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Product Slides Updated 06 17 09

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+energy(C) Buildings

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  • The objective of PACT is simple; It is to take all contaminants out of the occupied space and essentially makes every room a clean room by using the properties of collision acceleration and transport mechanism control. Most particles going into the PACT system are small and are influenced by the electrical field transport mechanism. When particles leave the PACT system the collision process has been initiated. They are made large enough to be controlled by airflow and thus get taken throughout the room, colliding with other particles, chemicals and gases which adhere to them. Then they get exhausted or go to the filter where they are efficiently collected and eliminated. PACT does two things: Causes collisions between sub-micron sized particles to form larger particles , thus changing them from being dominantly controlled by the electrical field transport mechanism to being controlled by airflow. Makes particles more neutral in charge . Particles will not only stay entrained in the airflow without being influenced by the electric field but will not be as likely to form strong bonds with surfaces and objects even if they should come in contact with them.
  • The Innovation and Design Process credits reward projects that exemplify sustainable strategies and building practices that are not fully embodied in existing LEED credit requirements. Exemplary performance can be demonstrated in two different ways: by reaching a new credit threshold or through the implementation of sustainable design approaches outside those defined by the LEED-NC scope. The above letter was written by Michael Colitz, Holland and Knight. PACT is the only air cleaning device that utilizes the principles of complete transport mechanism control. The system received two patents, first time to the patent office, because of its innovation and uniqueness and its tremendous performance capabilities.
  • It is imperative that the transport mechanisms are under control for particle reduction in the occupied space. Transport mechanisms are what makes particles (or contaminants) move from point A to point B. In every building environment there are forces present that determine these transport mechanisms. The major types of forces on particles in a building are caused by airflow and/or electromagnetic forces. Note: Particles in the micron size range are essentially not influenced by gravity. Even a 100 micron sized particle takes 8 seconds to drop 8 feet. A one micron sized particle takes 19 hours to drop 8 feet and a 0.1 micron particle takes 79 days to settle 8 feet! For small particles the dominating transport mechanism is electromagnetic fields. Note: As can be seen from the graph above, almost all particles are dominantly influenced by the electrical transport mechanism since almost all particles are less than a micron in size. In building environments there exist complex electrical fields that interact with particles. These interactions determine the deposition of contaminants in and on people, objects, ductwork, furniture and walls. The sources of these fields are the electrical lines and cables in the wall, fluorescent lights, computers, people, etc. For larger particles, airflow has a much greater influence. These particles have less free charge associated with them and they have more mass so that the electrical fields do not influence them as much. As a result the dominant transport mechanism is airflow for particles greater than approximately 3 - 5 microns. These larger particles tend to stay entrained in the air and get back to the filter for removal. The large particles we are referring to only make up about 1 % of the contamination in a building environment. The driver for the airflow transport mechanism is the HVAC equipment in a building. In summary: 1. As the particle size decreases the effect of the electrical field is dominant. 2. As the particle size increases the effect of airflow becomes more dominant. 3. For very large objects the effect of gravity dominates (that is why a desk doesn’t fly around the room).
  • What happens when particles collide with one another? They adhere to each other to form larger particles. With a consequential continuous decrease in the number of particles and an increase in particle size. This collision process is caused by Brownian motion (thermal coagulation), and or kinematic coagulation. Coagulation is the most important phenomenon for the interactions between particles. Electrical forces between particles can increase coagulation by enhancing Brownian motion. This is happening in nature all the time. Note: Collisions of particles with opposite charges increase but collisions between particles of the same charges are reduced. Therefore the net effect is little change in coagulation for particles in air. However, if these particles are treated properly there will be a significant increase in coagulation. Particles will attach firmly to any surface they come in contact with, not just to each other. For sub-micron particles, the small ones, these adhesive forces, such as Van deer Waals forces, electrostatic forces, and surface tension (all electrical forces) are extremely strong and far exceed the removal forces. Removal forces are mostly caused by airflow. Therefore, the smaller the particle the stronger the adhesive force and the less likely it can be removed from a surface (remember, small particles have more charge on them). Particles less than a couple of microns in diameter will not be removed by the forces found in HVAC equipment. This is because they will adhere to ducts and room surfaces and they will stay there, period. Now, if we can make the particles bigger, coagulate them, they can be easily dislodged by airflow and can be kept entrained in the air.
