Death, Judgment and Eternity


Published on

Presented at SFX-PJ-RCIA 2012-2013 by Max Yong on 23/3/2013

Published in: Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Eccl 12:5-7 Because man goes to his lasting home, and mourners go about the streets; Before the silver cord is snapped and the golden bowl is broken, And the pitcher is shattered at the spring, and the broken pulley falls into the well, And the dust returns to the earth as it once was, and the life breath returns to God who gave it. 2 Cor 5:1 For we know that if our earthly dwelling, a tent, should be destroyed, we have a building from God, a dwelling not made with hands, eternal in heaven. 2 Cor 5:4 For while we are in this tent we groan and are weighed down, because we do not wish to be unclothed but to be further clothed, so that what is mortal may be swallowed up by life. 2 Cor 5:8 Yet we are courageous, and we would rather leave the body and go home to the Lord. 2 Tim 4:6 For I am already being poured out like a libation, and the time of my departure is at hand. Phil 1:21-23 For to me life is Christ, and death is gain. If I go on living in the flesh, that means fruitful labor for me. And I do not know which I shall choose. I am caught between the two. I long to depart this life and be with Christ, (for) that is far better. 2 Pet 1:13-14 I think it right, as long as I am in this "tent," to stir you up by a reminder, since I know that I will soon have to put it aside, as indeed our Lord Jesus Christ has shown me
  • The Church, the Mystical Body, exists on this earth, and is called the Church militant, because its members struggle against the world, the flesh and the devil. The Church suffering means the souls in Purgatory. The Church triumphant is the Church in heaven. The unity and cooperation of the members of the Church on earth, in Purgatory, in Heaven is also called the Communion of Saints. When St. Paul uses the word "Saints" in opening an Epistle Ephesians 1:1, he does not mean they are morally perfect. He has in mind Hebrew qadosh , which means set aside for God, or coming under the covenant. Being such means of course they are called to moral perfection. But of course, not all have reached it in this world.
  • for "the prayer of a righteous man is powerful and effective" (James. 5:16) Luke 15:7,10 – if the angels and saints experience joy in heaven over our repentance, then they are still connected to us and are aware of our behavior
  • Death, Judgment and Eternity

    1. 1. “Separation of the soulfrom the body, thehuman body decays, andthe soul goes to meetGod, while awaiting itsreunion with theglorified body.” – CCC 997
    2. 2. • as a return to dirt (Gen 3:19);• as a departure (2 Tim 4:6; Phil 1:23);• to be at home (2 Cor 5:8-9);• a discarding of a tent (2 Pet 1: 13-14);• a sleeping (Mt 9:24, Jn 11:11-13);• a rest (Rev 14:13);• a return to God (Eccl 12:7);• to be with Christ (Phil 1:23); and• to live with Christ (2 Tim 2:11).
    3. 3. “Therefore, just as sincame into the worldthrough one man(Adam), and deathcame through sin, andso death spreadthrough all because allhave sinned.” Rom 5:12
    4. 4. “Of every tree in thegarden you may freelyeat; but of the tree ofknowledge of good andevil you shall not eat,for in the day that youeat of it you shallsurely die.” Gen 2: 16,17
    5. 5. “Because God did not make death, He does not delight in the death of the living.” Wis 1:13
    6. 6. • Death entered into this world by sin (Romans 5:12).• So all will die, with the exception that those who are alive at the return of Christ at the end, will never die ( 1 Thess 4:13-17).• In verse 17: "Then [at His return, and after the resurrection of the dead] we the living, will be taken together with them [the risen dead] in the clouds to meet the Lord" (Cf. 1 Cor 15:51).
    7. 7. Jesus’ own death “has transformed the curse of death into a blessing” (CCC 1009; Rom.5:19-20). He conquered death and opened the possibility of salvation for all (CCC 1019);
    8. 8. An end to the earthly life.To a Christian, death has a positivemeaning:• “For me, to live is Christ,and to die is gain.” (Phil 1:21).• Through Baptism, we die withChrist, Sacramentally, in orderto live a new life.•If we die in Christ’s grace,physical death completes this“dying”, - incorporating useternally with him;
    9. 9. Christians experience a desirefor death:•“My desire is to depart and bewith Christ” (Phil 1:23);•“I want to see God, and inorder to see him I must die” (St. Teresa of Avila);•“I am not dying, I am enteringlife” (St. Therese of Lisieux).
