The Bible is not a collection of stories, fables, myths, or merely human ideas about God. It is not just a human book. Through the Holy Spirit, God revealed His person and plan to certain believers, who wrote down God’s message for His people. This process is known as inspiration. The writers wrote from their own personal, historical and cultural contexts. But even though they used their own minds, talents, language and style, they wrote what God wanted them to write. The Scripture is completely trustworthy because God was in control of its writing, and its words are entirely authoritative for our faith and lives. Thus, the Bible is “God-breathed”.
This means that the Scripture did not come from the creative work of the prophets’ own invention or ecstasy. God inspired them, so their message is authentic and reliable. God used the talents, education, and cultural background of each writer (they were not mindless robots), but God guided the writers in such a way to ensure that the message He intended was faithfully communicated in the very words they wrote.
Pro 30:5 Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in him.
2Timothy 3:16, 17“All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness:That the man of God may be perfect, throughly furnished unto all good works.”
Inspiration– from the Greek compound word “theopneustos” which means “God- breathed” God breathed out His words over a period of about 1,500 years to approximately 40 especially chosen and prepared men of God who wrote them down to give us the Word of God. God is the Author of the Bible
“Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation.For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.”
Plenary means ‘full’. The full bible is inspired or that every word is breathed out by God “All [plenary] scripture [verbal] is given by inspiration of God [God-breathed]” – 2 Tim 3:16 The most important truth of all is that we got our Bible through ‘plenary verbal inspiration’.
God set apart a special group of men to write the 66 books of the Bible. “holy men of God” – 2 Peter 1:21 Holy means ‘sanctified’ or ‘set apart’ Before the foundation of the world, God set apart these men and prepared them to write the Bible, long before they were born.
God used and transcend the personalities of these 40 different men, including their backgrounds. Some of these men were leaders, musicians, teachers, fishermen, law yers, preachers, etc. Men of different languages, occupations, educational attainments, vocabulary and writing styles.
The original writings or manuscripts are the inspired Word of God. Those original manuscripts no longer exist. God promises to preserve His Word. Psalm 119:89 “For ever, O Lord, thy word is settled in heaven.” We have the preserved text via the ‘textus receptus’ or the ‘received text’
The KJV is the English translation that comes from the ‘textus receptus’ It accurately and adequately reflect the ‘textus receptus’ which is the historically used text of the early Churches, over 1800 years of church history
Critical texts Vaticanus Alexandrianus Sinaiticus Contains erasures, many changes, and errors English Standard Version (ESV) – the best translation of the wrong ‘critical’ text.
Matthew 17:21; 18:1; 23:14 Mark 7:16; 9:44; 9:46; 11:26; 15:28 Luke 17:36; 23:17 John 5:4 Act 8:37 “And Philip said, If thou believest with all thine heart, thou mayest. And he answered and said, I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God.” Acts 20:29 Romans 16:24 And more…
Accurately represents word for word the Hebrew and Greek manuscripts Honest translation; added italized words to make good English sense of the Hebrew and Greek texts If no italized words, not a faithful translation
2. The Bible is attested to be true by historians.
The Eyewitness testimonies: Matthew, Mark, Luke and John All of these people either knew Jesus personally (Matthew, John) or knew someone who do (Mark- Peter, Luke-Paul) – First-hand information Are they reliable eyewitnesses ? .
Mark: around 70 A.D. Matthew: around 80 A.D. Luke: around 80 A.D. John: around 90 A.D.? .
The Supporting testimonies: Jewish and Roman historians confirm many details about events in the Bible .
Jewish Historian Josephus (100 AD) on Jesus: Now there was about this time Jesus, a wise man…He drew over to him both many of the Jews and many of the Gentiles…. And when Pilate, at the suggestion of the principal men amongst us, had condemned him to the cross… In Antiquities, Book 18 , Chapter 3 A neutral party confirms: Jesus lived (as historical as George Washington !) Pilate lived Jesus was crucified Clearly, Jesephus does not accept that Jesus is the Christ (who was called Christ) Josephus does confirm that: Jesus existed
Cornelius Tacitus, (bornaround 52-55 A.D.) becamea senator in the Romangovernment under EmperorVespasian. In 112-3A.D., Tacitus was theproconsul (governor) ofAsia.
Annals, Book XV Accordingly, an arrest was first made of all who pleaded guilty; then, upon their information, an immense multitude was convicted, not so much of the crime of firing the city, as of hatred against mankind. Mockery of every sort was added to their deaths. Covered with the skins of beasts, they were torn by dogs and perished, or were nailed to crosses, or were doomed to the flames and burnt, to serve as a nightly illumination, when daylight had expired.
Tacitus was a Roman Historian – he is neutral (not Jew, not Christian). His testimony is as unbiased as you can get Tacitus testified that a multitude of Christians would die a cruel death for their faith – these Christians included Peter, Paul and other disciples of Jesus Tacitus hinted at the miracle of Jesus’ resurrection: He called it a most mischievous superstition…
3. The Material evidence. Archaeological evidence .
Unlike many other religious books, the Bible is a narrative in a historical setting It talks about historical places and historical persons Many of the historical places and people mentioned in the Bible have been checked out by archeology The places and the people in the Bible are just as real as Alexander the Great, Julius Caesar and other well known historical things In fact, we have more accurate historical information on Jesus’ life and deeds than on Julius Caesar ! .