  • PACT does two things: Causes collisions between sub-micron sized particles to form larger particles, thus changing them from being dominantly controlled by the electrical field transport mechanism to being controlled by airflow. Makes particles more neutral in charge. Particles will not only stay entrained in the airflow without being influenced by the electric field but will not be as likely to form strong bonds with surfaces and objects even if they should come in contact with them. PACT is composed of 3 sections; The EU feeds the AU the desired electrical signals for proper operation. The AU is what does most of the work. It is placed in the appropriate location of duct or in the air handler to perform its function. It coagulates particles and makes large particles out of smaller ones thus making airflow the dominate transport mechanism. The CEU continues the collision process initiated in the AU and collects particles prepared by PACT.
  • There are a couple of different ways the AUs can be employed. In a large and air handler you can build the AU array as shown above. You connect the AUs like an erector set. AUs come in three sizes, 24 x 24”, 12 x 24”, and 12 x 12”. You build up the AU array and then blank off the rest. In some applications, only a small area need be conditioned and you don’t want to put Aus in an air handler. Two types of systems were developed for this purpose; The Air Purification System-2 (APS-2) is a horizontal air handler, without the coils, that includes the fan, AU, and CEU. This is a complete system that can deliver up to 2000 CFM. This system would be placed above the ceiling and duct work would run from the APS-2 to the desired space. The Air Purification System-C (APS-C) is a vertical air handler, without the coils, again, that includes the fan, AU, and CEU. This system would be used in a room or designated area. The system is in an attractive file cabinet case and takes up a small footprint.
  • There are a couple of different ways the AUs can be employed. In a large and air handler you can build the AU array as shown above. You connect the AUs like an erector set. AUs come in three sizes, 24 x 24”, 12 x 24”, and 12 x 12”. You build up the AU array and then blank off the rest. In some applications, only a small area need be conditioned and you don’t want to put Aus in an air handler. Two types of systems were developed for this purpose; The Air Purification System-2 (APS-2) is a horizontal air handler, without the coils, that includes the fan, AU, and CEU. This is a complete system that can deliver up to 2000 CFM. This system would be placed above the ceiling and duct work would run from the APS-2 to the desired space. The Air Purification System-C (APS-C) is a vertical air handler, without the coils, again, that includes the fan, AU, and CEU. This system would be used in a room or designated area. The system is in an attractive file cabinet case and takes up a small footprint.
  • Lake Tahoe Surgical Center Study. A PACT system was installed at Lake Tahoe surgical center. Lake Tower surgical center is a premier sports medicine, Orthopedic Hospital. Particle levels, and TVOCs were measured before and after the PACT system was installed. From the above it can be seen that both TVOCs and particles improved significantly after the PACT system was installed.
  • The above shows the significant standard deviation difference between the Facilities present HVAC system and the APS with PACT and the CEU.
  • Transcript

    • 1. +energy  Buildings Heated by the Sun Cooled by the Earth CNY Renewable Energy Associates, LLC John M. Miranda [email_address] 2009
    • 2. +energy  Buildings - Overview Heating and Power From Sun Cooling From Earth Superior IAQ Solar Thermal Systems HVAC + Particle Removal Systems Geothermal Systems BUILDING EARTH SURFACE Predictive Analysis EMS LED Lighting Systems Energy Conservation BELOW EARTH SURFACE
    • 3. Heated by the Sun – Cooled by the Earth COMMERCIAL BUILDING
    • 4. +energy  Buildings - Overview Heating and Power From Sun Cooling From Earth Superior IAQ Solar Thermal Systems HVAC + Particle Removal Systems Geothermal Systems BUILDING EARTH SURFACE Predictive Analysis EMS LED Lighting Systems Energy Conservation BELOW EARTH SURFACE
    • 5.
      • Heat
        • Uses standard, low-cost, solar thermal panels
          • Roof mounted or
          • Ground mounted
      • Power
        • Uses Building Integrated Photovoltaic (BIPV) in windows where appropriate
        • Uses standard, Photovoltaic (PV) panels
          • Roof mounted or
          • Ground mounted
      Heat & Power From the Sun
    • 6. Heat From the Sun – Typical Solar Thermal Panels
    • 7. Power From the Sun – Solar PhotoVoltaic (PV)
    • 8. Power From the Sun – Solar PhotoVoltaic (PV) Panels
    • 9. Power From the Sun – Solar Building-Integrated PhotoVoltaic (BIPV) Panels Thin-Film Technology is Laminated into Windows
    • 10. +energy  Buildings - Overview Heating and Power From Sun Cooling From Earth Superior IAQ Solar Thermal Systems HVAC + Particle Removal Systems Geothermal Systems BUILDING EARTH SURFACE Predictive Analysis EMS LED Lighting Systems Energy Conservation BELOW EARTH SURFACE
    • 11. Combine “ Near Clean Room” With reduced-cost, increased-efficiency, “green-ready” Particle Removal HVAC  Superior IAQ: HVAC + Particle Removal
    • 12. PACT (by SecureAire) (Particle Acceleration Collision Technology) Particle Removal Superior IAQ: Particle Removal - PACT
    • 13. Particle Collision Accelerator
      • What PACT does
      • Makes the dominant transport mechanism airflow.
