gets worse- this is what i think it means by that time, therefore people might have found it quite hard to deal with in terms of co-operating with each other(especially at the time when there was so much war).
Events That Shaped Gandhi’s Beliefs of Social Injustice to British Empire Even before the Indian Independence, he took a one year contract to South Africa to do some legal work, but he claimed that his rights was due to the subject of the British Empire- he was badly effected by the cause that South Africa has been controlled. Later on, it was India’s turn that the British Empire has ruled- Gandhi stayed for another 21 years trying to fix the rights in proper for India. Giving him another bad influence, belief and effect of how he thought of India. Gandhi has been trying to teach the Indians about non- violence etc. Some of his teachings for example as one of my favourite: Capital as such is not evil; it is its wrong use that is evil.-Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He taught the people with his own teachings to his own people as he call it, the British heard about that and thought that it was never good news if it was Gandhi
Events That Shaped Gandhi’s Beliefs Of Social Injustice to the British Empire(Part 2) Gandhi was arrested a lot of times due to Satyagraha in the India Independence that started in 1947, Gandhi had learnt the lack of fairness of the British Empire- there was no justice in the point of views of the people of India. British Empire ruled over India, India couldn’t be independent themselves. Gandhi learnt the selfishness of the British can be a great example for the Indian people to easily learn that what the British empire has been doing was really selfish and unequal, increasing the amount of people supporting Gandhi and eventually treated Gandhi as their Modern Day Hero.
How the Indian Independence War Started The British started going to India after Casco da Gama discovered the sea route to India for trades. The British made lots of offices and forts in many parts of India. The British East India Company defeated the rulers of Bengal in 1757(Battle of Plassey). The second battle was the battle of buxar. In 1764. It was the British East India Company against the combined armies of Mir Qasim (Nawab of Bengal, Nawab of Oudh, Shah Alam 2nd, and the Mughal Emperor)
First War of Independence The first war of independence started on March 1857, and it continued for months. It was the revolt of Indian soldiers and people against the British rule. The British treated Indians brutally. They made the Indian people in the British army open the cartridge using their teeth. And the cartridge was made of cow and pig fat, and Hindus don’t eat beef so to the Indians, it was torture. On the 10th of May 1857, they freed soldiers and decided to fight against the British. But the British surrounded Delhi from the 1st of July to the 31st of August. The British took control of Delhi, but some fights in many places went on until 1859.
Struggles for Indian Independence Gandhi came to India in 1915. Gandhi wasn’t as well known, but people started to follow Gandhi to get freedom in a different way. (Ahimsa) Gandhi found out how unfair the British was. Gandhi disobeyed the rules, and the British arrested Gandhi and tried to fine him, but Gandhi refused to pay, so the British eventually let him go. Since Gandhi was a pacifist, he lead marches. He refused to pay taxes and refused to buy British products. The British prisoned Gandhi 4 times in all, but Gandhi never gave up. He lead his people by his own way of thinking. He also wanted to make sure both black and white people have the same rights.
British Influences The Good The good influences about the reign of the British is that the British taught the Indian people Cricket and football. And today we can all thank the Brit’s for giving India this gift. Also the Indians have been following the British legal system, this makes it easier to do business with international industries. That’s because a lot of countries understand and use the British legal system. This important influence that happened was with poverty, it took the Indians a very long time to get out of poverty (they still are) this was because the license raj, which meant that permission was needed for certain laws. The British looted many natural resources including cotton and wool. A very notable jewel taken from the Indian’s was the jewel in the imperial crown of India. The most important thing that happened with India is the language. Now the two official language is Hindi and English. English is one of the business languages of the world therefore makes trading much easier. 80% of the Indian population will know how to speak English and it is taught in some Indian schools.
British Influences, The Bad(continued) There was widespread famine. Britain forced the farmers to grow cash crops like tobacco on their farms instead of food. The booming population was unable to afford the amount of food that was grown, which brought Indian’s into starvation. India became dependent due to imperialism. The destruction of the previous industries meant that nearly all processed goods were imported from Britain.
Conclusion Overall i think that Gandhi was a honourable leader and was an important role of the Indian Independence movement, the people in India respected him for his teachings while he travelled through India. I also think that he is our Modern Day Hero as he sacrificed all his time being arrested a lot of times teaching Satyagraha and Ahimsa. I personally believe without him born to be a religious person at the start, he wouldn’t be so attentive in the religion, creating new teachings of his own. Gandhi has actually gave up his wealth for the poor and sick people, I think that all the people would think that he is such a great person that chooses to give up his wealth for the people in need. All his words that he said when teaching are always important to make the people in India think more about the aftermath of what can happen if violence continues to occur between the British Empire, It always end up being in trouble. Once violence has been created, it always gets worse as things get out of hand. He had conflict over the British Empire a lot of times, due to his teachings which was not agreeable for them. He had the courage to strive in securing the rights for India instead when the British people told him to leave( when he just arrived to British- India by train).