Luke 3:1 And in thefifteenth year of thegovernment ofTiberius .Caesar, PontiusPilate beinggovernor ofJudea, and Herodbeing tetrarch…
Act 13:6-7 And whenthey had gone throughthe island toPaphos, they found acertain conjurer, a falseprophet, a Jew whosename was Bar-jesus; whowas with the proconsulof the country, SergiusPaulus, a prudent man.
John 5:1-15 mentions thatJesus heals a man at thePool of Bethesda. John gave the preciselocation and a description .of the pool as having 5porticoes (pillars):In the 19thcentury, archaeologistsdiscovered the remains of apool exactly matching thedescription in Johns Gospel
John 9:7 mentionsanother long disputedsite: the Pool ofSiloam near theTemple in JerusalemThis pool was alsodiscovered in 1897.
That crucifixion was used byRomans in Jesus’ time toexecute criminalsSkeptics once had doubted thatcrucifixion was ever used – theydeemed it too cruel.They found these remains in aossuary (Jewish burial box)dated around 100 A.D.:
Evidence of careful copying of the Bible Before the discovery of the Dead Sea scrolls, the earliest copy of the Book of Isaiah was from around 980 A.D. In 1947, a Dead Sea scroll was discovered that contained the entire book of Isaiah dated around 250 B.C. (over 1000 years earlier) The content of the scrolls are virtually identical – except for a few copy errors
At 7,000 feet, in the midstof crevasses and landslidedebris, the explorers founda clear, grassy areashaped like a ship andrimmed withsteep, packed-earth sides.Its dimensions are close tothose given in Genesis:The length of the ark shallbe 300 cubits, the breadthof it 50 cubits, and the .height of it 30 cubits, thatis, 450x75x45 feet. A quicktwo-day survey was made.A scientist in the groupsays "a ship-like objectthat has almost unbrokensymmetry." ~LifeMagazine 1960
4. The Bible is attested by great men of all ages.
“It is impossible to rightly govern the world without God and the Bible.”
“But for this Book we could not know right from wrong. I believe the Bible is the best gift God has ever given to man.”
“In the highest sense the Bible is to us the unique repository of eternal spiritual truths.”
“We rest with assurance upon the impregnable rock of Holy Scriptures.”
“We account the Scriptures of God to be the most sublime philosophy. I find more sure marks of authenticity in the Bible than in any profane history whatsoever.”
“Why will people go astray when they have this blessed Book to guide them?”
“I believe the Scriptures of the Old and New Testament to be the will and the Word of God.”
“Young men, my advice to you is that you cultivate an acquaintance with, and a firm belief in, the Holy Scriptures.”
“The Bible is the cornerstone of liberty… I have always said, I always will say, that the studious perusal of the Sacred volume will make better citizens, better fathers, and better husbands.”
“Everyone who has a thorough knowledge of the Bible may truly be called educated… I believe knowledge of the Bible without a college course is more valuable than a college course without the Bible.”
“No other book in the world has had such a strange vitality, such an outgoing power of influence and inspiration… No man is poor or desolate who has this treasure for his own.”
“Therefore if any man be in Christ, he is a new creature: old things are passed away; behold, all things are become new. .”
People have been rescued from the darkest, most hopeless situations when they have put their trust in Jesus. Some people try to downplay the power Jesus has to change lives by saying; "It seems that only people in desperate situations turn to God.“
-drugs, depression - atheist believes-a life of violence -etc.-a homosexual or lesbian lifestyle-suicidal thoughts-the effects of abuse-searching for meaning, etc.
“Search the Scriptures; for in them ye think ye have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.”
“So then faith cometh by hearing, and hearing by the word of God.”
But we are all as an uncleanthing, and all our righteousnessesare as filthy rags; and we all do fadeas a leaf; and our iniquities, like thewind, have taken us away.
As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one:There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God.
Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no, flesh be justified in his sight:, for by the law is the knowledge of sin.For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God;
But God commendeth his lovetoward us, in that, while we were yetsinners, Christ died for us.
Come now, and let us reasontogether, saith the LORD: thoughyour sins be as scarlet, they shall beas white as snow; though they be redlike crimson, they shall be as wool.
Lord Jesus, be merciful to me, a sinner. I knowI am lost and bound for hell. I repent of allmy sins, and humbly come to you, asking thatyou forgive me of my sins and requesting youto come into my heart and life.I accept you as my personal Savior andLord, from this day onward. Thank you for thegift of eternal life. Amen.
John 1:12 But as many as received him, to them gave he power to become the sons of God, even to them that believe on his name:
John 5:24 Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that heareth my word, and believeth on him that sent me, hath everlasting life, and shall not come into condemnation; but is passed from death unto life.
John 6:37 All that the Father giveth me shall come to me; and him that cometh to me I will in no wise cast out.
1John 1:9 If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.
1John 5:11 And this is the record, that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son.1John 5:12 He that hath the Son hath life: and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life.
1John 5:13 These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.