Social effects of speech disorders Student : Zhokina Polina
Definition of a Speech or Language Impairment Speech disorders or language impairments are a type of communication disorders where “normal” speech is disrupted.
This can mean an disorder of speech or sound production (stuttering, lisp), fluency, voice or language which significantly affects a child’s educational performance or their social, emotional or vocational development.
Someone who is unable to speak due to a speech disorder is considered mute .
Classification Barbara Dodd proposes a classification of subgroups of functional speech disorders 1. Articulation disorder 2. Phonological delay 3. Consistent phonological disorder 4. Inconsistent phonological disorder
By a strict classification only 5% to 10% of the population has a completely normal manner of speaking (with respect to all parameters) Stuttering All other can suffer from this disorders: Cluttering Muteness Speech sound disorders Voice disorders Dysarthri a Apraxia
Causes & Treatment In many cases the cause is unknown. However, there are various known causes: hearing loss, neurological disorders, mental retardation, drugs, physical impairments such as Cleft lip and so on..."
Speech and language services involve cooperative efforts with others, including parents, audiologists, psychologists social workers, special education teachers, classroom teachers, doctors, dentists and nurses.
Suffering from a speech disorder can have negative social effects, especially among young children
Children with a speech disorder can be targets of bullying because of their disorder. The bullying can result in decreased self-esteem. Later in life, bullying disappears , because people become more understanding as they age.
Proper skills are necessary to communicate effectively. Improved communication through speech therapy can result in a better educational , social , and emotional experience for a child. Suffering from a speech disorder can have negative social effects , and can cause some to be shy and have poor public speaking skills .
By the End: speech or language impairments are problems in communicating with others. Language disorders are problems in understanding other people’s messages and in expressing ideas or information.
Here are some tips: -Most children benefit from simply getting more practice communicating. -Be patient. Don’t finish sentences for children with speech disorders.
-Be careful not to be overly critical of mistakes a child makes. -By questioning ask questions that require more than yes/no answers. - Be sure to use materials that interest the child and remember to talk about things that interest them.
This will increase the children’s motivation to communicate. Also give choices whenever possible!