Existing industrial base and availability of skilled manpower have encouraged the growth of the manufacturing sector in the above locations. In order to further stimulate the economy of respective states, the governments have revised Industrial, Investment and Infrastructural Policy aiming to attract investors.
In 2006 India was rated as the eleventh largest automobile market in the world. The segment was booming and the Government drew up the plans for the Automotive Mission Plan 2016(AMP 2016).
The ten year plan envisaged a growth from the number eleven spot to the number four spot globally, GDP contribution from the auto sector was set to grow from 5 per cent to 10 per cent, and the overall contribution to the manufacturing sector would grow from 17 per cent to 35 per cent.
One of the key elements related to growth in the Indian auto industry is the value chain. India is one of the most price competitive markets globally and sourcing as well as producing components up the value chain can have a dizzying effect on success and therefore growth.
The internal combustion engines of vehicles run on petroleum oil. Burning of petroleum fuels emit pollutants to atmosphere such as carbon-di-oxide, carbon monoxide, oxides of nitrogen and sulphur as well as various aerosols.
Measures of controlling the pollution caused:-
While pollution may result from many sources, the Auto fuel policy seeks to control vehicular pollution arising from the dramatic rise in vehicular traffic in the country. The policy provides a clear-cut road-map for changes in vehicular technology and corresponding fuel quality for the whole country. Measures are also proposed to reduce emissions from in-use vehicles.
In tune with international standards to reduce vehicular pollution, the central government unveiled the standards titled 'India 2000' in 2000 with later upgraded guidelines as 'Bharat Stage'.
Bharat Stage emissions standards are instituted to regulate the output of air pollution (such as nitrogen oxides (NOx), carbon monoxide (CO), hydrocarbons(HC), particulate matter(PM), soot, and, where applicable, sulphur oxides (SOx)) by internal combustion engine powered equipment.
The standard have been implemented in a phased manner, with the latest upgrade getting implemented in 13 cities and later, in the rest of the nation. Delhi(NCR), Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Pune, Surat, Kanpur, Lucknow, Solapur, and Agra are the 13 cities where Bharat Stage IV has been imposed while the rest of the nation is still under Bharat Stage III.