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Jesus Christ Chapter 20 report

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Jesus Christ Chapter 20 report

  1. 1. Chapter 20 Simply Jesus
  2. 2. • WHAT’s THE GOSPEL? The closest Hebrew word suggestive of the meaning of“gospel” is bashar . “Bashar” is the announcement made, oftenin royal context, of some good news, like the birth of a king’sson or the bestowal of his throne name and specially of a victoryin battle. It is also used for proclamation of Yahweh’s Salvationand Sovereignty. The Greek noun, to euanggelion, originally referred to thereward given to someone bringing the good news. Paul used “the saving action of God brought aboutthrough Jesus his son “ in the Gospel as Christ’s victory in battle.The good news of Jesus redemptive passion, death andresurrection became the earliest Christian proclamation, alsocalled Kerygma. Delay in his return, also called Parousia, was amajor factor which caused the proclamation to become a literarygenre, the gospels.
  3. 3. • FROM GOSPELS TO GOSPELS: The Gospels are primarily faith documents, still it must beaffirmed that underlying the stories and teachings containedtherein is a historical nucleus of Jesus of Nazareth, of hisministry and his message. By dissecting the various stages in theformation of the Gospels, one is led to the proper understandingof their interpretation. Following is a swift survey of how theone gospel proclamation became, in time, the four canonicalGospels: 1. Stage 1 – The time of Jesus 2. Stage 2 – The time of Apostles 3. Stage 3 – The time of the Evangelist
  4. 4. 1. Stage 1 – The time of Jesus Jesus appeared by the Sea of Galilee and set aboutproclaiming the Kingdom. The first thing he did was to choosehis group of disciples who were to be the foundation of hiscommunity. He performed works of power and his miracles wererecognized as authoritative teaching. His works and words, hisministry and message, his miracles and teachings not onlyattracted crowds but also galvanized opposition against him. His own disciples during this time had totallymisunderstood him. Not one left at the foot of the cross. Itseemed tot hem such a great tragedy. While he was alive, Jesus had no stenographer to keeprecord of events. His disciples simply remembered. Jesus chosehis stories and examples to fit the life situations of his hearers.
  5. 5. 2. Stage 2 – The Time of the Apostles Two things happened one of these is called the disciples’Aha experience! First Jesus resurrected now no one couldforeseen that! Then some fifty days later, the Holy Spirit camedown to fill their hearts. There was a faith that was alive. They kept their memoryof Jesus and celebrated it in liturgy and Sunday assemblies. Theylived it in daily moral living and proclaimed it in the kerygma andcatechesis, in polemics and apologetics. In some ways those were heardy days for the Christiancommunities. They truly believed that the Parousia, or thesecond coming. Most felt no need to put things into writing. Thefaith was known, believed, and lived. Then the persecutionsbegan.
  6. 6. 3. Stage 3 – The time of the Evangelist A number of factors contributed to the writing down ofthe Gospels. The advent of the Christian persecution, particularlythose in the time of Nero and Domitian, necessitated a change inthe nature of Christian writings, As parousia did not come asexpected. The Gospels were not only the work of certainenlightened individuals. The presuppose a faith community. Thiscommunity has preserved their memory of Jesus, though filteredby the apostles and distilled by their own particular concerns.The Evangelist wrote an account of their communitiesunderstanding of the person and teaching of Jesus in view oftheir own communities life situation and problems. TheEvangelist did not include his entire material, but only selectedthose relevant to his communities needs.
  7. 7. • THE GENRE “GOSPEL” There are two main theories on how the literary genre“gospel” came to be born. The evolutionary model presupposesa core proclamation, primarily the passion stories, to whichother sections, like the ministry, birth and resurrectionnarratives, were added. This helps to illustrate the gradualamplification of the Gospels chronologically, with the simplestbeing that of Mark. The other is the analogical model where the writing ofthe gospel is seen as comparable to the production of ancienttragedies or historical biographies. The gospel is a mixed genre. It is akin to the literary genreof biblical history in as much as it preserves some historicalnucleus but is not bound by it. The concern of biblical history ismeaning more than fact.
  8. 8. On the other hand , the gospel genre also shows affinityto Hellenistic literary and rhetorical practices, particularly theGreco-Roman biography. It is focused on the character of its heroand how his deeds reveal the character, having little interestwider historical picture. The gospel genre is a historiography, acombination of biblical history and Greco-Roman biographywhose focus is the person of Jesus of Nazareth, and how hisdeeds and teaching help.• CANONICAL AND APOCRYPHAL GOSPELS Many gospel accounts came to be written. Only four were accepted as “canonical” or basis for Church life and doctrine: Matthew, Mark, Luke, John(in canonical order)
  9. 9. These are the four canonical Gospels share a set narrativepattern: 1. John the Baptist and the Baptism of Jesus; 2. The calling of the deisciples; 3. Jesus helaing and teaching, and the growing opposition to him; 4. His final days of ministry in Jerusalem; 5. The passion narratives; 6. The empty tomb and stories of the appearances of the Risen Lord The Apocryphal gospels instead generally develop only specific elements of the canonical Gospel Tradition. The Proto-Evangelium of James is an infancy gospel with stories of the miraculous birth and unusual childhood of the Christ Child. The Gospel of Thomas, Acts of Pilate, Gospel of Mary and Apocryphon of John are some examples.
  10. 10. • THE SYNOPTIC PROBLEM: Synopsis of the Gospels, in which he printed the firstthree Gospels in parallel texts for comparison. He showed howthese were so similar, one could as if see one work atglance, hence the title. All three gospels share not only the samenarrative sections and their order, but are so similar in detail. The two-documentary theory purposes (1) Mark was thefirst gospel to be written, and that (2) the writers of Matthewand Luke used the text of Mark and a saying source, now lost butwhich can be reconstructed, tentatively called “Q” {Quelle =“source in German”}. Matthew and Luke called their own “Msource” and “L source” respectively and Mark has “Q source”.

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