    10. 10. “I am the resurrection and the life. Those believe in me, even though they die, will live and everyone who lives and believes in me will never die. Do you believe this?” John 11:25-26
    11. 11. “Death is swallowed up in victory.Where, O death, is your victory?Where, O death, is your sting?”1 Cor 15: 54-55
    12. 12. "it is appointed to die once and after that comes the judgment" (Heb 9:27).“For we must all appearbefore the judgment seat ofChrist, so that each one mayreceive recompense,according to what he did inthe body, whether good orevil.” 2 Cor 5:10
    13. 13. • Each man receives his eternal retribution in his immortal soul at the very moment of his death, in a particular judgment that refers his life to Christ: either entrance into the blessedness of heaven- through a purification594 or immediately,595 -- or immediate and everlasting damnation - CCC 1021
    14. 14. Heaven is Fullness of Communion with God
    15. 15. Purgatory is defined as a state of being, the continuing process of purgation or purification of the soul after human death. For those who when they die are guilty of less serious sin [venial sin], where they will undergo purification. Purgatory is a sign of Gods mercyon those who have honestly sought to know God and to do His will inthis life and yet die in some degree of bondage to sin or the effects of sin.
    16. 16. “For our God is a consuming fire.” Heb 12:39 “….the builder will besaved, but only as through fire.” 1 Cor 3:15 “The genuineness of your faith, more precious than gold that isperishable even though tested by fire, may prove to be for praise,glory, and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ.” 1 Pet 1:7
    17. 17. • 2 Maccabees 12:42-46 – Pray for the dead• Baruch 3:4 - Baruch asks the Lord to hear the prayers of the dead of Israel. Prayers for the dead are unnecessary in heaven and unnecessary in hell. These dead are in purgatory
    18. 18. • “Pursue peace with everyone and the holiness, without which no one will see the Lord” Heb 12:14• “But nothing unclean will enter it, nor anyone who practices abomination or falsehood, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s book of life.” Rev 21:27
    19. 19. • CCC 1030 - All who die in Gods grace and friendship, but still imperfectly purified, are indeed assured of their eternal salvation; but after death they undergo purification, so as to achieve the holiness necessary to enter the joy of heaven
    20. 20. • CCC 1032 - This teaching is also based on the practice of prayer for the dead, already mentioned in Sacred Scripture: "Therefore [Judas Maccabeus] made atonement for the dead, that they might be delivered from their sin." From the beginning the Church has honored the memory of the dead and offered prayers in suffrage for them, above all the Eucharistic sacrifice, so that, thus purified, they may attain the beatific vision of God.The Church also commends almsgiving, indulgences, and works of penance undertaken on behalf of the dead:
    21. 21. 25
    22. 22. 26
    23. 23. Hell is the State of Those who Reject God and a state of eternal damnation
    24. 24. “These will suffer the punishment ofeternal destruction, separated fromthe eternal presence of the Lord andfrom his might.” 2 Thess 1:9 29
    25. 25. CCC 1035 - The teaching of the Church affirms the existenceof hell and its eternity. Immediately after death the souls ofthose who die in a state of mortal sin descend into hell,where they suffer the punishments of hell, "eternal fire.“The chief punishment of hell is eternal separation from God,in whom alone man can possess the life and happiness forwhich he was created and for which he longs.CCC 1037 - God predestines no one to go to hell; for this, awilful turning away from God (a mortal sin) is necessary, andpersistence in it until the end. In the Eucharistic liturgy andin the daily prayers of her faithful, the Church implores themercy of God, who does not want "any to perish, but all tocome to repentance"
    26. 26. 32
    27. 27. “But about that day or hourno one knows, nor the Son, but only the Father. Be on guard ! Be alert ! Yu do not know when the time will come. Mark 13:32-33 33
    28. 28. THE CREEDI believe in one, holy, catholicand apostolic Church.I confess one Baptism for theforgiveness of sinsand I look forward to theresurrection of the deadand the life of the world tocome. Amen 35
    29. 29. “ Do not be astonished at this;for the hour is coming when all who arein their graves will hear his voice and willcome out;those who have done good,to the resurrection of life,and those who have done evil,to the resurrection of condemnation.” John 5:28-29 36
    30. 30. • So all will die, with the exception that those who are alive at the return of Christ at the end, will never die ( 1 Thess 4:13-17).• In verse 17: "Then [at His return, and after the resurrection of the dead] we the living, will be taken together with them [the risen dead] in the clouds to meet the Lord" (Cf. 1 Cor 15:51).
    31. 31. CCC 1038The resurrection of all the dead, "of both thejust and the unjust," will precede the LastJudgment. This will be "the hour when allwho are in the tombs will hear [the Son ofmans] voice and come forth, those whohave done good, to the resurrection of life,and those who have done evil, to theresurrection of judgment." Then Christ willcome "in his glory, and all the angels withhim. . . . Before him will be gathered all thenations, and he will separate them one fromanother as a shepherd separates the sheepfrom the goats, and he will place the sheepat his right hand, but the goats at theleft. . . . And they will go away into eternalpunishment, but the righteous into eternallife."
