“Reform your lives and believe in the GOSPEL!” Mark 1:15The word “Gospel” usually refers to thewritten record of Christ’s words and deeds.Etymology:Anglo-Saxon: “god” (good) “spell” (to tell)Greek : “Evaggelion” (glad tidings)The GOSPEL is the Good News ofSalvation proclaimed by Jesus Christ.Jesus Christ himself is the GOOD NEWS.Jesus is THE GOSPEL.
THERE IS ONLY ONE THE GOSPELS ARE THE GOSPEL: WRITTEN FAITH ACCOUNTS JESUS CHRIST OF THE EARLY CHURCH. • Direct experiences by the HE IS GOD’S TOTAL followers of the historical MANIFESTATION OF Jesus HIMSELF. • Eyewitness testimonies that were heard and recordedHE IS THE SAVIOR OF • Collections of oral preaching THE WORLD. • First Christians’ experiences of the Risen Lord.THE GOSPELS ARE NOT BIOGRAPHIES OF CHRIST. THE GOSPELS ARE FAITHSUMMARIES DESCRIBING WHAT THE EARLY CHRISTIANS BELIEVED ABOUT JESUS.
The Gospels are based on the fact that the Son of God becameMan and walked on this planet in the person of Jesus ofNazareth.The Gospels are rooted in the words and works of Jesus, in hisinteractions with people, and in the significant events of his life.
The Early Church was a preachingchurch more than a writing church.Writing the gospel was not aprimordial concern of the earlyChristians at that time it wasthought that the end of the worldwas taking place soon.The Christians kept the memory ofJesus alive by collecting hissermons, parables, works andsayings. These were used in theliturgy, in preaching, and ininstructing the new converts.
Realizing that Christ’s second coming was notgoing to take place any time soon, the EarlyChristians wrote the Gospels for the followingreasons:•There had to be written texts against which oralpreachings will be measured. This wasespecially because there were teachers whopreached doctrines that were against authentictradition and remembrance of Jesus.•The apostles and other eyewitnesses of Jesuswere beginning to die either through old age ororganized persecutions.The human authors of the Gospels are calledEVANGELISTS.
EVANGELIST: JOHN MARK- believed to be thechronicler of PeterDATE OF COMPOSITION: After Peter’s death,probably around 65 A.D.INTENDED AUDIENCE: Persecuted ChristiansTHEMES: Jesus is the Christ Jesus is the Suffering Servant The Messiah and the Suffering Servant are one and the same.
EVANGELIST: Author is unknown. Probably Matthew wasused as a source. The original text was a collection ofsayings compiled in Aramaic by the Apostle Matthew.DATE OF COMPOSITION: The original Matthew was writtenaround 50AD but was lost. The existing text is the Greektranslation written sometime 85 A.D. after the fall ofJerusalem.INTENDED AUDIENCE: Jewish converts to ChristianityTHEMES: Jesus is the New Law-Giver Jesus is the Messianic king promised to the Jews.
EVANGELIST: Luke, the “beloved physician”; thesecretary of PaulDATE OF COMPOSITION: c.75 A.D.INTENDED AUDIENCE: Gentile converts to ChristianityTHEMES: Jesus is for Jews and Gentiles alike. Jesus is the compassionate savior who identifies himself with the poor and the outcast.*The Gospels According to Mark, Matthew, and Luke arecalled SYNOPTIC GOSPELS because they follow moreor less the same story line.
EVANGELIST: Most probably the JOHANNINECOMMUNITYDATE OF COMPOSITION: c.90-100 A.D.INTENDED AUDIENCE: The Christian Churches in theRoman Empire; Christians who were already familiarwith the SynopticsTHEMES: Jesus is Divine Jesus is the center of all religious beliefs and practices Jesus is superior to all the prophets
“MASTER, TO WHOM SHALL WE GO? YOU HAVE THE WORDS OF ETERNAL LIFE.WE HAVE COME TO BELIEVE AND ARE CONVINCED THAT YOU ARE THE HOLY ONE OF GOD.” John6:68-69
James Finley and Michael Pennock JESUS AND YOU: DISCOVERING THE REAL CHRIST Ind: Ave Maria Press, 1977 Francis E. Gigot (transcribed by Douglas J. Potter) GOSPEL AND GOSPELS www.newadvent.org Felix Just, S.J. TEN STAGES OF NT FORMATION AND TRANSMISSIONhttp://clawww.lmu.edu/faculty/fjust/Bible/NT_Canon.htm#Evangelists
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