      • Forces particles to come together.
      • When particles collide they stay together (produces inelastic collisions).
      Superior IAQ: PACT – What Does PACT Do? + + – + – – – + – – + – – + – + – – + + – –
    • 14. Superior IAQ: PACT – How is PACT Different? THE ONLY
    • 15. “… your success to date before the Patent and Trademark Office has been rather remarkable” Superior IAQ: PACT – How is PACT Different?
    • 16. Dominant Transport Mechanism > 3  Airflow Dominant Transport Mechanism < 1.0  Electric Field Superior IAQ: PACT – How Does PACT Work?
    • 17. Dominant Transport Mechanism > 3  Airflow Dominant Transport Mechanism < 1.0  Electric Field Superior IAQ: PACT – How Does PACT Work?
    • 18. E lectronics U nit A ir U nit
      • Supplies electrical signals to Air Unit
      • Controls Air Unit Behavior
      Superior IAQ: PACT – How Does PACT Work?
      • Conditions particles to attract
      • Forces particles together
    • 19. HVAC Installs Superior IAQ: PACT – How Does PACT Work?
    • 20.
      • Air Purification System
        • Roll-around
        • Self-Contained
        • Single Room
      Superior IAQ: PACT – How Does PACT Work?
    • 21. Lake Tahoe Surgery Hospital Particulates TVOCs Zero Hospital Acquired Infections (HAI) since PACT was installed in January 2006. Superior IAQ: PACT – How Well Does PACT Work?
    • 22. PARTICLE COUNT “ BEFORE” PARTICLE COUNT “ AFTER” Superior IAQ: PACT – How Well Does PACT Work?
    • 23. QairTerminal (by NuClimate) HVAC Superior IAQ: HVAC - QairTerminal
    • 24. THE QAIRTERMINAL, A CEILING-MOUNTED, INDUCED-VENTILATION SYSTEM, WAS DEVELOPED TO ADDRESS ALL OF THE FOLLOWING COMMON COMPLAINTS OF HVAC SYSTEMS.
      • POOR INDOOR AIR QUALITY.
      • NOISE.
      • MOLD.
      • COMFORT.
      • ELIMINATE MAINTENANCE REQUIREMENTS.
      • ELIMINATE FLOOR SPACE FOR MECHANICAL EQUIPMENT.
      • REDUCE ENERGY CONSUMPTION.
      • INCREASE SECURITY.
      • REDUCE DUCT SIZE.
      • REDUCE EQUIPMENT CAPACITY NEEDED.
      Superior IAQ: HVAC - QairTerminal
    • 25.
      • All-surround Q360 Blow 48x48
        • 8” Inlet duct size
      • All-Surround Q360 Mini 24x24
        • 6” Inlet duct size
        • 4” Inlet duct size
      • Q1 24x24 One Way Blow
      • QLS Linear 48x24, 48x12 One Way
      Superior IAQ: NuClimate QairTerminal Models
    • 26. Superior IAQ: NuClimate All-Surround - Q360
    • 27.
      • Costs Significantly Lower Than VAV
        • Installed Cost 10% Less Than VAV
        • Operating Cost 17% Less Than VAV
      • Ducting Sizes 60% Smaller than VAV Ducting
      • Simpler Terminal Design
        • No Air Balancing of System at Terminals
        • Less Electrical Wiring - No Fan at Terminal
        • Less Maintenance - No Moving Parts at Terminal
      Superior IAQ: NuClimate Cost Savings
    • 28. ELECTRONICALLY- CONTROLLED (WATER HEATED AND COOLED) COILS Superior IAQ: HVAC – QairTerminal Easy Access
    • 29. CLOSE-UP OF ELECTRONICALLY- CONTROLLED (WATER HEATED AND COOLED) COILS Superior IAQ: HVAC – Coils
    • 30. 12 Foot throw @100 FPM All Around Perimeter Primary Ventilation Air : 186-476 CFM Ventilation Pressures .40-1” SP Primary Air Ventilation From DOAS Unit 55 degrees 48 grains Total Room Mixing is achieved thru the Coanda effect within the space 75 degrees 55%RH 3-1 Mixing effect 45 degree chilled water or 120 deg Hot water Superior IAQ: HVAC – Principle of Airflow All-Surround Ventilation Effectiveness
    • 31. D edicated O utside A ir S ystem Superior IAQ: HVAC – QairTerminal Schematic Outside Air Exhaust Primary Air Return Air DOAS
    • 32. Superior IAQ: Sample of Project Installations
    • 33. The QairTerminal Can Be Heated and Cooled by Conventional Boilers & Chillers and/or by Solar Thermal & Geothermal That’s the most important part of this section Superior IAQ: HVAC – But Wait!! There’s More!!
