London Speech and Language CentrePresentation Transcript
London Speech & Language Centre 1589 Fanshawe Park Road East London Ontario, N5X 3Z9, 519-642-7370 www.londonspeech.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
Communication The most critical human function allowing full participation in society
Why is communication so Vital?
Primary way to build human relationships
Principal means of organizing behaviour
Central to cognitive & academic development, especially literacy
Impacts job-finding & retention
Influences social acceptability & popularity
Communication difficulties can affect every aspect of a person’s daily function. Early intervention is critical in preventing social, emotional, academic and vocational failure.
Impact of Communication Disorders (CDs)
Increase in school drop-out rates (45% for CDs vs. 23% for non-impaired)
Unsuspected language disorders are 10 x more likely in kids with behavior problems
High Incidence of CDs among individuals with…
ADHD / CAPD
Autism spectrum disorders
Facts about Language Disorders
Largest handicapping condition in schools
Affects 6 -10% of all students
Possible long-term problems with relationships, education and self-esteem
Higher incidence for boys
Reading & Language Disorders
Most poor readers have a history of spoken language problems
73% of 2 nd graders with poor reading have phonemic awareness or spoken language problems in kindergarten
If a child is not a fluent reader by Grade 4 they will struggle into adulthood
To maximize the social, emotional, educational and vocational advancement
of children & adults with communication
and learning challenges.
Speech-Language Pathologists’ Role
Prevention & Early Intervention
Speech, language, voice, fluency
Reading, writing, spelling
School and community-based programs
Advocacy & Research
Who Do We Serve?
Benefits of Early Intervention
Improved social skills
Improved self-help skills
Better problem-solving and reasoning
Improved learning abilities
Reduced need for special services in school
The earlier we start, the better the outcome!
Speech & Language Development Sound Acquisition Age: 3 to 4 years: m, b, n, t, p, d, k, g, w, h and vowels 5 to 6 years: sh, ch, l, l blends 7 years: v, j, th, s, z, r, s, blends, r blends Vocabulary and Sentences 12 to 18 months: first words 2 years: 2 word sentences 3 years: 3 to 4 word sentences; 400 to 900 word vocabulary 5 years: Rapid advancement in language skills.
Response to verbal directions.
Talks too little or too much.
Avoidance of social situations.
Development of basic concepts.
Reading or spelling.
Trouble analyzing & integrating information (spoken or written).
Sequencing ideas or generating questions (organized & appropriate to situations).
Trouble with figurative language, e.g. “Cut it out!”
Understanding or use of vocabulary; overuse of nonspecific words, e.g. “stuff”.
Ability to identify main ideas in oral or written descriptions.
Poor use of pronouns, e.g. “Dad and John came over. He laughed”.
Incomplete or disorderly written work.
Disorganized, impulsive, rigid, immature or easily frustrated.
Red Flags for Language Disorders in School Age Children
Tyke Talk Preschool services London, Strathroy, Woodstock, St. Thomas No doctor’s referral necessary (519) 663-5317 x2224 Child Parent Resource Institute Children with multiple challenges Doctor’s referral is required (519) 858-2775 Speech-Language Pathology Services London and Region UWO Speech & Hearing Clinic All ages No doctor’s referral needed (519) 661-2021 Public & Catholic School Boards School age services Contact your school principal PRIVATE London Speech & Language Centre All ages No doctor’s referral needed Funded programs available (519) 642-7370 or 1-800-456-2848 OHIP COVERED
Publicly Funded Services “ Too many, -OAFCCD Fact Sheet for too little” wait too long,
Who Are We?
Special Education Teachers
Communication Disorders Assistants
Early Childhood Educators
No waiting lists
Seen within 2 weeks of referral
Flexible hours (i.e. after-school and Saturdays)
School break programs (March, Christmas, Summer holidays)