IntroductionChristianity is a faith based on who Jesus Christis and what he did. In this lesson, we shallconsider the two most important works ofChrist: 1. The death of Jesus Christ 2. The resurrection of Jesus Christ
IntroductionThe Core of the Gospel 1 Corinthians 15:1-4According to Paul the Now, brothers, I want toapostle, these two works remind you of the gospel Iof Christ are the gospel! preached to you: … thatThey are the at the very Christ died for our sinsheart of the Christian according to the Scriptures, … that he was raised on themessage, and are central third day according to theto all Christian life and Scriptures.thought.
IntroductionRomans 4:25 Death and ResurrectionHe [Christ] who was This crucial verse showsdelivered up because of that our salvation isour transgressions, and secured by Christ’s deathwas raised because of our and resurrection. Thesejustification. two works of Christ are central.
Christ’s DeathMark 10:45 The atonement is at the very core of Christ’s work.For even the Son of To atone is to makeMan did not come to amends for wrong. Jesusbe served, but to atoned for sin by offeringserve, and to give his his life as a sacrifice to paylife as a ransom for the penalty for sin. It was the central aspect of hismany. work, his primary reason for coming to earth.
Christ’s Death Jesus Christ died in our place for our sins
The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, ‘Look,the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world!’ (John1:29).
For Christ’s love compels us, because we are convinced that onedied for all, and therefore all died. And he died for all, that thosewho live should no longer live for themselves but for him whodied for them and was raised again ( 2 Cor. 5:14-15).
For there is one God andone mediator between Godand men, the man ChristJesus, who gave himself as aransom for all men—thetestimony given in itsproper time (1 Tim. 2:5-6).
Christ’s DeathThe death of Christ means our deepest needs: a) We are under the wrath of God. As propitiation, his death meets our need for forgiveness. b) We are separated from God. As reconciliation, his death meets our need for friendship with God. c) We are in bondage to sin. As redemption, his death meets our need for freedom from bondage.
Christ’s DeathProblem God’s wrath on manNeed Forgiveness of sinProvision PropitiationDirected God-ward
Christ’s DeathProblem Separation from GodNeed Friendship with GodProvision ReconciliationDirected Man-ward
Christ’s DeathProblem Bondage to sinNeed Freedom from bondageProvision RedemptionDirected Sin-ward
Christ’s ResurrectionCentral to Preaching • ‘For one of these must become a witness with usThe resurrection was at of his resurrection’ (Actsthe very heart of the 1:22).gospel the early church • ‘But God raised him frompreached, even being the dead’ (Acts 2:24).more prominent in their • ‘God has raised this Jesus topreaching than the death life, and we are allof Christ. witnesses of the fact’ (Acts 2:32).
Christ’s ResurrectionCentral to Preaching • ‘You killed the author of life, but God raised himThe resurrection was at from the dead. We arethe very heart of the witnesses of this’ (Actsgospel the early church 3:15).preached, even being • ‘proclaiming in Jesus themore prominent in their resurrection of the dead’preaching than the death (Acts 4:2).of Christ. • ‘whom you crucified but whom God raised from the dead,’ (Acts 4:2).
Christ’s ResurrectionWhy is the resurrection of Christ so central tothe message of the gospel? Three reasons: 1. Verification of deity 2. Vindication of deliverance 3. Victory over death
The resurrection served as aVERIFICATION OF DEITY
Christ’s ResurrectionVerification of DeityJesus Christ claimed to bethe Son of God and theSaviour of men. Theresurrection proves thatJesus is who he claimed tobe.
Christ’s ResurrectionVerification of Deity Romans 1:4Jesus Christ claimed to be … and who through thethe Son of God and the Spirit of holiness wasSaviour of men. The declared with power to beresurrection proves that the Son of God by hisJesus is who he claimed to resurrection from thebe. dead: Jesus Christ our Lord.
The resurrection served as aVINDICATION OF DELIVERANCE
Christ’s ResurrectionVindication of DeliveranceThe resurrection of JesusChrist was the proof thatGod had accepted hisdeath as a sufficientpayment for sin.
Christ’s ResurrectionVindication of Deliverance Romans 4:25The resurrection of Jesus He was delivered over toChrist was the proof that death for our sins and wasGod had accepted his raised to life for ourdeath as a sufficient justification.payment for sin.
Christ’s ResurrectionVindication of Deliverance Romans 4:25The resurrection of Jesus He was delivered over toChrist was the proof that death for our sins and wasGod had accepted his raised to life for ourdeath as a sufficient justification.payment for sin.The idea in Romans 4:25 is that Jesus died because we are sinners, and rosebecause he had paid for our sins. His death had accomplished its objective;it had atoned for our sin.
The resurrection served as aVICTORY OVER DEATH
Christ’s ResurrectionVictory over DeathChrist’s victory over deathensures our victory overdeath. He has conquereddeath and we share in hisvictory. We now havenothing to fear fromdeath.
Christ’s ResurrectionVictory over Death 1 Corinthians 15:20-22Christ’s victory over death But Christ has indeed beenensures our victory over raised from the dead, the firstfruits of those who havedeath. He has conquered fallen asleep. For since deathdeath and we share in his came through a man, thevictory. We now have resurrection of the deadnothing to fear from comes also through a man. Fordeath. as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.
Christ’s ResurrectionVictory over Death Hebrews 2:14-15Christ’s victory over death Since the children have fleshensures our victory over and blood, he too shared in their humanity so that by hisdeath. He has conquered death he might destroy himdeath and we share in his who holds the power ofvictory. We now have death—that is, the devil—andnothing to fear from free those who all their livesdeath. were held in slavery by their fear of death.
Christ’s ResurrectionJesus’s victory over death also has present significancefor us. The resurrection power of Christ, that is, thepower of God by which he raised Jesus from the dead,is already at work in us. Death is intimately connectedwith Satan, sin and sickness; in fact, it is the endproduct of their work. Since Christ has disarmed Satanand delivered us from his dominion and since he issetting us free not only from the pollution of sin butalso from the power of sin, his life giving power isalready at work in us.
Romans 8:11And if the Spirit of him who raised Jesus fromthe dead is living in you, he who raised Christfrom the dead will also give life to your mortalbodies through his Spirit, who lives in you.
Conclusion1. Jesus Christ died in our place to pay the penalty for our sins. His death meets our need for forgiveness, friendship, and freedom.2. Jesus Christ rose from the dead when he had atoned for our sins. His resurrection proved his deity, validated the atonement, and conquered death.