    • 34. GYMNASIUM/AUDITORIUM Air Handler Dedicated Outdoor Air System Air Cooled Condensing Unit Chiller Boiler 3 Way Valve Outside Air Exhaust Primary Air Return Air ADMINISTRATION AEROBICS LOCKER ROOMS WORKOUT ROOMS Superior IAQ: HVAC – QairTerminal Some Green
    • 35. OR
    • 36. Superior IAQ: HVAC – QairTerminal Very Green GYMNASIUM/AUDITORIUM Air Handler Dedicated Outdoor Air System Air Cooled Condensing Unit Small Chiller Small Boiler 3 Way Valve Outside Air Exhaust Primary Air Return Air ADMINISTRATION AEROBICS LOCKER ROOMS WORKOUT ROOMS Solar Thermal Heating Geothermal Cooling That’s the most important part of this section
    • 37.
      • Some Green
        • Boiler
          • One-Time Cost of Boiler
          • Recurring Cost of Heat Source, 180F H 2 O to H 2 O Exchange
          • Cost of Pumping
        • Chiller
          • One-Time Cost of Chiller
          • Recurring Cost of “Cold” Source, 44F H 2 O to H 2 O Exchange
          • Cost of Pumping
      • Very Green
        • Solar Thermal Panels
          • One-Time Cost of Panels
          • “ No” Cost of Heat Source & Single, 120F H 2 O to H 2 O Exchange
          • Cost of Pumping
        • Geothermal System
          • One-time cost of Geothermal
          • “ No” Cost of “Cold” Source & Single, 55F H 2 O to H 2 O Exchange
          • Cost of Pumping
      Superior IAQ: HVAC – Cost Comparison
    • 38. +energy  Buildings - Overview Heating and Power From Sun Cooling From Earth Superior IAQ Solar Thermal Systems HVAC + Particle Removal Systems Geothermal Systems BUILDING EARTH SURFACE Energy Conservation BELOW EARTH SURFACE Predictive Analysis EMS LED Lighting Systems
    • 39. Grid – Electrical Distribution Infrastructure Possible Systems
      • Grid Conditions
      • Weather Predictions
      • Cost of Energy
      • Geothermal (heat pumps)
      • Solar PV / Thermal
      • Wind
      • Hydro
      • Bio-Fuel Generators
      • Cooling
      • Heating (active & passive)
      • Energy Storage
      • Humidity
      • Air Quality
      • Lighting
      • Other Conservation
      • Health Monitoring
      Building Metering System(s) A.I. Optimizing System(s) Integrated Management Control System(s) Electrical Power Users & Providers AND / OR Energy Conservation - Predictive Energy Management System: Future ELECTRICAL INPUT ELECTRICAL OUTPUT Internet Remote Monitor Local Monitor
    • 40. +energy  Buildings - Overview Heating and Power From Sun Cooling From Earth Superior IAQ Solar Thermal Systems HVAC + Particle Removal Systems Geothermal Systems BUILDING EARTH SURFACE Energy Conservation BELOW EARTH SURFACE Predictive Analysis EMS LED Lighting Systems
    • 41. Energy Conservation: LED Lighting Systems *AVAILABLE TODAY* With Cover Without Cover Same Light Fixture
    • 42. +energy  Buildings - Overview Heating and Power From Sun Cooling From Earth Superior IAQ Solar Thermal Systems HVAC + Particle Removal Systems Geothermal Systems BUILDING EARTH SURFACE Energy Conservation BELOW EARTH SURFACE Predictive Analysis EMS LED Lighting Systems
    • 43. Geothermal Systems: Hardin Tube
    • 44. PATENTED HARDIN GEOTHERMAL TECHNOLOGY USES ONLY ONE TUBE ENCASED IN A THIN LAYER OF THERMO-CONDUCTIVE GROUT TODAY’S CONVENTIONAL GEOTHERMAL TECHNOLOGY USES TWO TUBES ENCASED IN A THICK LAYER OF THERMO-CONDUCTIVE GROUT GROUT (GREY)
      • Hardin Achieves Greater
      • Efficiency in Three Ways:
      • Greater Heat Transfer Surface Area
      • Thinner Layer of Grout Provides Greater Thermal Transfer Efficiency (Conductivity Between 55F Earth and Water in Tube)