    32. 32. • “Beloved, we are God’s children now; what we will be has not yet been revealed. What we do know is this; when he is revealed, we will be like Him, we will see Him as He is. 1 John 3:2 39
    33. 33. • Since we know what Christ’s body was like we can determine some of the qualities of our resurrected body; • “appeared suddenly then dissappeared.” • “passed through walls.” • His body seem to be the same as it was before death; but it was different; • He even changed his appearance so that his disciples couldn’t recognise Him . Luke 24 40
    34. 34. • Traditionally, Theologians have described these resurrected bodies as having the characterics of ; • Identity; • Entirety; ( body with a dominant soul); • Immortality . (eternal)• These characteristics will also be present in bodies of souls condemned in hell.• Those condemned in Hell will have conditions necessary for suffering the eternal punishment of hell, but not the glorification of the Lord shared by those in Heaven. 41
    35. 35. • Traditionally, Theologians have described these glorified and perfected bodies as having four “transcentdent qualities”; • Impassibility; ( freedom from physical evil, death, sickness and pain) • Clarity; ( freedom from defects and endowment with beauty and radiance); • Agility ; ( where the soul moves the body and there is freedom of motion) • Subtility; (body is completely spiritualised under the dominion of the soul) 42
    36. 36. 43
    37. 37. THE CREEDHe ascended into heavenand is seated at the right handof the Father.He will come again in gloryto judge the living and thedead and his kingdom willhave no end. 44
    38. 38. (Then Jesus told the crowds and hisdisciples: ...)"When the Son of Man comes in hisglory, and all the angels with him, he will sit uponhis glorious throne, and all the nations will beassembled before him. And he will separate themone from another, as a shepherd separates thesheep from the goats. He will place the sheep on hisright and the goats on his left. Then the king will sayto those on his right, Come, you who are blessed bymy Father. Inherit the kingdom prepared for youfrom the foundation of the world. ... Then he will sayto those on his left, Depart from me, you accursed,into the eternal fire prepared for the devil and his
    39. 39. • CCC – 1038;• CCC – 1039;• CCC- 1040;• CCC – 1041.
    40. 40. • There will be a new Heaven and a new Earth;• In the resurrection to new life the new creation will share in the glory of God;• Both the new universe and all people in Heaven will experience what perfect happiness and fullfilment is
    41. 41. “The former heaven and the formerearth had passed away, and the seawas no more. I also saw the holycity, a new Jerusalem, coming downout of heaven from God, prepared asa bride adorned for her husband. Iheard a loud voice from the thronesaying, “Behold, God’s dwelling iswith the human race. He will dwellwith themand they will be his people and Godhimself will always be with them [astheir God].Revelation 21 : 1-3
    42. 42. The CCC teaches ;“After the Universaljudgment, the righteouswill reign forever withChrist, glorified in bodyand soul.CCC- 1042
    43. 43. PROFESSION OF FAITH (1) THE CREEDI believe in one God,the Father almighty,maker of heaven and earth,of all things visible andinvisible. 53
    44. 44. PROFESSION OF FAITH (2)I believe in one Lord JesusChristthe Only Begotten Son of God,born of the Father before allages,God from God, Light from Light, 54
    45. 45. PROFESSION OF FAITH (3)true God from true God,begotten not made,consubstantial with the Father;through him all things weremade.For us men and for oursalvationhe came down from heaven, 55
    46. 46. PROFESSION OF FAITH (4) { PLEASE BOW AT THESE WORDS } and by the Holy Spirit wasincarnate of the Virgin Mary, and became man. 56
    47. 47. PROFESSION OF FAITH (5)For our sake he was crucifiedunder Pontius Pilate,he suffered death and wasburied,and rose again on the thirdday,in accordance with theScriptures. 57
    48. 48. PROFESSION OF FAITH (6)He ascended into heavenand is seated at the right handof the Father.He will come again in gloryto judge the living and thedead and his kingdom willhave no end. 58
    49. 49. PROFESSION OF FAITH (7)I believe in the Holy Spirit, theLord, the giver of life,who proceeds from the Fatherand the Son,who with the Father and theSon is adored and glorified,who has spoken through theprophets. 59
    50. 50. PROFESSION OF FAITH (7)I believe in one, holy, catholicand apostolic Church.I confess one Baptism for theforgiveness of sinsand I look forward to theresurrection of the deadand the life of the world tocome. Amen 60