      • Closer Proximity Between In & Out Provides Faster Temperature Equalization
      Geothermal Systems: Hardin Tube
    • 45. Heated by the Sun – Cooled by the Earth RESIDENTIAL BUILDING * * Already “complete” except for: PV uniform airflow system particle removal system “ brilliant” EMS
    • 46. The LeFevere 85% Passive Home Heat From Sun – Cool From Earth THIS HOUSE CAN BE BUILT AT OR BELOW THE COST OF A SIMILARLY- SIZED, “2008 STICK-BUILT” HOUSE IN CENTRAL NEW YORK. N
    • 47. The LeFevere 85% Passive Home Heat From Sun – Cool From Earth
      • 3,800 Square Feet
      • Built in 2000
      • Loc: Kingston, NH
      • No Heater
      • No AC
      • No Backup
      • No Oil/Gas/Coal/Wood
      • Rebar in Foundation/Walls Maintains 55F Throughout
      • Built Over 14” Foam
      • Conditioned Water
      • Roof = R66
      • Radiant Heat (2 Floors)
      • Solarium
      • 5,000 Gal H 2 0 “Buffer”
      • 10W H 2 0 Distribution Pumps
      • Constant 68F (+/- 2%) (  )
      • Constant 50 % Humidity (+/- 2%) (  )
      • Mold Free
      • Cupola Vent
      • PV / BIPV: Future
      • Fresh Air Exchanger
      • Avg. Electric = $51/mo. (  )
      • (  ) Documented since 2000 (9 years)
    • 48. The LeFevere 85% Passive Home Heat From Sun – Cool From Earth HEAT FROM SUN Ground Level Foundation Wall (inside) (  ) House Wall (inside) (  ) 12” Thick Concrete Foam Insulation 55F – Constant Keeps Foundation / Wall @ 55F - Constant 105F -30F 68F – Constant (  ) COOL FROM EARTH OUTDOORS INDOORS Ground Level Steel Rebar (  ) Foundation & House Walls Are Contiguous (  ) Can be Designed to Maintain a Different Base Temperature
    • 49. The LeFevere 85% Passive Home - Interior KITCHEN WITH ISLAND “ OPEN” ROOM BORDERING SOLARIUM INDOOR VIEW OF SOLARIUM 1 OF 2 OFFICES
    • 50. The LeFevere 85% Passive Home - Systems CYCLED FRESH AIR EXCHANGER WATER CONDITIONING FORM USED FOR CONCRETE WALLS RADIANT HEAT ZONE CONTROLS
    • 51. RESIDENTIAL SUMMARY
      • Six-year avg. of approximately $50/mo. utility bill
      • (*) Already complete except for:
        • PV (waiting for more efficient PV)
        • Uniform airflow system (in development – see Appendix A)
        • Particle removal system (in development – see Appendix A)
        • “ Brilliant” energy management system (needs development – see Appendix B)
    • 52.
      • Fresh air distribution system:
      • Qv-accelerator
      • Insures 7 x 24 supply of fresh air to inhabitants of hermetically-sealed house
      • Designed by co-inventor of Qairterminal
      • Uses same principle of uniform air distribution as QairTerminal except no heating / cooling coils
      • Best when equipped with (optional) PACT for particle removal
      RESIDENTIAL - APPENDIX A (Airflow & Particle Removal System)
    • 53. Grid – Electrical Distribution Infrastructure Possible Systems
      • Grid Conditions
      • Weather Predictions
      • Cost of Energy
      • Geothermal (heat pumps)
      • Solar PV / Thermal
      • Wind
      • Hydro
      • Bio-Fuel Generators
      • Cooling
      • Heating (active & passive)
      • Energy Storage
      • Humidity
      • Air Quality
      • Lighting
      • Other Conservation
      • Health Monitoring
      Building Metering System(s) A.I. Optimizing System(s) Integrated Management Control System(s) Electrical Power Users & Providers AND / OR Energy Conservation – Appendix B Predictive Energy Management System: Future ELECTRICAL INPUT ELECTRICAL OUTPUT Internet Remote Monitor Local Monitor
    • 54. End Slide

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